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Children and COVID-19 Research Library

UNICEF Innocenti's curated library of COVID-19 + Children research

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Pediatric COVID-19 risk factors in Southeast Asia-Singapore and Malaysia: a test-negative case–control study

AUTHOR(S)
Judith Ju Ming Wong; Chin Seng Gan; Sanghvi Heli Kaushal (et al.)

Published: April 2022   Journal: The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene,

There is a scarcity of population-level data of pediatric COVID-19 infection from Southeast Asia. This study aims to describe and compare epidemiological, clinical, laboratory and outcome data among pediatric COVID-19 cases versus controls in two neighboring countries, Singapore and Malaysia. It used a test-negative case–control study design recruiting all suspected COVID-19 cases (defined by either clinical or epidemiological criteria) from January 2020to March 2021 admitted to two main pediatric centers in Singapore and Malaysia. Data were collected using a standardized registry (Pediatric Acute and Critical Care COVID-19 Registry of Asia).

Cite this research | Open access | Vol.: 106 | Issue: 4 | No. of pages: 1113–1120 | Language: English | Topics: Health | Tags: child health, COVID-19, disease control, health services, infectious disease, pandemic, respiratory diseases | Countries: Malaysia, Singapore
Providing inclusive education through virtual classrooms: a study of the experiences of secondary science teachers in Malaysia during the pandemic

AUTHOR(S)
Kah Heng Chua; Way Kiat Bong (et al.)

Published: February 2022   Journal: International Journal of Inclusive Education
During the COVID-19 pandemic, remote teaching was required to ensure that educators could continue teaching and that students could still attend classes. However, since the necessity for remote teaching occured, many teachers were not used to teaching virtually while ensuring that their students were given equal opportunities and environments to obtain a quality education. The aim of this study is therefore to explore the experiences of secondary school teachers in Malaysia in providing a more inclusive education during the pandemic specifically in science-related subjects via virtual classrooms. An online survey was conducted among 126 science teachers. The findings indicate that the readiness of science teachers in providing inclusive education is not high. Their scores in terms of affective attitude, behaviour, cognition, competence and awareness were barely sufficient. Issues such as lack of experience teaching virtually, insufficient training and support from schools and educational authorities, and parents lacking technological competence and skills to facilitate their children’s virtual classrooms at home were identified.
Education for non-citizen children in Malaysia during the COVID-19 pandemic: a qualitative study

AUTHOR(S)
Tharani Loganathan; Zhie X. Chan; Fikri Hassan (et al.)

Published: December 2021   Journal: Plos One
The COVID-19 pandemic disrupted schooling for children worldwide. Most vulnerable are non-citizen children without access to public education. This study aims to explore challenges faced in achieving education access for children of refugee and asylum-seekers, migrant workers, stateless and undocumented persons in Malaysia during the pandemic. In-depth interviews of 33 stakeholders were conducted from June 2020 to March 2021. Data were thematically analysed.
Impact of the COVID-19 lockdown in Malaysia: an examination of the psychological well-being of parent-child dyads and child behavior in families with children on the autism spectrum

AUTHOR(S)
Hui Xian Fong; Kim Cornish; Hannah Kirk (et al.)

Published: October 2021   Journal: Frontiers in Psychiatry

The COVID-19 pandemic lockdowns have adversely impacted children on the autism spectrum and their families, especially in Malaysia where this population is often marginalized. The current quantitative research aimed to investigate the impact of the Malaysian COVID-19 lockdown on the behavior and psychological distress of children formally diagnosed with an autism spectrum condition (ASC) as well as the psychological distress and well-being of their parents, in comparison with a typically developing (TD) control group.  The children's ages ranged between 5 and 17 years. The sample included 72 ASC parent-child dyads and 62 TD parent-child dyads. The primary caregiver completed an online survey including the following: demographic and diagnostic information; ASC symptoms; children's inattention, hyperactivity/impulsivity, perceived stress, depression, and anxiety; parents' perceived stress, depression, anxiety, and well-being based on their experience pre- and mid-lockdown (March 18th to June 9th 2020) in Malaysia.

Association between breastfeeding attitudes and postpartum depression among mothers with premature infants during COVID-19 pandemic

AUTHOR(S)
Noor Fairuzi Suhana Yahya; Nur Islami Mohd Fahmi Teng; Najwa Shafiee (et al.)

