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Children and COVID-19 Research Library

UNICEF Innocenti's curated library of COVID-19 + Children research

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1 - 15 of 63
Levels of uncertainty, fear and satisfaction with health professionals: experiences of parents whose children are hospitalized for COVID-19

AUTHOR(S)
Meryem Türkan Isik; Rana Can Özdemır; Elif Karadeniz (et al.)

Published: December 2021   Journal: Psychology, Health & Medicine
This study tried to determine the fear and tolerance of uncertainty levels of the parents of children hospitalized with COVID-19, and their satisfaction with the health care received during this time. Data were collected from 130 literate parents. A significant difference was found between the mean scores on the Intolerance of Uncertainty Scale (IUS-12) and the age of the parents and the presence of COVID-19 in other family members and the IUS-12. Also, a significant correlation was found between parents’ fear of COVID-19 and IUS-12 scores. Parents had good levels of satisfaction with health care received and moderate fear of COVID-19 and intolerance of uncertainty levels. As parents’ fear of COVID-19 increased, intolerance of uncertainty increased. The demographic characteristics, levels of fear of COVID-19, and intolerance of uncertainty did not affect the satisfaction levels.
COVID-19–related stigma and mental health of children and adolescents during pandemic

AUTHOR(S)
Burcu Ozbaran; Furkan Turer; Hazal Y. Yilancioglu (et al.)

Published: December 2021   Journal: Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry
This cross-sectional study aimed to evaluate depression and anxiety symptoms of the children/grandchildren of COVID-19 patients, children/grandchildren of healthcare workers who have not infected COVID-19, and children/grandchildren of the control group. Parent and children’s perception about COVID-19–related stigma is also investigated and compared between groups. The perception about COVID-19–related stigma between different age and gender groups among children also investigated and compared. The mental health of the 71 participants aged 6–18 years was evaluated via a telemedicine-based semi-structured interview between March and April 2020. Children’s Depression Inventory (CDI), the Screen for Child Anxiety-Related Emotional Disorders (SCARED), and COVID-19–Related Stigma Form were administered to the participants.
An investigation of changing attitudes and behaviors and problematic internet use in children aged 8 to 17 years during the COVID-19 pandemic

AUTHOR(S)
Tülay Kamaşak; Murat Topbaş; Nalan Ozen

Published: December 2021   Journal: Clinical Pediatrics

This study aimed to examine the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on the lifestyle, habits, and behavioral differences in children, and their changing internet use habits. The research was planned as a cross-sectional study involving 4892 children aged 8 to 17 years attending schools in the city center of Trabzon, Turkey. Children’s daily living activities, social habits, mood and temperament changes, and internet use were investigated before and during the pandemic. In terms of problematic internet use, internet addiction rates were evaluated using the validated Turkish-language version of the Parent-Child Internet Addiction Scale (PCIAT-20).

How parents spent time at home with their preschool-aged children during the COVID-19 pandemic of 2020

AUTHOR(S)
Ayşe Duran; Esra Ömeroğlu

Published: December 2021   Journal: Journal of Early Childhood Research
The effects of the COVID-19 pandemic have been seen in more than 120 countries, including Turkey, which took public health measures to reduce the spread of the novel virus. The COVID-19 pandemic had a significant impact on the Turkish education system, where schools closed indefinitely on March 16, 2020, due to the pandemic. School closures immediately changed the lives of Turkish children and their parents, as children started to spend more time with their families at home during this pandemic. This article addresses how parents spent time with their children at home during the COVID-19 pandemic, and how their feelings changed during this time. Purposive sampling was used to select 25 parents whose children in preschool education during the spring semester of 2020. This study used qualitative methods, collecting data through a semi-structured interview form. Interviews were conducted over the telephone because of the social distancing guidelines during the pandemic.
Does the progression of the COVID-19 pandemic have an influence on the mental health and well-being of young people? A cross-sectional multicenter study

AUTHOR(S)
Zeliha Özlü-Erkilic; Oswald D. Kothgassner; Thomas Wenzel (et al.)

Published: December 2021   Journal: Int. J. Environ. Res. Public
The COVID-19 pandemic has been shown to have impaired the mental health and well-being of young people. This study, for the first time, explores these aspects in young people with and without a migratory background during the extended course of the pandemic and restrictive measures, comparing two countries with a high COVID-19 prevalence: Austria and Turkey. Methods: The authors used the “Psychological General Well-being” index as part of an anonymous online survey with 3665 participants (ages 15–25), recruited from both countries during the first and the second waves of the pandemic, collecting data on individual experiences and problems encountered during the pandemic
Tracing students’ mathematics learning loss during school closures in teachers’ self-reported practices

AUTHOR(S)
Çiğdem Haser; Oğuzhan Doğan; Gönül Kurt Erhan (et al.)

