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Children and COVID-19 Research Library

UNICEF Innocenti's curated library of COVID-19 + Children research

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16 - 30 of 97
Sleep behavior and training load in adolescent elite basketball players during COVID-19 pandemic development

AUTHOR(S)
Lisa Kullik; Michael Kellmann; Christian Puta (et al.)

Published: August 2022   Journal: Chronobiology International
The COVID-19 pandemic caused strong restrictions in organized sports. Specifically, adolescent athletes, whose daily routine is usually determined by school and practice schedules, experienced a sudden lifestyle change. The aim of this study was to examine sleep and training patterns of German elite adolescent basketball players (N = 115, 15.70 ± 1.22 years, female = 32.17%) during different phases of the 2021 lockdown. Sleep and training behavior were documented by a subjective monitoring over 10 days at three different lockdown phases in February, April, and June/July. A linear mixed model approach was conducted for the statistical analyses. Sleep duration and time in bed decreased between phase 1 (prohibition of organized sports) and phase 3 (normal training conditions), while sleep efficiency and quality increased. There was no change in training duration over time, but in training intensity, which peaked in the third phase. This study contains meaningful evidence to analyze the lockdown-related return to practice process.
COVID-19 school closures and chemistry-related competencies: a study of German students transitioning from primary to secondary school

AUTHOR(S)
Alina Behrendt; Vanessa Fischer; Maik Walpuski

Published: August 2022   Journal: Frontiers in Education
The COVID-19 pandemic led to temporary closures of schools around the world, resulting in a change from face-to-face teaching to distance teaching, which had been practiced minimally until then. This study investigated the effects of pandemic-related school closures on students’ chemistry-related competencies, at the transition from primary to secondary school. It also explored the extent to which at-home or in-school data collection influenced the results. It measured the competencies of 2,262 students from grades 5 to 9 in Germany. Data collection took place before, during, and after the pandemic-related school closures, based on test booklets completed by students.
Exploring pandemic-related health literacy among adolescents in Germany: a focus group study

AUTHOR(S)
Anne-Kathrin Mareike Loer; Olga Maria Domanska; Christiane Stock (et al.)

Published: August 2022   Journal: Archives of Public Health

Health literacy enables people to cope efficiently with health threats, such as the COVID-19 pandemic. However, little is known about health literacy among adolescents in general and especially in the context of pandemics. This study aimed to explore pandemic-related health literacy among adolescents by addressing cognitive, behavioral, conative, and affective components of the multidimensional health literacy construct. Four online focus groups with 24 adolescents aged 13-17 years from four German federal states were conducted during the COVID-19 pandemic in May and June 2021. Data were analyzed using qualitative content analysis.

Problems or prospects? Being a parent in the early phase of the COVID-19 pandemic in Germany

AUTHOR(S)
Angelika Ecker; Irina Jarvers; Daniel Schleicher (et al.)

Published: August 2022   Journal: Frontiers in Psychology

In the early phase of the COVID-19 pandemic, many restrictions hit people in ways never seen before. Mental wellbeing was affected and burden was high, especially for high-risk groups such as parents. However, to our knowledge no research has yet examined whether being a parent was not only a risk for psychological burden but also a way to cope with the COVID-19 pandemic. An online survey was used to collect data from 1,121 participants from April to June 2020. In addition to demographic variables, risk factors (financial burden, problems complying with COVID-19 restrictions, and pre-treatment due to mental health problems) and protective factors (emotion regulation, humor, and crisis self-efficacy) were collected. The dataset was divided into three groups: parents whose children lived at home (n = 395), parents whose children did not (no longer) live at home (n = 165), and people who were not parents (n = 561).

Impact of COVID-19 pandemic on families living with autism: an online survey

AUTHOR(S)
Corinna Isensee; Benjamin Schmid; Peter B. Marschik (et al.)

Published: August 2022   Journal: Research in Developmental Disabilities

The current SARS-CoV-2 global pandemic presents a great challenge for governments, health care professionals and the general population. Individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) might be especially vulnerable to restrictions imposed by the crisis. The objective of the study was to examine the impact of the SARSCoV- 2 pandemic on children with ASD and their families. It conducted an online survey two months after the beginning of lock-down (18th of May to 5th of July 2020) in Germany and Austria. It investigated behavioral and emotional changes of children related to the lock-down alongside parental stress and intrafamilial burden

Pediatric ICU admissions after adolescent suicide attempts during the pandemic

AUTHOR(S)
Nora Bruns; Lea Willemsen; Andreas Stang (et al.)

