A Glossary that provides non-specialists with an understanding of child rights terminology, particularly related to the Convention on the Rights of the Child.

Glossary legenda
Example:

Abduction  IRC site
   CRC = 35 1
Note:
The right of the child to protection against abduction is set forth in Article 35 of the CRC. States Parties are required to take all appropriate national, bilateral and multilateral measures to prevent the abduction of children for any purpose or in any form. The abduction of children is to be distinguished from the illicit transfer and non-return of children abroad (see Article 11 of the CRC). The abduction of children within one country or across frontiers for the purposes of, for example, economic exploitation, sexual exploitation, sale, trafficking or adoption is a form of exploitation. The illicit transfer and non-return of children abroad refers to the problem of the abduction of children across frontiers by one of their parents.
See also:
Disappearances   Exploitation   Illicit transfer and non-return   Recovery and reintegration   Sale and trafficking   



Abduction Term
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Except for obvious exceptions, such as the "Right to life" and the "Right to be heard", the terms in the Glossary are not formulated as rights. Under each term, however, the article of the Convention dealing with the corresponding right of the child is mentioned, if appropriate ("CRC:"), and a short description is given of the corresponding obligations of States Parties ("Note:"), followed by a listing of related terms in the Glossary ("See also:") linked to the Thesaurus descriptors. Certain terms have also been included as "lead-in" terms only to preferred synonyms. For instance, the reader searching under the term "Handicapped children", will be referred ("See:") to "Disabled children".
 

Glossary Display

Language

Leave a country

CRC Article = 10
Note:
The right to leave any country, which is recognized in Article 12(2) of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (1966), is not included in the CRC. The CRC does include the right of the child and parents to leave a State Party for the purposes of family reunification, and the right of the child or parents to leave any country for the purposes of contact with a parent or child residing in a different country. The latter right may be made subject to restrictions.

See also:
Contact with both parents   Enter a country   Family reunification   Restrictions of rights   

Legal assistance

CRC Article = 40(2)(b)(ii)
Note:
The right of the accused child to legal or other appropriate assistance in the preparation and presentation of his or her defence is recognized in Article 40(2)(b)(ii) of the CRC.

See also:
Accused children   Administration of Juvenile Justice   Defence   Due process   Fair trial   Trial in the presence of legal assistance   

Leisure

CRC Article = 31
Note:
In recognition of the importance of rest and leisure for the child's development, Article 31 of the CRC obligates States Parties to recognize the right of the child to rest and leisure. For the realization of this right, States Parties are required to encourage the provision of appropriate and equal opportunities for leisure activity.

See also:
Equal opportunities   Recreation   

Liberty of person

CRC =

See:
Deprivation of liberty   

Life

CRC =

See:
Right to life   

Life imprisonment

CRC Article = 37(a)
Note:
The right of the child not to be subjected to life imprisonment without the possibility of release is dealt with in Article 37(a) of the CRC. This provision prohibits States Parties from imposing life imprisonment without the possibility of release for offences committed by persons below the age of eighteen years.

See also:
Accused children   Capital punishment   Children deprived of their liberty   Convicted children   Imprisonment   Life imprisonment   

Limitations

CRC =

See:
Restrictions of rights   

Linguistic minority children

CRC Article = 30
Note:
A linguistic minority is a group of people within the territory of a State whose language is different from that of the majority. Under Article 30 of the CRC those States Parties in which linguistic minorities exist shall not deny a child belonging to such a minority the right, in community with other members of his or group, to use his or her own language. This right is also recognized in Article 27 of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (1966). Noteworthy is the standard-setting work of the Sub-Commission on Prevention of Discrimination and Protection of Minorities of the United Nations Commission on Human Rights, including the Declaration on the Rights of Persons Belonging to National or Ethnic, Religious and Linguistic Minorities, which was adopted by the General Assembly of the United Nations in 1993.

See also:
Discrimination   Information and linguistic minority children   Minority children