Published: December 2021   Journal: International Journal of Educational Development
The study explored how mathematics learning loss took place among Turkish middle school students during the COVID-19 school closures through mathematics teachers’ self-reported practices, challenges, and efforts while they were trying to support their students’ learning. Interviews with 19 public and 9 private middle school mathematics teachers indicated that there were certain differences in teachers’ practices and revealed the existing inequalities among the schools, classrooms, and students. Students’ lack of participation, teachers’ limited use of methods to teach mathematics, the socio-economic status of families and their lack of collaboration with teachers were among the reasons for mathematics learning loss.
The COVID-19 pandemic: an assessment of the emergency remote education program based on providing at-home support to parents of children with down syndrome

AUTHOR(S)
S. Çelika; G. Tomris; D. M. Tuna

Published: December 2021   Journal: Children and Youth Services Review
With the COVID-19 pandemic, preparing emergency remote education programs for young children with “Down Syndrome” who have learning difficulties and intense health problems and their parents has become a necessity. The present study examines how parents and children were affected by the “applied emergency remote education program”, which was prepared to address the needs of parents who have children with Down Syndrome and to offer them at-home support. It is a case study that utilizes quantitative and qualitative data collection and analysis methods and includes 11 parents of children with Down Syndrome whose ages range between 11 and 35 months.
An analysis of admissions to a refugee child mental health unit in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic

AUTHOR(S)
Hatice Ünver; Neşe Perdahlı Fiş

Published: November 2021   Journal: Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry

This study aims to examine the admissions to a refugee child outpatient mental health unit in the COVID-19 pandemic and to compare them with the pre-pandemic period. This retrospective observational study, planned through the hospital information system and patient files, included the 1-year number of outpatient unit admissions, sociodemographic, and clinical data. Before the COVID-19 pandemic (March 2019–February 2020), a total of 2322 patients (local and refugee) applied to the same unit, and 236 (10.1%) of these patients were refugees. Since the commencement of the COVID-19 pandemic in Turkey (March 2020–February 2021), 1209 patients applied, and 10.4% (n = 126) of them were refugees. While 19.66 ± 6.31 refugees applied per month in the pre-pandemic period, this number decreased to 10.50 ± 5.31 during the pandemic period (p = 0.01). During the pandemic period, there was a significant decrease in the number of female refugee patient admissions. In addition, while admissions for external disorders increased significantly during the pandemic period (x2 = 13.99, p = 0.001), admissions for internal disorders decreased significantly (x2 = 4.54, p = 0.03).

Evaluation of COVID-19-related psychological distress in parents of children referring to a child and adolescent psychiatry outpatient clinic: a university hospital sample

AUTHOR(S)
Yasemin Taş Torun; Samet Can Demirci; Hesna Gül (et al.)

Published: November 2021   Journal: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry

This study aimed to determine parents’ levels of anxiety and fear and suspicion in relation to the COVID-19 period and the possible predictive factors for these variables in families admitted to a child and adolescent psychiatry outpatient clinic of a university hospital in Turkey. In this way, it is hoped to contribute to the identification of priority target groups in psychosocial support services. The research study group consisted of 600 patients aged 0–18 years and their parents who were referred to a child and adolescent psychiatry outpatient clinic of a university hospital. Parents completed the COVID-19-related psychological distress (CORPD) scale and the data recording form developed specifically for this study. All cases included in the study were examined by a child and adolescent psychiatrist for diagnostic evaluation and their current diagnoses were recorded.

Sleep disturbances in school-aged children 6–12 years during the COVID-19 pandemic in Turkey

AUTHOR(S)
Fadime Ustuner Top; Hasan Huseyin Cam

Published: November 2021   Journal: Journal of Pediatric Nursing

Sleep disturbances in childhood are an important pediatrics problem because of their influence on children's health and their strong correlation with behavior problems. The aim of the present study was to explore sleep disturbances during the COVID-19 pandemic in school-age children. A cross-sectional survey design was used for data collection. From 1 to 15 February 2021, the study utilized snowball sampling techniques to gather data through an online survey. Parents of 1040 6–12-year-old schoolchildren completed the Socio-demographic Information Questionnaire and the Children's Sleep Habits Questionnaire. A multivariable logistic regression analysis was employed to pinpoint factors connected to sleep disturbances.

