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Children and COVID-19 Research Library

UNICEF Innocenti's curated library of COVID-19 + Children research

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Barriers and facilitators to comprehensive, school-based physical activity promotion for adolescents prior to and during the COVID-19 pandemic: a qualitative study

AUTHOR(S)
Ashleigh M. Johnson; Pooja S. Tandon; Kiana R. Hafferty (et al.)

Published: December 2022   Journal: Health Education Research
This study aimed to identify barriers and facilitators to comprehensive, school-based physical activity (PA) promotion among adolescents prior to and during the coronavirus disease of 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, considering the perspectives of students, parents, and school staff. Data were collected from 2020 to 2021 using semi-structured individual interviews with students (n = 15), parents (n = 20), and school staff (n = 8) at a Title I middle school (i.e. high percentage of students from low-income families). Two theoretical frameworks guided analysis: the Comprehensive School Physical Activity Program framework and Bronfenbrenner’s ecological systems theory. Using an iteratively developed codebook, data were coded, thematically analyzed, and synthesized. PA barriers and facilitators were present throughout the school day, at home, and in the community. Key determinants included pandemic-induced challenges (e.g. COVID-19 exposure); neighborhood characteristics/weather (e.g. neighborhood safety); school–family communication/collaboration; implementation climate (i.e. school staff’s support for programming); time, spatial, and monetary resources (e.g. funding); staffing capacity/continuity and school champions; staffing creativity and adaptability; PA opportunities before, during, and after school; and child’s motivation/engagement.
Understanding youth athlete motivation, training, and activity progression during and after the COVID-19 sports interruption

AUTHOR(S)
Elliot Greenberg; Eric Greenberg; J. Todd Lawrence (et al.)

Published: December 2022   Journal: The International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy

COVID-19 restrictions created a period of disrupted sports participation for youth athletes. The physical conditioning, sports training habits, and patterns of sports activity resumption upon returning to normal sports activity are currently unknown. This study aimed to determine the extent to which youth athletes maintained their training levels during the early stages of the COVID-19 pandemic and understand the strategies that enhanced motivation and adherence to a training regimen while in isolation. A secondary aim was to analyze how youth athletes returned to activity and identify injuries associated with prolonged sports interruption.

Influence of high school socioeconomic status on athlete injuries during the COVID-19 pandemic: an ecological study

AUTHOR(S)
Garrett Bullock; Albert Prats-Uribe; Charles Thigpen (et al.)

Published: December 2022   Journal: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy

It is presently unclear how the cessation of high school sport has affected injury incidence at different socioeconomic levels. The COVID-19 pandemic may have disproportionately affected athletes of lower socioeconomic status, potentially increasing injury risk in this population. This study aims to:  1) describe athlete injury incidence prior to and during the 2019-2020 and 2020-2021 school years in high school athletes by socioeconomic status; 2) investigate the association between socioeconomic status and injury incidence in high school athletes.

Changes in the body composition of boys aged 11-18 years due to COVID-19 measures in the Czech Republic

AUTHOR(S)
P. Kutac; V. Bunc; M. Sigmund (et al.)

Published: December 2022   Journal: BMC Public Health

The lockdown measures related to coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID) impacted the health of adolescents by reducing physical activity (PA). The physical changes in response to decreases in PA can be measured with full body composition analysis. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of long-term PA restrictions on body fat (BF), fat-free mass (FFM) and skeletal muscle mass (SMM) in adolescents. A total of 1669 boys (before PA restriction (G1): 998; after PA restrictions ended (G2): 671; between the ages of 11 and 18 were included. The measured parameters were body mass (BM), visceral fat area (VFA), BF, FFM and SMM. The whole-body composition was evaluated using bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA).

Myopericarditis after COVID-19 mRNA vaccination among adolescents and young adults: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

AUTHOR(S)
Jun Yasuhara; Kaihei Masuda; Tadao Aikawa (et al.)

Published: December 2022   Journal: Jama Pediatrics

Published data on COVID-19 mRNA vaccine–associated myopericarditis in adolescents and young adults have been derived from small case series, national population-based studies, or passive reporting systems. Pooled evidence from a larger, international cohort is scarce. This study aims to investigate the clinical features and early outcomes associated with myopericarditis after COVID-19 mRNA vaccination in a heterogeneous population of adolescents and young adults. PubMed and EMBASE were searched through August 2022. Language restrictions were not applied.

