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Children and COVID-19 Research Library

UNICEF Innocenti's curated library of COVID-19 + Children research

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Seroprevalence of anti-SARS-CoV-2 antibodies and factors associated with infection among adolescent men who have sex with men and transgender women in Salvador, Brazil

Carina C. Santos; Fernanda W. de M. Lima; Laio Magno (et al.)

Published: January 2023   Journal: BMC Public Health

Brazil was strongly affected by the COVID-19 pandemic and the impact of the pandemic on sexual and gender minorities’ youth remains unknown. This study aimed to estimate the seroprevalence of SARS-CoV-2 antibodies and associated factors among adolescent men who have sex with men (AMSM) and transgender women (ATGW) participants of a human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) pre-exposure prophylaxis cohort study (PrEP1519). This is a cross-sectional design conducted between June and October 2020 in Salvador, Brazil. Serum samples were collected from AMSM and ATGW aged 16-21 years between June-October 2020. IgG and IgM anti-SARS-CoV-2 were detected by chemiluminescence immunoassay, and data were collected through a socio-behavioral questionnaire.

COVID-19 vaccination in children: a public health priority

Eduardo Jorge da Fonseca Lima; Robério Dias Leite

Published: December 2022   Journal: Jornal de Pediatria

Covid-19 had a direct impact on children's health. The aim of this review was to analyze epidemiological and clinical data, the consequences of the pandemic, and vaccination aspects in this group. The searches were carried out from January 2020 to November 2022, in the MEDLINE databases (PubMed) and publications of the Brazilian Ministry of Health and the Brazilian Society of Pediatrics.

Willingness of Brazilian caregivers in having their children and adolescents vaccinated against Covid-19

Marcio Fernandes Nehab; Karla Gonçalves Camacho; Adriana Teixeira Reis (et al.)

Published: December 2022   Journal: Vaccine

The vaccination of children and adolescents for the prevention of Covid-19 is important to:decrease in deaths and hospitalizations, prevent multisystem inflammatory syndrome, avoid long-term complications and decrease the suspension of on-site classes. Despite of these benefits, some studies have shown that some caregivers are still hesitancy. This is a voluntary and anonymous online survey conducted from November 17 to December 14, 2021, in Brazil, through a free-of-charge platform with a link provided on social networks. A bivariate analysis was conducted with the independent variables, with vaccine hesitancy as the outcome variable, and a multivariate logistic model was used to calculated adjusted odds ratios.

Cite this research | Open access | Vol.: 42 | Issue: 3 | No. of pages: 735-743 | Language: English | Topics: Health | Tags: child health, COVID-19, immunization, immunization programmes, infectious disease, pandemic, vaccination, vaccination policies | Countries: Brazil
Vaccination coverage in children in the period before and during the COVID-19 pandemic in Brazil: a time series analysis and literature review

Carla Magda Allan S. Domingues; Antônia Maria da Silva Teixeira; José Cássio de Moraes

Published: December 2022   Journal: Jornal de Pediatria

This study aims to evaluate the behavior of VCR and VCH, per municipality and per vaccines offered at the NVC, to identify priority areas for intervention. Descriptive study of a time series, using secondary data and accompanied by a narrative review of the literature evaluating VCR and VCH. Vaccines offered to children under one year and to those aged one year in the pre-pandemic period of COVID-19 (2015 to 2019) were selected and compared to those offered during the pandemic period (2020 and 2021).

COVID-19: impact of original, gamma, delta, and omicron variants of SARS-CoV-2 in vaccinated and unvaccinated pregnant and postpartum women

Fabiano Elisei Serra; Elias Ribeiro Rosa Junior; Patricia de Rossi (et al.)

Published: December 2022   Journal: Vaccines
This study compares the clinical characteristics and disease progression among vaccinated and unvaccinated pregnant and postpartum women who tested positive for different variants of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) using the Brazilian epidemiological data. Data of pregnant or postpartum patients testing positive for SARS-CoV-2 and presenting with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) from February 2020 to July 2022 were extracted from Brazilian national database. The patients were grouped based on vaccination status and viral variant (original, Gamma, Delta, and Omicron variants), and their demographics, clinical characteristics, comorbidities, symptoms, and outcomes were compared retrospectively. Data of 10,003 pregnant and 2361 postpartum women were extracted from the database. For unvaccinated postpartum women, intensive care unit (ICU) admission was more likely; invasive ventilation need was more probable if they tested positive for the original, Gamma, and Omicron variants; and chances of death were higher when infected with the original and Gamma variants than when infected with other variants. Vaccinated patients had reduced adverse outcome probability, including ICU admission, invasive ventilation requirement, and death. Postpartum women showed worse outcomes, particularly when unvaccinated, than pregnant women. Hence, vaccination of pregnant and postpartum women should be given top priority.
Proximity matrix indicates heterogeneity in the ability to face child malnutrition and pandemics in Brazil: an ecological study

Camila Botelho Miguel; Arianny Lima da Silva; Carlos Antônio Trindade-da-Silva (et al.)

