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Children and COVID-19 Research Library

UNICEF Innocenti's curated library of COVID-19 + Children research

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31 - 45 of 826
Implementation of online classes during national school closure due to COVID‐19 and mental health symptoms of adolescents: a cross‐sectional survey of 5000 students

AUTHOR(S)
Ryo Morishima; Haruna Koike; Akiko Kanehara (et al.)

Published: June 2022   Journal: PCN Reports

Online classes were implemented in numerous schools during the school closure due to COVID-19. The present study examined the relationship between online classes during national school closure and mental health symptoms after the reopening of schools. It conducted a cross-sectional survey from October 1 to November 7, 2020 using an anonymous self-reported questionnaire to evaluate 21 junior and senior high schools in the Saitama prefecture of Japan. Out of the 5538 students who were recruited, 5000 agreed to participate. The relationship between the implementation of online classes and mental health symptoms (emotional symptoms, psychotic experience [PE], and smartphone addiction) was evaluated using mixed-effect logistic regression models, while controlling for individual and class-level covariates (e.g., gender, grades).

Intersectionality in pandemic youth suicide attempt trends

AUTHOR(S)
Katherine McCoy

Published: June 2022   Journal: Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior

The COVID-19 pandemic has resulted in increased distress at a societal level, with youth and young people bearing a disproportionate burden. A series of recent Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Reports has highlighted emergency department (ED) visit rates for suicide attempts among youth ages 12–25 during the COVID-19 pandemic. This study expands those analyses by adding race and ethnicity to the examination of suspected suicide attempts among youth. This study uses National Syndromic Surveillance Program (NSSP) data for Wisconsin from hospitals that consistently reported ED visits between the study period of January 1, 2019 and September 30, 2021. Suspected suicide attempt visits were identified using the CDC-developed suicide attempt query.

Exploring children's knowledge of COVID-19 and stress levels associated with the pandemic in Nigeria: a mixed-method study

AUTHOR(S)
Osamagbe Aiyudubie Asemota; Sharanya Napier-Raman; Hajime Takeuchi (et al.)

Published: June 2022   Journal: BMJ Paediatrics Open

Children have been relatively spared from the direct effects of COVID-19 globally, but there are significant concerns about indirect effects on the most vulnerable children’s well-being. Nigeria is the largest African nation, but little is known about children’s experience of the COVID-19 pandemic. Our aims were to determine children’s knowledge of COVID-19 and their mental health responses to the pandemic. Children aged 6–17 years living in Calabar, Nigeria, were surveyed using a combination of online data collection assisted by parents and on-site data collection at schools. Parents filled out sociodemographic details, while children answered questions about COVID-19 knowledge and preventive measures. An adapted version of the ‘Perceived Stress Scale for Children’ was used to assess stress with additional free text space for expression of views and experiences of COVID-19.

Utilization and acceptability of formal and informal support for adolescents following self-harm before and during the first COVID-19 lockdown: results from a large-scale English schools survey

AUTHOR(S)
Galit Geulayov; Rohan Borschmann; Karen L. Mansfield (et al.)

Published: June 2022   Journal: Frontiers in Psychiatry

Little is known about the perceived acceptability and usefulness of supports that adolescents have accessed following self-harm, especially since the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic. This study aims to examine the utilization and acceptability of formal, informal, and online support accessed by adolescents following self-harm before and during the pandemic. Cross-sectional survey (OxWell) of 10,560 secondary school students aged 12–18 years in the south of England. Information on self-harm, support(s) accessed after self-harm, and satisfaction with support received were obtained via a structured, self-report questionnaire. No tests for significance were conducted.

Resilience patterns of Swiss adolescents before and during the COVID-19 pandemic: a latent transition analysis

AUTHOR(S)
Clarissa Janousch; Frederick Anyan; Roxanna Morote (et al.)

Published: June 2022   Journal: International Journal of Adolescence and Youth
This study investigated resilience patterns and predictors of these patterns (i.e. gender and migration background) among Swiss early adolescents in times of COVID-19. A total of 317 pupils participated at two time points. Two separate latent class analyses and a latent transition analysis using mental health issues and protective factors as indicators were conducted.
Gloomy and out of control? Consequences of the COVID-19 pandemic on momentary optimism in daily live of adolescents

AUTHOR(S)
Larissa L. Wieczorek; Eva Bleckmann; Naemi D. Brandt (et al.)

