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Children and COVID-19 Research Library

UNICEF Innocenti's curated library of COVID-19 + Children research

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1 - 15 of 106
Knowledge & attitude of parents towards pediatric dental treatment for their child in COVID-19 pandemic

AUTHOR(S)
Suyash Joshi; Nupur Ninawe; Ritesh Kalaskar (et al.)

Published: June 2022   Journal: International Journal of Health Sciences
The aim of this study was to evaluate the Knowledge & Attitude of parents towards Pediatric dental treatment for their child in view of covid-19 pandemic in India. A Cross sectional study. A online cross-sectional study containing a structured self-administered questionnaire was designed in English language consisting of total 16 close ended multiple choice questions that were divided based on the demographic data, knowledge and attitude of participating parents.
Impact of mass media on changes in food habits and food preferences among adolescence during Covid–19 pandemic

AUTHOR(S)
V. Meenakshi; S. Bharathi; B. Siva Sankari (et al.)

Published: May 2022   Journal: YMER
The emergence of COVID 19 pandemic has severely impacted individuals from all walks of life. The present aims to evaluate the mass media impact on food habits, food preference and quality of life during the COVID 19 among adolescence. An questionnaire was framed and converted as Google form. The developed Google form was sent to 200 adolescents belonging to AC & RI and CSC & RI, Madurai and the received 200 responses from the students. The data obtained was consolidated.
Animation based instructional approach for learning attainment and cognitive functioning of Indian children with ADHD during COVID-19 crisis

AUTHOR(S)
Jaishree Devi; Ananta Kumar Jena

Published: May 2022   Journal: Emotional and Behavioural Difficulties
Animation based online instructional sessions were organised for enhancing learning attainment and cognitive functioning skills for children diagnosed with ADHD symptoms. The study aimed to examine the effectiveness of animation-based instruction for the empowerment of learning attainment in relation to the cognitive functioning in students with ADHD during COVID-19 crisis. Quasi-experimental design was done on students with ADHD (n = 75, 11–12 years) from three different schools of Assam, India.
Impediments to child education, health and development during the COVID-19 pandemic in India

AUTHOR(S)
Akshay Raut; Nguyen Tien Huy (et al.)

Published: May 2022   Journal: The Lancet Regional Health – Southeast Asia
As India nears normalcy after facing three waves of the COVID-19 pandemic, clearer evidence has emerged about the profound negative impact of the pandemic upon the well-being of children in the country. Although the interventions by the Union and the state governments have helped in minimising the disruptions to the overall child health and development, certain challenges still continue to prevail and need to be addressed. The Anganwadi Services Scheme, one of the largest and unique programmes globally for early childhood care and development, was greatly impacted due to the lockdown imposed by the government, which resulted in closure of Anganwadi centres across the country. This has affected the early childhood care and non-formal pre-school education services provided at such centres; which catered to around 24 million children between the ages of 3 to 6 years in 2020 before the lockdown. Furthermore, these centres also provided training to parents and caretakers about early stimulation activities for psychosocial development of children from birth up to 3 years of age which has also been affected due to the lockdown. Such disruptions in early childhood stimulation and pre-school education can have long-term negative consequences on the physical and mental health of children. The authorities need to urgently undertake steps to assess the situation and introduce comprehensive remedial services to catch-up with the losses in early childhood education at all levels; ensure prompt coordination with the local workforce to increase parent and community engagement and ensure restoration of these services at the earliest.
A study of clinical profile and outcome of COVID-19 in children

AUTHOR(S)
M. V. Nagaraj; Chikkanna Somashekhar; Raj Muniraju Geetha Nithin (et al.)

Published: May 2022   Journal: International Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics

 COVID-19 has become a major public health crisis around the world. This study aimed at identifying the different clinical presentations of children who were tested positive for SARS-COV-2. Descriptive and prospective study of the children who were seen over the fever clinic and were admitted to the Sapthagiri institute of medical science and research centre over a period of 4 months from November 2021 to February 2022. Among the 251 children admitted to the hospital majority of them were males 52.5% and the age group of 1-5 years were highest affected 46.2%. The most common symptoms noted were fever 60.5%, followed by pain abdomen 45.8%, vomiting 43.8%, running nose 39%, cough 38%, diarrhoea 30.6%, decreased appetite 26.7% and the least common symptom was skin rash 0.3%. Children with comorbidites had higher risk of ICU admission. No deaths were noted during the study period.

