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Children and COVID-19 Research Library

UNICEF Innocenti's curated library of COVID-19 + Children research

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The effect of peer-to-peer education on health literacy, knowledge, and adherence to COVID-19 protocols in vulnerable adolescents

Alireza Shoghli; Azam Maleki; Mohammad Reza Masjedi (et al.)

Published: January 2023   Journal: BMC Primary Care

The study was done to examine the effectiveness of peer-to-peer education on increasing health literacy, knowledge s, and observance of coronavirus disease (COVID-19) health prevention protocols in vulnerable adolescents. The study was a one-group intervention (before and after the intervention) that was performed on 1200 vulnerable adolescents living in varamin. The educational intervention was presented to adolescents in a face-to-face session. In the next step, the adolescents were taught the information received by three members of their families. Data were evaluated using a self-designed questionnaire before, and three months after the intervention. The paired t-test was used to compare scores of health literacy, compliance, and knowledge before and after the intervention at a 0.05 confidence level. The Multiple linear regression model was used to determine the predictive factors of observance of COVID-19 preventive behaviors.

The effect of educational intervention based on the self-efficacy theory of high school students in adopting preventive behaviors of COVID-19

Zahra Rezaie; Vahid Kohpeima Jahromi; Vahid Rahmanian (et al.)

Published: January 2023   Journal: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
The COVID-19 pandemic has become a major problem for education systems. This study was conducted to investigate the effect of educational intervention based on the self-efficacy theory of high-school students in adopting preventive behaviors of COVID-19. This quasi-experimental study was performed on Hazrat Zahra and Shahed high-school students in Jahrom (southern Iran) in 2021. In total, 160 students (80 each in the intervention group and the control group) were selected by multistage random sampling. Data collection tools included a demographic information questionnaire and self-efficacy in adopting preventive behaviors from COVID-19 researcher-made questionnaire. Questionnaires were completed by all participants before and 3 months after the educational intervention. The educational intervention was performed for 6 weeks by using an educational program based on Bandura self-efficacy theory. The intervention was performed during 12 sessions of face-to-face training in the classroom (two 1-h sessions per week), distributing educational packages and sending educational videos through cyberspace. Data were analyzed using Chi-square test, independent t test, paired t test, and linear regression.
COVID-19 anxiety in children and its relationship with self-related skills of executive functions

Sakineh Soltani Kouhbanani; Somayeh Zarenezhad; Seyedeh Manizheh Arabi

Published: December 2022   Journal: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry

Some children experience a significant deal of anxiety during the outbreak of COVID-19. Behavioral dimensions of the executive function appear to link to situational anxiety experience. Therefore, the primary aim of the present study is to investigate the relationship between self-related skills of executive functions and the level of anxiety in children (8-12-years-old) during the outbreak of COVID-19. Also, the secondary goal of this study is to predict the level of anxiety based on self-related skills of executive functions. Parents of 300 children filled out the Barkley Deficits in Executive Functioning Scale (BDEFS) and the COVID19 anxiety scale. Data were analyzed using correlation and path analysis. A significance level of less than 0.05 was set for all tests. Data were analyzed using SPSS 22 software.

COVID-19 anxiety and quality of life among adolescent pregnant women: a cross-sectional study

Mohammad Saeed Jadgal; Hadi Alizadeh-Siuki; Nayyereh Kasiri (et al.)

Published: December 2022   Journal: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health

This study aims to determine the relationship between the COVID-19 anxiety and the quality of life among adolescent pregnant women in Dashtiari city, Iran. In this cross-sectional study, 216 adolescent pregnant women in Dashtiari city, Iran in 2021 who met the inclusion criteria participated in a multi-stage sampling. Data collection tools included: demographic information, COVID-19 Anxiety Scale and a questionnaire of quality of life. Finally, the obtained data were analyzed in SPSS software version 21 using descriptive, Chi-square, Tukey and logistic regression tests.

Effectiveness of a social cognitive theory-based distance educational intervention on anxiety in families of patients with COVID 19

Abdollah Mohammadian-Hafshejani; Elahe Tavassoli; Elham Tavassoli (et al.)

Published: November 2022   Journal: Payesh
The purpose of the current study was to investigate the effectiveness of a social cognitive theory-based distance educational intervention on anxiety in families of patients with COVID 19. This interventional study was conducted on families of patients with COVID-19 in Shahrekord, Iran in 2021. Based on the list received from the health center, 100 adult members from families with Covid-19 patients randomly were selected and assigned to the intervention and the control groups (50 per each group). The intervention group received a distance education framed as the structure of social cognitive theory while the control group received some educational material not related to the study by sending pamphlets, educational materials through the What Sapp group. The data used in the study were collected at three stages, including before the intervention, immediately after, and three months after the intervention. Using SPSS software version 25, the data were analyzed.
Traumatic injuries in children during COVID-19 pandemic: a national report from northern Iran

Zoheir Reihanian; Nazanin Noori Roodsari; Siamak Rimaz (et al.)

