Child trafficking (Palermo Protocol)
Child trafficking has been a subject of IRC research for the past five years. During 2005 data collection was completed for a 55-country European study. As with the African research, the study is developed through: a desk review of public documents relating to child trafficking, the administration of a questionnaire by focal points in the countries under study, and a review of law and policy measures. UNICEF’s regional offices in Geneva, country offices and national committees have been involved in the research and expert discussions promoted to validate the emerging findings.
In 2005, a study on Trafficking for Sexual Exploitation was launched and research also commenced in cooperation with the South Asian regional office, covering eight countries. A regional review of child trafficking laws and policies is currently being conducted. Building upon lessons learned from the European and African contexts, detailed reference notes have been developed for each country, and shared with UNICEF child protection teams.
A questionnaire has been prepared in cooperation with national and regional colleagues, the responses to which will form part of the overall analysis. Four case studies on the prevention of child trafficking will be conducted: Sri Lanka and the protection of sex tourism; preventing cross-border trafficking between India and Nepal; preventing trafficking of Bangladeshi children for camel jockeying; and community based efforts to prevent child trafficking in Southern India.