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Children and COVID-19 Research Library

UNICEF Innocenti's curated library of COVID-19 + Children research

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1 - 15 of 37
Student subjective wellbeing amidst the Covid-19 pandemic in Iran: role of loneliness, resilience and parental involvement

AUTHOR(S)
Faramarz Asanjarani; Aneesh Kumar; Simindokht Kalani

Published: August 2022   Journal: Child Indicators Research
The COVID-19 pandemic and lockdowns potentially severely impact adolescents’ mental well-being. This research aims to study students’ subjective well-being during the covid-19 pandemic in Iran and investigate the role of loneliness, resilience, and parental involvement. For this study, 629 students (female = 345) were recruited by purposive sampling. Students were assessed on the Student’s Subjective Well-Being, Loneliness Scale, Resilience Scale, and Parental Involvement.
Comparison of eating disorders symptoms and body image between individual and team sport adolescent athletes during the COVID-19 pandemic

AUTHOR(S)
Morteza Homayounnia Firoozjah; Shahnaz Shahrbanian; Alireza Homayouni (et al.)

Published: August 2022   Journal: Journal of Eating Disorders

COVID-19 has significantly disrupted the routines of school sports for adolescent athletes, which can affect their usual eating behaviors and body image. Specific pressures of individual sports (which tend to emphasize “leanness” as a means to improving performance), versus team sports (which tend to not require “leanness” for an athlete to be competitive), may further increase the risk of disordered eating (DE), eating disorders (ED), and distorted body image. An additional factor to consider is the gender of the athletes, with participation in “lean” sports associated with increased DE and body dissatisfaction for male, but not female, athletes. Participants of the study included 124 Iranian male adolescent athletes residing in Mazandaran province (one of the most affected areas of Iran during COVID-19), who played in 1 of 6 sports (3 individual, 3 team). ED symptoms were assessed by the Eating Attitudes Test-26 (EAT-26), and body image was assessed by the Body-Esteem Scale for Adolescents and Adults (BESAA).

Analyzing delay in referral of pregnant women and children under five years old during the COVID-19 pandemic: Fars Province, Iran

AUTHOR(S)
Hassan Joulaei; Maryam Fatemi (et al.)

Published: August 2022   Journal: Health Care for Women International
The researchers assessed the delay in referral of pregnant women and children under five years old during the COVID-19 pandemic that they require regular healthcare. This cross-sectional study was conducted in 2021 in Fars, Iran. A total of 591 households with pregnant women and children under five years old were recruited, then having delay and the number of their delays in regular visits during the COVID-19 outbreak was asked. A total of 153 children under five years old (51.7%) and 93 pregnant women (31.5%) reported delays in referral. In children, higher age and referral to the family physician and private clinic, and in pregnant women, higher gestational age and pregnancy rank and having health problems (e.g., preeclampsia in the current pregnancy) significantly enhanced the number of delays. Due to the vulnerability of these groups, it is necessary to consider active care for them as a priority at the primary care level.
'Long COVID': symptom persistence in children hospitalised for COVID-19

AUTHOR(S)
Ali A. Asadi-Pooya; Meshkat Nemati; Hamid Nemati

Published: July 2022   Journal: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health

This study aimed to describe the long-term outcome with respect to symptom persistence amongst children hospitalised for COVID-19. This was a follow-up study of 58 children and adolescents hospitalised with COVID-19. For all patients, the data were collected in a phone call to the family in December 2021 (9 months after the initial study and more than 13 months after their admission to hospital). It inquired about their current health status and obtained information, if the responding parent consented orally to participate and answer the questions.

Parents' risk perception in the predictive association between personal fable and sensation seeking with adolescents' pandemic related preventive behaviors during covid 19: a moderated mediation approach

AUTHOR(S)
Parastoo Naeimijoo; Ahmad Yousefi; Abbas Masjedi Arani (et al.)

