(19 March 2020) Twenty-five years since the Beijing Declaration and Platform for Action was issued, a new report, brings together global evidence on progress for girls in the years since the historic The report, much progress made in advancing the condition of women and girls, gaps remain in achieving the commitments agreed upon in the 1995 Platform for Action. Girls are far from being free of discrimination and far from enjoying their full rights, especially adolescent and marginalized girls.
More girls than ever are completing primary school. Globally, the number of out-of-school girls has dropped by 79 million in the last two decades, from 208 million in 1998 to 129 million today. Yet, nearly one in four girls aged 15-19 is neither employed nor in education or training compared to 1 in 10 boys of the same age, showing that in the transition from learning to meaningful work, adolescent girls are left far behind.
Since 1995, the proportion of young women who were married as children has declined globally from 1 in 4 to approximately 1 in 5. However, roughly 12 million girls are still married in childhood per year, and 4 million are at risk of female genital mutilation (FGM).One in every twenty girls aged 15-19 – around 13 million – has experienced rape in their lifetimes.
One in four girls have experienced recent violence by a partner. Few seek help. Social acceptance of sexual and other forms of violence against women and girls is pervasive, even amongst young people. Globally, more than a third of both adolescent girls and boys justify wife-beating for any reason.
Investments in adolescent healthcare are urgently needed. Adolescent girls continue to bear the brunt of the HIV epidemic, for example. Globally, 970,000 adolescent girls aged 10-19 years are living with HIV today compared to 740,000 in 1995, a 31% increase. Adolescent girls account for nearly three in four new infections.
The report calls for more targeted investments in adolescent girls, as a unique group with interlinked vulnerabilities, opportunities and perspectives and for stronger investments in data to drive evidence-informed policy and programme decisions.