A Glossary that provides non-specialists with an understanding of child rights terminology, particularly related to the Convention on the Rights of the Child.

Glossary legenda

Abduction  IRC site
   CRC = 35 1
The right of the child to protection against abduction is set forth in Article 35 of the CRC. States Parties are required to take all appropriate national, bilateral and multilateral measures to prevent the abduction of children for any purpose or in any form. The abduction of children is to be distinguished from the illicit transfer and non-return of children abroad (see Article 11 of the CRC). The abduction of children within one country or across frontiers for the purposes of, for example, economic exploitation, sexual exploitation, sale, trafficking or adoption is a form of exploitation. The illicit transfer and non-return of children abroad refers to the problem of the abduction of children across frontiers by one of their parents.
See also:
Disappearances   Exploitation   Illicit transfer and non-return   Recovery and reintegration   Sale and trafficking   

Abduction Term
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Except for obvious exceptions, such as the "Right to life" and the "Right to be heard", the terms in the Glossary are not formulated as rights. Under each term, however, the article of the Convention dealing with the corresponding right of the child is mentioned, if appropriate ("CRC:"), and a short description is given of the corresponding obligations of States Parties ("Note:"), followed by a listing of related terms in the Glossary ("See also:") linked to the Thesaurus descriptors. Certain terms have also been included as "lead-in" terms only to preferred synonyms. For instance, the reader searching under the term "Handicapped children", will be referred ("See:") to "Disabled children".

Glossary Display

Best interests of the child

CRC Article = 3(1)
Article 3(1) of the CRC obligates States Parties to ensure that the best interests of the child are a primary consideration in all actions concerning children, whether undertaken by public or private social welfare institutions, courts of law, administrative authorities or legislative bodies. Article 3(1) contains a principle of interpretation which has to be considered in all actions concerning children. It therefore operates as a principle to be considered in relation to the implementation of each of the rights set forth the CRC and, residually, to all actions concerning children. Important to note is that Article 21 of the CRC provides that the best interests of the child shall be the paramount consideration in adoption.

See also:
Discrimination   Evolving capacities of the child   Respect for the views of the child   


Birth registration

CRC Article = 7(1)
The right of the child to be registered immediately after birth is set forth in Article 7(1) of the CRC. The purpose of this right is to promote recognition and protection of the child's legal personality. Registration of birth is regarded as one of the most effective methods of protecting the child's identity. It can reduce the danger of abduction, sale of or traffic in children, and can facilitate the tracing of the parents or other family members of unaccompanied refugee children. Birth registration of refugee children born in host States is also of importance because it enables date and place of birth to be conclusively established, thereby activating certain rights, including those rights which are dependent upon nationality and personal status.

See also:
Name   Preservation of identity   

Bonded labour

Debt bondage or bonded labour is an abuse analogous to slavery in which individuals are pledged to work either for a money lender or a landlord to repay a debt or loan. It applies to children who work either for a money lender or for a landowner as bonded labourers to pay off the debts of family members. Article 32 of the CRC dealing with protection against economic exploitation can be invoked. Bonded labour or debt bondage is defined by Article 1(a) of the Supplementary Convention on the Abolition of Slavery, the Slave Trade, and Institutions and Practices Similar to Slavery (1956) as "the status or condition arising from a pledge by a debtor of his personal services or of those of a person under his control as security for a debt, if the value of those services as reasonably assessed is not applied towards the liquidation of the debt or the length and nature of those services are not respectively limited and defined."

See also:
Child labour   Economic exploitation   Exploitation   Slavery   


CRC Article = 24(2)(e)
For the implementation of the right of the child to the enjoyment of the highest attainable standard of health and to health services, States Parties are required to ensure that all segments of society, in particular parents and children, are informed, have access to education and are supported in the use of basic knowledge of the advantages of breast-feeding.

See also:
Child health and nutrition   Health and health services   Health education   Malnutrition