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Helena da Silveira Riter; Maıra Lopes Almeida; Gabriela Vescovi (et al.)
Frederico Friedrich; Laura de Castro e Garcia; Lucas Montiel Petry (et al.)
The knowledge about the impact of the nonpharmacological measures to control the COVID-19 pandemic can give insight into ways in which they can also be applied for other respiratory diseases. To assess the impact of containment measures of the COVID-19 pandemic on pneumonia hospitalizations in children from 0 to 14 years of age in Brazil. Data from hospital admissions for pneumonia were obtained from the Department of Informatics of Brazilian Public Health System database in the period of 2015–2020 and analyzed by macroregions and age groups. To evaluate the effect of containment measures, on the incidence of pneumonia, the absolute reduction and relative reduction were calculated by analyzing the subsets 2015-2019 vs. 2020.
Ivone Evangelista Cabral; Márcia Pestana-Santos; Lia Leão Ciuffo (et al.)
This study aims to analyze the vulnerabilities of children in the access to primary health care during the COVID-19 pandemic in Brazil and Portugal. It is a documentary study based on Brazilian and Portuguese governmental guidelines issued between March and August 2020 regarding access of children to primary health care. Thematic analysis was based on the precepts of health vulnerability.
José Francisco López-Gil; Anelise R. Gaya; Cézane P. Reuter (et al.)
The pandemic has affected children’s behaviors and this fact has an effect on their healthy habits, such as sleep and diet. The aim of the current study was to determinate the prevalence of sleep-related problems and its relationship with eating habits in children from the south of Brazil during the pandemic. Parents/legal guardians of 3-17 years old participants responded to a online survey distributed using the snowball sampling strategy in Brazil. The survey was conducted in April, 2020. Participants were asked for their sleep duration and sleep-related problems, as well as for their eating habits. Logistic regressions were performed to analyze the relationship between sleep-related problems and eating habits.
Denise Tavares Giannini; Cristiane Murad Tavares; Marcia Takey (et al.)
The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) was recognized as a pandemic by the World Health Organization on March 11, 2020. As an infectious disease with no specific treatment, several measures have been established to minimize the outbreak of this disease, including social isolation. To evaluate the behavior of adolescents during the isolation period. This is a cross-sectional descriptive study conducted at the Adolescent Health Studies Center. Data were obtained from a questionnaire prepared on Google Forms, sent by a multiplatform instant messaging application, and analyzed using the Stata 14 software.
Fernando Barros; Fernando P. Hartwig; Aluísio J. D. Barros (et al.)
The purpose of this study is to estimate the prevalence of SARS-CoV-2 antibodies and the adherence to measures of social distancing in children and adolescents studied in three national surveys conducted in Brazil between May–June 2020. Three national serological surveys were conducted in 133 sentinel cities located in all 27 Federative Units. Multistage probability sampling was used to select 250 individuals per city. The total sample size in age ranges 0–9 and 10–19 years old are of 4,263 and 8,024 individuals, respectively. Information on children or adolescents was gathered with a data collection app, and a rapid point-of-case test for SARS-CoV-2 was conducted on a finger prick blood sample.
Ana Eliza Port Lourenço; Naiara Sperandio; Priscila Vieira Pontes (et al.)
Pascale M. J. Engel de Abreu; Sascha Neumann; Cyril Wealer (et al.)
This study explores adolescent well-being during the first wave of the COVID-19 pandemic in two high-income countries from Europe and one middle-income country from South America. The aim is to investigate the correlates of different dimensions of subjective well-being in 10- to 16-year-olds from different cultural contexts. An online, self-report questionnaire was completed by 1,613 adolescents in Luxembourg, Germany, and Brazil between May and July 2020. The outcome variables were measures of life satisfaction and emotional well-being during the COVID-19 pandemic. The study included a range of sociodemographic, interpersonal, and intrapersonal covariates. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and latent variable structural equational modeling.
Rita de Cássia Oliveira de Carvalho‑Sauer; Maria da Conceição N. Costa; Maria Gloria Teixeira (et al.)
Eduardo A. Oliveira; Enrico A. Colosimo; Ana Cristina Simões e Silva (et al.)
Célia Landmann Szwarcwald; Deborah Carvalho Malta; Marilisa Berti de Azevedo Barros (et al.)
Gabriela Tebet; Anete Abramowicz; Jader Lopes
Márcia Maria Tavares Machado; Luciano Lima Correia
The aim of this paper is to assess the perceptions of pregnant women about COVID-19 and the
prevalence of common mental disorders during the implemented social
distancing period. This was an observational, cross-sectional study using
digital media, of pregnant women exposed to social distancing due to the
COVID-19 pandemic, in Fortaleza, Ceará, Northeastern Brazil. Common
mental disorders were estimated using the modified Self-Report
Questionnaire-20 (SRQ-20) scale, and the feelings towards COVID-19 were
assessed using the Fear of COVID-19 scale through telephone calls made
in May 2020. COX multivariate regression models were used to verify the
Valdester Cavalcante Pinto Júnior; Luiz Francisco Wemmenson Gonçalves Moura; Rodrigo Cardoso Cavalcante (et al.)
A retrospective study was conducted on a database of the COVID-19 Tracking Program in schoolchildren to identify the prevalence of COVID-19 through serology and RT-PCR in children, adolescents, and adults. The data was composed of sociodemographic and clinical variables, results of serological tests (IgM and IgG), and RT-PCR results of IgM-positive individuals. The statistical analysis was performed with a 5% significance level.
Mariangela F. Silveira; Cristian T. Tonial; Ana Goretti K. Maranhão (et al.)
There is widespread concern that disruption to health services during the COVID-19 pandemic has led to declines in immunization coverage among young children, but there is limited information on the magnitude of such impact. High immunization coverage is essential for reducing the risk of vaccine preventable diseases.This study used data from two nationwide sources covering the whole of Brazil. Data from the Information System of the National Immunization Program (SIPNI) on the monthly number of vaccine doses administered to young children were analyzed. The second source was a survey in 133 large cities in the 27 states in the country, carried out from August 24–27. Respondents answered a question on whether children under the age of three years had missed any scheduled vaccinations during the pandemic, and available vaccination cards were photographed for later examination.
UNICEF Innocenti's Children and COVID-19 Library is a database collecting research from around the world on COVID-19 and its impacts on children and adolescents.
Read the latest quarterly digest on children and disabilities.
The second digest discussed children and violence during the pandemic.
The first digest covers children and youth mental health under COVID-19.
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COVID-19 & Children: Rapid Research Response
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