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Children and COVID-19 Research Library

UNICEF Innocenti's curated library of COVID-19 + Children research

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Youth physical activity and the COVID-19 pandemic: a systematic review

Bridgette Do; Chelsey Kirkland; Gina M. Besenyi (et al.)

Published: September 2022   Journal: Preventive Medicine Reports
The purpose of the systematic review was to identify, evaluate, and synthesize evidence from available published literature examining the impact of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic on youth physical activity (PA). A systematic review of the literature was conducted for years 2020–2021. Published articles were searched in eight databases. Inclusion criteria included: availability of full-text, written in English language, and reported quantitative or qualitative results of original or secondary data on PA and COVID-19 related factors among youth (ages 5–17 years). A standard quality assessment tool assessed risk of bias and quality of included articles. The search retrieved 2,899 articles with 51 articles ultimately meeting inclusion criteria.
A systematic review of the impact of COVID-19 on the game addiction of children and adolescents

Tae sun Han; Heejun Cho; Dajung Sung (et al.)

Published: August 2022   Journal: Frontiers in Psychiatry

During the COVID-19 pandemic, it is reported that children and adolescents who are socially isolated experience high levels of stress and various mental health problems. At present, little research has been done to collect previous studies that focused on game addiction in children and adolescents during the COVID-19 pandemic. This research aimed to investigate the prevalence of gaming disorder during COVID-19 in children and adolescents and the various factors experienced by children and adolescents that affected gaming disorder. It searched PubMed, Embase, PsycINFO, and Cochrane on 5 May 2021 to identify relevant literature.

Examining harmful impacts of the COVID‐19 pandemic and school closures on parents and carers in the United Kingdom: a rapid review

Hope Christie; Lucy V. Hiscox; Sarah L. Halligan (et al.)

Published: August 2022   Journal: JCPP Advances

As a result of the COVID-19 pandemic, school closures meant that for many households, home and school environments became intertwined. Parents and carers found themselves taking on the role as de-facto educators, as well as balancing working from home and caring for additional members of the household. Understanding the full extent of the effects incurred by parents and carers during school closures is vital to identifying and supporting vulnerable families. This rapid review aimed to appraise the available evidence on the potential effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on UK parents and carers. Searches for academic literature were conducted using Proquest Central, Scopus, and Google Scholar between 21st and 28th April 2021 using search terms describing “parents and carers”, “COVID-19” and the “UK”. Additional literature was identified on relevant parents and carers' organisations websites including charity reports.

The content of breast milk and the challenges experienced by breastfeeding mothers during the COVID-19 pandemic: a systematic review

Eighty Mardiya Kurniawati; Nur Anisah Rahmawati; Innas Safira Putri (et al.)

Published: August 2022   Journal: The Open Public Health Journal

Every postpartum mother is recommended to breastfeed her baby because breast milk is the main need of newborns. The COVID-19 pandemic has had an impact on life in various aspects, including on the breastfeeding mothers, especially if they suffer from COVID-19 infection. The study aims to provide comprehensive evidence regarding potential virus transmission and antibody transfer through breastmilk and the experiences of mothers related to breastfeeding during the COVID-19 pandemic. A systematic review was conducted following the PRISMA guidelines. The search strategy involved the use of keywords related to COVID-19 and breastfeeding in PubMed and Science Direct databases. Articles were selected according to inclusion and exclusion criteria.

Variation of parental feeding practices during the COVID-2019 pandemic: a systematic review

Wen Luo; Qian Cai; You Zhou (et al.)

Published: August 2022   Journal: BMC Public Health volume
Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is an infectious disease caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), which is highly contagious and has resulted in a protracted pandemic. Infections caused by new coronavirus strains, primarily Delta and Omicron and currently highly prevalent globally. In response to the epidemic, countries, and cities implemented isolation and quarantine guidance, such as limiting social contact, which have affected the lifestyles and quality of life of the population. Parental feeding behaviors may vary as a result of factors such as prolonged home isolation of parents and children, lack of supplies during isolation, and stress. This study was designed to assess the available evidence and its implications for parental feeding practices in the context of COVID-19. It screened and reviewed research published in five electronic databases between 2020 and 2022, and eight studies met the selection criteria.
The impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on myopia progression in children: a systematic review

Adrienne R. Cyril Kurupp; Anjumol Raju; Gaurav Luthra (et al.)

