A Glossary that provides non-specialists with an understanding of child rights terminology, particularly related to the Convention on the Rights of the Child.

Glossary legenda

Abduction  IRC site
   CRC = 35 1
The right of the child to protection against abduction is set forth in Article 35 of the CRC. States Parties are required to take all appropriate national, bilateral and multilateral measures to prevent the abduction of children for any purpose or in any form. The abduction of children is to be distinguished from the illicit transfer and non-return of children abroad (see Article 11 of the CRC). The abduction of children within one country or across frontiers for the purposes of, for example, economic exploitation, sexual exploitation, sale, trafficking or adoption is a form of exploitation. The illicit transfer and non-return of children abroad refers to the problem of the abduction of children across frontiers by one of their parents.
See also:
Disappearances   Exploitation   Illicit transfer and non-return   Recovery and reintegration   Sale and trafficking   

Abduction Term
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Except for obvious exceptions, such as the "Right to life" and the "Right to be heard", the terms in the Glossary are not formulated as rights. Under each term, however, the article of the Convention dealing with the corresponding right of the child is mentioned, if appropriate ("CRC:"), and a short description is given of the corresponding obligations of States Parties ("Note:"), followed by a listing of related terms in the Glossary ("See also:") linked to the Thesaurus descriptors. Certain terms have also been included as "lead-in" terms only to preferred synonyms. For instance, the reader searching under the term "Handicapped children", will be referred ("See:") to "Disabled children".

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Death in custody

Death penalty


Capital punishment   

Debt bondage


Bonded labour   


CRC Article = 40(2)(b)(ii)
The right of the accused child to have legal or other appropriate assistance in the preparation and presentation of his or her defence is recognized in Article 40(2)(b)(ii) of the CRC.

See also:
Access to court   Accusations   Accused children   Administration of Juvenile Justice   Assistance of an interpreter   Determination of criminal charges   Due process   Examination of witnesses   Fair trial   Legal assistance   Trial in the presence of legal assistance   

Definition of the child

CRC Article = 1
Article 1 of the CRC defines who is to be considered a "child" for the purposes of the CRC, and states that: "For the purposes of the present Convention, a child means every human being below the age of eighteen years unless, under the law applicable to the child, majority is attained earlier."

See also:
Majority   Minimum age(s)   Obligation of States   Unborn child   

Degrading treatment or punishment

Democratic society


Restrictions of rights   


CRC Article = 52
The denunciation of a treaty is an act whereby a State Party gives notice that it no longer wishes to be bound by that treaty. Denunciation of the CRC may only take place in conformity with Article 52, which provides that States Parties may denounce the CRC by written notification to the Secretary-General of the United Nations. Denunciation becomes effective one year after the date of receipt of the notification by the Secretary-General. The rules of international treaty law concerning the denunciation of treaties are set forth in Articles 54 and 56 of the Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties (1969).

See also:
Accession   Amendments   Depositary   Ratification   Reservations   

Deportation of parent(s) or child


CRC Article = 53
Article 53 of the CRC designates the Secretary-General of the United Nations as the depositary of the CRC. The rules of international treaty law concerning depositaries and their functions are set forth in Articles 76 to 80 of the Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties (1969). Particular functions of the depositary of the CRC are mentioned in Articles 47 to 52 and Article 54 of the CRC, such as the function of receiving and circulating to all States Parties the texts of reservations made by States at the time of ratification or accession.

See also:
Accession   Amendments   Authentic texts   Denunciation   Entry into force   Ratification   Reservations   Signature