Education, Urban Poverty and Migration: Evidence from Bangladesh and Vietnam
Innocenti Working Papers 2012-15
Date of Publication
IRC Stock Number
This paper finds that rural-urban migrant households have fewer assets, live in worse housing conditions and in areas less well served by public schools, have fewer social connections in the area where they live, and contain adults with lower educational levels than for urban native households. Even conditional on these household characteristics, educational expenditure and grade attainment were both lower for children from migrant households than urban natives. The findings are consistent with migrant children’s education being impeded by bureaucratic obstacles such as the household registration system in Vietnam.
Rights of the Child /
Urban Child /
rural urban migration /