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Children and COVID-19 Research Library

UNDER DEVELOPMENT UNICEF Innocenti's curated library of COVID-19 + Children research

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Coronavirus disease (COVID) 2019 in children: a short review

AUTHOR(S)
Sham Balkisanji Lohiya; Sachin Damke; Richa Chaudhary

Published: September 2020   Journal: International Journal of Current Research and Review
Since December 2019, severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) has caused a series of Cases of severe pneumonia worldwide. It originated in Wuhan in Hubei province, China. SARS-CoV-2 causes infection by ACE receptors, similar to SARS. It causes potential damage to vital organs, mainly the lungs. COVID- 19 mainly affects respiratory tract with symptoms ranging from upper respiratory tract infection like symptoms to full-blown ARDS. Although the pediatric age group is shown to be less susceptible to severe infection, they can very well act as an intermediate in the transmitter of the virus. Treatment is symp-tomatic for mild diseases, but severe disease and ARDS require ICU management and specific treatment.
Cite this research | Open access | Vol.: 12 | Issue: 17 | No. of pages: 172-177 | Language: English | Topics: Health | Tags: child health, medical care, respiratory diseases
Children with COVID-19 behaving milder may challenge the public policies: a systematic review and meta-analysis

AUTHOR(S)
Chan Liu; Lian Liu; Yu He (et al.)

Published: September 2020   Journal: BMC Pediatrics
A single-arm meta-analysis was conducted.  PubMed, Google Scholar, Web of Science, and several Chinese databases have been searched for studies presenting characteristics of children confirmed with Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) from December 12, 2019 to May 10, 2020.
Cite this research | Language: English | Topics: Health | Tags: child health, COVID-19
Coronavirus infections in children: from SARS and MERS to COVID-19, a narrative review of epidemiological and clinical features

AUTHOR(S)
Rosanna Iannarella; Claudia Lattanzi; Giulia Cannata (et al.)

Published: September 2020   Journal: Acta Biomedica
This narrative review aims to provide a comprehensive overview of epidemiological, pathogenic and clinical features, along with diagnosis and treatment, of the  ongoing epidemic of new coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in the pediatric population in comparison to the first two previous deadly coronavirus outbreaks,  SARS and MERS.
Cite this research | Open access | Vol.: 91 | Issue: 3 | No. of pages: 14 | Language: English | Topics: Health | Tags: child health, pandemic, coronavirus, COVID-19
Creatively cope stress of children during lockdown: a review

AUTHOR(S)
Mansi Dwivedi; Vaibhav Srivastava

Published: September 2020   Journal: The International Journal of Indian Psychȯlogy
This paper aims to identify the signs of stress in children during lockdown in India and to help children coping with their psychological stress during lockdown in India.
Cite this research | Open access | Vol.: 8 | Issue: 2 | No. of pages: 326-330 | Language: English | Topics: Mental Health | Tags: child mental health, child psychology, psychological distress, child well-being, lockdown | Countries: India
The review of the international voices on the responses of the worldwide school closures policy searching during Covid-19 pandemic

AUTHOR(S)
Sardjana Orba Manullang; Erwinsyah Satria

Published: September 2020   Journal: Jurnal Iqra'
This article was to determine the voice of the international community in responding to the challenges of school closure policies during the 2019 Covid-19 pandemic. In order to understand the impacts and challenges of school closure, a series of critical searches were under taken on various online sources, for instance news updates publications , practitioners, and school reactions to unplanned global policies to obligate students learning from home.
Cite this research | Open access | Vol.: 5 | Issue: 2 | No. of pages: 13 | Language: English | Topics: Education | Tags: child education, school attendance, COVID-19 response, e-learning, remote learning
Specifics of COVID-19 in pregnant women and their children-a review

AUTHOR(S)
Paweł Stanicki; Julita Szarpak; Małgorzata Wieteska

Published: September 2020   Journal: Journal of Education, Health and Sport
The course of coronavirus disease in pregnant women is similar to that of other infected women. While most studies do exclude the presence of a vertical infection, there are reports of severe course of the disease and possible vertical infection. Patients with COVID-19 may be more prone to premature delivery, however, to confirm this thesis, it is necessary to examine a larger number of pregnant women.
Cite this research | Open access | No. of pages: 103-110 | Language: English | Topics: Health | Tags: pregnant women, women's health, COVID-19
The mental health of children and adolescents during the COVID-19 pandemic: a narrative review

AUTHOR(S)
Cristina Maria Duarte Wigg; Isabella Maria Félix de Almeida Coutinho; Isabelle Cristine da Silva

Published: September 2020   Journal: Research, Society and Development
The study was a narrative review on the mental health of children and adolescents during a COVID-19 pandemic. A search was performed in the PubMed, BVS and Google Scholar databases, between April and June 2020. The studies revealed greater psychological distress due to social isolation, increased family conflicts and violence between parents and children. The closure of schools, lack of social interaction, feelings of uncertainty and fear in the face of a pandemic also contribute to the emergence of anxiety and stress symptoms in families.
Child protection and resilience in the face of COVID-19 in South Africa: a rapid review of C-19 legislation

AUTHOR(S)
Ansie Fouché; Daniël F. Fouché; Linda C. Theron Simba

Published: September 2020   Journal: Child Abuse & Neglect
In response to the COVID-19 (C-19) pandemic, the South African government instituted strict lockdown and related legislation. Although this response was well intended, many believed it advanced children’s vulnerability to abuse and neglect. This article interrogates these concerns. It investigates how C-19 legislation enabled, or constrained, South African children’s protection from abuse and neglect and appraises the findings from a social-ecological resilience perspective with the aim of advancing child protection in times of emergency.
COVID-19: a review of drugs and therapies for children

