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Children and COVID-19 Research Library

UNICEF Innocenti's curated library of COVID-19 + Children research

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16 - 30 of 238
Affect, behaviors of children with intellectual disabilities and parents' coping strategies during the COVID-19 pandemic

AUTHOR(S)
Minjie Ma; Xiao Wang; Peiyu Qi (et al.)

Published: May 2022   Journal: Frontiers in Psychiatry

In early 2020, the COVID-19 pandemic emerged. To prevent the spread of the virus, China implemented restrictions on going out and ensured that people stayed at home. This study aims to investigate the affect and behaviors of children with intellectual disabilities (ID) during the lockdown. The informal coping strategies adopted by parents and their effects were further evaluated. In this study, a total of 457 parents of children (mean age: 14.82 years ± 1.96) with ID in 12 provincial administrative regions across China were surveyed online using the Positive and Negative Affect Scale and our own questionnaire on daily behaviors, problem behaviors and informal coping strategies.

Factors influencing post-traumatic stress symptoms in Chinese adolescents during the COVID-19 pandemic

AUTHOR(S)
Siyuan Ke; Li Sun; Jiawei Zhou (et al.)

Published: May 2022   Journal: Frontiers in Psychiatry
To investigate the prevalence of post-traumatic stress symptoms (PTSSs) and analyze the influencing factors of PTSS among adolescents in a large sample study during the COVID-19 pandemic, this study did a cross-sectional study by collecting demographic data and mental health measurements from a large group of 175,318 adolescents in 32 Chinese provinces and autonomous regions, using the Impact of Event Scale-Revised (IES-R) that was used to measure the PTSS of the participants.
Effect of teacher autonomy support on the online self‐regulated learning of students during COVID-19 in China: The chain mediating effect of parental autonomy support and students' self-efficacy

AUTHOR(S)
Xuemei Bai; Xiaoqing Gu

Published: May 2022   Journal: Journal of Computer Assisted Learning

Self-regulated learning (SRL) ability is the key determinant of the success of full-time online learning. Thus, exploring the influencing factors of SRL and their influencing mechanisms is necessary to improve this ability among K-12 students. The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence mechanism of teacher autonomy support on students' online SRL by examining the structural relationship among teacher autonomy support, parental autonomy support, students' self-efficacy, and students' online SRL.

COVID-19 vaccine hesitancy among older adolescents and young adults: a national cross-sectional study in China

AUTHOR(S)
Panpan Zhang; Yan Li; Huanchun Wang (et al.)

Published: May 2022   Journal: Frontiers in Public Health

With promotion of COVID-19 vaccinations, there has been a corresponding vaccine hesitancy, of which older adolescents and young adults represent groups of particular concern. This report investigated the prevalence and reasons for vaccine hesitancy, as well as potential risk factors, within older adolescents and young adults in China. To assess these issues, an online survey was administered over the period from March 14 to April 15, 2021. Older adolescents (16–17 years old) and young adults (18–21 years old) were recruited nationwide from Wechat groups and results from a total of 2,414 respondents were analyzed. Socio-demographic variables, vaccine hesitancy, psychological distress, abnormal illness behavior, global well-being and social support were analyzed in this report.

COVID-19‒related childhood BMI increases in China: a health surveillance‒based ambispective cohort analysis

AUTHOR(S)
Wenxin Ge; Jia Hu; Yue Xiao (et al.)

Published: May 2022

The COVID-19 pandemic‒related BMI gain and obesity prevalence changes in children have not been clearly elucidated, especially in China. This study aims to assess the impact of pandemic-related BMI and obesity prevalence change in Chinese children aged 8–12 years. On the basis of the Health Promotion Program for Children and Adolescents in Suzhou of China, a total of 72,175 children aged 8–12 years with complete data during 2017–2020 were included. Yearly BMI z-score changes and age- and sex-adjusted BMI changes before (2017–2019) and during (2019–2020) the pandemic were calculated. Multivariate mixed linear models were used to examine the possible difference in annual BMI change rate before and during the pandemic among subgroups.

COVID-19 Experiences and Health-Related Implications: Results From a Mixed-Method Longitudinal Study of Urban Poor Adolescents in Shanghai

AUTHOR(S)
Mengmeng Li; Chunyan Yu; Xiayun Zuo (et al.)

