There is a growing global consensus on the need to promote family-based alternatives to institutional care for children. No residential institution, no matter how well meaning, can replace the family environment so essential to every child. This Innocenti Insight examines efforts to prevent the institutionalization of children in Argentina, Chile, Uruguay, Italy and Spain, focusing on both public and private initiatives, as well as local and national policies.
The trafficking of children is one of the gravest violations of human rights in the world today. Every year, hundreds of thousands of children are smuggled across borders and sold as mere commodities. Their survival and development are threatened, and their rights to education, to health, to grow up within a family, to protection from exploitation and abuse, are denied. This study focuses on a region that is badly affected by the phenomenon, aiming to increase understanding of this reality and maximize the effectiveness of measures to overcome it.
This paper investigates the changes that occurred in Bulgaria over the last decade in three dimensions of child welfare recognised as fundamental child rights - economic well-being, health and education. It then concentrates on particularly vulnerable groups of children - those born of teenage and single mothers and those living in institutions.
This paper compares child poverty dynamics cross-nationally using panel data from seven nations: the USA, Britain, Germany, Ireland, Spain, Hungary, and Russia. As well as using standard relative poverty definitions the paper examines flows into and out of the poorest fifth of the children's income distribution.
The accession of up to 13 new members in the next decade is the most important development now facing the European Union. This paper analyses measurable differences in the well-being of children between current club members, the EU Member States, and the 10 Central and Eastern European applicants seeking admission.
The bibliography includes monographs, journal articles, reports and conference proceedings, and spans a broad geographical area. Entries are generally restricted to publications issued after the adoption of the Convention on 20 November 1989.
The Children's Rights Thesaurus, Glossary and Bibliography have been compiled in collaboration with several child rights experts and organizations. The Glossary provides a detailed key to the specialized terminology of children’s rights and in particular the Convention on the Rights of the Child.
The fifth Innocenti Digest looks at what is probably the largest and most ignored group of child workers: child domestic workers. The limited research available on this 'invisible workforce' suggests that 90 percent are girls, most are 12 to 17 years old, and some work 15-hour days.
Despite widespread concern about the living standards of children, the research of the last decade has confirmed that there remain wide variations in the extent of child poverty across countries at otherwise similar levels of development.
During the last three decades Spain has undergone a major political and socio-economic transformation. Over the same period, indicators such as average welfare levels as measured by real disposable per capita income or expenditure on social protection have shown a significant net rise.