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CRC database (demo version)

   CRC database / Juvenile Justice
The Convention on the Rights of the Child is an international human rights treaty. The General Assembly of the United Nations (UN), in its resolution 44/25 of 20 November 1989, adopted the Convention on the Rights of the Child, based on the draft proposed by the UN Commission on Human Rights in its resolution 1989/57 of 8 March 1989. The Convention entered into force on 2 September 1990. As at May 2002 the Convention had been ratified by 191 States. The Convention consists of 54 articles, and is divided into a preamble and three parts. Part I (arts. 1-41) contains provisions relating to the rights of children; part II (arts. 42-45) provisions relating to implementation; and part III (arts. 46-54) a number of final clauses. Articles 37 and 40 of the Convention specifically cover obligations in the sphere of juvenile justice.

Other international and regional instruments
International human rights instruments may be binding or non-binding. Binding instruments ("hard law") are conventions and other treaties that have to be ratified or acceded to by States individually, and which carry specific legally-based obligations for those Staes as regards compliance with the standards and actions stipulated therein. Non-binding instruments ("soft law") are declarations, sets of principles, recommendations, etc. that are adopted with or without a vote in an international forum - e.g. the UN General Assembly - but that do not require subsequent explicit adhesion by States and that carry no more than a morally-based expectation that States will abide by them.

This part of the database provides access to different resources relevant to Juvenile Justice, other than documents and texts, such as bibliographies, events, organizations and links