Changes in the weight status of school children in Turkey during the COVID-19 lockdown period

AUTHOR(S)
Hasan Durmuş; Yavuzalp Solak

Published: November 2021   Journal: Early Child Development and Care
The aim of this study was to demonstrate the change in weights of primary school students who could not attend school in the last year due to the COVID-19 pandemic. Students height and weight were recorded in March 2020 and in March 2021 by the researchers. The study was completed with the participation of 29 female and 29 male. The percentile values obtained in the first measurement ranged from 3.5 to 96.5, with a mean value of 46.94 ± 29.31 and a median value of 44.0. In the second measurement performed a year later, the percentile values ranged from 3.5 to 97, with a mean value of 58.29 ± 31.37 and a median value of 61.5. The percentile values of students significantly increased over the last 1 year (p = 0.000). The prevalence of childhood obesity may increase in the future, and children of this generation may face health problems more.
The effect of child neglect and abuse information studies on parents' awareness levels during the COVID-19 pandemic

AUTHOR(S)
Fatma Betül Şenola; Alev Üstündağ

Published: November 2021   Journal: Children and Youth Services Review
The research was conducted in order to increase the knowledge and awareness of parents with children between the ages of 4–6 during the COVID-19 pandemic process, through social media applications and programs. The research was designed as a quasi-experimental study with pre-testing, post-testing, and control groups using a quantitative research method. There are 67 parents in the study group, 32 of which are experimental, and 35 are of a controlled group. Data was obtained using The Personal Information Form, Child Neglect and Abuse Awareness Scale for Parents, and Parental Abuse Scale. The “Child Neglect and Abuse WhatsApp and Online Education Program” was applied to the participants in the experimental group. Each day, three messages were sent to the participants in the experimental group on the subjects of child neglect, physical abuse, emotional abuse and sexual abuse, respectively. In addition, online training was given on the same subjects and in the same order in four sessions over the Zoom application.
Factors affecting the acceptability of COVID-19 vaccine in the postpartum period

AUTHOR(S)
Deniz Oluklu; Sule Goncu Ayhan; Dilek Menekse Beser (et al.)

Published: October 2021   Journal: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has spread rapidly around the world, causing massive morbidity and mortality. Vaccination during puerperium protects both the mother and the newborn and is important to keep the pandemic under control. Women who gave birth at Ankara City Hospital between February 11, 2021 and March 21, 2021 were included. Data were collected through a face-to-face questionnaire.

The relationship between the fear of Covid-19, depression, and spiritual well-being in pregnant women

AUTHOR(S)
Mustafa Durmuş; Zeynep Öztürk; Nurdilan Şener (et al.)

Published: October 2021   Journal: Journal of Religion and Health
The purpose of this study was to explore the relationship between pregnant women's fear of coronavirus (COVID-19), depression, and spiritual well-being. This cross-sectional research was carried out with 336 pregnant women living in a city in the Eastern Anatolia region of Turkey between the 1st of March and 30th of March 2021. For data collection, the scales of the Fear of COVID-19, the Beck Depression Inventory, and the Spiritual Well-being were administered to the participants. The pregnant women’s fear of COVID-19 was found to be at a moderate level, their depression was at a mild level, and their spiritual well-being was above the moderate level. It was found that there was a significant negative correlation between the spiritual well-being levels of pregnant women and their fear of COVID-19 and depression. Moreover, it was also found that there was a significant positive correlation between pregnant women’s levels of fear of COVID-19 and depression (p < 0.001).
Three months follow-up of children infected with COVID-19

AUTHOR(S)
O. Turunc; A. N. Emecen; S. Keskin (et al.)

Published: October 2021   Journal: European Journal of Public Health

There is limited research on children infected with Covid-19 after initial diagnosis. The aim of this study was to describe changes in symptoms in children infected by Covid-19 after 1st and 3rd months of diagnosis. Covid-19 patients age under 18 admitted to the Dokuz Eylul University Hospital, Izmir, Turkey during December 2020 (n = 144) and completed three months follow-up (n = 123) were included in this prospective cohort study. Data on age, sex, parents' educational status, perceived economic status, presence of Covid-19 patient at household, chronic diseases history, initial and existing symptoms and perception of recovery were collected via telephone interviews. Persistent symptom was defined as any symptom reported within a week of the interview. Chi-square and Mann-Whitney U Test were used for univariate analyses.

Cite this research | Open access | Vol.: 31 | Issue: Supplement 3 | No. of pages: 1 | Language: English | Topics: Health | Tags: child health, COVID-19, disease transmission, hospitalization, infectious disease, respiratory diseases | Countries: Turkey
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UNICEF Innocenti's Children and COVID-19 Library is a database collecting research from around the world on COVID-19 and its impacts on children and adolescents.

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COVID-19 & Children: Rapid Research Response

UNICEF Innocenti is mobilizing a rapid research response in line with UNICEF’s global response to the COVID-19 crisis. The initiatives we’ve begun will provide the broad range of evidence needed to inform our work to scale up rapid assessment, develop urgent mitigating strategies in programming and advocacy, and preparation of interventions to respond to the medium and longer-term consequences of the COVID-19 crisis. The research projects cover a rapid review of evidence, education analysis, and social and economic policies.