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Children and COVID-19 Research Library

UNICEF Innocenti's curated library of COVID-19 + Children research

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61 - 75 of 209
Secondary school students’ perception of the online teaching experience during COVID-19: The impact on mental wellbeing and specific learning difficulties

Thomas Walters; Nicola J. Simkiss; Robert J. Snowden (et al.)

Published: December 2021   Journal: British Journal of Educational Psychology

Student engagement and concentration is critical for successful learning. Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, there has been a dramatic increase in the use of online learning which may affect engagement and concentration, particularly for those students with specific learning difficulties. This study is a retrospective online survey comparing pupils’ normal classroom experience to learning online during the first national lockdown in the United Kingdom (March–July 2020).

Covid-19 and child criminal exploitation in the UK: implications of the pandemic for county lines

Ben Brewster; Grace Robinson; Bernard W. Silverman (et al.)

Published: December 2021   Journal: Trends in Organized Crime
In March 2020, the UK was placed in lockdown following the spread of the Covid-19 virus. Just as legitimate workplaces made changes to enable their employees to work from home, the illicit drugs trade also made alternative arrangements, adapting its supply models to ensure continuity of operations. Based upon qualitative interviews with 46 practitioners, this paper assesses how front-line professionals have experienced and perceived the impact of Covid-19 on child criminal exploitation and County Lines drug supply in the UK. Throughout the paper, we highlight perceived adaptations to the County Lines supply model, the impact of lockdown restrictions on detection and law enforcement activities aimed at County Lines, and on efforts to safeguard children and young people from criminal exploitation.
Impact of COVID-19 on carers of children with tracheostomies

Nicola Hall; Nikki Rousseau; David W. Hamilton (et al.)

Published: December 2021   Journal: Archives of Disease in Childhood
This study aims to explore the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the experiences of caregivers of children with tracheostomies. All participants were currently, or had previously cared for, a tracheostomised child who had attended a tertiary care centre in the North of England. Health professionals were purposively sampled to include accounts from a range of professions from primary, community, secondary and tertiary care.
Factors influencing wellbeing in young people during COVID-19: a survey with 6291 young people in Wales

Michaela James; Hope Jones; Amana Baig (et al.)

Published: December 2021   Journal: Plos One
COVID-19 infection and the resultant restrictions has impacted all aspects of life across the world. This study explores factors that promote or support wellbeing for young people during the pandemic, how they differ by age, using a self-reported online survey with those aged 8–25 in Wales between September 2020 and February 2021. Open-ended responses were analysed via thematic analysis to provide further context. A total of 6,291 responses were obtained from 81 education settings across Wales (including primary and secondary schools as well as sixth form, colleges and universities).
Impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the mental health and wellbeing of parents with young children: a qualitative interview study

Jo Dawes; Tom May; Alison McKinlay (et al.)

Published: December 2021   Journal: BMC Psychology volume

Parents have faced unique challenges during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, including mobility constraints, isolation measures, working from home, and the closure of schools and childcare facilities. There is presently a lack of in-depth qualitative research exploring how these changes have affected parents’ mental health and wellbeing. Semi-structured qualitative interviews with 29 parents of young children. Interviews were analysed using reflexive thematic analysis.

Child suicide rates during the COVID-19 pandemic in England

David Odd; Tom Williams; Louis Appleby (et al.)

Published: December 2021   Journal: Journal of Affective Disorders Reports

There is concern about the impact of COVID-19, and the control measures to prevent the spread, on children's mental health. The aim of this work was to identify if there had been a rise of childhood suicide during the COVID pandemic. Using data from England's National Child Mortality Database (NCMD) the characteristics and rates of children dying of suicide between April and December 2020 were compared with those in 2019. In a subset (1st January to 17th May 2020) further characteristics and possible contributing factors were obtained.

Fostering “parental participation in schooling”: primary school teachers’ insights from the COVID-19 school closures

Sara Spear; John Parkin; Tommy van Steen (et al.)

