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Children and COVID-19 Research Library

UNICEF Innocenti's curated library of COVID-19 + Children research

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1 - 15 of 5185
The associations among psychological distress, stressors of the COVID-19 pandemic, and disinhibited eating of parents of three- to five-year-old children

Noelle K. Herzog; Adelyn Sherrard; Tyler C. Kemmerley (et al.)

Published: August 2022   Journal: Eating Behaviors

Individuals' psychological distress is associated with disinhibited eating (external and emotional eating). The aim of the current study was to examine the moderating associations of COVID-19-related stress on parents' psychological distress (anxiety, hostility, depression) and external and emotional eating. One hundred and sixty U.S. parents of three- to five-year-old children (Mage = 34.08, SD = 6.76; 89 females) completed an online survey.

Minority and low-SES families' experiences during the early phases of the COVID-19 pandemic crisis: a qualitative study

Judith L. Perrigo; Anya Samek; Michael Hurlburt

Published: August 2022   Journal: Children and Youth Services Review

This paper aimed to explore minority and low-SES families’ general experiences with the stay-at-home mandate initiated by the COVID-19 pandemic crisis. Semi-structured qualitative interviews (n = 31) were conducted in May 2020 – six to nine weeks after the stay-at-home mandate was initiated in Chicago Heights, Illinois. Participants were randomly selected from the parent Chicago Heights Early Childhood Center (CHECC) study (N = 2,185). Thematic content analysis of transcribed semi-structured interviews were employed.

Childhood COVID-19 vaccine acceptance and preference from caregivers and healthcare workers in China: a survey experiment

Zhiyuan Hou; Kuimeng Song; Qian Wang (et al.)

Published: August 2022   Journal: Preventive Medicine
With approval of more COVID-19 vaccines for children, vaccine attributes may influence parental acceptance and choices. This study aimed to assess effects of vaccine attributes and information on herd immunity on childhood COVID-19 vaccine acceptance. A survey experiment was conducted with caregivers of children aged 6 months to 11 years old and health care workers (HCWs) in China from September 14 to November 18, 2021. Respondents were randomly assigned to receive differing information on herd immunity (> 80% of the entire population must be vaccinated; or no information). Respondents then completed eight discrete choice tasks to assess vaccine acceptance based on attributes. 2331 (90.07%) of 2588 surveyed caregivers and 1576 (92.71%) of 1700 surveyed HCWs would accept COVID-19 vaccination for children, respectively.
Associations between parenting stress, parent feeding practices, and perceptions of child eating behaviors during the COVID-19 pandemic

Lupita Maria González; Amy Lammert; Suzanne Phelan (et al.)

Published: August 2022   Journal: Appetite
The aim of this study was to explore associations between parenting stress, feeding practices, and perceptions of children's eating behaviors during the COVID-19 pandemic. Parents (n = 284) of children ages 4–6 years completed a cross-sectional online survey during the onset of pandemic-related stay-at-home mandates in the U.S. Parents reported current levels of parenting stress, feeding practices, and child eating behaviors. Parents also reported whether parenting stress had increased, stayed the same, or decreased since prior to the onset of pandemic-related stay-at-home mandates.
Daily life patterns, psychophysical conditions, and immunity of adolescents in the COVID-19 era: a mixed research with qualitative interviews by a quasi-experimental retrospective study

Ji-Eun Yu; Denny Eun; Yong-Seok Jee

Published: August 2022   Journal: Healthcare
This study investigated the daily lifestyle changes, prevalence of psychological depression, physical health status, and immunity of adolescents in Korea resulting from increased isolation and social restriction due to the COVID-19 pandemic. All subjects included 17-year-old male adolescents. A total of 117 subjects were assigned to one of four groups according to the degree of depression based on item #6 in the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression (CES-D) questionnaire as follows: no-depression group (NDG, n = 71; 61.0%), low-depression group (LDG, n = 23; 19.0%), moderate-depression group (MDG, n = 15; 13.0%), and high-depression group (HDG, n = 8; 7.0%). This study analyzed the data using quantitative and qualitative methods to understand how the COVID-19 pandemic affects adolescents’ daily lives, psychophysiological conditions, and immune function.
Evidence and rationale for vaccinating children and adolescents against SARS-CoV-2: a comprehensive narrative review

Nikolaos Karantaglis; Antonios Gkantaras; Despoina Iordanidou (et al.)

