Innocenti Working Papers

The Working Papers are the foundation of the Centre's research output, underpinning many of the Centre's other publications. These high quality research papers are aimed at an academic and well-informed audience, contributing to ongoing discussion on a wide range of child-related issues. More than 100 Working Papers have been published to date, with recent and forthcoming papers covering the full range of the Centre's agenda. The Working Papers series incorporates the earlier series of Innocenti Occasional Papers (with sub-series), also available for download.



Commercial Pressures on Land and Their Impact on Child Rights: A review of the literature

2012


Commercial Pressures on Land and Their Impact on Child Rights: A review of the literature
This paper aims to provide a comprehensive review of the existing literature on the political economy of CPLs with the specific intention of mapping the relevant channels of impact on the rights and well-being of children living in rural areas where CPLs are fast-proliferating.



Education, Urban Poverty and Migration: Evidence from Bangladesh and Vietnam

2012


Education, Urban Poverty and Migration: Evidence from Bangladesh and Vietnam
Despite the acknowledged importance and large scale of rural-urban migration in many developing countries, few studies have compared education outcomes of migrants to those for people born in the city. This paper uses recent data from Dhaka, Bangladesh, and Ho Chi Minh City and Hanoi, Vietnam, to examine educational expenditure and children’s grade attainment, with a focus on poor households.



Governance and the Rights of Children: Policy, implementation and monitoring

2012


Governance and the Rights of Children: Policy, implementation and monitoring
This paper explores some of the factors which impede and promote public sector responsibilities towards children. The purpose of this analysis is to seek methods of assessing the performance of governments in their roles as protectors of the rights of children according to their international commitments.



The Impact of Social Protection on Children: A review of the literature

2012


The Impact of Social Protection on Children: A review of the literature
Based on an extensive analysis of the existing evidence on the impact of social protection programmes in the developing world, this paper aims to assess what are the channels that have to be taken into account to understand how the benefits of social protection could be maximized with specific regard to the different dimensions of children’s well-being (economics and livelihood, education, health, nutrition).



Innovative Features in Conditional Cash Transfers: An impact evaluation of Chile Solidario on households and children

2012


© UNICEF/NYHQ1994-1356/Wichenberger - In 1994 in Chile, a boy stands in the main square of the town of San Pedro de Atacama
The Chile Solidario programme is an avant garde conditional cash transfer (CCT) in the Latin American context, introducing innovative features aimed at addressing specifically the multidimensional nature of poverty. At the household level we find that the programme has a significant impact on lifting families out of extreme poverty and that it does not have disincentive effects on labour market participation.



Measuring Household Welfare: Short versus long consumption modules

2012


Measuring Household Welfare: Short versus long consumption modules
Consumption expenditure is probably the most common and preferred welfare indicator; however, its measurement is a challenging and time-consuming task. Although short consumption modules have potentially enormous advantage in terms of time and money savings, a recent and comprehensive literature on available experiments comparing short versus long modules is still lacking.



Relative Income Poverty among Children in Rich Countries

2012


Relative Income Poverty among Children in Rich Countries
This paper presents and discusses child relative income poverty statistics for 35 economically advanced countries, representing all the members of the European Union, Australia, Canada, Iceland, Japan, New Zealand, Switzerland and the United States. According to the data (mostly from 2008), Nordic countries and the Netherlands present the lowest child relative poverty levels, while Japan, the United States, most of the Southern European countries and some of the new EU member states have among the highest.



The Urban Divide: Poor and middle class children’s experiences of school in Dhaka, Bangladesh

2012


The Urban Divide: Poor and middle class children’s experiences of school in Dhaka, Bangladesh
Children living in urban slums in Dhaka, Bangladesh, often have poor access to school and attend different types of school than students from middle class households. This paper asks whether their experiences in school also disadvantage them further in terms of their learning outcomes and the likelihood of dropping out.



The Breadth of Child Poverty in Europe: An investigation into overlap and accumulation of deprivations

2011


Yannis Kontos / Polaris / Panos - UNITED KINGDOM - Girls living in the Clays Lane housing estate in Stratford, East London
Recent years have witnessed widespread acknowledgement in both academic and policy circles that children deserve a special focus in poverty measurement The case for a child focus in poverty and development debates can be made on moral, rights and efficiency based grounds. It is now widely recognized that children have different basic needs from adults and are harder hit, both in the short- and long-term, when their basic needs are not met.



Child Participation and Independent Human Rights Institutions for Children in Europe

2011


Child Participation and Independent Human Rights Institutions for Children in Europe
This paper focuses on the role played by independent human rights institutions for children in promoting children’s and adolescents’ participatory rights. It presents the conceptual and normative framework of participatory rights, including the approach of the Committee on the Rights of the Child. The paper analyses the involvement of children and adolescents in the functioning of these institutions in Europe.



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