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Children and COVID-19 Research Library

UNICEF Innocenti's curated library of COVID-19 + Children research

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Do parents vaccinated against COVID-19 protect their children from hospitalization due to COVID-19?

Ömer Günes; Belgin Gülhan; Ahmet Yasin Guney (et al.)

Published: December 2022   Journal: Journal of Tropical Pediatrics

This study aimed to determine whether parental vaccination against coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) prevents hospitalization of COVID-19-infected children. This study was based on data obtained from the records of pediatric patients that were followed up for virologically proven COVID-19 infection between August and October 2021, during which time the delta variant was dominant in Turkey and the children were isolating at home.

The role of social support on the relationships between internet use and sleep problems in adolescents during COVID‐19 pandemic: a multicentre study

Filiz Orhon; Ahmet Ergin; Seda Topçu (et al.)

Published: December 2022   Journal: Child and Adolescent Mental Health

This study examines the frequency of problematic internet use and sleep problems in adolescents aged 14–18 years during the COVID-19 pandemic and identifies the impact of factors such as sociodemographic characteristics, internet habits, changes in daily life, and perceived social support on these problems. This multicentre study was a questionnaire-based online survey study. The questionnaire included the Young Internet Addiction Scale, the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index, and the Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support, as well as questions about demographic information, internet habits, and changes in daily life during pandemic. Several multivariate Backward logistic regression models were run to determine the variables that predicted problematic internet use and poor sleep quality.

Looking for your cross‐group friends after the breakout? Children's intergroup contact behaviours before and after the onset of COVID-19

Sabahat Cigdem Bagci; Faruk Tayyip Yalcin; Abbas Turnuklu (et al.)

Published: December 2022   Journal: British Journal of Social Psychology
While COVID-19 implications for prejudice have been investigated among adults in previous research, children's intergroup reactions to the pandemic and specifically how native children's contact behaviours with refugees might have changed after the pandemic has not been examined yet. Drawing on a unique longitudinal school dataset (N = 861, 5th graders, M age reported at T1 = 10.38, SD = 0.68) collected before the onset of the pandemic (T1, pre-lockdown), after the onset of the pandemic (T2, post-lockdown), and 6 months after the post-lockdown (T3, follow-up) in Turkey, this study examined how children's contact behaviour (positive and negative contact), contact motivation (self-efficacy and volition), as well as behavioural tendencies (approach and avoidance) have shifted during this period (2.5 years).
Risk of postpartum depression during COVID-19 outbreak and its associated risk factors

Deniz Akyıldız; Aysenur Gucyılmaz

Published: December 2022   Journal: Journal of the Dow University of Health Sciences
The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of postpartum depression (PPD) and related factors following the COVID-19 outbreak among women in Istanbul, Turkey. This cross-sectional study was conducted between September 2020 to September 2021 in Istanbul Teaching and Research Hospital in Istanbul with 316 women at 4–6 weeks postpartum. It included women who spoke and understood Turkish and were ≥ 18 years of age. It collected the research data online, using an information form, the Edinburgh Postpartum Depression Scale, and the Coronavirus Anxiety Scale.
Parents' level of COVID-19 fear, anxiety and their attitudes and behaviors toward vaccination of their children

Kazım Baş; Nazan Gürarslan Baş

Published: December 2022   Journal: Omega : Journal of Death and Dying
The aims of this study were to investigate parents’ COVID-19 fear and anxiety levels and determine the relationship between parents’ COVID-19 fear and anxiety levels and their attitudes and behaviors toward having themselves and their children vaccinated. This descriptive and cross-sectional type of research was conducted with 950 parents with 12–18 years old children.
The impact of COVID-19 pandemic and quarantine process a center in Turkey on anxiety levels of pediatric patients with epilepsy

Dilşad Yıldız Miniksar; Betül Kılıç; İsmail Kaytan (et al.)

Published: December 2022   Journal: The Journal of Current Pediatrics

This study aimed to compare the levels of state and trait anxiety in pediatric patients with epilepsy and healthy controls during the COVID-19 outbreak in Turkey. In this study, the state (STAI-I) and trait (STAI-II) anxiety scales were applied to patients between the ages of 10-17 years that had been followed due to epilepsy and were in quarantine. Anxiety status and potential risk factors were compared with healthy age and gender-matched control group.

