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Delphine Vallette; Nina Nepesova; Natalia Korobkova (et al.)
Right now, there are 650 million child brides living in every region
of the world. Child marriage is a fundamental violation of human rights,
which severely impacts the global economy, peace and security, as well
as hampering the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals. Progress has been made over the last decade, but 2020 saw the
greatest surge in child marriage rates in 25 years. Global projections
of girls married by 2030 have shot up from 100 million to 110 million,
as an additional 10 million girls will now be married due to the effects
of the COVID-19 outbreak. According to anecdotal data from our
programmes, between March-December 2020, child marriages more-than
doubled in many communities compared to 2019.This report compiles research and data from four unique contexts –
Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Senegal and Uganda – where World Vision has
been working to address the issue of child marriage. In each of these
countries, case studies were developed using first-hand accounts of
promising practices towards eliminating child marriage.
Ludwind Zamudio; Pratima Kollali
Violence against children impacts more than one billion children and costs world economies US $7 trillion annually. In 2015, the world’s leaders listed violence against children as one of the top priorities in the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, thus acknowledging its serious impact on the health, education and long-term well-being of children and societies. Since then, an increasing number of countries have committed to accelerate progress in ending violence against children. However, progress has been slow and further undermined by the outbreak of COVID-19. Lack of political will and investment in child protection by national governments and donors are considered some of the critical obstacles to achieving results. However, without adequate mechanisms to monitor budget allocations at national or international levels, the quantity and effectiveness of investments are often difficult to determine. This report offers a rare glimpse into the state of donor investment to end violence against children and offers key findings and reccomendations for how to improve the situation in the future.
Rebekkah Bernheim; Karina Padilla; Micah Branaman-Sharma
With COVID-19, many children, especially the girl child, have been affected. In this report, children and young people are telling us about the impact COVID-19 has had on their lives, in their families and on their communities and their recommendations to stay safe, healthy and help to fight the further spread of the virus. Children and young people from around the world shared examples of violence at home, child labour, child marriage, online risks and violence in their communities. They, supported by World Vision, are calling on their governments and the international community to support their advocacy and awareness-raising activities and include them in planning the response and reconstruction.
Karina Padilla; Rebekkah Bernheim
Deepesh Paul Thakur; Patricio Cuevas-Parra; Kathrine Rose Yee (et al.)
This report explores children and young people’s views and experiences related to COVID-19 and its indirect impacts. Firstly, it looks at children and young people’s perceptions of how COVID-19 has had an impact on their lives and countries. Secondly, it seeks to highlight the ways in which they are working to help to stop the spread of the virus and lessen its impacts. This research included individual and group interviews with 160 children and young people (80 girls and 80 boys) between the ages of of nine and 18 from eight countries across West Africa: Central African Republic (CAR), Chad, Ghana, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Senegal and Sierra Leone. The interviews took place in-person with physical distancing and over the phone.
This research explores how the pandemic is impacting the lives
of boys and girls. A cross-sectional observation design was
developed with the application of convenience sampling at the country
level and aggregation of all samples at the regional level (762 girls
and boys ages 11–17 from World Vision private or grant funded
programmes). The survey took place in June 2020. Quantitative
results were complemented with findings from key informant
interviews with 130 children ages 13–15.
UNFPA estimates that in addition to the 150 million girls at risk of child marriage pre-pandemic, the socio-economic impacts of COVID-19 will put an additional 13 million more girls at risk over the next 10 years. Out of that number, up to four million girls may be in danger of child marriage in the next two years alone, with most child marriages taking place in the immediate aftermath of a crisis.
Bishnu B. Khatri
As families' incomes plummet, millions more children go hungry and are forced to work and beg. Millions of parents and caregivers have lost incomes and jobs due to COVID-19, forcing them to expose their children to harmful and dangerous circumstances, such as begging or child marriage. World Vision has conducted rapid assessments in 24 countries across Latin America, Sub-Saharan Africa, and Asia confirming alarming predictions of increased child hunger, violence, and poverty due to the economic impact of COVID-19. These assessment results give further evidence that the most vulnerable families and their children are hardest hit in such crises. Those living in fragile countries already suffering from conflict, climate change, instability or displacement as well as those already receiving humanitarian assistance are suffering even greater injustices because of the pandemic.
COVID-19 poses a grave threat to the world’s children. As it has been showed in a previous report, while the mortality rate for healthy children infected by the virus has been lower than for adults and those with pre-existing conditions, 30 million are still at risk of illness and death. It is the indirect effects and impacts of this disease that pose a clear and present danger to children, particularly the most vulnerable. This report looks at one those impacts of COVID-19 on girls and boys. Violence. It predicts a major spike in the cases of children experiencing physical, emotional and sexual violence, both now and in the months and years to come. Whether they are forced to stay at home, or, in time, are sent to work or pushed into early marriage, boys and girls face a bleak future – unless governments, UN agencies, donors, NGOs, and the private sector do everything thing they can now to protect them.
UNICEF Innocenti's Children and COVID-19 Library is a database collecting research from around the world on COVID-19 and its impacts on children and adolescents.
Read the latest quarterly digest on children and youth mental health under COVID-19.
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COVID-19 & Children: Rapid Research Response