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Children and COVID-19 Research Library

UNICEF Innocenti's curated library of COVID-19 + Children research

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76 - 90 of 91
The interplay between mothers' and children behavioral and psychological factors during COVID-19: an Italian study

AUTHOR(S)
Elisa Di Giorgio; Daniela Di Riso; Giovanna Mioni

Published: September 2020   Journal: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
The present study investigated how the restrictive measures impacted mothers and their pre-school children's behavioral habits (i.e., sleep timing and quality, subjective time experience) and psychological well-being (i.e., emotion regulation, self-regulation capacity).
How personality relates to distress in parents during the Covid-19 lockdown: the mediating role of child's emotional and behavioral difficulties and the moderating effect of living with other people

AUTHOR(S)
Cristina Mazza; Eleonora Ricci; Daniela Marchetti (et al.)

Published: September 2020   Journal: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Since the initiation of the COVID-19 lockdown, Italian parents have been forced to manage their children at home. The present study aimed at investigating the psychological distress of parents during the lockdown, identifying contributing factors.
Cite this research | Open access | Vol.: 17 | No. of pages: 13 | Language: English | Topics: Mental Health | Tags: lockdown, mental stress, parent-child relationship, psychological distress | Countries: Italy
How the COVID-19 lockdown affected the parents of offspring who needed palliative care in the Veneto region of Italy

AUTHOR(S)
Anna Santini ; Irene Avagnina; Eleonora Salamon (et al.)

Published: September 2020   Journal: Acta Paediatrica
This paper invetigates the effect that lockdown measures have had on the stress levels and mental health of parents and children during the COVID‐19 pandemic.
Hospital-based home care for children with cancer during the COVID-19 pandemic in northeastern Italy

AUTHOR(S)
Davide Massano; Laura Cosma; Martina Garolla (et al.)

Published: September 2020   Journal: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
This study describes the experience of an integrated project of telehealth and hospital-based home care (HBHC) for noncritical patients in active anticancer treatment in a tertiary care pediatric oncohematology center.
Cite this research | Open access | No. of pages: 1 | Language: English | Topics: Health | Tags: child health, health care facilities, health services | Countries: Italy
Acro-ischemic injuries in children-adolescents during CoViD-19 pandemic: from lifestyle changes due to lockdown to interferone

AUTHOR(S)
Federico Marchetti; Claudia Guiducci; Barbara Bigucci

Published: September 2020   Journal: Recenti Progressi in Medicina
This paper reports the descriptive experience of 14 cases of acro-ischemia in children and adolescents observed in the territorial area of Ravenna and Rimini. The cases were subjected to the nasopharyngeal swab and to the search for antibodies with ELISA method for CoViD-19 both with negative results.
Cite this research | Open access | Vol.: 111 | Issue: 9 | No. of pages: 480-486 | Language: Italian | Topics: Health | Tags: child health, COVID-19, immunization | Countries: Italy
Women's and men's work, housework and childcare, before and during COVID-19

AUTHOR(S)
Daniela Del Boca; Noemi Oggero; Paola Profeta (et al.)

Published: September 2020   Journal: Review of Economics of the Household
Using new survey data collected in April 2020 from a representative sample of Italian women, we analyse the effects of working arrangements due to COVID-19 on housework, childcare and home schooling among couples where both partners work. Our results show that most of the additional housework and childcare associated to COVID-19 falls on women while childcare activities are more equally shared within the couple than housework activities.
The new classmate: an exploration of how COVID-19 affected primary schools activities in Italy

AUTHOR(S)
Ombretta Gaggi; Agnieszka Barbara Kolasinska; Silvia Mirri (et al.)

Published: September 2020
Among all the others, one of the groups of persons most affected by the restrictions applied to contrast Corona-Virus spread is surely represented by children. In particular, closing school has been an action applied by several countries (195 at the beginning of April 2020), involving 1,600,000,000 students all over the world. In Italy, distance learning activities have been adopted all over the country, at each educational stage, but with substantial differences (i.e., in terms of modalities and digital platforms). With the aim of investigating the most adopted technologies, didactic methodologies, as well as the impact on schools population, we have involved families of more than 1,000 Italian students, asking them to fill a survey. This paper presents the analysis of the results we have obtained, focusing on a delicate group of students: the ones attending primary schools, where kids learn fundamental knowledge and basic skills.
Cite this research | No. of pages: 36-41 | Language: English | Topics: Education | Tags: e-learning, primary education, school attendance | Countries: Italy
The interplay between mothers’ and children behavioral and psychological factors during COVID-19: an Italian study

AUTHOR(S)
Elisa Di Giorgio; Daniela Di Riso; Giovanna Mioni (et al.)

Published: August 2020   Journal: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
Italy has been the first nation outside of Asia to face the COVID-19 outbreak. To limit viral transmission of infection, by March 10th, 2020, the Italian Government has ordered a national lockdown, which established home confinement, home (smart) working, and temporary closure of non-essential businesses and schools. The present study investigated how these restrictive measures impacted mothers and their pre-school children’s behavioral habits (i.e., sleep timing and quality, subjective time experience) and psychological well-being (i.e., emotion regulation, self-regulation capacity). An online survey was administered to 245 mothers with pre-school children (from 2 to 5 years).
Childhood detention during COVID-19 in Italy: building momentum for a comprehensive child protection agenda

AUTHOR(S)
Silvia Logar; Maggie Leese

Published: August 2020   Journal: International Health
Childhood detention represents an integral part of the public health response to the COVID-19 emergency. Prison conditions in Italy put detained minors at grave risk of contracting sudden acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection. To date (29 April 2020), the Italian penitentiary system is housing 161 minors (147 males), most of them in pre-trial custody, as well as 50 children <3 y of age residing with their mothers in detention. Furthermore, the government reported 5265 unaccompanied minor migrants, mainly from Gambia and Egypt. The fundamental approach to be followed in childhood detention during COVID-19 is prevention of the introduction of infectious agents into detention facilities, limiting the spread within the prison and reducing the possibility of spread from the prison to the outside community. This appears challenging in countries like Italy with intense SARS-CoV-2 transmission.
Sars-cov-2 infection in children in Southern Italy: a descriptive case series

AUTHOR(S)
Daniela Loconsole; Desirèe Caselli; Francesca Centrone (et al.)

