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Children and COVID-19 Research Library

UNDER DEVELOPMENT UNICEF Innocenti's curated library of COVID-19 + Children research

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1 - 15 of 102
Interplay between long-term vulnerability and new risk: young adolescent and maternal mental health immediately before and during the COVID-19 pandemic

AUTHOR(S)
Nicola Wright; Jonathan Hill; Helen Sharp (et al.)

Published: May 2021   Journal: JCPP Advances

This study examines whether there has been an increase in young adolescent and maternal mental health problems from pre- to post-onset of the COVID-19 pandemic. Children aged 11–12 years and their mothers participating in a UK population-based birth cohort (Wirral Child Health and Development Study) provided mental health data between December 2019 and March 2020, and again 3 months after lockdown, 89% (N = 202) of 226 assessed pre-COVID-19. Emotional and behavioural problems were assessed by self- and maternal reports, and long-term vulnerability by maternal report of prior child adjustment, and maternal prenatal depression.

Health indicators on adolescents reveal disparity and inequality on regional and national levels

AUTHOR(S)
Mengqiao Wang

Published: May 2021   Journal: BMC Public Health
Health status in adolescents is difficult to evaluate and compare horizontally, vertically and longitudinallyamong different regions and nations of the world.Methods:With repeated surveys conducted with relatively uniformed standards, the UNICEF Data warehousecompiles and publishes a wide spectrum of health indicators, of which data analysis and visualization wouldreveal the underlying statuses and trends on global, regional and national levels.
COVID-19 and substance use in adolescents

AUTHOR(S)
Leslie H. Lundahl; Ciara Cannoy

Published: May 2021   Journal: Pediatric Clinics
The impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on adolescent substance use is not clear, as emerging studies have yielded inconsistent results. The COVID-19 pandemic has significantly disrupted daily life for adolescents, leading to increased stress, social isolation, boredom, anxiety, and depression, all of which are risk factors for adolescent substance use. Stay-at-home and social distancing orders might create unexpected benefits for reducing adolescent use, for example, by limiting access to drug-using peers and opportunities to obtain and use drugs, and by increasing parental supervision and time spent with family. The full impact of partial clinic closures on substance abuse treatment for adolescents is currently unknown. However, special considerations should be taken by clinicians working remotely with adolescents, especially those who are members of at-risk populations. For example, clinicians should regularly check in on adolescents’ safety and level of privacy in the home. Although substance abuse treatment may be affected by clinic shutdowns, healthcare workers may use adolescents’ lack of access to substances as a means for setting substance cessation goals.
Where there is (no) smoke, there is still fire: a review of trends, reasons for use, preferences and harm perceptions of adolescent and young adult electronic cigarette use

AUTHOR(S)
Priya Sarin Gupta; Kelly M. Kalagher

Published: May 2021   Journal: Current Pediatrics Reports
This study aims to review the current prevalence, trends, perceptions, and effects of e-cigarette or vaping product use associated lung injury (EVALI) on e-cigarette use among US adolescents and young adults. Recent findings COVID-19 diagnosis was more likely among the current/ever dual cigarette and e-cigarettes users, as well as ever e-cigarette only users. Additionally, the EVALI outbreak may have influenced harm perceptions, as daily nicotine vaping declined significantly from 2019 to 2020, and more youth and young adults perceived vaping as harmful.
Adolescents and opioid-related outcomes amidst the COVID-19 pandemic

AUTHOR(S)
Romina A. Romero; Sean D. Young

Published: May 2021   Journal: Journal of Addictive Diseases
Morbidity and mortality attributable to opioid use and misuse among adolescents and young adults are evident. Although recent trend data suggest a decrease in both opioid misuse and opioid use disorder among adolescents and young adults in the last few years, overdose cases continue to rise. The opioid epidemic among this population is complex and has a different profile compared to adults, with family facilitating exposure to opioids more often than other sources. Additionally, despite recommendations by experts to initiate medications for opioid use disorder, few initiate treatment. The recent COVID-19 pandemic has impacted many facets of daily life and its effects on the opioid crisis are largely unknown. Stay-at-home mandates resulting in online schooling and limited social interaction has had deleterious consequences for adolescents, especially their mental health. This viewpoint attempts to explore the effects of the pandemic on the opioid crisis in this vulnerable population.
Development and evaluation of a new measure of children's play: the Children's Play Scale (CPS)

