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Children and COVID-19 Research Library

UNICEF Innocenti's curated library of COVID-19 + Children research

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Social media use as a coping mechanism during the COVID-19 pandemic: a multidimensional perspective on adolescents' well-being

Alexandra Maftei; Ioan-Alex Merlici; Oana D˘anil˘a

Published: January 2023   Journal: Frontiers in Public Health

Social media use was previously characterized as both a maladaptive coping mechanism, and a source of engagement with peers, suggesting an ambivalent effect. The present study explored how adolescents might use social media as a coping mechanism during the COVID-19 pandemic, using a multidimensional perspective on well-being. Its sample consisted of 259 Romanian teenagers aged 11–16 (M = 13.38, SD = 0.93, 57% males). It investigated the potential indirect effect of social media use, i.e., its cognitive, affective, and behavioral dimensions on the relationship between depressive symptoms and adolescents' well-being.

The COVID-19 representation and implications for children's well-being: a three-way perspective

Alexandra Maftei; Maria-Mălina Olariu

Published: November 2022   Journal: Psihologija
The present research investigated the COVID-19 representation and its implications on children's psychological health. We used multiple perspectives to explore this issue, i.e., children's (N = 50, age range 8 − 10), parents' (N = 100, age range 28 − 54), and teachers' (N = 2, age 22 and 26) viewpoints, in a short longitudinal approach (Time 1 - November 2020, Time 2 - December 2020), during one of the most critical COVID-19 periods in Romania.
Self-medication patterns during a pandemic: a qualitative study on Romanian mothers' beliefs toward self-treatment of their children

Petruța Tarciuc; Doina Anca Pleșca; Alina Duduciuc (et al.)

Published: August 2022   Journal: Healthcare
Self-medication represents a significant healthcare and health policy issue worldwide, both in developed and underdeveloped countries. Currently, the COVID-19 pandemic is considered a relevant context that could subtly trigger self-medication behavior because of limited access to health care services and the threat of infection with the SARS-CoV-2 virus. While the previous research conducted with quantitative methodologies reported a dramatically increased rate of self-medication around the world, qualitative inquiries on the subjective experience with self-medicine remain scarce in medical and related fields of study. For this purpose, a qualitative study with semi-structured interviews was undertaken to better understand how Romanian mothers (n = 18) applied self-treatment with their children by avoiding medical advice during the COVID-19 pandemic.
Cite this research | Open access | Vol.: 10 | Issue: 9 | No. of pages: 14 | Language: English | Topics: Health | Tags: child health, COVID-19 response, lockdown, pandemic, parent-child relationship, social distance | Countries: Romania
Early childhood teachers' professional learning and development during the homeschooling period

Tünde Barabási; Gabriella-Mária Stark

Published: August 2022   Journal: Technium Social Sciences Journal
The interpretation framework of this study is the professional development and learning: Postholm’s definition of professional development, informal learning, the continuously professional learning defined by Szivák et al., mutual and cooperative learning. The central question of this empirical investigation was to what extent the practice of homeschooling during the pandemic can be framed as professional learning and development in the case of Hungarian early childhood teachers from Romania. It hypothesized that, despite the serious challenges of the pandemic, both practicing early childhood teachers and educational experts perceive and identify the elements of homeschooling which can also be framed as professional development and learning.
Log in or out of online schooling: the case of Romania

Anca Monica Marin

Published: July 2022   Journal: SN Social Sciences
This paper is about access to and participation in education under COVID-19 circumstances, in 2020, for the case of Romania. The study is based on a desk research and a qualitative research. The purpose of conducting the desk research was to better understand the circumstances under which educational activities have been performed in Romania during 2020. The qualitative research was conducted between November and December 2020, with the representatives of disadvantaged educational units from several development regions of Romania. The following research questions guided the study: (i) what are the key factors influencing access and participation in educational activities during the pandemic in Romania? (ii) which are the coping strategies (if any) developed in response to the pandemic constraints? The respondents of the qualitative research are school principals of ten pre-university disadvantaged educational units.
The attitudes of children undergoing orthodontic treatment toward face mask wearing during the COVID-19 pandemic: a cross sectional study

Jessica Olivia Chereches; Gabriela Ciavoi; Abel Emanuel Moca (et al.)