The effect of pregnant women's health-seeking behavior and preference for mode of birth on pregnancy distress during the COVID-19 pandemic

Songül Aktaş; Ruveyde Aydın; Dilek Kaloğlu Binici

Published: December 2022   Journal: Health Care for Women International
In this study, the researchers investigated to the impact of pregnant women’s health-seeking behavior and mode of birth preferences on pregnancy distress during the COVID-19 pandemic. This study was conducted with 351 pregnant women. The risk rate of pregnancy distress using the Tilburg Pregnancy Distress Scale (TPDS) cut-off point was 16.5%. 13.3% of pregnant women changed their mode of birth preferences due to the pandemic. The risk of pregnancy distress in women who changed their mode of birth preferences due to the pandemic increased 5.4 times more than in those who preferred vaginal birth before and during the pandemic (OR: 5.4, p<0.001).
The relationship between nutrition-physical activity behaviors of autistic children with their families and fhildren's obesity levels during Covid pandemic

Cevik Guner U. Umran; Bilkay İrem

Published: December 2022   Journal: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
The family has a key role in the obesity management of children with autism. This study examines the relationship between the nutrition-physical activity behaviors of autistic children with their families and children’s obesity levels during covid-19 pandemic. The descriptive and cross-sectional study involved 80 parents of autistic children. A positive correlation was found between children’s mean BMI values before and during the pandemic(p = 0.000). Family Nutrition and Physical Activity Scale(FNPAS) and Brief Autism Mealtime Behavior Inventory(BAMBI) score were 55.18 ± 7.86 and 31.76 ± 8.79, respectively. In addition, it was found that 32.5% of the children ate more than before the pandemic, 50.0% engaged in less physical activity, and 16.3% didn’t do any physical activity. The study results suggesting the risk of obesity.
Psychological stress experienced by parents and posttraumatic emotional stress experienced by children during the COVID-19 pandemic

S. Çimke; D. Yildirim Gürkan

Published: December 2022   Journal: Psychological Trauma
This study was conducted to determine psychological stress experienced by parents and posttraumatic emotional stress experienced by children during the COVID-19 pandemic. Method: The study has cross-sectional design and included parents who have 3- to 10 year-old children studying at kindergartens and primary schools under the Yozgat Directorate of National Education in Turkey, and who volunteered to participate in the study. The study was completed with 1,109 parents. School administrators were informed of the study and an online data collection form was distributed through parent WhatsApp groups.
Musculoskeletal complaints and associated factors in school children aged between 6 and 13 years in Istanbul during the COVID-19 pandemic: a cross-sectional study

Ozdena Ozyemisci Taskira; Mahira Topaloglu; Esra Giray (et al.)

Published: November 2022   Journal: Work

Following the first COVID-19 cases in Turkey, face-to-face education was ceased after March 16, 2020 until the end of the educational year (i.e. June 19, 2020) and education was substituted remotely due to confinement. This study aims to investigate the frequency of musculoskeletal complaints in school-age children and associated risk factors including reduced physical activity, increased screen time and poor ergonomics conditions in school-age children during the pandemic. This cross-sectional study included parents or guardians of 960 students aged between 6–13 years old with a non-randomized sampling. A survey was administered consisting of 66 items related with sociodemographic characteristics of the children and family, online education hours, technological device(s) used, screen time, type of physical activity, presence of musculoskeletal problems and poor ergonomics conditions such as incorrect sitting posture.

The hidden (overlooked) impact of living through a pandemic: how parents of children with disabilities fared during COVID-19?

Salih Rakap; Meryem Vural-Batik; Sinan Kalkan (et al.)

Published: November 2022   Journal: Frontiers in Education

The purpose of this study was to investigate the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the quality of life of families of children with disabilities and the mediating roles of perceived social support, perceived parental self-efficacy, psychological health, psychological resilience, and perceived family burden on this relationship. Children with disabilities and their families are among the most affected populations from the restrictions imposed to prevent the spread of COVID-19 virus, as the special education and rehabilitation services they had been receiving were interrupted.  A correlational survey design was used to collect data from 824 parents of children with disabilities in Turkey. Path analysis was used to examine the direct and indirect effects of COVID-19 on family quality of life.