Published: October 2021   Journal: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Breastfeeding is the best form of feeding for premature infants. However, mothers with premature delivery are frequently reported to be depressed, and this has been especially the case during the Coronavirus Disease-2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. This study aimed to measure the level of breastfeeding attitude and its association with postpartum depression among mothers with premature infants in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) during the COVID-19 pandemic. A total of 248 mothers with a premature infant were observed in this cross-sectional study from the chosen NICUs of government hospitals in Selangor, Malaysia. The Iowa Infant Feeding Attitude Score (IIFAS) and the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale, along with sociodemographic questionnaires, were used to obtain information on the mothers’ attitudes towards breastfeeding and the risk of postpartum depression.
Goal content and attitudes toward physical activity among primary school students during COVID-19 conditional movement control order

AUTHOR(S)
Siong Chin Ngien; John Jeswenny Fresshila

Published: September 2021   Journal: Asian Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology
This study examined primary school students’ goal content and attitudes toward physical activity during COVID-19 Conditional Movement Control Order . The participants were 312 students comprising 149 males and 163 females aged 11 and 12 years old from 3 primary schools in Sarawak, Malaysia. Participants were administered the Malay version of the Goal Content for Exercise Questionnaire Malay version (GCEQ; Chai et al., 2019) and Malay version of the Attitudes toward Physical Activity Scale (M-APAS; Jeswenny, 2019).
Psychosocial impact of COVID-19 pandemic on Malaysian families: a cross-sectional study

AUTHOR(S)
Zarina Thasneem Zainudeen; Intan Juliana Abd Hamid; Muhd Nur Akmal Azizuddin (et al.)

Published: August 2021   Journal: BMJ Open

This study aims to investigate the psychosocial impact of COVID-19 on Malaysian families. A cross-sectional study performed using an anonymous online questionnaire distributed through social media, email and the Department of Social Welfare.Malaysian families were invited to answer the questionnaires. The sampling was performed between 12 May 2020 and 9 June 2020. The psychological impact was assessed using the Impact of Event Scale-Revised (IES-R) and Children’s Revised Impact of Event Scale (CRIES). The mental health status was assessed using the Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scale (DASS) 21.

Impact of COVID-19 lockdown on glycaemic control and lifestyle changes in children and adolescents with type 1 and type 2 diabetes mellitus

AUTHOR(S)
Hooi Peng Cheng; Jeanne Sze Lyn Wong; Nalini M. Selveindran (et al.)

Published: July 2021   Journal: Endocrine

Malaysia implemented nationwide lockdown from 18th March till 3rd May 2020 to mitigate the spread of coronavirus disease (COVID-19). This study aimed to examine the impact of the lockdown on glycaemic control and lifestyle changes in children and adolescents with type 1 (T1DM) and 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) aged less than 18 years old. In this cross-sectional study, interviews and a standardised questionnaire comparing lifestyle changes before and during the lockdown were performed in follow-up clinic visits after the lockdown. Anthropometry measurements and glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c) values were compared 3 months prior and after the lockdown.

Migrant workers in Malaysia: Covid-19’s impact on the rights of their children and siblings in Pakistan

AUTHOR(S)
Abdullah Khoso; Ahmad Hilmi Mohamad Noor

Published: June 2021   Journal: The International Journal of Children's Rights
With the help of narratives of migrant workers in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, this article seeks to understands the impacts of the covid-19 (known as the 2019 novel coronavirus) pandemic on the rights of their children and children’s siblings in Pakistan. The pandemic impacted the flow of remittances to their families, which further impacted children’s right to education, livelihoods and food. They also revealed that the pandemic had impacted their children’s right to protection, play and development. Children had lost the freedom to play and go outside, socialise and learn. Migrant workers’ children and siblings with limited financial support should have been provided with adequate financial and social security support by Pakistan, but they were not. They also revealed that during the pandemic, children were also regular victims of harsh treatment and physical abuse by adult family members, reflecting the exacerbation of issues of breaches of their fundamental right to protection and emotional integrity.
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UNICEF Innocenti's Children and COVID-19 Library is a database collecting research from around the world on COVID-19 and its impacts on children and adolescents.

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COVID-19 & Children: Rapid Research Response

UNICEF Innocenti is mobilizing a rapid research response in line with UNICEF’s global response to the COVID-19 crisis. The initiatives we’ve begun will provide the broad range of evidence needed to inform our work to scale up rapid assessment, develop urgent mitigating strategies in programming and advocacy, and preparation of interventions to respond to the medium and longer-term consequences of the COVID-19 crisis. The research projects cover a rapid review of evidence, education analysis, and social and economic policies.