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Carina C. Santos; Fernanda W. de M. Lima; Laio Magno (et al.)
Brazil was strongly affected by the COVID-19 pandemic and the impact of the pandemic on sexual and gender minorities’ youth remains unknown. This study aimed to estimate the seroprevalence of SARS-CoV-2 antibodies and associated factors among adolescent men who have sex with men (AMSM) and transgender women (ATGW) participants of a human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) pre-exposure prophylaxis cohort study (PrEP1519). This is a cross-sectional design conducted between June and October 2020 in Salvador, Brazil. Serum samples were collected from AMSM and ATGW aged 16-21 years between June-October 2020. IgG and IgM anti-SARS-CoV-2 were detected by chemiluminescence immunoassay, and data were collected through a socio-behavioral questionnaire.
Eduardo Jorge da Fonseca Lima; Robério Dias Leite
Covid-19 had a direct impact on children's health. The aim of this review was to analyze epidemiological and clinical data, the consequences of the pandemic, and vaccination aspects in this group. The searches were carried out from January 2020 to November 2022, in the MEDLINE databases (PubMed) and publications of the Brazilian Ministry of Health and the Brazilian Society of Pediatrics.
Marcio Fernandes Nehab; Karla Gonçalves Camacho; Adriana Teixeira Reis (et al.)
The vaccination of children and adolescents for the prevention of Covid-19 is important to:decrease in deaths and hospitalizations, prevent multisystem inflammatory syndrome, avoid long-term complications and decrease the suspension of on-site classes. Despite of these benefits, some studies have shown that some caregivers are still hesitancy. This is a voluntary and anonymous online survey conducted from November 17 to December 14, 2021, in Brazil, through a free-of-charge platform with a link provided on social networks. A bivariate analysis was conducted with the independent variables, with vaccine hesitancy as the outcome variable, and a multivariate logistic model was used to calculated adjusted odds ratios.
Carla Magda Allan S. Domingues; Antônia Maria da Silva Teixeira; José Cássio de Moraes
This study aims to evaluate the behavior of VCR and VCH, per municipality and per vaccines offered at the NVC, to identify priority areas for intervention. Descriptive study of a time series, using secondary data and accompanied by a narrative review of the literature evaluating VCR and VCH. Vaccines offered to children under one year and to those aged one year in the pre-pandemic period of COVID-19 (2015 to 2019) were selected and compared to those offered during the pandemic period (2020 and 2021).
Fabiano Elisei Serra; Elias Ribeiro Rosa Junior; Patricia de Rossi (et al.)
Camila Botelho Miguel; Arianny Lima da Silva; Carlos Antônio Trindade-da-Silva (et al.)
Among the social inequalities that continue to still surpasses the basic rights of several citizens, political and environmental organizations decisively “drag” the “ghost” of hunger between different countries of the world, including Brazil. The COVID-19 pandemic has increased the difficulties encountered in fighting poverty, which has led Brazil to a worrying situation regarding its fragility in the fight against new pandemics. The present study aims to estimate, compare, and report the prevalence of mortality due to child malnutrition among the macro-regions of Brazil and verify possible associations with the outcome of death by COVID-19. This would identify the most fragile macro-regions in the country with the greatest need for care and investments.
Moisés de Freitas Laurentino; Patricia Moreno Grangeiro
This study aimed to assess physical and mental health, and health-related quality of life (HRQL) parameters in adolescents with physical disabilities enrolled in a sports nongovernmental organization (NGO) versus adolescents without disabilities during coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. This cross-sectional study included 30 adolescents with disabilities and 86 adolescents without disabilities who responded to an online questionnaire with sociodemographic data and self-rated healthcare routine information during the COVID-19 quarantine. Validated self-report versions of the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ), Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory 4.0 (PedsQL 4.0), Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), and Pediatric Outcome Data Collection Instrument (PODCI) were also applied.
Carolina Duarte de Souza; Beatriz Pires Coltro; Larissa Paraventi (et al.)
Gabriela Rondon; Debora Diniz; Juliano Zaiden Benvindo
Prenatal care reduces many of the negative effects of pregnancy, such as prematurity, low birth weight and detection of abnormalities with the mother and child, serving as a learning moment for the woman and her family. However, the Covid-19 scenario brought an adaptation in this monitoring, bringing a more suitable prenatal care for the moment with fewer face-to-face visits. This work was a cross-sectional retrospective study with a quantitative approach, with the purpose of evaluating the behavior of pregnant women in the face of the impact of the COVID19 pandemic on adherence to prenatal consultations, in the period 2019-2020 through a search carried out in the secondary database available on the Department of Informatics of the Unified Health System (DATASUS). The databases included in this study were obtained from the DATASUS electronic portal, TABNET table of all monthly prenatal consultations in the 2019-2020 period of the Regional Health Care Networks (RRAS 10). It is important to highlight the work of health professionals who are directly involved in facing this pandemic as they had to deal with the risk group, their fears and insecurities in the context of COVID19. It is concluded that there was no significant impact on the number of prenatal consultations in the central west region of são paulo (SP) during the pandemic period, and it may have been favored by the high HDI (0.05) of the region as well as the efficiency of the strategies adopted by the Health units facing the challenge.
Alessandra Madalena Garcia Santos; Aline Dahmer Da Silva; Claudia Silveira Viera
Edson Zangiacomi Martinez; Miriane Lucindo Zucoloto; Vânia Pinheiro Ramos (et al.)
Thaisa Silva Gios; Tatiana Pontrelli Mecca; Lucas Eiji Kataoka (et al.)
Lucas Lima Carneiro; Ed Wilson Rodrigues Vieira; Elysângela Dittz Duarte (et al.)
This study investigated the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the primary health care (PHC) services to follow-up the child growth and development (CGD) in Brazil. A cross-sectional study was conducted using secondary data related visits to assess the growth and development of children up to five years between Apr-2017 to Mar-2021. Differences between monthly rate of visits (per thousand inhabitants up to five) during the pandemic (Apr-2020 to Mar-2021) and before (Apr-2017 to Mar-2020) were analyzed using paired t test and control diagrams (averages ± 1.96 standard deviation).
Carolina Ferreira Peterle; Caroline Lima Fonseca; Bruna Hinnah Borges Martins de Freitas (et al.)
This study aims to estimate the prevalence of emotional and behavioral problems in adolescents in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic e to explore adolescents’ perception of emotional and behavioral problems identified. It is a mixed-method explanatory sequential design. Participants were 479 adolescents aged 15 to 18 from a Brazilian Central-West region capital.
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