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Children and COVID-19 Research Library

UNICEF Innocenti's curated library of COVID-19 + Children research

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Social connection when physically isolated: family experiences in using video calls

Ilze Kacane; Maria Jose Hernández-Serrano

Published: January 2023   Journal: Open Cultural Studies
Digital (video) calls have become a significant tool during the challenging times marked by the COVID-19 pandemic. The article focuses on the perceived functionality of video calls for maintaining social contacts and overcoming loneliness in celebrating family festivities limited by physical distance policies. The qualitative study conducted at the end of 2021 in Latvia and Spain examines families’ cultural socialisation via digital tools and, based on data obtained from semi-structured in-depth interviews, assesses the users’ digital experiences in celebrating Christmas and the New Year from retrospective and prospective standpoints.
Maternal psychopathological profile during childbirth and neonatal development during the COVID-19 pandemic: a pre-posttest study

Sergio Martinez-Vazquez; Blanca Riquelme-Gallego; Leydi Jhoansy Lugo-Toro (et al.)

Published: January 2023   Journal: Behavioral Sciences
The coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 generated an alert that became a state of emergency in health issues worldwide, a situation that affected the entire population, including pregnant women. The present study aims to understand the effect of the psychopathological profile of a sample of pregnant women at the time of the COVID-19 pandemic on themselves during childbirth (Phase 1) and after childbirth and the anthropometric measures of the neonate at birth (Phase 2). The total sample comprises 81 pregnant women aged 32.07 years (SD = 5.45) and their neonates. Sociodemographic and obstetric data of the sample were collected. During pregnancy, psychopathology was measured by means of the SCL-90, as well as other psychological measures on stress and social support. Cluster k-means techniques were used to uncover the heterogeneous profiles of psychopathology in Phase 1.
Instagram, risky drinking and main health effects in Spanish adolescents in the COVID-19 pandemic. a qualitative study

Lorena Tarriño-Concejero; Rocio de Diego-Cordero; Maria Ángeles García-Carpintero Muñoz

Published: November 2022   Journal: Public Health Nursing

The aim of this study was to analyze the relationship between Instagram, alcohol consumption and the impact on adolescent health during the COVID-19 pandemic. A qualitative study was carried out with 13 focus groups, involving 38 interviews. The fieldwork was conducted between January and December 2021 using a semi-structured script with three main categories. The research was carried out by a team specialized in adolescent risks and qualitative research.

Impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on eating disorders diagnoses among adolescents and young adults in Catalonia: apopulation-based cohort study

Berta Raventós; Alicia Abellan; Andrea Pistillo (et al.)

Published: November 2022   Journal: International Journal of Eating Disorders

This study aimed to describe the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on trends in incidence rates (IR) of diagnoses of eating disorders (ED) among adolescents and young adults. Population-based cohort study using primary care records of people aged 10–24 years between January, 2016 and December, 2021 in Catalonia, Spain. IRs were calculated monthly and grouped by the different stages of the COVID-19 pandemic in Catalonia: (1) the pre-lockdown (January, 2016–February, 2020), (2) lockdown (March–June, 2020) and, (3) post-lockdown (July, 2020–December, 2021) periods. Incidence rate ratios (IRR) relative to the corresponding periods in 2018–2019 were calculated.

Analyzing protective factors for adolescents' mental health during COVID-19 pandemic in Spain: a longitudinal study

Usue De la Barrera; Konstanze Schoeps; Estefanía Mónaco (et al.)

Published: November 2022   Journal: European Review of Applied Psychology

This study examined the protective role of self-esteem and perceived emotional intelligence on mental health problems in Spanish adolescents during COVID-19 pandemic. Participants (N = 139; Mage = 13.83 years, SD = 0.96; 63.8% female) completed measures before the outbreak of COVID-19 (T1) and during the first wave of the pandemic in Spain (T2).

The role of life satisfaction in the association between problematic technology use and anxiety in children and adolescents during the COVID-19 pandemic

Raquel Luengo-González; Concepción Noriega-Matanza; Ernesto J. Espín-Lorite (et al.)

