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Children and COVID-19 Research Library

UNICEF Innocenti's curated library of COVID-19 + Children research

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31 - 45 of 126
Continuing to teach in a time of crisis: The Chinese rural educational system’s response and student satisfaction and social and cognitive presence

Jing Wang; Yuqin Yang; Hongli Li (et al.)

Published: June 2021   Journal: BJET British Journal of Educational Technology
This research consisted of two studies to investigate how the Chinese rural educational system supported students' online learning and to determine the factors that influenced students' online learning quality (satisfaction and cognitive and social presence) during the COVID-19 pandemic. Study 1, based on interviews with three curriculum officers, seven principals and 30 course teachers, found that great efforts were made to realize digital equity and education for all students. The necessity of providing resources and support to teachers and students (facilitating conditions) was recognized, along with the importance of teachers' online course design and organization and the facilitation of discourse (teaching presence and social presence). Based on the findings of Study 1 and the literature review, a conceptual model of facilitating conditions and teaching presence reported to influence students' online learning quality was generated. In Study 2, 1,409 students from three rural primary schools were surveyed to test the conceptual model.
Cyberbullying involvement, resilient coping, and loneliness of adolescents during Covid-19 in rural China

Ziqiang Han; Ziyi Wang; Yuhuan Li

Published: June 2021   Journal: Frontiers in Psychology
Cyberbullying involvement can lead to internal health issues, especially mental health problems. Different coping strategies may reduce or enhance the strengths between cyberbullying experience and mental health problems. In this study, we examined the correlations between cyberbullying involvement and loneliness among a group of children and adolescents during the Covid-19 pandemic in China, focusing on investigating the protecting effect of the resilient coping strategy. The results demonstrated that 86.68% of the students were not involved in cyberbullying activities, 8.19% were victims only, 1.89% was perpetrators only, and 3.24% were both victims and perpetrators.
Maternal mental health and well-being during the COVID-19 pandemic in Beijing, China

Zhuang Wei; Ming-Yue Gao; Mary Fewtrell (et al.)

Published: June 2021   Journal: World Journal of Pediatrics

The aim of this study is to evaluate the impact of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic on breastfeeding women and to identify predictors of maternal mental health and coping. Mothers aged ≥ 18 years with a breast-fed infant ≤ 18 months of age during the COVID-19 pandemic in Beijing, China, completed a questionnaire. Descriptive analysis of lockdown consequences was performed and predictors of these outcomes were examined using stepwise linear regression.

Behavioral responses of pregnant women to the early stage of COVID-19 pandemic in the network Era in China: online questionnaire study

Wen-sheng Hu; Sha Lu; Meng-yan Xu (et al.)

Published: June 2021   Journal: Asian Nursing Research

The aim of the present study was to examine the behavioral responses of pregnant women during the early stage of Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) outbreak. 1,099 women have been recruited to complete an online questionnaire survey from February 10 to February 25, 2020. The subjects were divided into two groups (the pregnant women group and the control group).

Safety, tolerability, and immunogenicity of an inactivated SARS-CoV-2 vaccine (CoronaVac) in healthy children and adolescents: a double-blind, randomised, controlled, phase 1/2 clinical trial

Bihua Han; Yufei Song; Changgui Li (et al.)

Published: June 2021   Journal: The Lancet Infectious Diseases
A vaccine against SARS-CoV-2 for children and adolescents will play an important role in curbing the COVID-19 pandemic. This study aimed to assess the safety, tolerability, and immunogenicity of a candidate COVID-19 vaccine, CoronaVac, containing inactivated SARS-CoV-2, in children and adolescents aged 3–17 years.
The survey about live broadcast teaching in Chinese middle schools during the COVID-19 Pandemic

