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Child Drowning: Evidence for a newly recognized cause of child mortality in low and middle income countries in Asia

2012


Drowning is a leading cause of death among children in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) in Asia, but current data greatly underestimate mortality due to drowning. This is due to the way drowning data is collected, classified and reported as well as the difficulty in correcting and adjusting the data. Large numbers of these deaths could be prevented annually if these drowning interventions were included in current country programmes.



Child Safety Online: Global challenges and strategies. Technical Report

2012


The Internet, mobile phones and other electronic media provide children and young people with levels of access to information, culture, communication and entertainment impossible to imagine just 20 years ago. With many of their extraordinary benefits, however, come hazards. Globally, children and young people tend to become early users and prime innovators on the Internet, and are often far ahead of their parents and other adults in terms of use, skills and understanding. It is becoming increasingly important to both empower and to protect children in this environment.



Child Trafficking in the Nordic Countries: Rethinking strategies and national responses

2012


The study was initiated with twin aims: improving understanding of child trafficking and responses in the region; and contributing to the international discourse on child trafficking by examining the linkages between anti-trafficking responses and child protection systems. Although the study was conceived with a primary focus on trafficking, its scope is much broader. It analyses how the general principles of the Convention of the Rights of the Child are applied in relation to those children vulnerable to trafficking and other forms of exploitation. The research also finds that many existing gaps may be bridged by consistent and strengthened implementation of the Convention on the Rights of the Child.



Child Trafficking in the Nordic Countries: Rethinking strategies and national responses. Technical report

2012


The study was initiated with twin aims: improving understanding of child trafficking and responses in the region; and contributing to the international discourse on child trafficking by examining the linkages between anti-trafficking responses and child protection systems. Although the study was conceived with a primary focus on trafficking, its scope is much broader. It analyses how the general principles of the Convention of the Rights of the Child are applied in relation to those children vulnerable to trafficking and other forms of exploitation. The research finds that many existing gaps may be bridged by consistent and strengthened implementation of the Convention on the Rights of the Child.



Childhood Poverty and Education in Bangladesh: Policy implications for disadvantaged children

2012


This paper offers a theoretical understanding of childhood poverty and educational exclusion, building on the empirical findings of fieldwork carried out in Bangladesh to develop case studies addressing the questions, why do so many socio-economically disadvantaged children tend to drop out from formal secondary school, and why do some succeed?



Commercial Pressures on Land and Their Impact on Child Rights: A review of the literature

2012


This paper aims to provide a comprehensive review of the existing literature on the political economy of CPLs with the specific intention of mapping the relevant channels of impact on the rights and well-being of children living in rural areas where CPLs are fast-proliferating.



Child Participation and Independent Human Rights Institutions for Children in Europe

2011


This paper focuses on the role played by independent human rights institutions for children in promoting children’s and adolescents’ participatory rights. It presents the conceptual and normative framework of participatory rights, including the approach of the Committee on the Rights of the Child. The paper analyses the involvement of children and adolescents in the functioning of these institutions in Europe.



Child Rights and Governance Roundtable: Report and Conclusions

2011


Over the last decade, donors have increasingly focused their attention on good governance as a means of achieving sustainable and equitable development progress and ensuring greater aid effectiveness. Discussions at this Roundtable aimed to outline a framework to identify priority areas and main issues, and develop an agenda for future research, advocacy and action.



Child Safety Online: Global challenges and strategies

2011


The Internet, mobile phones and other electronic media provide children and young people with levels of access to information, culture, communication and entertainment impossible to imagine just 20 years ago. With many of their extraordinary benefits, however, come hazards. Globally, children and young people tend to become early users and prime innovators on the Internet, and are often far ahead of their parents and other adults in terms of use, skills and understanding. It is becoming increasingly important to both empower and to protect children in this environment.



Comparing Inequality in the Well-being of Children in Economically Advanced Countries: A methodology

2011


This paper tries to respond to the complex challenge of going beyond a research approach into child well-being based on averages and proposes a complementary approach to compare inequalities across economically advanced countries. More specifically, the objective of this paper is to explore and compare the extent of disparity at the bottom-end of the distribution of child well-being, focusing on the gap between the child in the middle of the distribution and those who are disadvantaged, i.e. those at the bottom of the distribution.



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