Published: November 2022   Journal: International journal of burns and trauma
There are no comprehensive and accurate statistics on epidemiology and clinical features, especially during the COVID-19 period. The present study tries to describe the pediatric traumas in a referral treatment center in northern Iran during the COVID-19 period and to compare the available statistics with the years before pandemics to examine the differences in the epidemiology of this event in our country. This cross-sectional study was performed on 543 children under 15 years admitted to this hospital due to different types of traumas in the first six months of 2019 (before the COVID-19 pandemic) and the first six months of 2020 (coinciding with the peak of the pandemic). The information was retrospectively collected by reviewing the hospital recorded files and the trauma-specific hospital information system.
Cite this research | Open access | Vol.: 12 | No. of pages: 188-193 | Language: English | Topics: Health | Tags: child health, COVID-19 response, lockdown, social distance, traumatized children | Countries: Iran, Islamic Republic Of
Smartphone addiction in children: patterns of use and musculoskeletal discomfort during the COVID-19 pandemic in Iran

Hamid Reza Mokhtarinia; Maryam Heydari Torkamani; Ozra Farmani (et al.)

Published: November 2022   Journal: BMC Pediatrics volume

Smartphone use has increased significantly, especially during the period of global pandemic caused by the novel SARS-CoV2 coronavirus (COVID-19). Concurrently, smartphone addiction is a growing social problem in children and adolescents with the consequence of adverse health outcomes. This study assessed the prevalence of smartphone addiction, patterns of use, and the experienced body-region discomfort among Iranian school students during the COVID-19 pandemic. A cross-sectional study with students from grades 1–9 recruited n = 585 participants (mean age = 14.49 (2.26 years); female = 65.8%). Data were collected from parents and students through the online 'Smartphone addiction scale-short version’ (SAS-SV), self-reported demographic questionnaires, and extracts of the Nordic musculoskeletal questionnaire for the evaluation of musculoskeletal disorders.

Corona disease anxiety and parenting stress: predictions of Ahvaz children anxiety during home quarantine due to Corona Virus outbreak

Reyhaneh Yahyaei; Mah Asa Rasoli; Mohammad Ismail Zand (et al.)

Published: November 2022   Journal: Journal of Pharmaceutical Negative Results
Anxiety is one of the important variables that can effect on the present and future life of children.The aim of this study was to predict
children's anxiety through Corona Disease Anxiety and Parental Stress during coronavirus quarantine. The research method was
correlational. The study statistical population was all primary children and their mothers of Ahwaz in the year 2019-20. Out of 400
eligible mothers, 300 mothers were selected as the sample by convenience sampling method and answered online the questionnaires
including Corona Disease Anxiety Scale, short form of Parental Stress Questionnaire and Spence Children’s Anxiety Scale- Parent
Version. The Mothers completed Corona Disease Anxiety Scale, short form of Parental Stress Questionnaire and Spence Children’s
Anxiety Scale- Parent Version. Pearson correlation coefficient and stepwise regression were used to analyze the data.
In-hospital mortality of COVID-19 in Iranian children and youth: a multi-centre retrospective cohort study

Pedram Fattahi; Sepideh Abdi; Elnaz Saeedi (et al.)

Published: November 2022   Journal: Journal of Global Health

COVID-19 presents as a mild and less severe respiratory disease among children. However, it is still lethal and could lead to death in paediatric cases. The current study aimed to investigate the clinical characteristics of children and young people hospitalized due to COVID-19 in Qazvin-Iran. We also investigated the risk factors of death due to COVID-19 in paediatric cases. We performed a retrospective cohort study on 645 children and young people (ages 0-17) hospitalized since the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic. The cases were confirmed with positive results of reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). The data were retrieved from an electronic database of demographic, epidemiological, and clinical characteristics.

Comparison of pre- and intra-COVID-19 postpartum depression among reproductive aged women: a comparative cross-sectional study in Ahvaz, Iran

Poorandokh Afshari; Mitra Tadayon; Parvin Abedi (et al.)

Published: November 2022   Journal: Frontiers in Psychiatry

The association between PPD and COVID-19 pandemic has been studied in some countries. This study aimed to compare postpartum depression before and during the COVID-19 pandemic among reproductive-aged women in Ahvaz, Iran. This comparative cross-sectional study involved 600 women of reproductive age in Ahvaz, Iran during the COVID-19 pandemic who were compared with 504 of their counterparts before the pandemic. Literate women who had given birth 1–6 months prior to the study, were aged 18–35, and were willing to participate in this study were recruited. A demographic questionnaire and Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale were used to collect the data. Independent t-test, Chi-square, and Logistic regression were used to analyze the data.