Published: July 2022   Journal: Pediatrics

he worldwide severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 pandemic challenges adolescents’ mental health. This study aims to compare the number of pediatric ICU (PICU) admissions after suicide attempts during the first German lockdown and one year later during a second, prolonged lockdown with prepandemic years. A retrospective multicenter study was conducted among 27 German PICUs. Cases <18 years admitted to the PICU because of accidents or injuries between March 16 and May 31 of 2017 to 2021 were identified based on International Classification of Diseases, 10th Revision codes (German modification) and patient data entered into a database. This study is a subset analysis on suicide attempts in adolescents aged 12 to 17.9 years. The Federal Statistics Office was queried for data on fatal suicides, which were available only for 2020 in adolescents aged 10 to 17.9 years.

Identifying potential mechanisms between childhood trauma and the psychological response to the COVID-19 pandemic in Germany: a longitudinal study

AUTHOR(S)
Stephanie V. Rek; Matthias A. Reinhard; Markus Bühner (et al.)

Published: July 2022   Journal: Scientific Reports

Childhood maltreatment (CM) has been associated with adverse psychosocial outcomes during the pandemic, but the underlying mechanisms are unclear. In a prospective online study using baseline and 10-week follow-up data of 391 German participants, multiple mediation analyses was applied to test to what extent COVID-19 perceived stressors mediate the association between CM and later adverse psychosocial outcomes compared to established mediators of rumination and insecure attachment. This study also explored the relative importance of different COVID-19 related stressors in predicting adverse psychological trajectories using elastic net regression.

Cognitive-behavioral teletherapy for children and adolescents with mental disorders and their families during the COVID-19 pandemic: a survey on acceptance and satisfaction

AUTHOR(S)
Lea Meininger; Julia Adam; Elena von Wirth (et al.)

Published: July 2022   Journal: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health

The COVID-19 pandemic is challenging for health care systems around the world. Teletherapy (psychotherapy conducted via videoconference) for children and adolescents offers a promising opportunity not only to provide treatment during social distancing restrictions but also to reduce treatment barriers that might prevent families from seeking care independent of the pandemic. Therefore, it is highly important to examine the implementation and especially the acceptance of and satisfaction with teletherapy. Therapists of 561 patients and parents of 227 patients (total 643 patients) aged 3–20 years treated at a university outpatient unit rated their experiences with teletherapy.

Parents under stress: Evaluating emergency childcare policies during the first COVID-19 lockdown in Germany

AUTHOR(S)
Simone Schüller; Hannah S. Steinberg

Published: July 2022   Journal: Labour Economics
What are the effects of school and daycare facility closures during the COVID-19 pandemic on parental well-being and parenting behavior? Can emergency childcare policies during a pandemic mitigate increases in parental stress and negative parenting behavior? To answer these questions, this study leverages cross-state variation in emergency childcare eligibility rules during the first COVID-19 lockdown in Germany and draws on unique data from the 2019 and 2020 waves of the German AID:A family panel.
Risks and resources for depressive symptoms and anxiety in children and adolescents during the COVID-19 pandemic – Results of the longitudinal COPSY study

AUTHOR(S)
Neslihan Güzelsoy; Ulrike Ravens-Sieberer; Joachim Westenhöfer (et al.)

Published: July 2022   Journal: Frontiers in Psychiatry

Mental health during the COVID-19 pandemic is of particularly high relevance. Especially for children and adolescents, the pandemic and its restrictions represent a significant burden. The present study aims to identify risks and resources for depressive symptoms and anxiety in children and adolescents during the pandemic in Germany. Self-reported data from the first wave of the longitudinal COVID-19 and Psychological Health (COPSY) study were used to investigate risks and resources among n = 811 children and adolescents aged 11–17 years. Depressive symptoms and anxiety were measured at the first follow-up 6 months later. Multivariate linear regression analyses were performed to investigate the effects of risks and resources on depressive symptoms and anxiety.

Gloomy and out of control? Consequences of the COVID-19 pandemic on momentary optimism in daily live of adolescents

AUTHOR(S)
Larissa L. Wieczorek; Eva Bleckmann; Naemi D. Brandt (et al.)

Published: June 2022   Journal: Current Psychology
In the global COVID-19 pandemic, adolescents are regarded as especially burdened due to school closures and leisure activities being banned, often reducing peer contacts to zero. Experiencing restrictions while being uninvolved in decision-making processes left them with little control over their daily lives. Meanwhile, research highlights that optimism can act as a buffer against the impact of daily hassles and is considered an important resource for mental health. To understand the implications of the COVID-19 pandemic for adolescents' lives, this study examined how momentary perceived control and perceived personal and societal consequences of the COVID-19 pandemic relate to momentary optimism. Using experience-sampling data from N = 242 (Mage = 15.89; 86% female) adolescents assessed during the second pandemic wave in Germany, multilevel modeling revealed positive associations between adolescents’ momentary perceived control and their momentary optimism at both the within- and between-person level.
Mental health of children with and without special healthcare needs and of their caregivers during COVID-19: a cross-sectional study

AUTHOR(S)
Anne Geweniger; Anneke Haddad; Michael Barth (et al.)