Published: July 2022   Journal: Signa Vitae

Vaccines remain the most rigorous and cost-effective weapon of the public health care system against infectious diseases. The development of safe and effective vaccines against Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) emerged as an imperative response to the unprecedented morbidity and mortality of the Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic and the subsequent immense pressure on health care systems, families and global society. Despite the typically mild disease course of SARS-CoV-2 in minors, the associated rare but potentially life-threatening complications, as well as the emergence of new highly transmissible variants, led promptly to the extension of COVID-19 vaccine clinical trials in children and adolescents. To date, various COVID-19 vaccine candidates have been successfully trialed in pediatric populations, followed by their incorporation into corresponding vaccination campaigns in both high- and low-income countries. However, the universal COVID-19 vaccination of children and adolescents remains a matter of debate, along with skepticism about their overall safety and benefits in this age group. This narrative review attempts to summarize the multi-faceted burden of COVID-19 on minors, highlighting the favourable safety/effectiveness profile of COVID-19 vaccines in this age group, elucidating the raised concerns and presenting the current implemented vaccination strategies.

Childhood handwashing habit formation and later COVID-19 preventive practices: a cohort study

Ling-Yin Chang; Jason Wang; Tung-liang Chiang

Published: July 2022   Journal: Academic Pediatrics
This study identified developmental patterns of handwashing habit formation during childhood and examined their associations with later COVID-19 preventive practices. It used data from the Taiwan Birth Cohort Study, which included 11 254 adolescents with complete data on childhood handwashing behavior and age-15 COVID-19 survey items. Bias-adjusted 3-step latent class analysis was used to test study hypotheses.
Association between enjoyment in physical education online classes and physical activity levels in adolescents during the COVID-19 pandemic

Mirela Sunda; Barbara Gilic; Alen Bascevan

Published: July 2022   Journal: Sport Mont
Motivation, with special emphasis on intrinsic motivation is important factor that influences physical activity levels (PAL). The COVID-19 pandemic forced Physical education (PE) teachers to switch to online classes, which increased the problem of keeping students motivated to be physically active. This study aimed to determine the associations between enjoyment in online PE classes and PAL during the COVID-19 lockdown. 198 highschool students aged 14-19 years participated in this study. Variables included interest and enjoyment in PE classes assessed by the Intrinsic Motivation Inventory questionnaire and PAL assessed by Physical Activity Questionnaire for Adolescents. Pearson’s correlation coefficient was calculated to evaluate the associations between variables. Independent samples T-test and χ2 test were used for determining the gender differences in study variables.
Analysis of emotional behavior disorders (anxiety) in children during covid 19 in east Lampung, Indonesia

Ismi Mu'alifah; Teguh Pribadi; Rahma Elliya

Published: July 2022   Journal: Malahayati International Journal of Nursing and Health Science

The COVID-19 virus or coronavirus disease is a virus that infects human respiration which was first discovered in Wuhan, China in 2019 and has spread throughout the world. Social distancing can cause acute stress and anxiety for children. This paper aims to analyse emotional behavior disorders (anxiety) in children during covid 19 east Lampung, Indonesia. A quantitative, using a cross-sectional approach. The population is mothers who have children aged 5-11 years as respondents and can observe changes in their children's behavior during social restrictions because of the COVID-19 pandemic. The location is in Sumur Kucing village in 2021. A sample of 70 respondents was obtained using the snowball technique. Data collection techniques were carried out using a questionnaire. Statistical test analysis used is univariate and logistic regression.

Awareness of Covid-19 and government involvement in school healthcare promotion in demonstration elementary and secondary schools

Helen Idubamo Wankasi; Maxwell Nelson; Ebitimi Christiana Nelson

Published: July 2022   Journal: International Journal of Nursing and Health Care Research
COVID-19 has disrupted activities in all segment of our immediate and distant society in recent times. This article sought to ascertain the awareness of COVID-19 and government`s involvement in school healthcare promotion in Demonstration elementary and secondary schools. A descriptive survey research design utilizes stratified random sampling technique with 257 as sample size. A self-developed questionnaire was designed to obtain data from respondents and analysis of data was done using frequency distribution tables and bar charts.
Assessing health-related behaviors among Jordanian children during COVID-19 pandemic: a cross-sectional study

Samar Thiab; Muna Barakat; Raja'a Qudah (et al.)

