This paper describes the evolution of child poverty in 41 OECD and/or European Union countries during the Great Recession. In 2012 there were around 76.5 million children living in poverty in the 41 OECD countries studied here. A League Table of the 50 US states, home to over a third of all children in the OECD shows that child poverty has increased in 34 out of 51 states.
During the Great Recession, employment in the United States fell by more than 8 million between January 2008 and December 2009 and unemployment rose to a peak of 15.6 million persons in October 2009. This paper focuses on child poverty, as children experience some of the highest poverty rates of any group in the United States.
This paper investigates changes in unemployment, the NEET rate and temporary employment among 15-24-year-olds in 41 countries of the European Union (EU) and/or the Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development (OECD) between 2008 and 2013 and analyses the relationship between these indicators and changes in economic conditions.
Chile and Mexico experienced extraordinary economic and social improvements over the first decade of the twenty-first century. Nonetheless, the 2008–2009 international crisis dramatically affected these two economies via real channels. Both countries reacted to the external shock by implementing several measures.
The goal of this paper is to monitor the impact of the Great Recession on child well-being in countries of the European Union. Data from the EU-28 plus Iceland, Norway, Switzerland and Turkey is used to document the change in children’s well-being from 2007/8-2012/3. The authors classify countries into ‘least’, ’moderately’ and ‘most’ exposed to the global recession and document trends in well-being outcomes for each of the three groups.
The Innocenti Digest on 'Promoting the Rights of Children with Disabilities' examines the situation of the some 200 million children with disabilities around the world and identifies ways to support the realization of their rights. Children with disabilities constantly face barriers to the enjoyment of their rights and inclusion in society. But the tide is changing, as many countries have begun to reform their laws and structures in the past two decades to promote the participation of children with disabilities as full members of society. The Digest promotes such participation, and discusses all aspects of their development, including access to education, health services and rehabilitation, social and legal assistance, play and cultural activities, vocational and life-skills training. It focuses on the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities which, building on the provisions of the Convention on the Rights of the Child, opens a new era in securing the rights of children with disabilities.
Causal attribution investigates the causal links between an intervention and observed changes and is an essential element of impact evaluation.
A randomized controlled trial (RCT) is an experimental form of impact evaluation, which randomly selects and assigns from the eligible population into intervention and control groups, to compare their results after set periods of time.
Quasi-experimental research designs test causal hypotheses but by definition lack random assignment. They estimate impacts by comparing the results of an intervention group to a statistically constructed comparison group.
Comparative case studies are a non-experimental impact evaluation design, which involves the analysis and synthesis of the similarities, differences and patterns across two or more cases that share a common focus, in order to answer causal questions.