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Children and COVID-19 Research Library

UNICEF Innocenti's curated library of COVID-19 + Children research

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16 - 30 of 124
Educational processes and learning at home during COVID-19: parents' experiences with distance education

AUTHOR(S)
Mehmet Raci Demir; Hülya Yıldızlı

Published: September 2022   Journal: International Review of Research in Open and Distributed Learning

Due to the lockdown measures and severe restrictions taken to reduce COVID-19 transmission, which  has globally  been  inflicted  on  people  since  March  2020,  a  new  type  of  education  in  the  form  of  online homeschooling  has  brought  the  role  of  parents  to  the  forefront. Using online  semi structured  interviews, this study aimed to investigate parents’ views on the implementation of distance education during COVID-19  in  Istanbul,  Turkey. The  data  obtained  from  parents with different  socio economic backgrounds  and whose children were at public and private schools were coded using initial, process, and emotion qualitative coding  techniques.  The  data  were  categorized  into  three  main  themes : beginning  of  distance  education, process  of  distance  education,  and  outcomes  of  distance  education.

A phenomenological analysis of primary school teachers' lived distance education experience during the COVID-19 pandemic in Turkey

AUTHOR(S)
Feray Ugur-Erdogmus; Duygu Albayrak

Published: September 2022   Journal: Education 3-13
The purpose of this phenomenological study was to investigate lived distance education (DE) experiences of primary school teachers and their perceptions about DE during the COVID-19 pandemic in Turkey. Twenty primary school teachers who actively taught online participated in online interviews. Phenomenological analysis of the interviews sought to reveal (1) the primary school teachers’ lived DE experience, and (2) their perceptions about DE during the pandemic. The current status of DE, effects of DE, and teachers’ perceptions of DE were the themes revealed.
COVID-19 history increases the anxiety of mothers with children in intensive care during the pandemic in Turkey

AUTHOR(S)
Eren Yildiz; Zuhal Koc Apaydin; Berna Alay (et al.)

Published: September 2022   Journal: Children
This study aimed to examine the mental status of mothers whose children were hospitalized during the COVID-19 pandemic, especially in places where risk factors are higher such as pediatric intensive care units, and to contribute to the development of psychological health policies, especially for these high-risk groups in epidemic situations. This descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted between January 2021 and July 2021. The population of the study was mothers whose children were hospitalized in the pediatric intensive care unit during the study period. Data collection was carried out via a face-to-face interview method by experienced nurses working in pediatric clinics using a sociodemographic data form, the Beck Anxiety Inventory, the Beck Depression Inventory, the Fear of COVID-19 Inventory, and the Coronavirus Anxiety Inventory.
Being pregnant in Covid-19: fear of giving birth, fear of Covid-19, and marital adjustment

AUTHOR(S)
Ezgi Ulu; Tuba Ertunç

Published: September 2022   Journal: Cyprus Turkish Journal of Psychiatry & Psychology
This research aims to examine the relationship between fear of childbirth, fear of Covid-19, and marital adjustment. In line with this general-purpose, differences in fear of childbirth, fear of Covid-19, and marital adjustment levels were also examined according to demographic variables. The research was carried out with 382 pregnant women who were followed up in the obstetrics clinic of a private hospital in Ankara. Demographic Information Form, Wijma Birth Expectation-Experience Scale (W-DEQ) Version A, Fear of Covid-19 Scale, and Revised Dynasty Scale were used as data collection tools. Independent Sample T-test and One-Way Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) were used to compare the scores obtained from fear of childbirth, fear of Covid-19, and spousal adjustment according to demographic variables. The relationship of the variables with each other was tested with Pearson Correlation analysis, and the predictive effect of fear of Covid-19 and spousal adjustment on fear of childbirth was examined by regression analysis.
Psychosocial impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on children with congenital adrenal hyperplasia and their families

AUTHOR(S)
Nur Berna Çelik; Yağmur Ünsal; Dicle Canoruç Emet (et al.)

Published: September 2022   Journal: Turkish Archives of Pediatrics

This study aimed to investigate the psychosocial impact of the pandemic in pediatric patients with congenital adrenal hyperplasia and their families and whether congenital adrenal hyperplasia imposes an additional burden compared to other endocrine disorders. Patients with congenital adrenal hyperplasia (n = 38) and congenital hypothyroidism (n = 41) and their families were enrolled in the prospective longitudinal survey study. Questionnaires that were completed remotely in June 2020 and in July 2021 included Depression Anxiety Stress Scale short form, The State-Trait Anxiety Inventory for Children, and purpose-built daily routine, parent, and child COVID information scores, factors affecting drug usage, and parents’ thoughts about the pandemic. At the end of 1 year, Depression Anxiety Stress Scale short form and State-Trait Anxiety Inventory for Children were repeated in the congenital adrenal hyperplasia group and they were questioned about the incidence and severity of coronavirus infection.