Published: July 2022   Journal: Medical Science
Amid the barriers created by Covid-19 and the enforced strict governments’ containments measures, adolescents were negatively impacted more than any other age group. Adolescents are known to display a pivotal role in spreading the virus because of their low conformity. To find the contributing and mediating factors associated with teens’ extensive non-compliance, this study focuses on the mechanisms of adopting preventive behaviors. This cross-sectional study was administered online using convenience sampling over four weeks during severe lockdown 4th peak outbreak period. Data were gathered online from 422 adolescents with an average age of 15.48 years (SD=2.74) and their parents. Analysis of data was done by PROCESS macro for SPSS version 25.
Changes in child discipline strategies in Iran during the outbreak of COVID-19

AUTHOR(S)
Samin Farahzadi; Masoomeh Maarefvand; Maryam Zabihi Poursaadati

Published: July 2022   Journal: The Journal of School Nursing
During the prolonged COVID-19 pandemic, anxiety and depression were common among caregivers and parents more prone to adopt harsh disciplinary techniques when angry or stressed. The purpose of this study was to investigate if there are any differences in parents’ disciplinary strategies following social distancing efforts during the COVID-19 pandemic. An online questionnaire was completed by a convenience sample of parents (N = 605) and mothers (n = 533; 88.1%) aged 37.80 years old (SD = 5.66; range = 20–59) who lived with children aged 6–12 years in Iran during the COVID-19 pandemic. Iran's Multiple Indicator Demographic and Health Survey questionnaire was used to gauge child discipline.
Behavioral activation / inhibition systems and lifestyle as predictors of mental disorders in adolescent athletes during Covid19 pandemic

AUTHOR(S)
Morteza Homayounnia Firoozjah; Alireza Homayouni; Shahnaz Shahrbanian (et al.)

Published: July 2022   Journal: BMC Public Health
The following study investigates the correlational relationship between behavioral activation/inhibition systems, lifestyle and mental disorders in Adolescent Athletes during the Covid-19 pandemic. Research methods are descriptive and correlational; “Of the eligible participants who were available during a COVID-19 quarantine period from June through August 2020 (N = 180), the Krejcie and Morgan Sampling Method was used to simplify the process of determining the sample size for a finite population [46], resulting in a calculation of N = 130 sample participants. to respond to Carver & White’s Behavioral activation/inhibition systems Scale (BIS/BAS), Mille’s Lifestyle Questionnaire and Goldberg & Williams’s General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12). Data was analyzed using linear regression analysis and Pearson’s correlation coefficient.
‘Long COVID’: symptom persistence in children hospitalised for COVID-19

AUTHOR(S)
Ali A. Asadi-Pooya; Meshkat Nemati; Hamid Nemati

Published: July 2022   Journal: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health

This study aimed to describe the long-term outcome with respect to symptom persistence amongst children hospitalised for COVID-19. This was a follow-up study of 58 children and adolescents hospitalised with COVID-19. For all patients, the data were collected in a phone call to the family in December 2021 (9 months after the initial study and more than 13 months after their admission to hospital). We inquired about their current health status and obtained information, if the responding parent consented orally to participate and answer the questions.

Care burden, coping styles and involvement in care in mothers of autistic children in pandemic of COVID-19

AUTHOR(S)
Fateme Mohammad; Niloofar Sani; Khodayar Oshvandi (et al.)

Published: June 2022   Journal: Nursing Open

The aim of the present study was to investigate the burden of care, coping styles and involvement in the care of mothers of autistic children in the pandemic of COVID-19 in Iranian society. This is a cross-sectional study. A total of 134 mothers completed questionnaires online. Data were analysed by descriptive statistics (frequency, percentage, mean and standard deviation) and independent t-test, ANOVA and multiple linear regressions. The significance level was considered p < .05.

Pediatric and adolescent COVID‐19 vaccination side effects: a retrospective cohort study of Iranian teenage group in 2021

AUTHOR(S)
Nader Tavakoli; Nahid Nafissi; Sima Shokri (et al.)

Published: June 2022   Journal: Journal of Medical Virology
This study aimed to determine the safety and efficacy profile of teenager COVID-19 vaccination. In this retrospective cohort study, contact numbers of parents of teenagers under 18 years of age referred to a teenager vaccination centers in Tehran-Iran to receive the corona vaccine were collected, and the following information was obtained via the phones: demographic information, type of vaccine, and the number of doses received, as well as additional information like complications and required treatments. Eleven thousand forty-two subjects aged 10−18 years, mean age 14.55 ± 1.83 year  including 5374 boys and 5768 girls were investigated.
Associations between fear of COVID-19, dental anxiety, and psychological distress among Iranian adolescents

AUTHOR(S)
Maryam Tofangchiha; Chung-Ying Lin; Janneke F. M. Scheerman (et al.)