Published: June 2022   Journal: Current Psychology
In the global COVID-19 pandemic, adolescents are regarded as especially burdened due to school closures and leisure activities being banned, often reducing peer contacts to zero. Experiencing restrictions while being uninvolved in decision-making processes left them with little control over their daily lives. Meanwhile, research highlights that optimism can act as a buffer against the impact of daily hassles and is considered an important resource for mental health. To understand the implications of the COVID-19 pandemic for adolescents' lives, this study examined how momentary perceived control and perceived personal and societal consequences of the COVID-19 pandemic relate to momentary optimism. Using experience-sampling data from N = 242 (Mage = 15.89; 86% female) adolescents assessed during the second pandemic wave in Germany, multilevel modeling revealed positive associations between adolescents’ momentary perceived control and their momentary optimism at both the within- and between-person level.
Does educational stress mediate the relationship between intolerance of uncertainty and academic life satisfaction in teenagers during the COVID‐19 pandemic?

AUTHOR(S)
Hatice Odacı; Feridun Kaya; Fatih Aydın

Published: June 2022   Journal: Psychology in the Schools
The present study aims to investigate the mediator role of educational stress in the relationship between intolerance to uncertainty and academic life satisfaction among teenagers. The sample consisted of 257 female and 202 male high school students with an average age of 16.03 (SD = 1.21) continuing their education in the spring semester of the 2020−2021 academic year in Turkey. The data were collected via an online survey.
Self-reported smartphone addiction among Brazilian adolescents in the COVID-19 pandemic context: a mixed-method study

AUTHOR(S)
Bruna Hinnah Borges Martins de Freitas; Maria Aparecida Munhoz Gaíva; Paula Manuela Jorge Diogo (et al.)

Published: June 2022   Journal: Trends in Psychology
This study intended to (1) estimate the prevalence of Self-Reported Smartphone Addiction among adolescents and (2) know the adolescents’ perspective on smartphone addiction in the COVID-19 pandemic context. The research is a sequential explanatory mixed-method study conducted with adolescents aged from 15 to 18 years old. In the first phase, a cross-sectional study was carried out with 479 adolescents and, in the second, an exploratory research with a qualitative approach was conducted with 16 participants, who were in the Focus Groups sessions.
Associations between fear of COVID-19, dental anxiety, and psychological distress among Iranian adolescents

AUTHOR(S)
Maryam Tofangchiha; Chung-Ying Lin; Janneke F. M. Scheerman (et al.)

Published: June 2022   Journal: BDJ Open volume

The present study evaluated the association of fear of COVID-19 with dental anxiety, oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL), and psychological distress (depression, anxiety and stress), as well as exploring the mediating role of dental anxiety in the association of fear of COVID-19 with OHRQoL and psychological distress. A cross-sectional study was conducted among adolescents in high schools of Qazvin city (Iran) from March-June 2021, recruited through a two-stage cluster sampling method. All the adolescents completed a self-administered survey assessing (i) fear of COVID-19, (ii) depression, anxiety and stress, (iii) OHRQoL, and (iv) dental anxiety. Structural equation modelling was used to evaluate all the hypothesised associations, and the model fit was estimated.

The relationship between screen time exposure and the presence of anxiety-related disorders among adolescents during the COVID-19 pandemic: a cross-sectional study

AUTHOR(S)
Rasha Rashad Alsaigh; Ghadeer Essam Assas; Nashwa Hussain Yahia (et al.)

Published: June 2022   Journal: Belitung Nursing Journa

The Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic prompted rules and laws such  as  lockdown,  which  contributed  to  staying  at  home  and  participating  in  sedentary activities such as using smartphones, tablets, televisions, gaming devices, and computers. As a result of the increased use of digital screen time, a worldwide issue has arisen among various age groups, especially adolescents, which may have affected their psychological well-being, increasing their susceptibility to anxiety-related disorders. This study aimed to assess the relationship between screen time exposure and the presence of anxiety-related disorders among adolescents during the COVID-19 pandemic.

Parental mental health and child anxiety during the COVID‐19 pandemic in Latin America

AUTHOR(S)
Anis Ben Brik; Natalie Williams; Rosario Esteinou (et al.)

Published: June 2022   Journal: Journal of Social Issues
This study examined parents’ (N = 10,141, 64% women) reports of their and their childrens’ depression, anxiety, and stress in Brazil, Mexico, Colombia and Argentina. The data come from the COVID-19 Family Life Study (Ben Brik, 2020) and cohort recruited between April and December 2020. Participants completed online surveys that included the DASS-21 and the Revised Children's Manifest Anxiety Scale. Our findings indicate that socio-economically disadvantaged families fared worse in mental health during the early phases of the COVID-19 pandemic compared with families with more social and economic resources. Mothers reported higher anxiety, depression, and stress compared with fathers. Parents of adolescents and adolescents fared worse than did families with younger children. Parental physical activity was associated with better parent and child mental health of anxiety symptoms.
Pupils' adaptability at school, a balance between demands and resources?

