Drawing on original research co-funded by the UK based Nuffield Foundation, Report Card 6 compares data from different countries and asks what is driving child poverty rates upwards, and why some OECD countries are doing a much better job than others in protecting children at risk.
Report Card 7, released in 2007, proposed a framework of child well-being indicators grouped in six dimensions: poverty and material deprivation, health, education, health behaviours and risk, family and peer relations, and subjective well-being. It compared the living condition of children in these economically advanced countries for each indicator, for the different dimensions and in an overall, multidimensional perspective.
Report Card 8 starts by calling attention to the 'great change' now occurring in the way in which children are being brought up in the world's economically advanced countries: "Today's rising generation in the countries of the OECD is the first in which a majority are spending a large part of their early childhoods not in their own homes with their own families but in some form of childcare."
Report Card 9, launched on 3 December 2010, builds upon the multidimensional approach to understand child well-being proposed in the Report Card 7. Going further, it proposes an analysis beyond the national averages and focuses on disparities in well-being. Report Card 9 pursues a robust research approach in the international comparison of the situation of the most disadvantaged children in the different well-being dimensions, in relation with the average. This represents a measure of the degree of inequality in different indicators of well-being across countries.
The measures of inequality for each indicator and for each country have been standardized and aggregated to produce a meaningful comparison of the different extent of inequalities in child well-being in rich countries.
The report card aims to provide further background to the current upsurge of interest in monitoring child well-being in economically advanced countries and contribute to the debate on inequality and social inclusion, also in the context of the 2010 European Year for Combating Poverty.