The impact of exposure to cigarette advertising and promotion on youth smoking behavior in Malang Regency (Indonesia) during the COVID-19 pandemic

AUTHOR(S)
Kharismatul Laili; Suci Puspita Ratih; Rara Warih Gayatri (et al.)

Published: December 2022   Journal: Journal of Public Health in Africa

The prevalence of teen smokers has increased during the Covid-19 pandemic. Smoking behavior occurs due to exposure to advertising and the promotion of cigarettes. This quantitative research was conducted using cross-sectional approach. The purpose of the study was to analyze the relationship between advertising exposure and cigarette promotion on adolescent smoking behavior in Malang Regency during the pandemic using the chi-square test. Random sampling on students from several high schools or equal degree in the Kepanjen District was done with a total of 145 respondents.

Cite this research | Open access | Vol.: 13 | Issue: S2 | No. of pages: 6 | Language: English | Topics: Health | Tags: adolescent health, behavioural change, COVID-19 response, lockdown, social distance | Countries: Indonesia
Effects of physical activity and use of digital devices on visual acuity in children and adolescents during the COVID-19 pandemic: a cross-sectional study

AUTHOR(S)
Xiao Zheng; Lei Shi; Weiyan Ou (et al.)

Published: December 2022   Journal: Frontiers in Public Health

To determine the association between poor visual acuity, the use of digital devices and physical activity (PA) during the COVID-19 pandemic. A total of 327,646 Chinese children and adolescents were included in the analysis using a cluster random sampling method; this is a case-control study, of those 144,708 children and adolescents with poor visual acuity were included in the case group, while 182,938 who did not have poor visual acuity were included in the control group. A logistic regression model was used to assess the contribution of PA and the use of digital devices to poor visual acuity.

COVID-19 and HIV viral load suppression in children and adolescents in Durban, South Africa

AUTHOR(S)
Asandile Mathamo; Kimesh L. Naidoo; Jienchi Dorward (et al.)

Published: December 2022   Journal: Southern African Journal of HIV Medicine

The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic poses challenges to paediatric and adolescent HIV treatment programme. Modelling exercises raised concerns over potential impact of disruptions. This study aimed to describe the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on viral load (VL) testing among infants, children and adolescents on antiretroviral treatment (ART) in Durban, South Africa. Routinely collected, aggregated data of monthly VL counts done on all those less than 19 years old from January 2018 to January 2022 was analysed. An interrupted time series analysis using a Prais-Winsten linear regression model, including terms for lockdowns and excess mortality determined VL trends.

Instagram, risky drinking and main health effects in Spanish adolescents in the COVID-19 pandemic. a qualitative study

AUTHOR(S)
Lorena Tarriño-Concejero; Rocio de Diego-Cordero; Maria Ángeles García-Carpintero Muñoz

Published: November 2022   Journal: Public Health Nursing

The aim of this study was to analyze the relationship between Instagram, alcohol consumption and the impact on adolescent health during the COVID-19 pandemic. A qualitative study was carried out with 13 focus groups, involving 38 interviews. The fieldwork was conducted between January and December 2021 using a semi-structured script with three main categories. The research was carried out by a team specialized in adolescent risks and qualitative research.

Self-reported changes in sleep patterns and behavior in children and adolescents during COVID-19

AUTHOR(S)
Kathrin Bothe; Manuel Schabus; Esther-Sevil Eigl (et al.)

Published: November 2022   Journal: Scientific Reports
The COVID-19 pandemic and lockdowns worldwide forced children and adolescents to change and adapt their lives to an unprecedented situation. Using an online survey, we investigated whether they showed changes in sleep quality and other related factors due to this event. Between February 21st, 2021 and April 19th, 2021, a total of 2,290 Austrian children and adolescents (6–18 years) reported their sleep habits and quality of sleep as well as physical activity, daylight exposure and usage of media devices during and, retrospectively, before the pandemic.
Musculoskeletal complaints and associated factors in school children aged between 6 and 13 years in Istanbul during the COVID-19 pandemic: a cross-sectional study

AUTHOR(S)
Ozdena Ozyemisci Taskira; Mahira Topaloglu; Esra Giray (et al.)

Published: November 2022   Journal: Work

Following the first COVID-19 cases in Turkey, face-to-face education was ceased after March 16, 2020 until the end of the educational year (i.e. June 19, 2020) and education was substituted remotely due to confinement. This study aims to investigate the frequency of musculoskeletal complaints in school-age children and associated risk factors including reduced physical activity, increased screen time and poor ergonomics conditions in school-age children during the pandemic. This cross-sectional study included parents or guardians of 960 students aged between 6–13 years old with a non-randomized sampling. A survey was administered consisting of 66 items related with sociodemographic characteristics of the children and family, online education hours, technological device(s) used, screen time, type of physical activity, presence of musculoskeletal problems and poor ergonomics conditions such as incorrect sitting posture.