AUTHOR(S)
Marie Oger; Guillaume Broc; Charles Martin-Krumm (et al.)

Published: June 2022   Journal: Frontiers in Education
School burnout is affecting more and more adolescents. In order to develop appropriate preventative measures, the problem more than ever requires a detailed understanding of the mechanisms operating on students’ capacity to adapt to circumstances rendered particularly difficult by the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic (COVID-19). In the absence of an explanatory framework in the field of school health, the JD-R model of work-related stress constitutes an original prism for reading the quality of pupils’ adaptation to their school environment. The aim of this research is on the one hand to observe the predictive links between the different variables operationalized in the school JD-R model and on the other, to test the adequacy of this model against the data in schools acutely affected by the COVID situation. A total of 470 middle school, high school and 1st year BTS students agreed to participate in the longitudinal study. They were administered six scales spread over three measurement periods.
Exploring innovative teaching approaches to adolescents' sexual and reproductive health and rights education during the COVID-19 pandemic in Oluno Circuit, Oshana region of Namibia

AUTHOR(S)
Anna Niitembu Hako; Petrus Dhiginina Shipalanga

Published: June 2022   Journal: European Journal of Educational Sciences

Access to youth-friendly services is critical to ensuring Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights (SRHR) and the psychological well-being of adolescents. This qualitative study explored the innovative teaching approaches to adolescents’ sexual and reproductive health and rights education during the COVID-19 pandemic in the Oluno circuit. A sample of 10 Life Skills teachers was purposively selected and individual face to face interviews were conducted. Data was analysed using a thematic approach. The findings revealed that the radio, WhatsApp, recorded audios and handouts were used to engage learners on sexual reproductive health information when schools were closed. It is further established that WhatsApp and the radio were the mainly used methods because they were appropriate and user friendly.

The evaluation of physical activity levels and sleep quality of high school and university students during the COVID-19 pandemic

AUTHOR(S)
Merve Koca Kosova; Sercin Kosova

Published: June 2022   Journal: Journal of Turkish Sleep Medicine
There are major changes in the lifestyles of students with the limitations of the Coronavirus disease-2019 pandemic. This study aimed to determine the physical activity status and sleep quality of high school and university students during the pandemic and to compare the sleep quality findings according to their physical activity status. The data were collected electronically. The short form of the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ short form) and the Pittsburgh sleep quality index (PSQI) scale were used. The Kruskal-Wallis test was used for the determination of the difference between the groups, which were separated according to IPAQ scores. The correlation between the metabolic equivalents (METs) obtained from the IPAQ score and PSQI score was evaluated using Spearman’s correlation analysis.
Sleep quality and disturbances, emotional regulation and resiliency in adolescents during the COVID-19 pandemic

AUTHOR(S)
Gabrielle Gauthier-Gagné; Jana Jensen; Gail Somerville (et al.)

Published: June 2022   Journal: Sleep
The COVID-19 pandemic continues to evolve internationally, increasing levels of psychological stress in adolescents around the world, and thereby increasing their risk for emotional disorders associated with chronic stress. This ongoing threat to adolescents’ mental health requires that we identify factors that contribute to their ability to cope with situations shown to carry significant risks, such as the COVID-19 pandemic (i.e., their resiliency).Negative emotions are associated with chronic stress, and factors that reduce levels of negative emotions are associated with improved resiliency. Healthier sleep is associated with lower levels of negative emotions. Cognitive reappraisal (changing the way one thinks about potentially emotion-eliciting events) is an emotional regulation strategy that downregulates negative emotions. However, there is little information about the associations between sleep quality, emotional regulation, and resiliency in adolescents. The present study sought to fill this gap by examining the associations between adolescents’ sleep quality and disturbances, emotional regulation strategies and adolescents’ resiliency during the COVID-19 pandemic.
31 - 45 of 826

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COVID-19 & Children: Rapid Research Response

UNICEF Innocenti is mobilizing a rapid research response in line with UNICEF’s global response to the COVID-19 crisis. The initiatives we’ve begun will provide the broad range of evidence needed to inform our work to scale up rapid assessment, develop urgent mitigating strategies in programming and advocacy, and preparation of interventions to respond to the medium and longer-term consequences of the COVID-19 crisis. The research projects cover a rapid review of evidence, education analysis, and social and economic policies.