Published: November 2022   Journal: Frontiers in Public Health

Among the social inequalities that continue to still surpasses the basic rights of several citizens, political and environmental organizations decisively “drag” the “ghost” of hunger between different countries of the world, including Brazil. The COVID-19 pandemic has increased the difficulties encountered in fighting poverty, which has led Brazil to a worrying situation regarding its fragility in the fight against new pandemics. The present study aims to estimate, compare, and report the prevalence of mortality due to child malnutrition among the macro-regions of Brazil and verify possible associations with the outcome of death by COVID-19. This would identify the most fragile macro-regions in the country with the greatest need for care and investments.

Impact of COVID-19 on physical and mental functioning in adolescents with disabilities in a sports nongovernmental organization

Moisés de Freitas Laurentino; Patricia Moreno Grangeiro

Published: November 2022   Journal: Revista Paulista de Pediatria

This study aimed to assess physical and mental health, and health-related quality of life (HRQL) parameters in adolescents with physical disabilities enrolled in a sports nongovernmental organization (NGO) versus adolescents without disabilities during coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. This cross-sectional study included 30 adolescents with disabilities and 86 adolescents without disabilities who responded to an online questionnaire with sociodemographic data and self-rated healthcare routine information during the COVID-19 quarantine. Validated self-report versions of the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ), Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory 4.0 (PedsQL 4.0), Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), and Pediatric Outcome Data Collection Instrument (PODCI) were also applied.

Psychological impacts of COVID-19 on parenting and child behavior in Brazilian families: mediation effects of parental positive mental health

Carolina Duarte de Souza; Beatriz Pires Coltro; Larissa Paraventi (et al.)

Published: November 2022   Journal: Ciencias Psicológicas
Este estudio tuvo como objetivo investigar los impactos psicológicos de la pandemia de COVID-19 en la salud mental positiva de los padres, la parentalidad y el comportamiento de los niños. Participaron 150 padres, en su mayoría mujeres (82 %), con una edad media de 38 años (DE = 5.4), madres de niños entre 3 y 11 años (M = 6.1; DE = 2.5).
Speaking truth to power: Legal scholars as survivors and witnesses of the Covid-19 maternal mortality in Brazil

Gabriela Rondon; Debora Diniz; Juliano Zaiden Benvindo

Published: November 2022   Journal: International Journal of Constitutional Law
The Covid-19 health emergency has placed special demands on legal scholars, particularly on those based in the Global South. Brazil has been one of the epicenters of the pandemic, with over 680,000 deaths as of August 2022. Our narrative emerges from the duality of our positions amid a national tragedy—we are at the same time survivors of the collective threat of a would-be autocrat and a Covid-19-denialist government, and witnesses to how our preexisting privileges put us in a position of readiness “to speak truth to power.” Speaking truth to power means not only to exercise an independent spirit of analysis and judgment with respect to power, but also to interpellate power openly about its wrongdoings. We understand that our responsibility as legal scholars is to embrace the urgency of the moment—to expand our research agendas beyond our previous academic trajectories and work to mitigate situations of rights violations. It also means that our work as legal scholars has had to transcend the traditional academic spaces. We have positioned ourselves as advocates and litigators for those most affected by the pandemic, in particular vulnerable women. In this article, we share one of our key initiatives during the pandemic—a constitutional lawsuit to demand the right of pregnant and postpartum people to access Covid-19 vaccines.
Prenatal behavior of pregnant women under the impact of the COVID 19 pandemic on Central West regionof Sao Paulo (SP)
Published: November 2022   Journal: International Journal of Health Science

Prenatal care reduces many of the negative effects of pregnancy, such as prematurity, low birth weight and detection of abnormalities with the mother and child, serving as a learning moment for the woman and her family. However, the Covid-19 scenario brought an adaptation in this monitoring, bringing a more suitable prenatal care for the moment with fewer face-to-face visits. This work was a cross-sectional retrospective study with a quantitative approach, with the purpose of evaluating the behavior of pregnant women in the face of the impact of the COVID19 pandemic on adherence to prenatal consultations, in the period 2019-2020 through a search carried out in the secondary database available on the Department of Informatics of the Unified Health System (DATASUS). The databases included in this study were obtained from the DATASUS electronic portal, TABNET table of all monthly prenatal consultations in the 2019-2020 period of the Regional Health Care Networks (RRAS 10). It is important to highlight the work of health professionals who are directly involved in facing this pandemic as they had to deal with the risk group, their fears and insecurities in the context of COVID19. It is concluded that there was no significant impact on the number of prenatal consultations in the central west region of são paulo (SP) during the pandemic period, and it may have been favored by the high HDI (0.05) of the region as well as the efficiency of the strategies adopted by the Health units facing the challenge.