Cite this research | Open access | Vol.: 9 | Issue: 5 | Language: English | Topics: Health | Tags: child health, COVID-19, health services, hospitalization, infectious disease, pandemic | Countries: India
Re-imaging everyday routines and educational aspirations under COVID-19 lockdown: narratives of urban middle-class children in Punjab, India

AUTHOR(S)
Ravinder Barn; Damanjit Sandhu; Utsa Mukherjee

Published: May 2022   Journal: Children & Society
Based on in-depth interviews with 24 middle-class Indian child participants, this is the first exploratory qualitative study, in India, to demonstrate the ways in which children as reflexive social actors re-negotiated everyday schedules, drew on classed resources at their disposal and made sense of the impact of the pandemic on their educational pathways and future aspirations. These narratives offer a unique lens on the politics of middle-classness and its constitutive relation to constructions of normative childhoods in contemporary India. Study findings contribute to the sociology of Indian childhood and more generally help enrich our understanding of southern childhoods and the reproduction of inequalities in contemporary India.
Acceptance and attitude of parents regarding COVID-19 vaccine for children: a cross-sectional study

AUTHOR(S)
Remiya Mohan; Vandna Pandey; Ashok Kumar (et al.)

Published: April 2022   Journal: Medical Journeys

The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has claimed millions of lives worldwide. India also launched a COVID-19 vaccination drive, and clinical trials for a pediatric COVID-19 vaccine are in development. The study aims to assess the acceptance and attitude of parents regarding the COVID-19 vaccine for children in India. The study also aims to find the association between selected demographic variables and acceptance and attitudes in parents regarding the COVID-19 vaccine for children.

Lifestyle and behavior of children during COVID-19

AUTHOR(S)
Kavitha Muthukumaran; Vani Haridasan

Published: April 2022   Journal: ECS Transactions
Due to the COVID-19 epidemic, the term "change in children's lifestyle behavior" is currently a hot topic in society. Children's lifestyle behaviors may have been altered by home confinement during the epidemic, although evidence is still emerging and limited, which talks about SDG 3: Good Health and Well-Being. The present study focuses on the important factors that lead to change in lifestyle of children, to examine the effects of COVID-19 confinement, and to suggest preventive measures. The design used for this study is descriptive and an online survey was conducted within Tamilnadu with a sample size of 105. Correlation, chi-square are the tools used for testing the variables.
Mental health during COVID-19 pandemic among secondary school students in relation to mobile phone usage

AUTHOR(S)
Debolina Mukherjee; Ramanath Gorain; Namrata Gogoi

Published: April 2022   Journal: International journal of health sciences
The mental health and well-being of pupils have been regarded as one of the growing concerns of Twenty-first-century life. The year 2020 has witnessed how the Covid-19 pandemic can make huge changes in our lifestyle, be it academic, professional, social, or even personal life. The principal goal of this research is to study the mental health of secondary school pupils during the covid19 pandemic in relation to the usage of mobile phones. This is a descriptive survey study that attempts to understand the association between the frequencies of mobile phone usage and the mental health of the pupils during the pandemic situation. 100 students of 9th standard from two schools of West Bengal are selected as the samples of the study. Research information are gathered through a Mobile Phone Problem Use Scale and Mental Health – Checklist.
Perceptions of good health and impact of COVID-19 among adolescents in a low-income urban agglomerate in Delhi, India: a qualitative study

AUTHOR(S)
Nandini Sharma; Saurav Basu; Subhanwita Manna (et al.)

Published: April 2022   Journal: Cureus
Adolescents constitute 16% of the global population and are susceptible to adverse health and illness from substance abuse, unhealthy diet, physical inactivity, and high-risk sexual behaviors. This study aimed to assess the perceptions of good health, health-seeking behavior, and health service utilization among adolescents living in a low-income urban neighborhood after the second wave of the COVID-19 pandemic. A total of 23 adolescents, including 12 males and 11 females, were interviewed. Adolescents' perceived body image and size considerations apart from functioning at an optimum physical capacity as the principal attributes of good health, which was possible through the intake of a healthy diet and exercise. Adolescents were likely to be aware of the addiction potential and risk of cancer from using tobacco and alcohol, but attitudes towards eschewing their use were ambivalent. Adolescents perceived themselves as lacking access to reliable, adequate, and validated sources of sexual and reproductive health information. Knowledge and utilization of adolescent health services in this area were negligible, suggestive of the need to strengthen these services and improve the program outreach.
A study to assess the risk factors contributing to psychological stress, anxiety and depression in mothers of Covid-19 positive hospitalized children in a tertiary care hospital

AUTHOR(S)
Nitu Malik; Abhishek Dutta; Satyabrata Roy Chowdhary (et al.)

