A Glossary that provides non-specialists with an understanding of child rights terminology, particularly related to the Convention on the Rights of the Child.

Glossary legenda

Abduction  IRC site
   CRC = 35 1
The right of the child to protection against abduction is set forth in Article 35 of the CRC. States Parties are required to take all appropriate national, bilateral and multilateral measures to prevent the abduction of children for any purpose or in any form. The abduction of children is to be distinguished from the illicit transfer and non-return of children abroad (see Article 11 of the CRC). The abduction of children within one country or across frontiers for the purposes of, for example, economic exploitation, sexual exploitation, sale, trafficking or adoption is a form of exploitation. The illicit transfer and non-return of children abroad refers to the problem of the abduction of children across frontiers by one of their parents.
See also:
Disappearances   Exploitation   Illicit transfer and non-return   Recovery and reintegration   Sale and trafficking   

Abduction Term
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Except for obvious exceptions, such as the "Right to life" and the "Right to be heard", the terms in the Glossary are not formulated as rights. Under each term, however, the article of the Convention dealing with the corresponding right of the child is mentioned, if appropriate ("CRC:"), and a short description is given of the corresponding obligations of States Parties ("Note:"), followed by a listing of related terms in the Glossary ("See also:") linked to the Thesaurus descriptors. Certain terms have also been included as "lead-in" terms only to preferred synonyms. For instance, the reader searching under the term "Handicapped children", will be referred ("See:") to "Disabled children".

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Economic and Social Council

CRC Article = 44(5)
Every two years, the Committee on the Rights of the Child is required to submit to the General Assembly of the United Nations, through the Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC), reports on its activities. The ECOSOC is one of the six principal organs of the United Nations and operates under the authority of the General Assembly. The principal human rights functions of the ECOSOC, as stated in Chapter X of the United Nations Charter, are (a) to "make or initiate studies and reports with respect to international economic, social, cultural, educational, health and related matters" and to "make recommendations with respect to any such matters to the General Assembly, to the Members of the United Nations and to the specialized agencies concerned"; (b) to "make recommendations for the purpose of promoting respect for and observance of human rights and fundamental freedoms for all"; (c) to "prepare draft conventions for submission to the General Assembly, with respect to matters falling within its competence"; and (d) to "call, in accordance with the rules prescribed by the United Nations, international conferences on matters falling within its competence". In addition, the ECOSOC is responsible for coordinating the activities of the specialized agencies.

See also:
Committee on the Rights of the Child   General Assembly   United Nations organs   

Economic exploitation

CRC Article = 32
The right of the child to protection against economic exploitation is set forth in Article 32 of the CRC. States Parties are required to take appropriate measures for the implementation of this right, in particular they are required to provide for: a minimum age or minimum age(s) for admission to employment; appropriate regulation of the hours and conditions of employment; and appropriate sanctions to ensure the effective enforcement of the provisions of Article 32.

See also:
Bonded labour   Child labour   Conditions of employment   Enforcement of child labour standards   Exploitation   Forced labour   Harmful work   Hazardous work   Hours of employment   Minimum age(s) for admission to employment   Recovery and reintegration   Slavery   

Economic, social and cultural rights

CRC Article = 4
States Parties are required to take all appropriate legislative, administrative, and other measures for the implementation of the economic, social and cultural rights set forth in the CRC to the maximum extent of their available resources and, where needed, within the framework of international co-operation. Regarding those rights in the CRC that can be considered as economic, social or cultural rights, see the thematic listing particularly under "Basic health and welfare" and "Education, leisure and cultural activities". Consider also the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (1966).

See also:
Civil and political rights   Domestic implementation   International co-operation   


CRC Article = 28
Article 28 of the CRC obligates States Parties to recognize the right of the child to education, and emphasizes the obligation to realize this right on the basis of equal opportunity.

See also:
Aims of education   Compulsory education   Drop-out rates   Education and international co-operation   Education assistance   Educational guidance   Educational institutions   Equal opportunities   Free education   General education   Higher education   Ignorance   Illiteracy   Modern teaching methods   Primary education   School attendance   School discipline   Science and technology   Secondary education   Vocational education   Vocational guidance   

Education and international co-operation

CRC Article = 28(3)
Article 28(3) obligates States Parties to promote international co-operation in matters relating to education, in particular with a view to contributing to the elimination of ignorance and illiteracy and facilitating access to scientific and technical knowledge and modern teaching methods. In this regard, States Parties are required to take particular account of the needs of developing countries.

See also:
Developing countries   Education   Ignorance   Illiteracy   International co-operation   Modern teaching methods   Science and technology   

Education assistance

CRC Article = 28(1)(b)
For the implementation of the right of the child to education, States Parties are required to take appropriate measures to make secondary education available and accessible to every child, such as offering financial assistance in case of need.

See also:
Education   Free education   Secondary education   

Educational guidance

CRC Article = 28(1)(d)
For the implementation of the right of the child to education, States Parties are required to make educational information and guidance available and accessible to all children.

See also:
Education   Vocational guidance   

Educational institutions

CRC Article = 29(2)
States Parties are required to respect the liberty of individuals and bodies to establish and direct educational institutions. This liberty is subject to the observance of the aims of education set forth in Article 29(1) of the CRC and to the requirement that the education given in such institutions shall conform to such minimum standards as may be laid down by the State.

See also:
Aims of education   Education