Published: August 2020   Journal: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
This study analyzed the frequency of SARS-CoV-2 infection among all children aged <18 years in the Apulia region of Southern Italy and the characteristics of the infected children. Clinical and demographic data were collected through the national platform for COVID-19 surveillance.
Cite this research | Open access | Vol.: 17 | Issue: 17 | Language: English | Topics: Health | Tags: child health, COVID-19, respiratory diseases | Countries: Italy
Suffering in silence: how COVID-19 school closures inhibit the reporting of child maltreatment

AUTHOR(S)
E. Jason Baron; Ezra G. Goldstein; Cullen T. Wallace

Published: August 2020   Journal: Journal of Public Economics
This study examines an unexplored consequence of COVID-19 school closures: the broken link between child maltreatment victims and the number one source of reported maltreatment allegations---school personnel.
Interviewing children: the impact of the COVID-19 quarantine on children's changes in routine and psychological distress.

AUTHOR(S)
Giulia Segre; Rita Campi; Francesca Scarpellini (et al.)

Published: August 2020
The COVID-19 outbreak has resulted in governments implementing disease containment measures such as school closures, social distancing, and home quarantine.To date, only a few studies have drawn attention to the psychological impact of lockdown on Italian children’s mental health. The present study aimed to investigate the psychological distress (anxiety and mood symptoms) and changes in routine among Italian primary and middle school students during the COVID-19 quarantine.
Parents' stress and children's psychological problems in families facing the COVID-19 outbreak in Italy

AUTHOR(S)
Maria Spinelli; Francesca Lionetti; Massimiliano Pastore (et al.)

Published: July 2020   Journal: Frontiers in Psychology
The present study aimed to explore the effect of risk factors associated with the COVID-19 outbreak experience on parents’ and children’s well-being. Parents of children aged between 2- and 14-years-old completed an online survey reporting their home environment conditions, any relation they had to the pandemic consequences, their difficulties experienced due to the quarantine, their perception of individual and parent-child dyadic stress, and their children’s emotional and behavioral problems.
Age-dependent effects in the transmission and control of COVID-19 epidemics

AUTHOR(S)
Nicholas Davies; Petra Klepac; Yang Liu

Published: July 2020   Journal: Nature Medicine
The COVID-19 pandemic has shown a markedly low proportion of cases among children. Age disparities in observed cases could be explained by children having lower susceptibility to infection, lower propensity to show clinical symptoms or both. We evaluate these possibilities by fitting an age-structured mathematical model to epidemic data from China, Italy, Japan, Singapore, Canada and South Korea. We estimate that susceptibility to infection in individuals under 20 years of age is approximately half that of adults aged over 20 years, and that clinical symptoms manifest in 21% (95% credible interval: 12–31%) of infections in 10- to 19-year-olds, rising to 69% (57–82%) of infections in people aged over 70 years. Accordingly, we find that interventions aimed at children might have a relatively small impact on reducing SARS-CoV-2 transmission, particularly if the transmissibility of subclinical infections is low. Our age-specific clinical fraction and susceptibility estimates have implications for the expected global burden of COVID-19, as a result of demographic differences across settings. In countries with younger population structures—such as many low-income countries—the expected per capita incidence of clinical cases would be lower than in countries with older population structures, although it is likely that comorbidities in low-income countries will also influence disease severity. Without effective control measures, regions with relatively older populations could see disproportionally more cases of COVID-19, particularly in the later stages of an unmitigated epidemic.
Psychosocial and behavioral impact of COVID-19 in autism spectrum disorder: an online parent survey

AUTHOR(S)
Marco Colizzi ; Elena Sironi; Federico Antonini (et al.)

Published: June 2020   Journal: Brain Sciences
The 2019 coronavirus disease (COVID-19) outbreak could result in higher levels of psychological distress, especially among people suffering from pre-existing mental health conditions. Young individuals with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) are particularly at risk due to their vulnerability to unpredictable and complex changes. This study aimed to investigate the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on ASD individuals, whether any pre-pandemic sociodemographic or clinical characteristics would predict a negative outcome, and to narratively characterize their needs. Parents and guardians of ASD individuals filled out an online survey consisting of 40 questions investigating socio-demographic and clinical characteristics of their children, impact of the COVID-19 outbreak on their wellbeing and needs to deal with the emergency.
76 - 90 of 91

UNICEF Innocenti's Children and COVID-19 Library is a database collecting research from around the world on COVID-19 and its impacts on children and adolescents.

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COVID-19 & Children: Rapid Research Response

UNICEF Innocenti is mobilizing a rapid research response in line with UNICEF’s global response to the COVID-19 crisis. The initiatives we’ve begun will provide the broad range of evidence needed to inform our work to scale up rapid assessment, develop urgent mitigating strategies in programming and advocacy, and preparation of interventions to respond to the medium and longer-term consequences of the COVID-19 crisis. The research projects cover a rapid review of evidence, education analysis, and social and economic policies.