A Glossary that provides non-specialists with an understanding of child rights terminology, particularly related to the Convention on the Rights of the Child.

Glossary legenda
Example:

Abduction  IRC site
   CRC = 35 1
Note:
The right of the child to protection against abduction is set forth in Article 35 of the CRC. States Parties are required to take all appropriate national, bilateral and multilateral measures to prevent the abduction of children for any purpose or in any form. The abduction of children is to be distinguished from the illicit transfer and non-return of children abroad (see Article 11 of the CRC). The abduction of children within one country or across frontiers for the purposes of, for example, economic exploitation, sexual exploitation, sale, trafficking or adoption is a form of exploitation. The illicit transfer and non-return of children abroad refers to the problem of the abduction of children across frontiers by one of their parents.
See also:
Disappearances   Exploitation   Illicit transfer and non-return   Recovery and reintegration   Sale and trafficking   



Abduction Term
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Except for obvious exceptions, such as the "Right to life" and the "Right to be heard", the terms in the Glossary are not formulated as rights. Under each term, however, the article of the Convention dealing with the corresponding right of the child is mentioned, if appropriate ("CRC:"), and a short description is given of the corresponding obligations of States Parties ("Note:"), followed by a listing of related terms in the Glossary ("See also:") linked to the Thesaurus descriptors. Certain terms have also been included as "lead-in" terms only to preferred synonyms. For instance, the reader searching under the term "Handicapped children", will be referred ("See:") to "Disabled children".
 

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Parental abuse or neglect

     IRC site
CRC =

See:
Abuse and neglect   

Parental authority

     IRC site
CRC =

See:
Parental responsibilities   

Parental care

     IRC site
CRC Article = 7(1)
Note:
The right of the child to be cared for by his or her parents, as far as possible, is recognized in Article 7(1) of the CRC.

See also:
Know one's parents   Parental guidance   Parental responsibilities   

Parental guidance

     IRC site
CRC Article = 5
Note:
States Parties are required to respect the responsibilities, rights and duties of parents or, where applicable, the members of the extended family or community as provided by local custom, legal guardians or other persons legally responsible for the child, to provide, in a manner consistent with the evolving capacities of the child, appropriate direction and guidance in the exercise by the child of the rights recognized in the CRC.

See also:
Community   Equality of parents   Evolving capacities of the child   Extended family   Freedom of religion   Parental care   Parental responsibilities   

Parental responsibilities

     IRC site
CRC Article = 18(1); 27(2)
Note:
States Parties are required to respect that parents or, as the case may be, legal guardians, have the primary responsibility for the upbringing and development of the child. In addition, States Parties are required to respect that parent(s) or others responsible for the child have the primary responsibility to secure, with their abilities and financial capacities, the conditions of living necessary for the child's development.

See also:
Equality of parents   Family assistance   Injurious information   Maintenance obligations   Material assistance   Parental care   Parental guidance   Recovery of maintenance   

Parents

     IRC site

Participation in hostilities

     IRC site
CRC Article = 38(2)
Note:
Children participate in international armed conflicts and non-international armed conflicts directly by engaging in combat or indirectly by seeking and sending military information and transporting food, arms and munitions. States Parties are required to take all feasible measures to ensure that persons who have not attained the age of 15 years do not take a direct part in hostilities. In addition, States Parties are required to refrain from recruiting any person who has not attained the age of 15 years into their armed forces. In recruiting among those persons who have attained the age of 15 years but who have not attained the age of 18 years, States Parties are required to endeavour to give priority to those who are oldest. The minimum ages established in States Parties for the purposes of voluntary enlistment and recruitment into the armed forces are of relevance to these provisions.

See also:
Children in armed conflicts   Recruitment   

Peaceful assembly

     IRC site
CRC =

See:
Freedom of assembly   

Penal procedures

     IRC site

Periodic review of placement

     IRC site
CRC Article = 25
Note:
Article 25 of the CRC accords to the child who has been placed by the competent authorities for the purposes of care, protection or treatment for his or her physical or mental health the right to a periodic review of the treatment provided to the child and all other circumstances relevant to the child's placement.

See also:
Alternative care   Foster placement   Health and health services   Judicial review   Placement in institutions   Procedures