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Children and COVID-19 Research Library

UNICEF Innocenti's curated library of COVID-19 + Children research

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Understanding the sexual and reproductive health experiences of refugee and host community adolescents and youth in Rwanda during COVID-19: needs, barriers, and opportunities

AUTHOR(S)
Katherine Meyer; Monique Abimpaye; Jean de Dieu Harerimana (et al.)

Institution: Save the Children
Published: March 2022   Journal: Frontiers in Reproductive Health,
COVID-19 has exacerbated the sexual and reproductive health (SRH) needs of those affected by humanitarian emergencies, particularly affecting adolescents and youth, whose needs are often neglected during crises. In Rwanda, the situation for refugees in Mahama Refugee Camp has worsened, as COVID-19 lockdown measures have increased needs while restricting access to basic services. Few assessments have been conducted on the SRH needs of refugees in Mahama camp, including adolescents and youth, since COVID-19. To address this gap, Save the Children (SC) undertook research utilizing SenseMaker to collect data on the SRH needs of adolescents and youth in Mahama camp, as well as in the surrounding host community.
Analysing the importance of e-government in times of disruption: the case of public education in Rwanda during Covid-19 lockdown

AUTHOR(S)
Dominique E. Uwizeyimana (et al.)

Published: February 2022   Journal: Evaluation and Program Planning
The world has been in the grip of the Covid-19 pandemic since 2019. The Rwandan Government failed to establish e-government infrastructure to provide e-education during the lockdown (a.k.a Guma mu Rugo or Stay home), resulting in all children having to repeat the academic level they were in when the lockdown started in March 2020. The problems in Rwanda’s education during Covid-19 are partly attributed to the government’s ICT platform which does not prioritise e-education services, the government’s inability to provide infrastructures for e-government, and the lack of ICT equipment and skills. Research on the aspects of e-government and e-education in Rwanda is limited. There is a scarcity of knowledge about what happened to public education in Rwanda during the lockdown. The aim of this study was to explore the effects of the lockdown on Rwanda’s public education and how e-education could have helped provide public education.
Care, coping, and connection under COVID-19: insights on couple relationships from a follow-up to the Bandebereho randomized controlled trial in Rwanda

AUTHOR(S)
Kate Doyle; Deboleena Rakshit; Ruti Levtov (et al.)

Institution: Promundo
Published: November 2021
The Care, Coping and Connection under COVID-19 report presents findings from a phone survey with 500 couples in Rwanda, examining the impact of the pandemic on stress, caregiving, and family relationships. The study builds on a randomized controlled trial of the Bandebereho intervention to examine the longer-term (five-year) impact of the intervention on participating families. The data suggest that while the pandemic has been hard on many families, Bandebereho participants have tended to fare better than those in the control group, suggesting long-lasting impacts of the intervention on key outcomes related to men’s engagement in care work and on couple and family relations.
Time to teach: teacher attendance and time on task in secondary schools in Rwanda

AUTHOR(S)
Spogmai Akseer; Ximena Jativa

Institution: *UNICEF
Published: October 2021
In Rwanda, over 3.5 million children were estimated to be out of school in 2020 when the country closed all schools as a safety measure against the spread of COVID-19. The government quickly developed a national response plan and started the process of hiring teachers, constructing classrooms and training in-service teachers in remote-learning pedagogies. Prior to the lockdown, schools were already experiencing challenges, including low attendance rates. In the post-COVID-19 environment, learning losses are expected to be significant, especially on the acquisition of foundational skills, and will hinder the ministry's efforts to achieve the learning outcomes of its new competence-based curriculum. A Time to Teach study in 2020 in Rwanda found that low teacher attendance was a common problem in primary schools. This study seeks to support the Ministry of Education by providing a comprehensive understanding of secondary school teacher attendance in the country. It builds on findings from the primary schools' study, to understand how attendance challenges may be similar or different across education levels, and more importantly, how these can help inform teacher policy design and implementation.
COVID-19 and inclusive open and distance learning solutions: A rapid assessment of the development and implementation of inclusive open and distance learning solutions for students with disabilities served by inclusive, special schools and resource c
Institution: UNESCO
Published: June 2021

This report highlights a very important topic for the world and for society: inclusive education as a significant issue in the context of the global Education 2030 Agenda and special education to safeguard the rights and interests of per-sons with disabilities share a common focus on the equal access to education for students with disabilities among disadvantaged groups. UNESCO has been advocating for the global com-munity to work together to find ways to remove barriers to learning for persons with disabilities and to provide them with appropriate conditions for equal access to education. Evidence–based data received during interviews with over 50 educators in Rwanda and Mauritius provided the opportunity to identify gaps, les-sons learned, and good practices in the target countries, and helped to articulate the policy recommendations to encourage innovative and pervasive use of ICT and ODL solutions for the education of students with disabilities.

Rapid assessment on the utilization of maternal and child health services during COVID-19 in Rwanda

AUTHOR(S)
D. Wanyana; R. Wong; D. Hakizimana

Published: March 2021   Journal: Public Health Action
 This study aimed to assess the change in the utilization of maternal and child health (MCH) services during the COVID-19 outbreak. This was a cross-sectional quantitative study. During the COVID-19 outbreak in Rwanda, the utilization of 15 MCH services in all four categories—antenatal care (ANC), deliveries, postnatal care (PNC) and vaccinations—significantly declined.
Cite this research | Open access | Vol.: 11 | Issue: 1 | No. of pages: 12-21 | Language: English | Topics: Health | Tags: COVID-19, health care facilities, maternal and child health services, public health | Countries: Rwanda
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COVID-19 & Children: Rapid Research Response

UNICEF Innocenti is mobilizing a rapid research response in line with UNICEF’s global response to the COVID-19 crisis. The initiatives we’ve begun will provide the broad range of evidence needed to inform our work to scale up rapid assessment, develop urgent mitigating strategies in programming and advocacy, and preparation of interventions to respond to the medium and longer-term consequences of the COVID-19 crisis. The research projects cover a rapid review of evidence, education analysis, and social and economic policies.