Emotional status, stress and insomnia in pediatric healthcare workers during the COVID-19 pandemic

AUTHOR(S)
Pelin Elibol; Kayı Eliaçık; Alper Çiçek (et al.)

Published: August 2022   Journal: Clinical Research
Facing the critical situation of the pandemic, healthcare professionals are directly involved in the diagnosis, treatment, and care of patients with COVID-19 in the front line and they are at risk of developing psychological distress and other mental health symptoms. Here it is aimed to determine where the child clinic staff stand in terms of the psychological burden of the disease. A hundred and fifty-one eligible physicians and nurses working in the Clinic of Pediatric, University of Health Sciences Turkey, İzmir Tepecik Education and Research Hospital who answered a web-based questionnaire between 10-20 June 2020 were included in the study. Socio-demographic questions, Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scale-21 (DASS-21), and Insomnia Severity Index (ISI) were used to evaluate the psychological determinants of the healthcare workers.
The effect of internet addiction and emotion regulation on trauma reactions during the COVID-19 pandemic in adolescents with anxiety disorder

AUTHOR(S)
Merve Kuz; Halit Necmi Uçar; Özlem Çiçek Zekey (et al.)

Published: August 2022   Journal: The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
This study examined the relationship among trauma reactions, anxiety severity, Internet addiction (IA), and emotion regulation difficulties during the COVID-19 pandemic in adolescents with anxiety disorders. The sample of study consisted of 63 adolescents aged 12 to 18 years who were diagnosed with AD and their parents. IA scores and emotional regulation difficulties were significantly higher in the group with pathological trauma reactions than the group exhibiting nonpathological trauma reactions. The trauma scores of adolescents with AD were correlated with IA, emotional regulation difficulties, and anxiety scores.
Sociodemographic factors affecting depression-anxiety-stress levels and coping strategies of parents with babies treated in neonatal intensive care units during the COVID-19 pandemic

AUTHOR(S)
Sevcan T. Kılıç; Asena Taşgıt

Published: August 2022   Journal: Journal of Neonatal Nursing

This study aimed to determine the sociodemographic factors affecting the depression-anxiety-stress levels and coping strategies of parents with babies treated in neonatal intensive care units during the COVID-19 pandemic. This descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted between March and October 2021. The sample consisted of 93 parents. Data were collected using a descriptive questionnaire, the Depression Anxiety Stress Scale (DASS- 42), and Coping Style Scale (CSS).

Loneliness, internalizing symptoms, and inflammatory markers in adolescent COVID-19 survivors

AUTHOR(S)
Elif Akçay; Esra Çöp; Gülser Senses Dinç (et al.)

Published: August 2022   Journal: Child: Care, Health and Development

Concerns about the psychiatric sequelae after COVID-19 infection have increased as the pandemic spreads worldwide. The increase in self-isolation during this pandemic period has also revealed the importance of feelings of loneliness. This study aimed to examine the relationship between baseline inflammation levels, internalizing symptoms, and feelings of loneliness in adolescent COVID-19 survivors in the long term. A total of 74 adolescents (41 girls, 55.4%, mean age 14.88) and their parents were included in the study. This cross-sectional study assessed internalizing symptoms via Revised Children's Anxiety and Depression Scale (RCADS) and feelings of loneliness using the UCLA-loneliness scale. Baseline inflammatory markers at COVID-19 diagnosis were collected. Logistic regression analysis was used to determine predictors for depression in adolescents.

Concerns of high-risk pregnancies during pandemic: COVID-19 and fear of birth

AUTHOR(S)
Öznur Tiryaki; Hamide Zengin; Koray Gök (et al.)

Published: August 2022   Journal: Florence Nightingale Journal of Nursing
This study was conducted to determine the fear of birth and coronavirus disease 2019 in pregnant women who applied to the high-risk pregnancy outpatient clinic during the pandemic and investigate whether there is a relationship between these fears. This study is a descriptive cross-sectional study using questionnaires. The Fear of COVID-19 Scale and Fear of Birth Scale for Pregnant Women were validated in Turkish in outpatient women with high-risk pregnancies. The study was carried out with 238 pregnant women between February 15 - April 15, 2021.
The emotional neglect potentials of nurses working in the COVID-19 service towards their children: a qualitative study

AUTHOR(S)
Vildan Apaydin Cirik; Elif Bulut; İlknur Kahriman (et al.)