Published: October 2022   Journal: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
The main aim of this study is to explore problematic technology use among adolescents (Internet, video games, mobiles, and television) and its association with anxiety symptoms. Furthermore, it also analysed the possible moderating role of life satisfaction in this relationship during the COVID-19 pandemic in Spain. A cross-sectional survey of 4025 children and adolescents (52% females and 48% males) between 12 and 18 years old was carried out to explore problematic technology use and its correlation with anxiety and life satisfaction after pandemic lockdown. Four multivariate regressions containing the independent variable (problematic technology use), the moderator (life satisfaction), and their interaction were entered to predict the outcome (anxiety). The moderated models were examined using SPSS PROCESS macro software (Model 1).
Implications for balance in 11- and 12-year-old children in northern Spain during SARS-CoV-2 lockdown

Oliver Ramos-Álvarez; Víctor Arufe-Giráldez; Alberto Sanmiguel-Rodríguez (et al.)

Published: September 2022   Journal: Frontiers in Psychology

The home lockdown due to the appearance of SARS-CoV-2 in Spanish society led to changes in certain habits in children and adolescents. These habits were related to the practice of physical activity and the implications of higher rates of sedentary activities. This lockdown lasted from March to June 2020. The aim of this study was to determine the implication that lockdown in Spain due to the SARS-CoV-2 virus outbreak had on balance in 11–12 year-old schoolchildren.  In total, 50 Spanish children aged 11–12 years (M = 11.40, SD = 0.50) participated, 33 (66%) boys and 17 (34%) girls. The Movement Assessment Battery for Children 2 (Movement ABC-2) and an ad hoc questionnaire for sociodemographic data and other relevant information were used for the three data collections.

Children playing video games during COVID-19 in Spain

Carolina Escudero

Published: September 2022   Journal: Advances in Social Sciences Research Journal
As has been verified, those who spend more time playing video games are children and adolescents. The lockdown caused by the COVID-19 pandemic increased the prolonged use of video games in this population. In this context it is possible to observe some risks of this use, one of them the symptoms of gaming disorder (GD). The objective of this study is to analyze video game habits and the possible impacts on children - aged between 7 and 10 years – gaming for more than 4 hours daily during confinement - the lockdown was announced on March 14, 2020 and lasted approximately three months.- in Spain.
Cite this research | Open access | Vol.: 9 | Issue: 9 | No. of pages: 388-403 | Language: English | Topics: Mental Health | Tags: child mental health, COVID-19 response, lockdown, new media, play, social distance | Countries: Spain
Unravelling the role of the mandatory use of face covering masks for the control of SARS-CoV-2 in schools: a quasi-experimental study nested in a population-based cohort in Catalonia (Spain)

Ermengol Coma; Martí Català; Leonardo Méndez-Boo (et al.)

Published: August 2022   Journal: Archives of Disease in Childhood

This study aims to assess the effectiveness of mandatory use of face covering masks (FCMs) in schools during the first term of the 2021–2022 academic year. It is a retrospective population-based study conducted in the schools of Catalonia (Spain).

Meeting 24 h movement guidelines and health-related quality of life in youths during the COVID-19 lockdown

José Francisco López-Gil; Mark S. Tremblay; Miguel Ángel Tapia-Serrano (et al.)

Published: August 2022   Journal: Applied Sciences
Limitations in the use of public spaces have impacted the frequency and duration of movement behaviours (physical activity, sedentary behaviour, sleep) and outdoor activities of children and adolescents. Whether pandemic-induced changes in movement behaviours are related to the health-related quality of life (HRQoL) of children and adolescents is unknown. The aim of the current study was to examine the association between meeting 24 h movement guidelines and HRQoL during the COVID-19 lockdown among children and adolescents. Data from 1099 3–17-year-old children and adolescents from Spain and Brazil were analysed. An online questionnaire was used to collect parent-reported information concerning physical activity, screen time, and sleep duration. For the assessment of HRQoL, the EQ-5D-Y proxy version was used.
Game over? Perceptions of children's and adolescents' play and leisure during the COVID-19 lockdown