Published: August 2022   Journal: Cureus

Myopia is the most common refractive error among children. The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has affected children's health in many ways. Policy changes due to the COVID-19 pandemic, such as home quarantine and online schooling, have been proposed as causes for the increased risk of myopia progression. During strict home quarantine, children spend less time outdoors and more time using electronic devices which are important risk factors associated with myopia. This systematic review aims to assess the relationship between myopia progression and these risk factors in children. It did the literature search from PubMed, Google Scholar, and ScienceDirect. A total of 10 research papers were selected for final review using the Preferred Reporting Item for Systematic Review and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines. The research articles used had a quality of more than 70%. The quality of these articles was determined using the Joanna Briggs Institute (JBI) tool.

Eighteen months of COVID-19 pandemic through the lenses of self or others: a meta-analysis on children and adolescents' mental health

Daniela Raccanello; Emmanuela Rocca; Giada Vicentini (et al.)

Published: August 2022   Journal: Child & Youth Care Forum

The COVID-19 pandemic can have a serious impact on children and adolescents’ mental health. This study focused on studies exploring its traumatic effects on young people in the first 18 months after that the pandemic was declared, distinguishing them also according to the type of informants (self-report and other-report instruments). It applied a meta-analytic approach to examine the prevalence of depression, anxiety, posttraumatic stress disorder, and psychological distress among children and adolescents during the COVID-19 pandemic, considering the moderating role of kind of disorder and/or symptom, type of instrument, and continent.

Young in pandemic times: a scoping review of COVID-19 social impacts on youth

Markus Lundström

Published: August 2022   Journal: International Journal of Adolescence and Youth
This scoping review article concerns COVID-19 social impacts on youth between 15 and 24 years old. The article charts 108 scientific journal articles, published between 1 March 2020 and 1 November 2021, encompassing 27 different countries but primarily concerning the USA (30%) and Canada (12%). The reviewed studies tell the overall hardship of being young in pandemic times; they report collective experiences of isolation, constraint, loss of formative life moments, and reverberation of structural inequalities. But they also show that the pandemic is not just passively consumed by the youth of today; young people are likewise at the forefront of collective mitigation strategies and community support organizing.
Challenges of online learning for children with special educational needs and disabilities during the COVID-19 pandemic: a scoping review

Indre Bakaniene; Martyna Dominiak-Świgoń; Miguel Augusto Meneses da Silva Santos (et al.)

Published: August 2022   Journal: Journal of Intellectual & Developmental Disability

The COVID-19 pandemic has affected education at all levels in various ways. This paper provides a review of the literature on the challenges of online learning for children with special educational needs and disabilities (SEND). In total, 17 studies from nine countries were analysed. The challenges of online learning for children with SEND reported by teachers and parents and the strategies applied to overcome the challenges were identified.

Mortality in children with cancer and SARS-CoV-2 in Latin America: a systematic review

Elisa Dorantes-Acosta; Diana Ávila-Montiel; Jesús Domínguez Rojas (et al.)

Published: August 2022   Journal: Frontiers in Pediatrics
The new COVID-19 disease is caused by a novel coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2), that probably originated in Wuhan, China, and has currently infected 505,817,953 people and caused 6,213,876 deaths in the world. On the American continent, 152,265,980 cases and 2,717,108 deaths have been reported to WHO (World Health Organization). The Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) region presents an epidemiological challenge due to its population's heterogeneity and socioeconomic inequality. A particularly vulnerable population is that of children with cancer, and their mortality from COVID-19 has been reported to be 3.6% globally. This work aimed to study the lethality of SARS-CoV-2 infection in children with cancer in the Latin American region. Our objective was to systematically review published scientific literature and search hospital databases in Latin America to explore mortality in this region. A median of mortality of 9.8% was found in the articles analyzed. In addition, we collected five databases from Latin American hospitals.
Sexual and reproductive health services during outbreaks, epidemics, and pandemics in sub-Saharan Africa: a literature scoping review

Mwila Ng’andu; Aldina Mesic; Jake Pry (et al.)

Published: August 2022   Journal: Systematic Reviews

The COVID-19 pandemic could worsen adolescent sexual and reproductive health (ASRH). This study sought evidence on the indirect impacts of previous infectious disease epidemics and the current COVID-19 pandemic on the uptake of ASRH in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) to design relevant digital solutions. This literature scoping review aimed to synthesize evidence on the indirect impacts of COVID-19 on ASRH in SSA per the Arksey and O’Malley framework and PRISMA reporting guidelines. It conducted the search on PubMed, Embase, Google Scholar, and ResearchGate in June and November 2020. It included all peer-reviewed, English-language primary studies on the indirect impacts of infectious disease epidemics on the uptake of sexual and reproductive health (SRH) in SSA.