Published: June 2022

This paper aims to describe mental health outcomes and measures of pandemic burden of children with and without special healthcare needs, and their caregivers following the second wave of the COVID-19 pandemic in Germany. This is the second of a sequential series of cross-sectional online surveys conducted among caregivers of children ≤18 years since the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic, administrated between 2 April 2021 and 31 July 2021.

Effects of COVID-19 lockdown on physical performance, sleep quality, and health-related quality of life in professional youth soccer players

AUTHOR(S)
Jil Keemss; Johanna Sieland; Florian Pfab (et al.)

Published: June 2022   Journal: Frontiers in Sports and Active Living

In March 2020, the COVID-19 outbreak led to the declaration of a pandemic. The accompanying restrictions on public life caused a change in the training routines of athletes worldwide. The present study aimed to investigate the effects of a 13-week supervised home training program on physical performance, sleep quality, and health-related quality of life in professional youth soccer players during the first COVID-19 lockdown in Germany. Eight professional soccer players (age range 16–19; height: 1.81 ± 0.07 m; body weight: 72.05 ± 6.96 kg) from a Bundesliga team in Germany participated in this study. During the lockdown, they trained 5–6 days per week with home-based training plans and were monitored via tracking apps and video training. To determine the effects of home training, measurements were taken before (March 2020) and after (June 2020) the home training period. Bioelectrical impedance analysis was used to determine body composition, and an isokinetic strength test and a treadmill step test, including lactate measurements, were used to measure physical performance. Two questionnaires were responded to in order to assess health-related quality of life [Short-Form 36 Health Survey (SF-36)] and sleep quality (Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index).

Post-COVID-19 conditions in children and adolescents diagnosed with COVID-19

AUTHOR(S)
Karel Kostev; Lee Smith; Ai Koyanagi (et al.)

Published: May 2022   Journal: Pediatric Research

This study aimed to investigate the prevalence of and the factors associated with post-COVID-2019 condition in COVID-19 children and adolescents in Germany. The present retrospective cohort study used data from the Disease Analyzer database (IQVIA), and included patients aged <18 years who were diagnosed with COVID-19 in one of 524 general and 81 pediatric practices in Germany between October 2020 and August 2021 (index date: first COVID-19 diagnosis). Post-COVID-19 condition was assessed between the index date and November 2021. Covariates included age, sex, type of practice, and chronic conditions documented in at least 1% of the population.

Cite this research | Open access | No. of pages: 6 | Language: English | Topics: Health | Tags: adolescent health, child health, COVID-19, infectious disease, pandemic | Countries: Germany
A cross-sectional investigation of psychosocial stress factors in German families with children aged 0-3 years during the COVID-19 pandemic: initial results of the CoronabaBY study

AUTHOR(S)
Catherine Buechel; Ina Nehring; Clara Seifert (et al.)

Published: May 2022   Journal: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health

Psychosocial stress during the COVID-19 pandemic is increasing particularly in parents. Although being specifically vulnerable to negative environmental exposures, research on psychosocial stress factors in infants’ and toddlers’ families during the pandemic is so far sparse. The CoronabaBY study investigates the perceived pandemic burden, parenting stress and parent and child mental health problems in families with children aged 0–3 years in Bavaria, Southern Germany. Further, the relationships between these psychosocial stressors are examined and sociodemographic characteristics that may be predictive of these factors will be explored. Participants were cross-sectionally surveyed via smartphone app. Standardized questionnaires on perceived pandemic burden, parenting stress, parental symptoms of depression and anxiety, infants’ crying, sleeping and feeding problems or toddlers’ emotional and behavioral problems were applied.

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COVID-19 & Children: Rapid Research Response

UNICEF Innocenti is mobilizing a rapid research response in line with UNICEF’s global response to the COVID-19 crisis. The initiatives we’ve begun will provide the broad range of evidence needed to inform our work to scale up rapid assessment, develop urgent mitigating strategies in programming and advocacy, and preparation of interventions to respond to the medium and longer-term consequences of the COVID-19 crisis. The research projects cover a rapid review of evidence, education analysis, and social and economic policies.