Evaluation of depression, anxiety and posttraumatic stress response levels of children and adolescents treated with COVID-19

Bekir Taskesen; Omer Kardas; Kamil Yılmaz

Published: November 2022   Journal: European Journal of Pediatrics
This study aimed to evaluate stress level reactions to depression, anxiety, and posttraumatic stress in paediatric patients’ post-COVID-19 infection. A total of two hundred consecutive patients aged 8 to 18 years were prospectively enrolled in the study between March 2020 and June 2021. One hundred patients were diagnosed with a positive COVID-PCR test and had inpatient management. Another hundred patients had positive COVID-PCR results and completed their care and isolation for 14 days at home. Child posttraumatic stress reaction index (CPTS-RI), child depression inventory (CDI), and screen for child anxiety-related disorders (SCARED) were used to evaluate their post-COVID-19 infection mental health state. In the study population, the mean age was 13.4 years, and 50.5% were male. Sixty-seven patients were paediatric, and the rest were adolescents.
Parents' attitudes toward childhood vaccines and COVID-19 vaccines in a Turkish pediatric outpatient population

Nihal Durmaz; Murat Suman; Murat Ersoy (et al.)

Published: November 2022   Journal: Vaccines
Vaccination hesitancy (VH) is an important public health issue. The determinants of parental decisions on whether to vaccinate their children are multidimensional and need to be carefully considered in the COVID-19 era. Our study aims to investigate the prevalence of VH among parents, parents’ use of social media, and their attitudes toward the COVID-19 vaccine upon vaccine refusal. Materials and methods: Our participants were the parents of children admitted to hospitals in three different cities in Turkey between September 2021 and December 2021. The parents were asked to complete sociodemographic data and their attitudes toward COVID-19 diseases, the Parental Attitudes Toward Childhood Vaccines (PACV) scale, and the Attitudes Toward COVID-19 Vaccine (ATV-COVID-19) scale. Participants were categorized as “non-hesitant”, with a score of <50, and “hesitant”, with a score of ≥50.
Cite this research | Open access | Vol.: 10 | Issue: 11 | No. of pages: 13 | Language: English | Topics: Health | Tags: COVID-19, immunization, immunization programmes, infectious disease, pandemic, parents, vaccination, vaccination policies | Countries: Turkey
Fear of COVID-19 and smartphone addiction among Turkish adolescents: mitigating role of resilience

Murat Yıldırım; İlhan Çiçek

Published: November 2022   Journal: The Family Journal
The objective of the present study is to examine the mediating effect of resilience on the association between fear of COVID-19 and smartphone addiction in the era of COVID-19. Participants included 508 Turkish adolescents (53.9% girls; M = 17.78 ± 1.11 years) attending high schools or supplementary schools and completed measures of fear of COVID-19, smartphone addiction, and resilience. Girls reported higher scores on fear of COVID-19 and smartphone addiction and lower scores on resilience than their peers. Findings indicated that fear of COVID-19 significantly predicted resilience and smartphone addiction. Resilience also significantly predicted smartphone addiction. Mediation analysis showed that resilience partially mediated the relationship of fear of COVID-19 with smartphone addiction.
The effect of home exercises given to school-aged children during the COVID-19 pandemic process on sports motivation

Kayhan Söğüt; Elisa Calisgan; Betül Akyo (et al.)

Published: November 2022
This study aimed to investigate the effect of home exercises given to secondary and high school students during the pandemic process on sports motivation. This study was conducted on 117 (n:61 female, n:56 male) people aged 11-15 years. The children given online via the EBA home exercises program in the study were reached at Kangal Mehmet Salih Şirin, Sivas Selçuk, Sivas Durdulu, Gürün 80. Yıl Boarding District Secondary School and Kangal Koç Anatolian High School. Individuals were evaluated with Sport Motivation Scale at the pre-post exercise program.
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UNICEF Innocenti's Children and COVID-19 Library is a database collecting research from around the world on COVID-19 and its impacts on children and adolescents.


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