Innocenti Working Papers

The Working Papers are the foundation of the Centre's research output, underpinning many of the Centre's other publications. These high quality research papers are aimed at an academic and well-informed audience, contributing to ongoing discussion on a wide range of child-related issues. More than 100 Working Papers have been published to date, with recent and forthcoming papers covering the full range of the Centre's agenda. The Working Papers series incorporates the earlier series of Innocenti Occasional Papers (with sub-series), also available for download.



Child Deprivation, Multidimensional Poverty and Monetary Poverty in Europe

2012


Mishka Henner & Liz Lock / Panos - Megan plays on the grounds of the Falinge Estate in Rochdale
The paper focuses on child deprivation in Europe and studies the degree to which it is experienced by children in 29 countries using a child specific deprivation scale. The paper discusses the construction of a child deprivation scale and estimates a European Child Deprivation Index for the 29 countries using 14 specific child related variables made available by the child module of the EU-SILC 2009 survey. (REVISED VERSION)



Child Drowning: Evidence for a newly recognized cause of child mortality in low and middle income countries in Asia

2012


Child Drowning: Evidence for a newly recognized cause of child mortality in low and middle income countries in Asia
Drowning is a leading cause of death among children in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) in Asia, but current data greatly underestimate mortality due to drowning. This is due to the way drowning data is collected, classified and reported as well as the difficulty in correcting and adjusting the data. Large numbers of these deaths could be prevented annually if these drowning interventions were included in current country programmes.



Childhood Poverty and Education in Bangladesh: Policy implications for disadvantaged children

2012


Childhood Poverty and Education in Bangladesh: Policy implications for disadvantaged children
This paper offers a theoretical understanding of childhood poverty and educational exclusion, building on the empirical findings of fieldwork carried out in Bangladesh to develop case studies addressing the questions, why do so many socio-economically disadvantaged children tend to drop out from formal secondary school, and why do some succeed?



Commercial Pressures on Land and Their Impact on Child Rights: A review of the literature

2012


Commercial Pressures on Land and Their Impact on Child Rights: A review of the literature
This paper aims to provide a comprehensive review of the existing literature on the political economy of CPLs with the specific intention of mapping the relevant channels of impact on the rights and well-being of children living in rural areas where CPLs are fast-proliferating.



Education, Urban Poverty and Migration: Evidence from Bangladesh and Vietnam

2012


Education, Urban Poverty and Migration: Evidence from Bangladesh and Vietnam
Despite the acknowledged importance and large scale of rural-urban migration in many developing countries, few studies have compared education outcomes of migrants to those for people born in the city. This paper uses recent data from Dhaka, Bangladesh, and Ho Chi Minh City and Hanoi, Vietnam, to examine educational expenditure and children’s grade attainment, with a focus on poor households.



Governance and the Rights of Children: Policy, implementation and monitoring

2012


Governance and the Rights of Children: Policy, implementation and monitoring
This paper explores some of the factors which impede and promote public sector responsibilities towards children. The purpose of this analysis is to seek methods of assessing the performance of governments in their roles as protectors of the rights of children according to their international commitments.



The Impact of Social Protection on Children: A review of the literature

2012


The Impact of Social Protection on Children: A review of the literature
Based on an extensive analysis of the existing evidence on the impact of social protection programmes in the developing world, this paper aims to assess what are the channels that have to be taken into account to understand how the benefits of social protection could be maximized with specific regard to the different dimensions of children’s well-being (economics and livelihood, education, health, nutrition).



Innovative Features in Conditional Cash Transfers: An impact evaluation of Chile Solidario on households and children

2012


© UNICEF/NYHQ1994-1356/Wichenberger - In 1994 in Chile, a boy stands in the main square of the town of San Pedro de Atacama
The Chile Solidario programme is an avant garde conditional cash transfer (CCT) in the Latin American context, introducing innovative features aimed at addressing specifically the multidimensional nature of poverty. At the household level we find that the programme has a significant impact on lifting families out of extreme poverty and that it does not have disincentive effects on labour market participation.



Measuring Household Welfare: Short versus long consumption modules

2012


Measuring Household Welfare: Short versus long consumption modules
Consumption expenditure is probably the most common and preferred welfare indicator; however, its measurement is a challenging and time-consuming task. Although short consumption modules have potentially enormous advantage in terms of time and money savings, a recent and comprehensive literature on available experiments comparing short versus long modules is still lacking.



Relative Income Poverty among Children in Rich Countries

2012


Relative Income Poverty among Children in Rich Countries
This paper presents and discusses child relative income poverty statistics for 35 economically advanced countries, representing all the members of the European Union, Australia, Canada, Iceland, Japan, New Zealand, Switzerland and the United States. According to the data (mostly from 2008), Nordic countries and the Netherlands present the lowest child relative poverty levels, while Japan, the United States, most of the Southern European countries and some of the new EU member states have among the highest.



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