Published: April 2022   Journal: Journal of Paediatrics and Nursing Science
Parents of the COVID -19 positive hospitalized children are facing different psychological stresses which are affecting child’s care and well-being.
This study aims to determine the psychological stress, anxiety and depression and to identify the associated influencing factors in mothers of hospitalized COVID-19 infected children. In this cross-sectional observational study, 150 mothers of COVID-19 positive hospitalized children in a paediatric tertiary care hospital were randomly selected and studied. Data collection tool was a two part questionnaire; the first part was based on ‘Perceived stress scale-10’ and ‘Hospital anxiety and depression scale’ and the second part included stressors related to COVID-19 pandemic selected based on previous researches. The incidence of these stressors and their significance in causing stress, anxiety and depression was assessed using standard statistical methods.
Did this pandemic trigger a spike in mothers′ hesitancy over their children’s routine immunizations? A cross sectional study

AUTHOR(S)
M. Shwethashree; A. Vanmathi; Saurish

Published: April 2022   Journal: Clinical Epidemiology and Global Health

The COVID-19 pandemic has created a lot of disruptions for delivery of health care services like routine immunization. Delayed immunization can lead to outbreak of many vaccine preventable diseases. The current pandemic created confusions and fear among mothers to vaccinate their children. This study was an initiative to understand the struggles faced by them during the pandemic. It aims to estimate the prevalence of hesitancy for routine immunization among urban mothers during COVID-19 pandemic and to determine the factors responsible for their hesitancy.

Reusable sanitary napkins in rural India: a remote quality improvement project for adolescent girls promoting menstrual hygiene health during the COVID-19 pandemic

AUTHOR(S)
Samantha Ciardi Sassone; Susan Silva; Jed Metzger (et al.)

Published: March 2022   Journal: Global Health Promotion
Medical and public health research supports an ongoing need for health promotion in meeting menstrual hygiene needs, including menstrual hygiene management (MHM) education and the adoption of reusable sanitary napkins. This quality improvement project focuses on menstruation education for adolescent girls in rural Tamil Nadu, India and the promotion of reusable sanitary napkins. Results indicate a significant improvement in MHM knowledge, confidence in managing menstruation, adoption of reusable sanitary napkins, and a decrease in missed school days. These findings support global recommendations for health promotion in India.
Prevalence of depression and anxiety among school-going adolescents in Indian Kashmir valley during COVID-19 pandemic

AUTHOR(S)
Asif Jeelani; Sabira Aalia Dkhar; Ruqia Quansar (et al.)

Published: March 2022   Journal: Middle East Current Psychiatry
The coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic has led to severe disruption in routine activities, significant mortality and morbidity. Adolescents are particularly prone to mental health issues. The present study aims to estimate prevalence of depression and anxiety and its determinants among school-going adolescents in Kashmir valley of India.
Impact of screen time during COVID-19 on eating habits, physical activity, sleep, and depression symptoms: a cross-sectional study in Indian adolescents

AUTHOR(S)
Panchali Moitra; Jagmeet Madan

Published: March 2022   Journal: Plos One
This study attempted to address the limited knowledge regarding the impact of screen time (ST) on lifestyle behaviors in Indian adolescents during the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic. The objectives were to 1) evaluate frequency and duration of using screens, and screen addiction behaviors in 10–15 years old adolescents in Mumbai during the COVID-19 pandemic and 2) examine the association of ST with lifestyle behaviors- eating habits, snacking patterns, physical activity (PA) levels, sleep quality and depression symptoms.
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UNICEF Innocenti's Children and COVID-19 Library is a database collecting research from around the world on COVID-19 and its impacts on children and adolescents.

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COVID-19 & Children: Rapid Research Response

UNICEF Innocenti is mobilizing a rapid research response in line with UNICEF’s global response to the COVID-19 crisis. The initiatives we’ve begun will provide the broad range of evidence needed to inform our work to scale up rapid assessment, develop urgent mitigating strategies in programming and advocacy, and preparation of interventions to respond to the medium and longer-term consequences of the COVID-19 crisis. The research projects cover a rapid review of evidence, education analysis, and social and economic policies.