Liang Yu; Mingxiang Lan; Menghang Xie

Published: June 2021   Journal: Education and Information Technologies
With the rapid advancement of China's "Internet plus Education" plan, "Internet plus Education" has become a research hotspot. The outbreak of COVID-19 pandemic has brought great opportunities, tests and inspections for online education. All schools earnestly implemented the relevant requirements of the Ministry of Education and leverage the strengths of the Internet to ensure that “suspension of classes and non-stop teaching”. Taking a middle school in the west part of China as an example, the online survey was conducted to investigate its live broadcast teaching. The independent sample test and one-way analysis of variance were used to statistically analyze the differences among the students’ genders, grades, home location, type of device used and parental companionship. Finally, the implications were put forward to provide a reference for live teaching practice.
Sex differences in changes in BMI and blood pressure in Chinese school-aged children during the COVID-19 quarantine

Na Qiu; Hongmei He; Ling Qiao (et al.)

Published: June 2021   Journal: International Journal of Obesity
There may be sex differences in BMI and blood pressure levels in school-age children, especially in the face of lifestyle changes. This study aimed to explore sex differences in changes in BMI and blood pressure in Chinese school-aged children during the COVID-19 quarantine. The cohort study of 445 school-aged children examined the change of BMI and blood pressure during the five-month quarantine. Multivariable Cox regression models were created to identify potential predictors of overweight, obesity, and elevated blood pressure (EBP).
Psychosocial and behavioral problems of children and adolescents in the early stage of reopening schools after the COVID-19 pandemic: a national cross-sectional study in China

Lin Wang; Yiwen Zhang; Li Chen (et al.)

Published: June 2021   Journal: Translational Psychiatry volume
This study aims to explore the psychosocial and behavioral problems of children and adolescents in the early stage of reopening schools. In this national cross-sectional study, a total of 11072 students from China were naturally divided into two groups based on their schooling status: reopened schools (RS) and home schooling (HS) group. The psychosocial and behavioral functioning were measured by Achenbach Child Behaviour Checklist (CBCL) and compared in these two groups. Multivariable logistic regression analyses were conducted to explore the independent predictors associated with the psychosocial and behavioral problems.
Parental psychological distress and attitudes towards COVID-19 vaccination: a cross-sectional survey in Shenzhen, China

Yucheng Xu; Ruiyin Zhang; Zhifeng Zhou

Published: June 2021   Journal: Journal of Affective Disorders

Parental attitudes towards the vaccines play a key role in the success of the herd immunity for the COVID-19. Psychological health seems to be a controversial determinant of vaccine hesitancy and remains to be investigated. This study attempted to measure parental psychological distress, attitudes towards the COVID-19 vaccine, and to explore the potential associations. An online survey using convenience sampling method was conducted among parents within the school public health network of Shenzhen. Demographic information and attitudes towards COVID-19 vaccination were collected. The Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-4) was applied to measure psychological distress.

Bilateral associations between sleep duration and depressive symptoms among Chinese adolescents before and during the COVID-19 pandemic

Liao Shujuan; Luo Biru; Liu Hanmin (et al.)

Published: June 2021   Journal: Sleep Medicine
Depression is one of the most prevalent psychiatric disorders and the leading cause of disability among adolescents, with sleep duration as its vital influential factor. Adolescents might be mentally sensitive to the stress caused by the COVID-19 pandemic. Yet, the alteration of adolescents’ sleep duration, depression, and their associations within the context of the COVID-19 pandemic have not been well documented. This is a longitudinal study, recruiting 2,496 adolescents from 3 junior high schools and aiming to examine the alteration of their sleep duration and depressive symptoms before and during the pandemic, and to explore their potential association(s).
Preschoolers’ approaches to learning and family-school connections during COVID-19: an empirical study based on a Wuhan sample

Fei Tan; Xin Gong; Xiao Zhang (et al.)