Laura Camas; María del Prado Martín-Ondarza; Silvia Sánchez-Serrano

Published: August 2022   Journal: International Journal of Play
The restrictions adopted due to the COVID-19 health crisis established a new normality in the lives of children and adolescents in Spain. This study aims to explore the perception of adult caregivers and children and adolescents (from now CAs) regarding time, space, company, activities, screen time, and those aspects missed and desired during the lockdown. To do so, two online questionnaires were designed and distributed through foundations, schools and social networks. The sample consists of 270 adult caregivers and 126 CAs.
Compliance with COVID-19 measures in adolescents and related sociodemographic and educational variables

Raquel Espejo-Siles; Izabela Zych; Vicente J. Llorent

Published: July 2022   Journal: Psychology, Society & Educationwww.uco.es/ucopress/ojs/index.php/psyeKey wor d sAb s t rA c tPA l A brA sc lAv ere s u m e nPsychology, Society & Education (2022) 14(2), 59-66Compliance with COVID-19 measures in adolescents and related sociodemographic an

Increasing rule compliance in adolescents is one of the greatest challenges during the pandemic. Understanding how  different  variables  are  related  to  compliance  with  COVID-19  regulations  in  adolescents  is  needed  to  improve policy and practice against it. This study aims to analyze how sociodemographic and educational variables such as sex, age, socioeconomic status, being in a minority group, academic performance and failure, and problem behavior at school are related to the compliance with some COVID-19 regulations in a representative sample of 1,498 students (aged between 11 and 17 years M = 13.58, SD = 1.32) of compulsory secondary education in Andalusia (Spain).

Lockdown due to COVID-19 in Spanish children up to 6 years: consequences on diet, lifestyle, screen viewing, and sleep

Mercedes Díaz-Rodríguez; Jesús Carretero-Bravo; Celia Pérez-Muñoz (et al.)

Published: June 2022

This study aimed to record how the habits of children under 6 years of age in Cadiz have changed during lockdown, in order to identify those that could be a handicap for the problem of overweight and obesity. It developed a new questionnaire to analyse family living habits. The questionnaire was administered online to parents of children aged zero-six years. Eating habits, sedentary lifestyles, screen viewing, and sleep changes were evaluated.

Back to school in the pandemic: observations of the influences of prevention measures on relationships, autonomy, and learning of preschool children

Naiara Ozamiz-Etxbarria; Maitane Picaza; Eneritz Jiménez-Etxebarria (et al.)

Published: May 2022   Journal: COVID
The COVID-19 pandemic has had a global impact on societies, economies, and education. In Spain, one of the countries most affected by the COVID-19 in the initial year, the virus began to spread at the end of February 2020. When the Spanish government declared a state of emergency, the first restrictive measure was the closure of all educational centers on the 14th of March. All schools and universities were closed until September 2020, when students returned to classes with preventative health measures in place to prevent the spread of the virus. This study focuses on the observation of children in pre-school education. Specifically, it focuses on studying how preventative health measures that were taken in the pre-schools may have influenced children’s social relationships, basic autonomy, and learning. We used a mixed method in which field notes were taken and observational scores were assigned.
Mental well-being during the COVID-19 confinement among adolescents in Catalonia: the role of demographic and other COVID-related variables

Cinta Folch; Helena González-Casals; Joan Colom (et al.)

Published: May 2022   Journal: Children
This study aimed to describe the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the social situation, self-perceived health status, and mental well-being of adolescents in Catalonia during home confinement, and to evaluate factors that are associated with poor overall mental well-being. An online cross-sectional study among a cohort of students (14–18 years old) of central Catalonia (DESKcohort) was performed during June–July 2020. Poisson regression models with robust variance were used to identify variables associated with “poor overall well-being,” measured by the short version of the Warwick–Edinburgh Mental Wellbeing Scale.
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UNICEF Innocenti's Children and COVID-19 Library is a database collecting research from around the world on COVID-19 and its impacts on children and adolescents.


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