The Convention on the Rights of the Child and its Optional Protocols
The CRC, in force in all regions and in countries with different political, economic and social contexts, has an implementation history of more than fifteen years. During this period a very high number of reports have been submitted to the Committee on the Rights of the Child (herein referred to as the CRC Committee). The Convention is at least partially responsible for a broad process of social change - for children and with children - that is important to document.
Anchored on the CRC, two optional protocols have been approved: one on the involvement of children in armed conflict; and the second on the sale of children, child prostitution and child pornography. There has been widespread ratification of both of these, and their implementation is gaining momentum.
Against this background, the IRC began a study of the implementation of the general measures of the CRC implementation. These are measures that have been given due recognition by the CRC Committee, including through its General Comment no. 5.
Moreover, they have been reflected in A World Fit for Children approved by the UN Special Session on Children (paragraph 31).
The general measures include: law reform, mechanisms to coordinate actions for children, the development and implementation of national plans of action, the provision of adequate financial and human resources, monitoring of progress, education and awareness raising, and the involvement of civil society, including children, all designed to promote the implementation of the CRC.
62 countries are under review in the IRC study. They were chosen to represent all regions of the world, and to capture the rich experience of both the north and the south. All these countries have reported twice to the Committee.