Investigation of correlation between Internet addiction and parent–child relationship in girls' adolescence in the COVID-19 pandemic

Mahboobeh Ahmadian; Mahboobeh Namnabati; Fatemeh Joonbakhsh

Published: October 2022   Journal: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
Today, the increasing process with the using internet is a kind of disease among adolescents, especially in the COVID-19 pandemic. The activities such as learning–educational process and online games will become one of the problems for families. This study aimed to determine the relationship between internet addiction and parent–child relationships in high school girls in Isfahan. This descriptive-correlational study was conducted in girls' high school in Isfahan, Iran. One hundred and sixty students and one of their parents had participated through cluster sampling method. They filled out the Young Internet Addiction Questionnaire and the Fine et al.'s Child-Parent Questionnaire (PCRS). Data were analyzed using descriptive statistical tests and Pearson correlation test. The significance level of the data was considered 0.05.
The impact of parents' fears of the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic on children's visits to pediatric dental offices in Iran

Shirin Taravati; Mahsa Farokhnia

Published: October 2022   Journal: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care

This study aimed to investigate the effect of parents’ fears of the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic on pediatric dental visits. In this cross-sectional study, conducted from July 2020 to August 2020, 500 parents of children who had visited pediatric dental offices were randomly selected. Parents were given a questionnaire containing 33 questions, which included three parts: (1) demographic characteristics, (2) dental problems scale, and (3) fear of SARS-CoV-2 scale. Based on the collected responses, the relationships between demographic factors, children’s dental problems, and parents’ fear of SARS-CoV-2 were evaluated.

Psychopathology in virtual education for primary school students in the COVID-19 pandemic: a qualitative analysis

Monavar Fattahiyan; Hassan Okati-Aliabad; Maryam Seraji

Published: September 2022   Journal: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
COVID-19 virus continues to be an international concern, challenging psychological resilience in all areas, especially virtual education, making the psychopathology and problems more evident. The present study is a qualitative study of conventional content analysis, in which 24 participants (14 parents, 5 teachers, and 5 principals) were selected by purposive sampling from primary schools in Zahedan. Data collection tools included semi-structured interviews with open-ended questions. Interviews continued until reaching data saturation. The transcripts of the interviews were coded according to Graneheim and Lundman's 5-step approach, and then, the codes were classified according to the specified axes. For accuracy and exactness of information, the researchers used the criteria of validity, verifiability, reliability, and transferability.
Student subjective wellbeing amidst the Covid-19 pandemic in Iran: role of loneliness, resilience and parental involvement

Faramarz Asanjarani; Aneesh Kumar; Simindokht Kalani

Published: August 2022   Journal: Child Indicators Research
The COVID-19 pandemic and lockdowns potentially severely impact adolescents’ mental well-being. This research aims to study students’ subjective well-being during the covid-19 pandemic in Iran and investigate the role of loneliness, resilience, and parental involvement. For this study, 629 students (female = 345) were recruited by purposive sampling. Students were assessed on the Student’s Subjective Well-Being, Loneliness Scale, Resilience Scale, and Parental Involvement.
Comparison of eating disorders symptoms and body image between individual and team sport adolescent athletes during the COVID-19 pandemic

Morteza Homayounnia Firoozjah; Shahnaz Shahrbanian; Alireza Homayouni (et al.)

Published: August 2022   Journal: Journal of Eating Disorders

COVID-19 has significantly disrupted the routines of school sports for adolescent athletes, which can affect their usual eating behaviors and body image. Specific pressures of individual sports (which tend to emphasize “leanness” as a means to improving performance), versus team sports (which tend to not require “leanness” for an athlete to be competitive), may further increase the risk of disordered eating (DE), eating disorders (ED), and distorted body image. An additional factor to consider is the gender of the athletes, with participation in “lean” sports associated with increased DE and body dissatisfaction for male, but not female, athletes. Participants of the study included 124 Iranian male adolescent athletes residing in Mazandaran province (one of the most affected areas of Iran during COVID-19), who played in 1 of 6 sports (3 individual, 3 team). ED symptoms were assessed by the Eating Attitudes Test-26 (EAT-26), and body image was assessed by the Body-Esteem Scale for Adolescents and Adults (BESAA).

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UNICEF Innocenti's Children and COVID-19 Library is a database collecting research from around the world on COVID-19 and its impacts on children and adolescents.


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