Published: May 2022   Journal: The Journal of adolescent health

This analysis aimed to investigate gender differences in adolescents’ concerns and the health implications of COVID-19. It used two rounds of the Global Early Adolescent Study (GEAS) collected in Shanghai in 2018 and 2020. It analyzed data from 621 adolescents, comparing boys’ and girls’ concerns about COVID-19 and examining trends in general health and mental health by sex between the pre-COVID-19 and COVID-19 periods. Changes in health indicators over time were assessed using generalized estimating equation (GEE) models.

Changes in suicidal ideation and related influential factors in college students during the COVID-19 lockdown in China

AUTHOR(S)
Shuiqing Huang; Dongfang Wang; Jingbo Zhao (et al.)

Published: May 2022   Journal: Psychiatry Research
This study aims to investigate the patterns and predictors of suicidal ideation (SI) trajectories among college students during extended lockdowns in China. A three-wave survey was conducted during the outbreak period, remission period, and prevention period of COVID-19. Distinct patterns of SI trajectories were established by grouping respondents based on temporal changes in SI. Multivariate logistic regressions were performed to examine predictors for delay-occurrence and persistent SI.
Children academic stress, mothers' anxiety and mother-child relationship during COVID-19 in China.

AUTHOR(S)
Alain Rodrigue Tchimtchoua Tamo

Published: April 2022   Journal: Health Care for Women International
In this study, the researcher aims to examine and provide some knowledge of COVID-19 impact on mother-child relationship, children perceived academic stress and mothers’ anxiety among families in mainland China (N = 1512). The researcher confirms that mental health symptoms resulting from Covid-19 are significant, with extensive impacts on mothers’ anxieties, children’s academic stress, and mother-child conflict and closeness. The researcher also show significant link between students’ tremendous academic stress and students completing their final grade. The author highlights the need for health policies to expand families’ psychological well-being especially in crisis time.
Children academic stress, mothers’ anxiety and mother-child relationship during COVID-19 in China

AUTHOR(S)
Alain Rodrigue; Tchimtchoua Tamo

Published: April 2022   Journal: Health Care for Women International
In this study, the researcher aims to examine and provide some knowledge of COVID-19 impact on mother-child relationship, children perceived academic stress and mothers’ anxiety among families in mainland China (N = 1512). The researcher confirms that mental health symptoms resulting from Covid-19 are significant, with extensive impacts on mothers’ anxieties, children’s academic stress, and mother-child conflict and closeness. The researcher also show significant link between students’ tremendous academic stress and students completing their final grade. The author highlights the need for health policies to expand families’ psychological well-being especially in crisis time.
Prospective examination of adolescent emotional intelligence and post-traumatic growth during and after COVID-19 lockdown

AUTHOR(S)
Wanjie Tang; Zhouxingyu Yan; Yi Lu (et al.)

Published: April 2022   Journal: Journal of affective disorders
While there have been some studies examining the post-traumatic growth (PTG) responses to the COVID-19 pandemic, few have been longitudinal studies exploring the changes over time or examining the underlying psychological PTG mechanisms. This study examined whether baseline perceived emotional intelligence (EI) predicted PTG through self-esteem and emotional regulation (ER) in a five-month follow-up study conducted on Chinese adolescents during the COVID-19 pandemic.
Psychological symptom progression in school-aged children after COVID-19 home confinement: a longitudinal study

AUTHOR(S)
Xinyan Xie; Qi Liu; Kaiheng Zhu (et al.)

Published: April 2022   Journal: Frontiers in Psychiatry

The long-term mental health effects of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in children are rarely reported. This study aimed to investigate the progression of depressive and anxiety symptoms among a cohort of children in the initial epicenter of COVID-19 in China. Two waves of surveys were conducted in the same two primary schools in Wuhan and Huangshi, Hubei province: Wave 1 from 28 February to 5 March, 2020 (children had been confined to home for 30–40 days) and Wave 2 from 27 November to 9 December, 2020 (schools had reopened for nearly 3 months). Depressive and anxiety symptoms were estimated using the Children's Depression Inventory – Short Form (CDI-S) and the Screen for Child Anxiety Related Emotional Disorders (SCARED), respectively. ΔCDI-S and ΔSCARED scores between Wave 2 and Wave 1 were calculated and further categorized into tertiles. Multivariable linear regression and multinomial logistic regression models were then applied.

Depressive symptoms among children and adolescents in China during the Coronavirus disease-19 epidemic: a systematic review and meta-analysis

AUTHOR(S)
Jianghe Chen; Kun Yang; Yujia Cao (et al.)