Cite this research | Open access | Vol.: 2 | Issue: 73 | No. of pages: 9 | Language: English | Topics: Health | Tags: COVID-19 response, lockdown, maternal and child health, pregnancy, pregnant women, prenatal care, social distance | Countries: Brazil
Characterization of newborn born to mothers infected and not infected by SARS-COV-2 during the pregnancy period

Alessandra Madalena Garcia Santos; Aline Dahmer Da Silva; Claudia Silveira Viera

Published: November 2022
This study aimed to characterize the mothers affected by SARS-CoV-2 during the gestational period, as well as to present and compare the birth variables of Newborns (NB) of mothers who were infected by SARS-CoV-2 during the gestational period in relation to babies whose mothers were not infected by the virus during the gestational period. Quantitative, retrospective research, carried out in the databases of health information systems: SIVEP – Influenza (Information System for Epidemiological Surveillance of Influenza), Notifies Covid-19 and Information System for Live Births (SINASC). The sample consisted of all live births and their mothers in the municipality of Cascavel/PR, from July 2020 to December 2021, compared to those newborns of mothers who were infected with SARS-CoV-2 during pregnancy in that period. Descriptive analysis of data using mean, standard deviation and proportion.
Brazilian adults' attitudes and practices regarding the mandatory COVID-19 vaccination and their hesitancy towards childhood vaccination

Edson Zangiacomi Martinez; Miriane Lucindo Zucoloto; Vânia Pinheiro Ramos (et al.)

Published: November 2022   Journal: Vaccines
This study investigated the attitudes and practices of Brazilian adults regarding the mandatory COVID-19 vaccination and their hesitancy towards the vaccination of children. Between March and May 2022, Brazilian adults answered an online questionnaire distributed through social media. The SAGE-WG questionnaire was adapted to measure hesitancy to the vaccination of children.
Cite this research | Open access | Vol.: 10 | Issue: 11 | No. of pages: 16 | Language: English | Topics: Health | Tags: child health, COVID-19, immunization, immunization programmes, infectious disease, pandemic, vaccination, vaccination policies | Countries: Brazil
Sleep problems before and during the COVID-19 pandemic in children with autism spectrum disorder, down syndrome, and typical development

Thaisa Silva Gios; Tatiana Pontrelli Mecca; Lucas Eiji Kataoka (et al.)

Published: November 2022   Journal: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
Sleep problems are common in children and adolescents, particularly those with Neurodevelopmental Disorders. With the changes in daily habits resulting from the COVID-19 pandemic, we have analyzed sleep characteristics, during social isolation, in Brazilian children and adolescents aged between 4 and 12 years with Autism Spectrum Disorder (N = 267), Down Syndrome (N = 74), and typical development (N = 312). The ASD group presented with worse indicators of sleep habits in the Children’s Sleep Habits Questionnaire (CSHQ-BR) and fell asleep later during the pandemic.
COVID-19 pandemic impact on follow-up of child growth and development in Brazil

Lucas Lima Carneiro; Ed Wilson Rodrigues Vieira; Elysângela Dittz Duarte (et al.)

Published: November 2022   Journal: Frontiers in Pediatrics

This study investigated the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the primary health care (PHC) services to follow-up the child growth and development (CGD) in Brazil. A cross-sectional study was conducted using secondary data related visits to assess the growth and development of children up to five years between Apr-2017 to Mar-2021. Differences between monthly rate of visits (per thousand inhabitants up to five) during the pandemic (Apr-2020 to Mar-2021) and before (Apr-2017 to Mar-2020) were analyzed using paired t test and control diagrams (averages ± 1.96 standard deviation).

Emotional and behavioral problems in adolescents in the context of COVID-19: a mixed method study

Carolina Ferreira Peterle; Caroline Lima Fonseca; Bruna Hinnah Borges Martins de Freitas (et al.)

Published: October 2022   Journal: Revista Latino-Americana de Enfermagem

This study aims to estimate the prevalence of emotional and behavioral problems in adolescents in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic e to explore adolescents’ perception of emotional and behavioral problems identified. It is a mixed-method explanatory sequential design. Participants were 479 adolescents aged 15 to 18 from a Brazilian Central-West region capital.

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UNICEF Innocenti's Children and COVID-19 Library is a database collecting research from around the world on COVID-19 and its impacts on children and adolescents.


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