Published: May 2021   Journal: Early Childhood Education Journal
The concept, approaches to learning (ATL), is an important dimension of children’s school readiness, which reflects children’s enthusiasm and engagement in learning settings. Due to coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), when preschools were shut down for months and children’s social interactions were greatly limited, preschoolers’ ATL might be negatively affected. However, strengthened family-school connections might have the potential to reduce the adverse effects of the pandemic. Based on a sample of 340 preschoolers from 30 classes of 6 preschools in Wuhan, China, we explored the association between family-preschool connections and preschoolers’ ATL scores.
Inclusive education for students with disabilities in the global COVID-19 outbreak emergency: some facts and thoughts from China

Lishuai Jia; Marina Santi

Published: May 2021   Journal: Disability & Society
The outbreak of COVID-19 has globally affected many countries and territories. Among COVID-19 influences, the education sector is really becoming an area of public concern. According to UNESCO report, due to COVID-19 more than 1 billion students were affected by school closures in 106 countries. Among that large number of students, students with disabilities need to be given specific attention as they tend to have fewer educational opportunities outside school because of various barriers. Take China as an example, the current study considers there are four challenges that inclusive education for students with disabilities are facing during the pandemic: education policy design lacks a disability perspective; technology offered is not accessible; mainstream schools overlook the responsibility for educating students with disabilities, and parents of students with disabilities are unprepared for distance and home-schooling. The experiences of some related stakeholders being affected by COVID-19 are shared in the article.
Technology integration for young children during COVID-19: towards future online teaching

Xinyun Hu; Ming Ming Chiu; Wai Man Vivienne Leung (et al.)

Published: May 2021   Journal: BJET
To support young children's learning during the coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, preschool educators in Hong Kong were required to teach with digital technologies. In this study, 1035 educators from 169 preschools reported their views and practices in an online survey, which we examined via multilevel mixed-response analysis and thematic analysis. More than half of the respondents (53%) expected future online teaching to continue, and only 11% of educators believed that parents would reject this form of delivery. Administrators and teaching assistants were more likely than teachers to expect online preschool teaching to continue in the future.
Adolescent vision health during the outbreak of COVID-19: association between digital screen use and myopia progression

Ji Liu; Baihuiyu Li; Yan Sun (et al.)

Published: May 2021   Journal: Frontiers in Pediatrics
The coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic has impacted education systems globally, making digital devices common arrangements for adolescent learning. However, vision consequences of such behavioral changes are not well-understood. This study investigates the association between duration of daily digital screen engagement and myopic progression among 3,831 Chinese adolescents during the COVID-19 pandemic. Study subjects report an average of 2.70 (SD = 1.77), 3.88 (SD = 2.23), 3.58 (SD = 2.30), and 3.42 (SD = 2.49) hours of television, computer, and smartphone for digital learning use at home, respectively. Researchers analyzed the association between digital screen use and myopic symptoms using statistical tools, and find that every 1 h increase in daily digital screen use is associated with 1.26 OR [Odds Ratio] (95% CI [Confidence Interval: 1.21–1.31, p < 0.001]) higher risks of myopic progression.
Experiences and attitudes of elementary school students and their parents toward online learning in China during the COVID-19 pandemic: questionnaire study

Shu Cui; Chao Zhang; Shijiang Wang (et al.)

Published: May 2021   Journal: Journal of Medical Internet Research
Due to widespread SARS-CoV-2 infection, an emergency homeschooling plan was rigorously implemented throughout China. This study aimed to investigate the experiences and attitudes of elementary school students and their parents (two generations from the same family) toward online learning in China during the pandemic.
Cite this research | Vol.: 23 | Issue: 5 | No. of pages: 12 | Language: English | Topics: Education | Tags: COVID-19 response, e-learning, lockdown, parent-child relationship, remote learning, school attendance | Countries: China
31 - 45 of 126

UNICEF Innocenti's Children and COVID-19 Library is a database collecting research from around the world on COVID-19 and its impacts on children and adolescents.


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COVID-19 & Children: Rapid Research Response

UNICEF Innocenti is mobilizing a rapid research response in line with UNICEF’s global response to the COVID-19 crisis. The initiatives we’ve begun will provide the broad range of evidence needed to inform our work to scale up rapid assessment, develop urgent mitigating strategies in programming and advocacy, and preparation of interventions to respond to the medium and longer-term consequences of the COVID-19 crisis. The research projects cover a rapid review of evidence, education analysis, and social and economic policies.