Published: April 2022   Journal: Frontiers in Psychiatry

The Coronavirus Disease-19 (COVID-19) pandemic negatively impacts mental health. Some published studies have investigated the prevalence of depression among children and adolescents in China during the pandemic. However, the results vary widely. This study aimed to systematically analyze and estimate the prevalence of depressive symptoms and attempted to reveal the reasons for prevalence variety in previous studies. Published studies were searched in PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Central, the Chinese Scientific Journal Database (VIP Database), China National Knowledge database (CNKI), and the WanFang database from December 2019 to May 2021. The quality of all included studies was assessed by the Joanna Briggs Institute (JBI) checklist and the American Agency for Health Care Quality and Research’s (AHRQ) cross-sectional study quality evaluation items. Meta-analysis was performed using random-effects modeling.

Maternal anxiety symptoms and Chinese adolescents' mental health during the COVID-19 pandemic: the protective role of adolescents' self-compassion

AUTHOR(S)
Tong Zhou; Xiaohua Bian; Kening Zhang (et al.)

Published: April 2022   Journal: Front. Psychiatry
The COVID-19 outbreak triggered dramatic changes to family life. Parents, especially mothers, were found to experience more psychological distress during the pandemic, which may have had an impact on their children's mental health. The primary goal of this study was to examine the potential protective role of adolescents' self-compassion in the relationship between maternal anxiety and adolescents' mental health during the COVID-19 pandemic. Participants included 5,720 adolescents (48.9% girls; Mage = 11.60, SDage = 1.36) and their mothers from Zhengzhou city, Henan province, in Mainland China. Adolescents reported their level of self-compassion, PTSD symptoms, and negative affect during the COVID-19 pandemic. Mothers reported their own anxiety symptoms and their children's depression and anxiety symptoms. Results indicated that older female adolescents reported higher levels of PTSD symptoms and negative affect and lower levels of self-compassion than their counterparts. Maternal anxiety during the COVID-19 pandemic was consistently positively associated with adolescents' psychological maladjustment. These associations were buffered by adolescents' self-compassion. Specifically, adolescents with higher levels of self-compassion were found to be less psychologically affected by their mothers' anxiety during the COVID-19 pandemic.
Family resilience and adolescent mental health during COVID-19: a moderated mediation model

AUTHOR(S)
Ran Zhuo; Yanhua Yu; Xiaoxue Shi

Published: April 2022   Journal: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
The COVID-19 pandemic has impacted and is still impacting people’s lives, including physical and mental health. Family plays an important role in adolescent mental health due to the long staying at home. This paper aimed to investigate the impact of family resilience on adolescent mental health during the COVID-19 pandemic, and the mediation role of pandemic stress perception and the moderation role of meta-mood. A total of 2691 Chinese adolescents were recruited using convenient sampling. Their mental health, family resilience, pandemic stress perception and meta-mood were surveyed.
Willingness toward COVID-19 vaccination, coadministration with other vaccines and receive a COVID-19 vaccine booster: a cross-sectional study on the guardians of children in China

AUTHOR(S)
Libing Ma; Jin Yang; Ting Zhang (et al.)

Published: April 2022   Journal: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
This study aimed to investigate the changes in the willingness of guardians to administer the COVID-19 vaccine to their children, allow the coadministration of other vaccines, and administer the COVID-19 vaccine booster dose. This was a follow-up study conducted 6 months after a similar previous study. The self-administered questionnaire was distributed through the “Xiao Dou Miao” app and 9424 guardians with access to this app participated in the survey that was conducted from September 15 to October 8, 2021. Of all the participating guardians, 86.68% were willing to vaccinate their children with the COVID-19 vaccine, which was approximately 16% more than those in our previous study. Guardians aged ≥40 years, healthcare workers, and those with children aged ≥3 years were more willing to vaccinate their children. Approximately 77% of the guardians were willing toward the coadministration of COVID-19 and influenza vaccines. Approximately 64% of the guardians were willing toward the coadministration of other nonimmunization program vaccines with the COVID-19 vaccine for their children.
16 - 30 of 238

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COVID-19 & Children: Rapid Research Response

UNICEF Innocenti is mobilizing a rapid research response in line with UNICEF’s global response to the COVID-19 crisis. The initiatives we’ve begun will provide the broad range of evidence needed to inform our work to scale up rapid assessment, develop urgent mitigating strategies in programming and advocacy, and preparation of interventions to respond to the medium and longer-term consequences of the COVID-19 crisis. The research projects cover a rapid review of evidence, education analysis, and social and economic policies.