AUTHOR(S)
Helen F. Dodd; Rachel J. Nesbit; Laura R. Maratchi

Published: May 2021   Journal: BMC Public Health
There is increasing recognition of the importance of children’s play from a public health perspective, given the links between play and children’s physical and mental health. The present research aimed to develop and evaluate a new parent-report questionnaire that measures the time children spend playing across a range of places and includes a supplement to evaluate how adventurously children play.
Exploring the local policy context for reducing health inequalities in children and young people: an in depth qualitative case study of one local authority in the North of England, UK

AUTHOR(S)
Eleanor Holding; Hannah Fairbrother; Naomi Griffin (et al.)

Published: May 2021   Journal: BMC Public Health volume
: Improving children and young people’s (CYP) health and addressing health inequalities are international priorities. Reducing inequalities is particularly pertinent in light of the Covid-19 outbreak which has exacerbated already widening inequalities in health. This study aimed to explore understandings of inequality, the anticipated pathways for reducing inequalities among CYP and key factors affecting the development and implementation of policy to reduce inequalities among CYP at a local level
Impact of Covid-19 lockdown measures on lifestyle behavior in children and adolescents with severe obesity

AUTHOR(S)
Ozair Abawi; Mila Sofie Welling; Emma van den Eynde (et al.)

Published: May 2021   Journal: Journal of the Endocrine Society
During the COVID-19 pandemic, lockdown measures were implemented with large impact on lifestyle behaviors and well-being of children (including adolescents). The impact on children with severe obesity, who plausibly are at even larger risk, has not yet been described. Aim of this study was to investigate the impact of COVID-19 lockdown on eating behaviors, physical activity, screen time and quality of life (QoL) of children with severe obesity.
Czech adolescents’ remote school and health experiences during the spring 2020 COVID-19 lockdown

AUTHOR(S)
Kwok Ng; Alina Cosma; Karel Svacina (et al.)

Published: May 2021   Journal: Preventive Medicine Reports
Schools around the world were closed during the spring 2020 lockdown to reduce the spread of COVID-19. As such, these rapid changes to adolescent daily routines may have had immediate as well as long-term effects on their physical, social, and mental health. Therefore, the aim of this study was to examine the experiences, health behaviors and perceived change in health behaviors among adolescents in Czechia during the spring 2020 lockdown.
The impact of COVID-19 on the lives and mental health of Australian adolescents

AUTHOR(S)
Sophie H. Li; Joanne R. Beames; Jill M. Newby (et al.)

Published: April 2021   Journal: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
There has been signifcant disruption to the lives and mental health of adolescents during the COVID-19 pandemic. The purpose of this study was to assess the psychological and lifestyle impact of the pandemic on Australian adolescents, using an online survey, administered during the outbreak. Self-report surveys were administered online to a sample of 760 Australian adolescents aged 12–18 years assessing impact on a range of domains including behaviour, education, relationships, lifestyle factors (exercise, technology use, and sleep), and mental health outcomes (psychological distress, loneliness, health anxiety and well-being).
The psychosocial impact of type 1 diabetes mellitus in children and adolescents during the Covid-19 pandemic
Published: April 2021   Journal: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health

Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus (T1DM) is the most common chronic endocrine disorder of childhood. It can exert a large psychosocial impact on children and their families, as the treatment is often complex requiring a multidisciplinary approach. The significance of the psychosocial impact can become more pronounced during the COVID‐19 pandemic. The primary aim of this study was to investigate whether the COVID‐19 pandemic might impact the psychosocial impact of T1DM and glycaemic control.