Published: July 2022   Journal: Children
During the COVID-19 pandemic, the protective face mask has proven to be essential. The protective face masks cover the lower part of the face, including teeth and, for orthodontic patients, the orthodontic appliances. The aim of this study was to assess the impact that the restrictive measures that were imposed during the COVID-19 pandemic and, especially, wearing a protective face mask had on a sample of Romanian children, and to compare the results previously obtained on a sample of Romanian teenagers with the results obtained after investigating children under the age of 12 years. The cross-sectional survey was conducted in two orthodontic offices from the city of Oradea, Romania. The study sample included children with ages between 8 and 11.9 years that were undergoing an orthodontic treatment with removable or fixed orthodontic appliances.
Cite this research | Open access | Vol.: 9 | Issue: 7 | No. of pages: 13 | Language: English | Topics: Health | Tags: child health, COVID-19, disease prevention, face masks, infectious disease, pandemic, respiratory diseases | Countries: Romania
Prospective study on the attitude toward school of secondary school students in the post-pandemic period

Eleonora Mihaela Popa

Published: May 2022   Journal: Technium Social Sciences Journal
This paper is aimed to study the attitude of secondary school students towards school. The research was conducted on a sample of 437 secondary school students and 42 teachers, who teach them. Students were given a questionnaire to identify their attitude towards school from five perspectives: students' self-perception from an academic point of view, students' attitude towards the school itself, attitude towards teachers, the importance they attach to goals, motivation, and self-regulation. Group interviews with teachers explored the relationship between teachers and students, how teachers relate to students, how they perceive students, how school assessments are done, how they provide feedback to students, as well as issues of improving students' attitudes towards school.
Implications of the COVID-19 pandemic on children and adolescents: cognitive and emotional representations

Alexandra Maftei; Ioan-Alex Merlici; Iulia-Cristina Roca (et al.)

Published: March 2022   Journal: Children
The present research investigated children and adolescents’ explicit and spontaneous representation of the COVID-19 pandemic and their related emotions, cognitions, and coping strategies. It explored the self-reported protective factors and coping mechanisms, in addition to similar attributional emotional experiences, i.e., the ways participants evaluated others’ pandemic experiences. The sample consisted of 155 children and adolescents aged 10 to 13 (M = 10.70, SD = 0.85, 56.1% females). A 12-item survey was designed and data were analyzedusing both qualitative and quantitative methods.
Orthodontic adolescent patients’ attitudes toward protective face mask wearing during the COVID-19 pandemic

Jessica Olivia Cherecheș; ,Luminița Ligia Vaida; Abel Emanuel Moca (et al.)

Published: March 2022   Journal: Medicina
The COVID-19 pandemic led to restrictive measures, which aimed to limit the spread of the SARS-CoV-2 virus. These restrictions impacted all areas of life, including the activity of dental offices. For patients with orthodontic appliances, closing the dental offices was a major issue, as most orthodontic treatments last for more than a year and require regular checkups. The aim of this research was to assess the impact that the restrictive measures that were imposed during the COVID-19 pandemic, and, especially, wearing a face mask had on a sample of Romanian teenagers undergoing fixed orthodontic treatment. Material and Methods: The study group consisted of 277 orthodontic patients, with ages between 12 and 17.9 years, from North-Western Romania. They completed a 9-item questionnaire.
Cite this research | Open access | Vol.: 58 | Issue: 3 | No. of pages: 15 | Language: English | Topics: Health | Tags: adolescent health, adolescent well-being, COVID-19 response, face masks, lockdown, social distance | Countries: Romania
Socially isolated and digitally excluded: a qualitative exploratory study of the lives of Roma teenage mothers during the COVID-19 lockdown

Anca Velicu; Monica Barbovschi; Ileana Rotaru (et al.)

