It explores the options for the care of children in communities affected by the HIV/AIDS pandemic.
Beginning with the premise that the parent-child bond is the basic building block of child development and that the family is the basic unit of society, the report first looks at ways to keep parents alive and the family together as long as possible. It then explores alternative care arrangements beyond the immediate family.
Settings range from care by the extended family, through different forms of fostering in the community, to adoption and placement in residential institutions.
The report highlights ways in which actors from outside the immediate community can help to sustain and improve the capacity of households and communities to care for the children left behind.