Published: July 2022   Journal: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
This study aims to examine in depth the potential child emotional neglect behaviors of nurses working in the COVID-19 service, and their feelings, thoughts, and experiences regarding the causes and effects on their children. The study was designed as a qualitative study based on a descriptive phenomenological approach. A purposeful sample of service providers (N = 22) in the COVID-19 clinics of the region's largest hospital in northeast Turkey in terms of education and patient care were recruited for the study. The data were collected through semi-structured interviews using the individual in-depth face-to-face interview method. The interviews were audio-recorded, transcribed verbatim, and analyzed with Braun and Clarke's thematic analysis method. The research was reported by following Consolidated criteria for reporting qualitative research-COREQ.
Investigation of reading skill development of primary school students in the Covid 19 process

AUTHOR(S)
Özlem Baş; Özgür Sirem; Hayati Akyol (et al.)

Published: July 2022   Journal: Reading & Writing Quarterly
In this study, it was investigated how the reading skills of students who were in the 3rd grade of primary school when the Covid-19 pandemic started (March 2020) were affected at the end of the fourth grade (June 2021) due to the school closure during the pandemic. The study employed the longitudinal survey model. Ten teachers and 18 primary school students participated in the study. In the study, the Informal Reading Inventory and interview questions were used as data collection tools. The data of the study were analyzed with descriptive statistics, Wilcoxon Signed Rank Test and content analysis.
Investigation of obesity, eating behaviors and physical activity levels living in rural and urban areas during the covid-19 pandemic era: a study of Turkish adolescent

AUTHOR(S)
Mehmet Gülü; Hakan Yapici; Elena Mainer-Pardos (et al.)

Published: July 2022   Journal: BMC Pediatrics volume

The purpose of this study was to determine the eating behaviors, obesity and physical activity status of children of similar ages living in rural and urban areas and to examine these relationships during the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic process. The research was conducted using the scanning model. The research group consists of children living in rural and urban areas in Turkey. The sample of the study consists of a total of 733 adolescent participants, 351 females (47.9%) and 382 males (52.1%). After anthropometric measurements were made, the Physical Activity Questionnaire for older children and the Yale Food Addiction Scale for children 2.0 were used to determine the food addiction and physical activity status of children during the COVID19 pandemic process. Since the groups were homogeneously distributed, independent samples t-test and Pearson correlation test were used.

Effects of an online solution-focused psychoeducation programme on children's emotional resilience and problem-solving skills

AUTHOR(S)
Melih Burak Özdemir; Ayşe Bengisoy

Published: July 2022   Journal: Frontiers in Psychology
This study investigates the effects of a solution-oriented and approach-based psychoeducation programme, initiated in December 2019 and conducted online during the worldwide COVID-19 pandemic, on children’s emotional resilience and problem-solving skills. In the world that was closed with the pandemic, children were kept away from the social support system of teachers and friends. Pandemic isolated the children. The negative experiences associated with COVID-19 have placed both traditional approaches and important online learning and support applications on the agenda, since both can help to solve the problems we face. Educators and experts have provided psychological support services, questioning the methods used to reach people during the pandemic and rediscovering alternative ways of connecting with individuals through online media. The online framework of this study emerged in response to the needs caused by the pandemic. The study is designed using a real experimental pattern and is based on a pretest-posttest, experimental/control-group model.
The effect of COVID-19 uncertainty on internet addiction, happiness and life satisfaction in adolescents

AUTHOR(S)
Mahmut Evli; Nuray Simsek (et al.)

Published: July 2022   Journal: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
This study aimed to determine the effects of the events during the COVID-19 epidemic on adolescents' levels of intolerance of uncertainty, internet addiction, happiness, and life satisfaction. Structural Equation Modeling was used in the analysis of the data. Adolescents' internet use increased during the epidemic process. It was found that COVID-19 events increased intolerance of uncertainty, and negatively affected internet addiction and happiness (p < 0.001). In this process, internet addiction and happiness is a mediator (p < 0.001). It is recommended to monitor adolescents' internet use during the COVID-19 process and to provide information about COVID-19.
16 - 30 of 124

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COVID-19 & Children: Rapid Research Response

UNICEF Innocenti is mobilizing a rapid research response in line with UNICEF’s global response to the COVID-19 crisis. The initiatives we’ve begun will provide the broad range of evidence needed to inform our work to scale up rapid assessment, develop urgent mitigating strategies in programming and advocacy, and preparation of interventions to respond to the medium and longer-term consequences of the COVID-19 crisis. The research projects cover a rapid review of evidence, education analysis, and social and economic policies.