Published: July 2022   Journal: Pharmacy Practice
The coronavirus disease identified in 2019 (COVID-19) led to extreme actions being taken by the governments to restrict the spread of this virus. Closure of schools, sport clubs and playgrounds were among these actions; children had to stay indoors and were not allowed to pursue their normal lifestyle activities. This paper aims to assess the differences in health-related behaviors among Jordanian school-aged children (6-16 years) before and during COVID-19 quarantine and to evaluate public’s perception of the role of pharmacists regarding children’s health-related behaviors management.
The biopsychosocial impact and syndemic effect of COVID-19 on youth living with HIV in Kenya

Tiffany Chenneville; Kemesha Gabbidon; Bharat Bharat

Published: July 2022   Journal: Journal of the International Association of Providers of AIDS Care
COVID-19's rapid emergence as a biological and psychosocial threat has affected people globally. The purpose of this qualitative study, which was guided by syndemic theory and the biopsychosocial framework, was to examine the impact of COVID-19 on youth living with HIV (YLWH) in Kenya. Seven virtual focus groups and two in-depth interviews were conducted with 15 YLWH aged 18-24, 13 youth affected by HIV aged 18-24, and 12 HIV healthcare providers living in Nakuru and Eldoret, two of Kenya's largest cities. Data were analyzed using qualitative content analysis, which was guided by a descriptive phenomenological approach.
Investigation of obesity, eating behaviors and physical activity levels living in rural and urban areas during the covid-19 pandemic era: a study of Turkish adolescent

Mehmet Gülü; Hakan Yapici; Elena Mainer-Pardos (et al.)

Published: July 2022   Journal: BMC Pediatrics volume

The purpose of this study was to determine the eating behaviors, obesity and physical activity status of children of similar ages living in rural and urban areas and to examine these relationships during the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic process. The research was conducted using the scanning model. The research group consists of children living in rural and urban areas in Turkey. The sample of the study consists of a total of 733 adolescent participants, 351 females (47.9%) and 382 males (52.1%). After anthropometric measurements were made, the Physical Activity Questionnaire for older children and the Yale Food Addiction Scale for children 2.0 were used to determine the food addiction and physical activity status of children during the COVID19 pandemic process. Since the groups were homogeneously distributed, independent samples t-test and Pearson correlation test were used.

Post-COVID library: educating children to media and information literacy through UNESCO's Memory of the world programme

Ruohan Zhang; Linh Anh Moreau

Published: July 2022   Journal: Access
The COVID-19 pandemic has severely disrupted children's education in schools, and reflects the urgent demands of children and their educators for diverse learning channels and materials. Memory institutions such as libraries, archives and museums, as repositories of reliable sources of information and knowledge service provider, have a responsibility to contribute to the cultural and media literacy education of children. Therefore, memory institutions should explore innovative ways to safeguard and utilize documentary collections in media and information literacy education for people and especially children, and share and promote good practices. These efforts will also inspire younger generations to participate in the preservation and transmission of historical records.
Impulsivity and depressive brooding in internet addiction: a study with a sample of Italian adolescents during COVID-19 lockdown

Pierluigi Diotaiuti; Laura Girelli; Stefania Mancone (et al.)

Published: July 2022   Journal: Frontiers in Psychiatry
This contribution presents a study conducted on a sample of Italian adolescents (n = 411) in the period of the first COVID-19 lockdown. The study investigated the role and predictive weight of the impulsivity and depressive brooding variables on Internet addiction, using a hierarchical regression analysis. The participants were administered the Uso-Abuso e Dipendenza da Internet [Internet Use-Abuse and Addiction] (UADI-2), the Barratt Impulsiveness Scale-11 (BIS-11), and the Ruminative Response Scale (RRS). In terms of percentage distribution, 28% of the participants were in the full dependency range, while 34.7% demonstrated Internet abuse behavior.
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UNICEF Innocenti's Children and COVID-19 Library is a database collecting research from around the world on COVID-19 and its impacts on children and adolescents.


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