A Glossary that provides non-specialists with an understanding of child rights terminology, particularly related to the Convention on the Rights of the Child.

Glossary legenda

Abduction  IRC site
   CRC = 35 1
The right of the child to protection against abduction is set forth in Article 35 of the CRC. States Parties are required to take all appropriate national, bilateral and multilateral measures to prevent the abduction of children for any purpose or in any form. The abduction of children is to be distinguished from the illicit transfer and non-return of children abroad (see Article 11 of the CRC). The abduction of children within one country or across frontiers for the purposes of, for example, economic exploitation, sexual exploitation, sale, trafficking or adoption is a form of exploitation. The illicit transfer and non-return of children abroad refers to the problem of the abduction of children across frontiers by one of their parents.
See also:
Disappearances   Exploitation   Illicit transfer and non-return   Recovery and reintegration   Sale and trafficking   

Abduction Term
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Except for obvious exceptions, such as the "Right to life" and the "Right to be heard", the terms in the Glossary are not formulated as rights. Under each term, however, the article of the Convention dealing with the corresponding right of the child is mentioned, if appropriate ("CRC:"), and a short description is given of the corresponding obligations of States Parties ("Note:"), followed by a listing of related terms in the Glossary ("See also:") linked to the Thesaurus descriptors. Certain terms have also been included as "lead-in" terms only to preferred synonyms. For instance, the reader searching under the term "Handicapped children", will be referred ("See:") to "Disabled children".

Glossary Display

Obligation of States

CRC Article = 2(1)
States Parties are required to respect and to ensure the rights set forth in the CRC to each child with their jurisdiction without discrimination of any kind.

See also:
Definition of the child   Discrimination   Domestic implementation   Jurisdiction   Saving clause   


CRC Article = 37(a); 40(4)
Any behaviour (act or omission) that is punishable by law under the legal system concerned.

See also:
Accused children   Administration of Juvenile Justice   Convicted children   Juvenile offenders   



Organ trafficking

There has been an increased number of as yet unsubstantiated reports of trafficking in children for the sale of their organs. The 1994 report of the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the Sale of Children states that the search for proof of a trade in children's organs poses great difficulties even though there is evidence of a market in children's organs. The Guiding Principles on Human Organ Transplantation adopted by the World Health Organisation (WHO) provide that no organ should be removed from a living child with the exception of the removal of regenerative tissue and that the giving and receiving of payment is prohibited. Provisions of the CRC which imply the prohibition of organ trafficking are Article 6 dealing with the right to life, Article 35 dealing with the right to protection against sale and trafficking, and Article 36 dealing with the right to protection against all forms of exploitation.

See also:
Exploitation   Right to life   Sale and trafficking