Published: November 2021   Journal: Educational Review
The COVID-19 school closures presented an unprecedented challenge to primary education on a global scale, with teachers, parents, and children having to rapidly adjust to a remote learning environment, and with concerns that this would exacerbate educational inequalities. Parental engagement has been widely acknowledged to have a positive impact on children’s academic achievement, and previous studies have found that efforts by schools to foster parental engagement can help close the gap between advantaged and disadvantaged pupils. This study therefore sought to explore how teachers perceived parental engagement during the school closures, and how they fostered this in a remote learning environment. This research involved an exploratory mixed methods study with primary educators in England, with an online survey (n = 271) and semi-structured interviews (n = 24) in June and July 2020, after the first school closures in England, and then again after the second closures in April 2021 (n = 14).
Isolation, uncertainty and treatment delays: parents’ experiences of having a baby with cleft lip/palate during the Covid-19 pandemic

Bruna Costa; Danielle McWilliams; Sabrina Blighe (et al.)

Published: November 2021   Journal: The Cleft Palate-Craniofacial Journal

Previous literature finds that having a child with a cleft lip and/or palate (CL/P) may pose social and emotional challenges for parents. For parents of children born during the Covid-19 pandemic, such challenges may be heightened. Further, novel demands brought about by the pandemic could have caused additional hardships. The aim of this study was to describe the impact of the pandemic on new parents through qualitative exploration of their experiences. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 14 parents of children born in the United Kingdom with CL/P between January and June 2020, around the start of the pandemic. Data were analysed using inductive thematic analysis.

Assessing adolescents’ critical health literacy: how is trust in government leadership associated with knowledge of COVID-19?

Channing J. Mathews; Luke McGuire; Angelina Joy (et al.)

Published: November 2021   Journal: Plos One
This study explored relations between COVID-19 news source, trust in COVID-19 information source, and COVID-19 health literacy in 194 STEM-oriented adolescents and young adults from the US and the UK. Analyses suggest that adolescents use both traditional news (e.g., TV or newspapers) and social media news to acquire information about COVID-19 and have average levels of COVID-19 health literacy. Hierarchical linear regression analyses suggest that the association between traditional news media and COVID-19 health literacy depends on participants’ level of trust in their government leader.
SARS-CoV-2 testing, infections, and hospital admissions with COVID-19 in children and young people in Scotland: a birth cohort study

Graziella Favarato; Linda Wijlaars; Tom Clemens (et al.)

Published: November 2021   Journal: The Lancet Journal
A strong association between deprivation and severe COVID-19 outcomes has been reported among adults. This study estimated population-based rates of SARS-CoV-2 testing, laboratory-confirmed infections, and hospital admissions with COVID-19 in children and young people (aged 0–23 years) in Scotland according to sociodemographic risk factors. It used a birth cohort of all children and young people born in Scotland in 1997–2020, consisting of linked vital registration, maternity, hospital admissions, and SARS-CoV-2 PCR testing data. Participants were followed from birth or Jan 1, 2020 (whichever occurred last) until Dec 31, 2020, death, or emigration. Admissions with COVID-19 were defined as participants with a positive SARS-CoV-2 test during or up to 28 days before admission to hospital, or a relevant International Classification of Diseases version 10 code recorded (U07.1/U07.2).
Cite this research | Open access | Vol.: 398 | Issue: Special issue S45 | No. of pages: 1 | Language: English | Topics: Health | Tags: adolescent health, child health, COVID-19, health services, hospitalization, infectious disease, pandemic, respiratory diseases | Countries: United Kingdom
Risk of COVID-19 hospital admission among children aged 5–17 years with asthma in Scotland: a national incident cohort study

Ting Shi; Jiafeng Pan; Srinivasa Vittal Katikireddi (et al.)