Physical activity, screen exposure and sleep among students during the pandemic of COVID-19

AUTHOR(S)
Yang‑feng Guo; Min‑qi Liao; Wei‑li Cai (et al.)

Published: April 2021   Journal: Scientific Reports volume
This study aimed to determine the levels of health-related behaviours (physical activity, screen exposure and sleep status) among Chinese students from primary, secondary and high schools during the pandemic of COVID-19, as well as their changes compared with their status before the pandemic. A cross-sectional online survey of 10,933 students was conducted among 10 schools in Guangzhou, China, between 8th and 15th March, 2020. After getting the informed consent from student’s caregivers, an online questionnaire was designed and used to obtain time spending on health-related behaviours during the pandemic of COVID-19, as well as the changes compared with 3 months before the pandemic, which was completed by students themselves or their caregivers.
COVID-19 and sleep patterns in adolescents and young adults

AUTHOR(S)
Laura Ramos Socarras; Jérémie Potvin; Geneviève Forest

Published: April 2021   Journal: Sleep Medicine
In March 2020, the world experienced a global pandemic, which involved the shutdown of schools or a transposition to remote teaching in most countries. The objective of the present study was to investigate the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic related lockdown on sleep patterns and sleep quality in adolescents and young adults.
Rate of thrombosis in children and adolescents hospitalized with COVID-19 or MIS-C

AUTHOR(S)
Hilary Whitworth; Sarah E. Sartain; Riten Kumar (et al.)

Published: April 2021   Journal: 75 Blood
Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2) is associated with thrombotic complications in adults, but the incidence of COVID-19 related thrombosis in children and adolescents is unclear. Most children with acute COVID-19 have mild disease, but coagulopathy has been associated with multisystem inflammatory syndrome in children (MIS-C), a post-infectious complication. This study conducted a multicenter retrospective cohort research to determine the incidence of thrombosis in children hospitalized with COVID-19 or MIS-C and to evaluate associated risk factors.
Cite this research | Open access | Vol.: 137 | Issue: 18 | No. of pages: 22 | Language: English | Topics: Health | Tags: adolescent health, child health, child mortality, COVID-19, infectious disease, respiratory diseases
Adolescents’ experiences of covid-19 in Chittagong and Sylhet divisions, Bangladesh

AUTHOR(S)
Farhana Alam; Md Sajib Rana; Samira Ahmed Raha (et al.)

Institution: Gender and Adolescence Global Evidence
Published: April 2021

This study is part of a cross-country series designed to share emerging findings in real time from qualitative interviews with adolescents and school teachers in the context of covid-19. Our sample for this study was purposefully selected from an ongoing baseline GAGE impact evaluation study, and includes two cohorts: younger adolescents (10–14 years) and older adolescents (15–19 years), all of whom are in-school (grades 7 and 8). Adolescent respondents were drawn from both urban and rural schools in Chittagong and Sylhet divisions of Bangladesh. The objectives of the research are as follows: 1) to understand adolescents’ experiences of transition from childhood to adulthood, and to identify differences in their experiences by age, gender, disability and geographic location; 2) to identify adolescents’ knowledge of covid-19, and how the pandemic response has affected adolescent lives. To inform the pandemic response, this study aims to understand adolescents’ knowledge, perceptions and practices during the covid-19 pandemic, their challenges and worries, and the coping mechanisms they are using to deal with the evolving situation.

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UNICEF Innocenti's Children and COVID-19 Library is a database collecting research from around the world on COVID-19 and its impacts on children and adolescents.

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COVID-19 & Children: Rapid Research Response

UNICEF Innocenti is mobilizing a rapid research response in line with UNICEF’s global response to the COVID-19 crisis. The initiatives we’ve begun will provide the broad range of evidence needed to inform our work to scale up rapid assessment, develop urgent mitigating strategies in programming and advocacy, and preparation of interventions to respond to the medium and longer-term consequences of the COVID-19 crisis. The research projects cover a rapid review of evidence, education analysis, and social and economic policies.