A population-based serological study of post-COVID syndrome prevalence and risk factors in children and adolescents

AUTHOR(S)
Roxane Dumont; Viviane Richard; Elsa Lorthe (et al.)

Published: November 2022   Journal: Nature Communications
Post-COVID syndrome remains poorly studied in children and adolescents. Here, we aimed to investigate the prevalence and risk factors of pediatric post-COVID in a population-based sample, stratifying by serological status. Children from the SEROCoV-KIDS cohort study (State of Geneva, Switzerland), aged 6 months to 17 years, were tested for anti-SARS-CoV-2 N antibodies (December 2021-February 2022) and parents filled in a questionnaire on persistent symptoms in their children (lasting over 12 weeks) compatible with post-COVID. Of 1034 children tested, 570 (55.1%) were seropositive.
Impact of early stages of the COVID-19 pandemic on sexually transmitted infection screening claims among adolescent females in a pediatric accountable care organization in Ohio, United States

AUTHOR(S)
Laura Hart; Fareeda W. Haamid; Cynthia Holland-Hall (et al.)

Published: November 2022   Journal: Medical Journeys

Testing for sexually transmitted infections (STIs) decreased during the early months of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. Less is known about the extent to which screening of asymptomatic adolescents for STIs was specifically affected. Our aim was to describe the impacts of early stages of the COVID-19 pandemic on asymptomatic STI screening and overall STI testing among adolescent females aged 13 to 19. We hypothesized that screening would decrease more than overall testing. This study evaluated claims data from a pediatric accountable care organization responsible for approximately 40,000 adolescent females. It assessed rates of asymptomatic screening and overall testing for chlamydia and gonorrhea in this population, comparing the early pandemic to pre-pandemic levels.

School closures and mental health, wellbeing and health behaviours among children and adolescents during the second COVID-19 wave: a systematic review of the literature

AUTHOR(S)
Rosella Saulle; Manuela De Sario; Antonella Bena (et al.)

Published: November 2022   Journal: Epidemiologia & Prevenzione
This research aims to evaluate the impact of school closures, as a measure to contain the transmission of SARS-CoV-2 infection, on the psychological well-being of students of all levels starting from the 2020-2021 school year. A systematic literature review was conducted according to the PRISMA 2020 Guidelines. The literature search was conducted on 4 different databases: MedLine, Embase, PsycINFO, and L.OVE Platform. Quantitative observational studies published until 10.01.2022 were included. Studies conducted during the first pandemic wave, i.e., during the 2019-2020 school year and/or during the mandatory lockdown or confinement period, were excluded. The methodological quality of the studies was assessed with validated scales. Study selection, data extraction, and quality assessment were carried out independently by two authors.
The impact of the covid-19 pandemic on physical activity and health of children and adolescents in Europe

AUTHOR(S)
Jacob Kornbeck; Sladjana Petkovic; Roland Naul

Published: November 2022   Journal: Acta Universitatis Carolinae Kinanthropologica
In what ways and to what extent has the Covid-19 pandemic affected the lives of children and young people in Europe by limiting their access to physical education and other types of physical activity, including sport? A review of the available, reported, evidence-based knowledge is provided with regards to physical activity and motor behaviour; psycho-social well-being; as well as effects on mental well-being. From a literature review, the main insights are extracted and placed in a wider policy context, including as regards EU-wide priorities regarding sports policy, health-enhancing physical activity (HEPA) as well as public funding, including from the EU budget.
Cite this research | Open access | Vol.: 58 | Issue: 1 | No. of pages: 5-17 | Language: English | Topics: Health | Tags: adolescent health, child health, COVID-19 response, lockdown, physical activity, social distance
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UNICEF Innocenti's Children and COVID-19 Library is a database collecting research from around the world on COVID-19 and its impacts on children and adolescents.

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COVID-19 & Children: Rapid Research Response

UNICEF Innocenti is mobilizing a rapid research response in line with UNICEF’s global response to the COVID-19 crisis. The initiatives we’ve begun will provide the broad range of evidence needed to inform our work to scale up rapid assessment, develop urgent mitigating strategies in programming and advocacy, and preparation of interventions to respond to the medium and longer-term consequences of the COVID-19 crisis. The research projects cover a rapid review of evidence, education analysis, and social and economic policies.