Published: November 2021   Journal: The Lancet Respiratory Medicine

There is an urgent need to inform policy deliberations about whether children with asthma should be vaccinated against SARS-CoV-2 and, if so, which subset of children with asthma should be prioritised. The authors were asked by the UK's Joint Commission on Vaccination and Immunisation to undertake an urgent analysis to identify which children with asthma were at increased risk of serious COVID-19 outcomes. This national incident cohort study was done in all children in Scotland aged 5–17 years who were included in the linked dataset of Early Pandemic Evaluation and Enhanced Surveillance of COVID-19 (EAVE II).

Children and COVID-19 in schools

Shamez N. Ladh

Published: November 2021   Journal: Science
Children have a very low risk of severe or fatal COVID-19 but, early in the pandemic, uncertainties about their role in virus transmission led most countries to close educational settings as part of national lockdowns to control the spread of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). In many countries, including parts of North America and the Asia-Pacific regions, schools remained closed to in-person teaching for more than a year. School closures affect not only the education of children, but also their social and emotional well-being, and limit access to social and welfare services, school meals, and school-based immunizations. Therefore, understanding the role of children in SARS-CoV-2 infection and transmission, and identifying effective interventions to mitigate risks, are critical for keeping schools safe for staff, students, and their families.
Deaths in children and young people in England after SARS-CoV-2 infection during the first pandemic year

Clare Smith; David Odd; Rachel Harwood (et al.)

Published: November 2021   Journal: Nature Medicine
Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection is rarely fatal in children and young people (CYP, <18 years old), but quantifying the risk of death is challenging because CYP are often infected with SARS-CoV-2 exhibiting no or minimal symptoms. To distinguish between CYP who died as a result of SARS-CoV-2 infection and those who died of another cause but were coincidentally infected with the virus, this study undertook a clinical review of all CYP deaths with a positive SARS-CoV-2 test from March 2020 to February 2021. The predominant SARS-CoV-2 variants were wild-type and Alpha.
Care in COVID: a qualitative analysis of the impact of COVID-19 on the health and care of children and young people with severe physical neurodisability and their families.

Jill Cadwgan; Jane Goodwin; Tomoki Arichi (et al.)

Published: November 2021   Journal: Child: Care, Health and Development

This paper aims to evaluate clinicians’ perspectives on the impact of “lockdown” during the COVID-19 pandemic for children and young people with severe physical neurodisability and their families. Framework analysis of comments from families during a recent service review was used to code the themes discussed according to the World Health Organization International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) and interpreted into emergent themes to summarise the impact of lockdown (Stage 1). They were presented to a clinician focus group for discussion (consultants and physiotherapists working in a specialist motor disorders service, [Stage 2]).

‘We'd never had to set up a virtual school before’: opportunities and challenges for primary and secondary teachers during emergency remote education

Anastasia Gouseti

Published: November 2021   Journal: Review of Education
The Covid-19 pandemic has brought about the largest disruption to formal education in recent history and has resulted in school closures and the move to online teaching and learning across the globe. Using data from interviews with 25 teachers and head teachers in England and Greece, this paper aims to capture educators’ experiences during emergency remote education (ERE) in spring–summer 2020 and contribute to current and future conversations about the post-pandemic school. Through a qualitative approach, the paper reports on the often improvised and compromised nature of online schooling during the first pandemic lockdown and presents the opportunities and challenges teachers experienced with the move to emergency remote education. It discusses how didactic modes of teaching prevailed, highlights the importance of parental involvement during ERE and argues that the move to online teaching and learning has accentuated digital inequalities.
61 - 75 of 209

UNICEF Innocenti's Children and COVID-19 Library is a database collecting research from around the world on COVID-19 and its impacts on children and adolescents.


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COVID-19 & Children: Rapid Research Response

UNICEF Innocenti is mobilizing a rapid research response in line with UNICEF’s global response to the COVID-19 crisis. The initiatives we’ve begun will provide the broad range of evidence needed to inform our work to scale up rapid assessment, develop urgent mitigating strategies in programming and advocacy, and preparation of interventions to respond to the medium and longer-term consequences of the COVID-19 crisis. The research projects cover a rapid review of evidence, education analysis, and social and economic policies.