The Shared Global Research Priorities (Brief)
Why develop a research agenda?
As global evidence and interest in the intersections between violence against children (VAC) and violence against women (VAW) continue to grow, researchers and practitioners from the VAC and VAW fields are seeking ways to better collaborate and thus ensure the best outcomes for victims / survivors of both types of violence. To meet these needs and identify key evidence gaps, the UNICEF Office of Research – Innocenti is partnering with the World Health Organization (WHO), and the Sexual Violence Research Initiative (SVRI), to collaboratively develop a research agenda for the intersections of VAC and VAW.
The new research agenda will contribute to building knowledge in a more systematic way, ensure that research efforts make the best use of limited resources, and serve to monitor progress over time. It will also inform the implementation of the multiagency RESPECT Women and INSPIRE frameworks, support UNICEF's commitment to respond to the gender dimensions of violence, guide SRVI Grant-making and promote coherence in the achievement of the 2030 Sustainable Development Goals.
What are research priorities and why do they matter?
"Without priorities, development is blind. With priorities, the science and innovation sectors can flourish to support development, equity and health." COHRED (2010).
Setting research priorities helps to identify evidence gaps, ensures research efforts make the best use of limited resources, and assists researchers, funders, practitioners, and policymakers withresearch planning and future fund-raising efforts. It can also guide grantmaking and signal to stakeholders, research areas that have been identified as being important, thus serving as an advocacy tool.
Inclusive research setting responds to the need to promote a diversity of voices - especially fromlow-and middle-income country settings, which historically lack representation - and minimize the risk of biases when establishing research priorities. Finally, setting research priorities also advances the field in a more structured way, and serves as a monitoring tool by continuously mapping progress against initial evidence gaps.
How is the research agenda being developed?
Traditional priority setting processes are often driven by a small group of researchers and experts with limited input from other stakeholders, such as policymakers and practitioners. This can lead to personal biases, with powerful members of priority setting groups having undue influence on final decisions, and a lack of clarity regarding the criteria used for the selection of research areas. Conversely, the approach we are taking is consultative and inclusive, with a wide array of stakeholders working on both VAW and VAC identifying areas where research can enhance coordination and build bridges between both fields.
To promote participation and minimize the risk of bias, the methodology draws from an adapted version of the Child Health and Nutrition Research Initiative methodused online surveys (in English, Spanish, French, Portuguese and Arabic) and meetings to crowdsource insights. It also builds on lessons learned from the previously developed Research Agendaon Violence Against Women and Girls, led by SVRI and the Equality Institute, with participation from UNICEF Innocenti and the WHO, among others. Close collaboration between these processes will ensure their complementarity.
What does the process entail?
SVRI, UNICEF Innocenti and WHO/HRP together make up the Coordinating Group which will carry out this process. An Advisory Group comprised of representatives from research and practice on VAC-VAW intersections from around the globe will help develop the framework and provide technical input and guidance throughout. Finally, a broad group of Global Stakeholders - including researchers, advocates, policymakers, and practitioners representing different countries, settings, disciplines and areas of focus - will provide inputs and promote dissemination and implementation of the final research agenda widely.
Priority setting: the 7 phases
In partnership with the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine's Gender Violence and Health Centre, we have produced a systematic review on the co-occurrence of intimate partner violence and violence against children. A second systematic review is underway focusing on interventions that address both intimate partner violence and violence against children. Additional relevant systematic reviews will also be identified.
The Coordinating and Advisory Groups have developed a framework to identify research domains along with criteria to rank questions. Global Stakeholders were invited to rank research priorities and provide additional inputs. The outcomes of these processes will be consolidated and analyzed to identify research questions considered a priority by the field. The Advisory Group will provide oversight of the analysis and results before they are widely disseminated, including through Global Stakeholder network. A detailed description of each step is available here.
Access the brief here.
Find out more about this process by watching the technical briefing sessions we hosted (3 March 2022).
If you would like to join the Global Stakeholders, please sign up and we will include you in the database. All are welcome.
For more information about this research priority setting process, please contact Anik Gevers (SVRI) at email@example.com
- Violence Against Women and Violence Against Children - The Points of Intersection (PPT)
- Bridging the Gaps: Reviewing the intersections of violence against women and violence against children (Event)
- Promoting an understanding of the intersection between violence against women and children (Event)