AUTHOR(S)
Patel Zeeshan Jameel; Amar M. Taksande

Published: September 2020   Journal: Sri Lanka Journal of Child Health
A review of drugs and therapy for children including: respiratory support, nutritional supplementation, immunotherapy, CoV specific therapy, chloroquine, antiviral therapy, antibiotics, anti-parasitic drugs
Cite this research | Open access | Vol.: 49 | Issue: 3 | No. of pages: 210-217 | Language: English | Topics: Health | Tags: child health, medical care, pharmaceuticals
School closure in response to epidemic outbreaks: Systems-based logic model of downstream impacts

AUTHOR(S)
Dylan Kneale; Alison O'Mara-Eves; Rebecca Rees

Published: August 2020
School closures have been a recommended non-pharmaceutical intervention in pandemic response owing to the potential to reduce transmission of infection between children, school staff and those that they contact. However, given the many roles that schools play in society, closure for any extended period is likely to have additional impacts. Literature reviews of research exploring school closure to date have focused upon epidemiological effects; there is an unmet need for research that considers the multiplicity of potential impacts of school closures.
Psychosocial consequences of COVID-19 in children, adolescents and young adults: a systematic review

AUTHOR(S)
Androniki Stavridou; Angeliki-Argyroula Stergiopoulou; Eleni Panagouli (et al.)

Published: August 2020   Journal: Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
Systematic review of psychosocial impact of COVID-19 in children and adolescents.
Adolescents' health in times of COVID-19: a scoping review

AUTHOR(S)
Wanderlei Abadio de Oliveira; Jorge Luiz da Silva ; André Luiz Monezi Andrade (et al.)

Published: August 2020   Journal: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
This is a scoping literature review based on the following databases: Web of Science, CINAHL, PsycINFO, SciELO, and PUBCOVID19. This scoping review addressed an emerging theme in relation to a population that has received little attention in studies on COVID-19. The results suggest that the pandemic can be considered a determinant that affects different dimensions of adolescents’ lives.
Psychological burden of quarantine in children and adolescents: A rapid systematic review and proposed solutions

AUTHOR(S)
Nazish Imran; Irum Aamer; Muhammad Imran Sharif (et al.)

Published: July 2020   Journal: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences
As COVID-19 grips the world, many people are quarantined or isolated resulting in adverse consequences for the mental health of youth. This rapid review takes into account the impact of quarantine on mental health of children and adolescents, and proposes measures to improve psychological outcomes of isolation. Three electronic databases including PubMed, Scopus, and ISI Web of Science were searched. Two independent reviewers performed title and abstract screening followed by full-text screening. This review article included 10 studies. The seven studies before onset of COVID 19 about psychological impact of quarantine in children have reported isolation, social exclusion stigma and fear among the children. The most common diagnoses were acute stress disorder, adjustment disorder, grief, and post-traumatic stress disorder. Three studies during the COVID-19 pandemic reported restlessness, irritability, anxiety, clinginess and inattention with increased screen time in children during quarantine. These adverse consequences can be tackled through carefully formulated multilevel interventions.
Asthma and COVID‐19 in children: A systematic review and call for data

AUTHOR(S)
Jose A. Castro‐Rodriguez; Eric Forno

Published: June 2020   Journal: Pediatric Pulmonology
Whether asthma constitutes a risk factor for coronavirus disease‐2019 (COVID‐19) is unclear. Here, we aimed to assess whether asthma, the most common chronic disease in children, is associated with higher COVID‐19 risk or severity in pediatric populations.
COVID-19 in Children: An Ample Review

AUTHOR(S)
Ioana M Ciuca

Published: June 2020   Journal: Risk management and healthcare policy
The aim of this review was to describe the current knowledge about coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19, which is caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 [SARS-CoV-2]) in children, from epidemiological, clinical, and laboratory perspectives, including knowledge on the disease course, treatment, and prognosis. An extensive literature search was performed to identify papers on COVID-19 (SARS-CoV-2 infection) in children, published between January 1, 2020 and April 1, 2020. There were 44 relevant papers on COVID-19 in children. The results showed that COVID-19 occurs in 0.39–12.3% of children. Clinical signs and symptoms are comparable to those in adults, but milder forms and a large percentage of asymptomatic carriers are found among children. Elevated inflammatory markers are associated with complications and linked to various co-infections. Chest computed tomography (CT) scans in children revealed structural changes similar to those found in adults, with consolidations surrounded by halos being somewhat specific for children with COVID-19. The recommended treatment includes providing symptomatic therapy, with no specific drug recommendations for children. The prognosis is much better for children compared to adults. This review highlights that COVID-19 in children is similar to the disease in the adult population, but with particularities regarding clinical manifestations, laboratory test results, chest imaging, and treatment. The prognosis is much better for children compared to adults, but with the progression of the pandemic; the cases in children might change in the future.
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UNICEF Innocenti's Children and COVID-19 Library is a database collecting research from around the world on COVID-19 and its impacts on children and adolescents.

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COVID-19 & Children: Rapid Research Response

UNICEF Innocenti is mobilizing a rapid research response in line with UNICEF’s global response to the COVID-19 crisis. The initiatives we’ve begun will provide the broad range of evidence needed to inform our work to scale up rapid assessment, develop urgent mitigating strategies in programming and advocacy, and preparation of interventions to respond to the medium and longer-term consequences of the COVID-19 crisis. The research projects cover a rapid review of evidence, education analysis, and social and economic policies.