Published: June 2022   Journal: BDJ Open volume

The present study evaluated the association of fear of COVID-19 with dental anxiety, oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL), and psychological distress (depression, anxiety and stress), as well as exploring the mediating role of dental anxiety in the association of fear of COVID-19 with OHRQoL and psychological distress. A cross-sectional study was conducted among adolescents in high schools of Qazvin city (Iran) from March-June 2021, recruited through a two-stage cluster sampling method. All the adolescents completed a self-administered survey assessing (i) fear of COVID-19, (ii) depression, anxiety and stress, (iii) OHRQoL, and (iv) dental anxiety. Structural equation modelling was used to evaluate all the hypothesised associations, and the model fit was estimated.

Depression and self-efficacy among Iranian children during the prevalence of COVID-19 disease

AUTHOR(S)
Mohammad Ali Zakeri; Abdollah Dakkalirad; Fahimeh Saedi (et al.)

Published: June 2022   Journal: Frontiers in Pediatrics
The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) outbreak has quickly endangered the physical and mental health of people in the community, particularly vulnerable people such as children. This study was carried out to investigate the depression and self-efficacy of Iranian children during the COVID-19 outbreak. This cross-sectional research was conducted on 321 students aged 8 to 17 in southeast Iran. A social media-based online questionnaire was used to collect data. The information was gathered using demographic and COVID-related items, the Children's Depression Inventory (CDI), and the Self-Efficacy Questionnaire for Children (SEQ-C). No significant correlation was observed between depression and self-efficacy of children (P = 0.23). However, in subscale of CDI, negative mood, ineffectiveness and negative self-esteem had a significant correlation with self-efficacy (<0.001). Depression had a significant correlation with family income (p = 0.017), being at risk of coronavirus infection (p = 0.036), effectiveness of preventive measures (p = 0.015) and how information about the coronavirus disease was obtained (p = 0.018).
Identifying concern and stress of parents, students and teachers with the social distance planning process and reopening of schools during Covid-19 pandemic: a qualitative study

AUTHOR(S)
Saeed Bashirian; Majid Barati; Maryam Afshari (et al.)

Published: June 2022   Journal: Journal of Social Behavior and Community Health(
With the closure of schools as a result of the social distancing plan, the negative emotions that individuals experience became complicated. Therefore, the present study provided a deep understanding of the concerns and stresses of parents, students, and teachers about the process of social distance planning and reopening of schools during COVID-19 pandemic. This directed qualitative content analysis was conducted in 2020. The data for this study were collected through semi-structured interviews with teachers (n=28), students (n=20), and their parents (n=32) in Tuiserkan County. Sampling was performed by purposeful sampling method with the maximum variation. Data analysis was performed simultaneously with data, collected by content analysis method.
Symptoms of stress amongst children and adolescents during the COVID-19 outbreak in Shiraz, Iran: a cross-sectional study

AUTHOR(S)
Negar Yazdani; Shahnaz Pourarian; Hossein Moravej (et al.)

Published: June 2022   Journal: Iranian Journal of Pediatrics
Because of the high daily mortality and quarantine procedures, coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) can cause several psychological problems, especially in younger people. Since most studies have mainly focused on physical problems of COVID-19 and they have neglected children in their analysis, this study aimed to evaluate the frequency and severity of stress symptoms and associated factors amongst children and adolescents aged 4 - 18 years during the COVID-19 outbreak.
Strengths, weaknesses, threats, and opportunities a pediatric home care program in Covid 19 virus pandemic: a qualitative study

AUTHOR(S)
Faramarzeh Kalhor; Marzieh Adel Mehraban; Majied Keyvanfar (et al.)

Published: April 2022   Journal: Home Health Care Management & Practice
Covid 19 has made a huge difference in all aspects of life, especially in care and treatment. Hospitalization is limited because of infected family members and fear of getting Covid 19 has limited. The purpose of this study is to analyze the existing conditions based on the SWOT analysis for the home care program for children in Coronavirus crisis. This study is a qualitative study with a conventional content analysis approach. Participants were 18 nurses, physicians, and faculty members, selected based on their willingness to participate in the study and through purposeful sampling. Two specialized panels and 10 presence and in-presence interview sessions were held to collect data. Then, the data were analyzed using SWOT analysis.
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UNICEF Innocenti is mobilizing a rapid research response in line with UNICEF’s global response to the COVID-19 crisis. The initiatives we’ve begun will provide the broad range of evidence needed to inform our work to scale up rapid assessment, develop urgent mitigating strategies in programming and advocacy, and preparation of interventions to respond to the medium and longer-term consequences of the COVID-19 crisis. The research projects cover a rapid review of evidence, education analysis, and social and economic policies.