Published: January 2022   Journal: Technology in Society

This paper explores the interlinks between multiple layers of exclusion and deprivation of Roma adolescents mothers in the context of COVID-19 pandemic, in order to understand: a) how different types of exclusion (e.g., digital, social, educational) overlap and how are those types of exclusion lived and perceived by teenage mothers; and b) whether and how the COVID-19 pandemic changed existing inequalities in their situation. In our paper, we refer to teenage mothers to describe mothers who gave birth before the age of 18. The study has a qualitative exploratory approach and relies on ten interviews conducted with Roma teenage mothers in peripheral urban areas in Romania during COVID-19 pandemic lockdown in the Spring of 2020. As a theoretical framework, the study employs the Relative Digital Deprivation Theory, (Helsper, 2016) which touches upon three dimensions of digital divides while revealing different markers of agency that young mothers manifest.

Coping strategies and health-related quality of life in pregnant women with SARS-CoV-2 infection

Madalina Timircan; Felix Bratosin; Iulia Vidican (et al.)

Published: October 2021   Journal: Medicina
As maternal deaths associated with the SARS-CoV-2 infection remain at several times greater than the general population, significant factors that might contribute to the higher mortality and morbidity rate are the psychological impact of the disease and pregnancy itself. Therefore, the current study’s main objective was to assess how pregnant women react and cope with the stress of COVID-19 disease and how it influences their overall health and quality of life in healthcare facilities.
One year of online education in COVID-19 age, a challenge for the Romanian education system

Eduard Edelhauser; Lucian Lupu-Dima

Published: July 2021   Journal: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
The study tried to analyze the implication of one year of online education in the Romanian education system. To achieve this goal, the authors of this study analyzed all the levels of education, primary education, lower secondary education, upper secondary education, and even the early childhood system, but also one of the smallest Romanian universities, considered representative for grade 1 universities representing 60% of the Romanian universities. The study is based on four online questionnaires for investigation, first with more than 2500 respondents from the primary and secondary Romanian education system, and the other three applied to more than 800 students and professors from the University of Petroșani. The investigation took place during 29 January 2021 and 11 February 2021. The authors had investigated the main feature of a standard online or a classical e-learning solution, such as the meeting solution or the video conference software, the collaborative work, such as homework or projects, and the testing method or the quizzes from both perspectives of the students and of the professors.
My life during the lockdown: emotional experiences of European adolescents during the COVID-19 crisis

Alberto Forte; Massimiliano Orri; Martina Brandizzi (et al.)

Published: July 2021   Journal: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
This study investigates, using an online self-report questionnaire, adolescents’ emotional reactions during the lockdown in a sample of 2105 secondary school students (aged 14–19) in Italy, Romania, and Croatia. It used a self-reported online questionnaire (answers on a 5-point scale or binary), composed of 73 questions investigating the opinions, feelings, and emotions of teenagers, along with sociodemographic information and measures of the exposure to lockdown. The survey was conducted online through a web platform in Italy (between 27 April and 15 June 2020),
The psychological impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on pregnant women

Ruxandra-Gabriela Cigăran; Radu Botezatu; Elma-Maria Mînecan (et al.)

Published: June 2021   Journal: Healthcare
Background: The COVID-19 pandemic has meant significant precautions and changes in delivering healthcare services. The aim of the study was to explore the lifestyle changes of pregnant women during the COVID-19 pandemic in Romania, the changes in prenatal care and delivery during the pandemic and the psychological impact on women and to determine how healthcare providers can help them to overcome this period. Methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted anonymously and distributed among pregnancy-related groups from Romania, recruiting 559 study participants, between May and October 2020.
Dreaming in adolescents during the COVID-19 health crisis: survey among a sample of European school students

Ana Guerrero-Gomez; Isabel Nöthen-Garunja; Michael Schredl (et al.)

Published: April 2021   Journal: Frontiers in Psychology
According to the continuity hypothesis of dreaming and contemporary psychodynamic approaches, dreams reflect waking life. The aim of the present study was to explore the relationship between the COVID-19 pandemic and dreaming in adolescents. A cross-sectional survey was conducted in Italy, Romania and Croatia involving 2,105 secondary school students (69% girls, mean age 15.6 ± 2.1 years; 31% boys, mean age 15.1 ± 2.2 years; mean age of whole sample 15.4 ± 2.1 years). No substantial differences between countries were found.
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UNICEF Innocenti's Children and COVID-19 Library is a database collecting research from around the world on COVID-19 and its impacts on children and adolescents.


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