Current research projects listed by theme.
Poverty has been defined and measured in many different ways. For the purpose of our studies child poverty is understood both as income poverty, when a child lives in a household with consumption expenditure below a minimum level, and also as different kinds of deprivation measured in non-monetary terms, such as not attending school, poor nutrition status, no access to immunization, or living in overcrowded housing.
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UNICEF uses the term ‘child protection’ to refer to preventing and responding to violence, exploitation and abuse against children, including commercial sexual exploitation, trafficking, child labour and harmful traditional practices, such as female genital mutilation/cutting and child marriage. Violations of the child’s right to protection take place in every country and are massive, under-recognized and under-reported barriers to child survival and development, in addition to being human rights violations. Children subjected to violence, exploitation, abuse and neglect are at risk of death, poor physical and mental health, HIV/AIDS infection, educational problems, displacement, homelessness, vagrancy and poor parenting skills later in life. UNICEF IRC contributes with its studies to analyze the situation and to influence policy makers, institutions and other duty bearers to take appropriate actions for a significant change in the lives of the children of the world.
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Cities can often generate and intensify social exclusion – denying the benefits of urban life to the poor, to women, to children, to the disabled and other marginalized groups. At the same time, the rapid rate of urbanization has often resulted in deteriorating urban services, growing urban poverty and a deteriorated urban environment. Promoting good urban governance can be the key to developing and managing human settlements. In introducing and popularizing the concept of good urban governance, The Urban Governance Initiative (TUGI), a regional project of the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) that began in 1998, has adopted the 11 principles of good urban governance as put forward by the UNDP and the UN–Habitat Global Campaign on Good Urban Governance: participation; rule of law; transparency; responsiveness; consensus orientation; equity; effectiveness and efficiency; accountability; strategic vision; subsidiarity; security.
View "Governance" projects
Rights of the Child
UNICEF’s mission is to advocate for the protection of children’s rights, to help meet their basic needs and to expand their opportunities to reach their full potential. UNICEF is guided in doing this by the provisions and principles of the Convention on the Rights of the Child.
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With regard to the obligation of states to ensure the progressive realization of rights, and to provide resources for children “to the maximum extent possible” (Article 4 of the CRC), the outcome document of the Quito consultation on the human rights-based approach to programming (HRBAP) indicates that UNICEF’s attention should not be limited to social sector spending (including national budgets, allocations within the social expenditure envelope, etc), but should look at the broader picture (e.g. tax policy and tax burden, budget allocations among sectors, public debt, etc). The aim is to influence the budgeting and policy-making process so that government budgets and policies realize children’s rights; to influence the social content of economic and fiscal policy; to engender social mobilization, consensus, inclusiveness and participation; and to monitor public expenditure and governance.
View "Social Policies" projects