Disruptions to routine childhood vaccinations in low- and middle-income countries during the COVID-19 pandemic: a systematic review

Alexandra M. Cardoso Pinto; Lasith Ranasinghe; Peter J. Dodd (et al.)

Published: August 2022   Journal: Frontiers in Pediatrics

The COVID-19 pandemic has disrupted routine childhood vaccinations worldwide with low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) most affected. This study aims to quantify levels of disruption to routine vaccinations in LMICs.  A systematic review (PROSPERO CRD42021286386) was conducted of MEDLINE, Embase, Global Health, CINAHL, Scopus and MedRxiv, on the 11th of February 2022. Primary research studies published from January 2020 onwards were included if they reported levels of routine pediatrics vaccinations before and after March 2020. Study appraisal was performed using NHLBI tool for cross-sectional studies. Levels of disruption were summarized using medians and interquartile ranges.

Let there be light—Digital eye strain (DES) in children as a shadow pandemic in the era of COVID-19: a mini review

Sudip Bhattacharya; Petra Heidler; Sheikh Mohd Saleem (et al.)

Published: August 2022   Journal: Frontiers in Public Health

Digital eye strain, which is often ignored by the public, has emerged as a “Shadow Pandemic” in the era of the COVID-19 pandemic.  The current paper is aimed at discussing the ill effect of digital screens on eyes in the wake of the COVID-19 pandemic.  A literature search was done using “PubMed,” “Google scholar”, and “Scopus” using key terms like “Digital Eye Strain,” “Eyestrain,” or “Computer Vision Syndrome.” Relevant articles were identified and included to support the argument for this narrative review.

SARS-CoV-2 infection in children and implications for vaccination

Jordan Nathanielsz; Zheng Quan Toh; Lien Anh Ha Do (et al.)

Published: August 2022   Journal: Pediatric Research
he COVID-19 pandemic caused by novel severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2) is responsible for more than 500 million cases worldwide as of April 2022. Initial estimates in 2020 found that children were less likely to become infected with SARS-CoV-2 and more likely to be asymptomatic or display mild COVID-19 symptoms. Our early understanding of COVID-19 transmission and disease in children led to a range of public health measures including school closures that have indirectly impacted child health and wellbeing. The emergence of variants of concern (particularly Delta and Omicron) has raised new issues about transmissibility in children, as preliminary data suggest that children may be at increased risk of infection, especially if unvaccinated. Global national prevalence data show that SARS-CoV-2 infection in children and adolescents is rising due to COVID-19 vaccination among adults and increased circulation of Delta and Omicron variants. To mitigate this, childhood immunisation programmes are being implemented globally to prevent direct and indirect consequences of COVID-19 including severe complications (e.g., MIS-C), debilitating long-COVID symptoms, and the indirect impacts of prolonged community and school closures on childhood education, social and behavioural development and mental health. This review explores the current state of knowledge on COVID-19 in children including COVID-19 vaccination strategies.
Systematic review: the effect of Covid-19 on anxiety in pregnant women

Anita Dewi Anggraini; Budi Prasetyo; Rachmah Indawati (et al.)

Published: August 2022   Journal: Science Midwifery
Pregnancy is a very vulnerable period in a woman's life. Hormonal changes during pregnancy can affect emotional instabilityThe anxiety caused will have an impact on the health of mothers and children such as the risk of preeclampsia, premature birth, low birth weight, and fetal growth restriction. This study aims to determine the existing literature on the impact of COVID-19 on anxiety in  pregnant women. This study used a systematic literature review method. The population in this study were journals from the Pubmed, Science Direct, Sage, Emerald, and Proquest databases published between 2020 and 2021.
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UNICEF Innocenti's Children and COVID-19 Library is a database collecting research from around the world on COVID-19 and its impacts on children and adolescents.


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COVID-19 & Children: Rapid Research Response

UNICEF Innocenti is mobilizing a rapid research response in line with UNICEF’s global response to the COVID-19 crisis. The initiatives we’ve begun will provide the broad range of evidence needed to inform our work to scale up rapid assessment, develop urgent mitigating strategies in programming and advocacy, and preparation of interventions to respond to the medium and longer-term consequences of the COVID-19 crisis. The research projects cover a rapid review of evidence, education analysis, and social and economic policies.