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Children and COVID-19 Research Library

UNDER DEVELOPMENT UNICEF Innocenti's curated library of COVID-19 + Children research

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46 - 60 of 69
What does adolescent substance use look like during the COVID-19 pandemic? Examining changes in frequency, social contexts, and pandemic-related predictors

AUTHOR(S)
Tara M. Dumas; Wendy Ellis; Dana M. Litt

Published: September 2020   Journal: The Journal of Adolescent Health

The overarching goal of this study was to provide key information on how adolescents' substance use has changed since the corona virus disease (COVID)-19 pandemic, in addition to key contexts and correlates of substance use during social distancing. Canadian adolescents completed an online survey, in which they reported on their frequency of alcohol use, binge drinking, cannabis use, and vaping in the 3 weeks before and directly after social distancing practices had taken effect.

Internet addiction and related psychological factors among children and adolescents in China during the Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) epidemic

AUTHOR(S)
Huixi Dong; Fangru Yang; Xiaozi Lu (et al.)

Published: September 2020   Journal: Fronrtiers in Psychiatry

The Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is an infectious disease presenting a major threat to public health. This study aims to assess Internet use characteristics and objectively examine the potential psychological factors associated with Internet addiction (IA) during the COVID-19 epidemic. A cross-sectional, anonymized, self-reported survey was conducted among Chinese children and adolescents aged 6 to 18 years old. Participants completed questionnaires containing Young’s Internet Addiction Test (IAT) and the Depression, Anxiety, and Stress Scale (DASS-21), and questions regarding demographic information and Internet use characteristics.

Contextualizing parental/familial influence on physical activity in adolescents before and during COVID-19 pandemic: a prospective analysis

AUTHOR(S)
Barbara Gilic; Ljerka Ostojic; Marin Corluka (et al.)

Published: September 2020   Journal: Children
Parental and familial factors influence numerous aspects of adolescents’ lives, including their physical activity level (PAL). The purpose of this study was to evaluate the changes in PAL which occurred during the COVID-19 pandemic, and to evaluate influence of sociodemographic and parental/familial factors on PAL levels before and during pandemic in adolescents from Bosnia and Herzegovina. The sample included 688 adolescents (15–18 years of age; 322 females) who were tested on two occasions: in January 2020 (baseline; before the COVID-19 pandemic) and in April 2020 (follow-up; during the COVID-19 pandemic lockdown).
The pandemic paused the US school-to-prison pipeline: potential lessons learned

AUTHOR(S)
Sarah Y. Vinson; Randee J. Waldman

Published: September 2020   Journal: The Lancet Child & Adolescent Health
A global pandemic caused society to radically and quickly reconfigure. Schools, wary of the health risks of in-person instruction, shifted to virtual learning. Although not ideal in many respects, this shift placed adolescents in the USA out of the reach of harsh school disciplinary procedures (ie, zero tolerance policies, out-of-school suspensions, expulsions, and law enforcement referrals), contributing to a drastic reduction in juvenile court referrals nationally. The school-to-prison pipeline paused. Characterised by school disciplinary approaches placing adolescents on a trajectory to juvenile and then adult criminal legal systems, this pipeline is most pronounced for Black and Latinx students, students with disabilities, and in schools serving impoverished communities. Although this survey focuses mainly on the USA, this topic has relevance in other societies with public education, substantial income inequality, and racial inequities in their justice systems.
Anxiety in older adolescents at the time of COVID-19

AUTHOR(S)
Pietro Smirni; Gioacchino Lavanco; Daniela Smirni

Published: September 2020   Journal: Journal of Clinical Medicine
The current study investigated the state of anxiety and emotional awareness in a sample of healthy older adolescents, 84 females and 64 males, aged 17 to 19, during the pandemic lockdown, using the Self-Rating Anxiety Scale and the Italian Emotion Awareness Questionnaire. An unexpected anxious phenomenology was found, affecting anxiety and the ideo-affective domain, while somatic symptomatology appeared to be less severe. The highest anxiety symptoms were breathing difficulties. These findings supported the hypothesis that the COVID-19 pandemic may be a risk condition for an increased state of anxiety in older adolescents and suggested the need to provide (1) an effective, empathic communication system with direct participation of older adolescents, (2) a psychological counseling service for the stress management of adolescents.
Positive education and school psychology during COVID-19 pandemic

AUTHOR(S)
Jolanta Burke; Gökmen Arslan

Published: September 2020   Journal: Journal of Positive School Psychology
Positive  school  psychology  literacy is thus necessary for developing science that informed evidence helping students to cope with the challenges.  Application of the principles of positive psychology that emphasizes human strengths into school context can play a key role for  the  promotion  of  positive  education  and  school psychology.
application
of the principles of positive psychology that emphasizes
human strengths into school context can play a key role
for the promotion of positive education and school
psychology.
COVID-19 related anxiety in children and adolescents with severe obesity: a mixed-methods study

AUTHOR(S)
Ozair Abawi; Mila S. Welling; Emma van den Eynde (et al.)

Published: September 2020   Journal: Clinical Obesity
Recent studies report negative mental health effects of the COVID-19 related lockdown measures in general paediatric cohorts. Since obesity is a risk factor for  COVID-19 in adults, children (including adolescents) with obesity might perceive themselves to be vulnerable. Using a combined quantitative and qualitative approach,  this study explored COVID-19 related anxiety in paediatric patients with severe obesity in the Netherlands using semi-structured telephone interviews and the  Paediatric Quality of Life Inventory (PedsQL) questionnaire, which had also been completed by the study population at baseline in the year prior to the COVID-19 outbreak.
A plea for the sustained implementation of digital interventions for young people with mental health problems in the light of the COVID-19 pandemic

AUTHOR(S)
Michael Kaess; Markus Moessner; Julian Koenig (et al.)

Published: September 2020   Journal: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry
The coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic and the consequent global lockdown posed a particular challenge for youths with mental health problems. Crucial interference with their everyday lives likely increased psychological distress while accessibility of conventional mental health care was limited. Ongoing online trials offer a unique opportunity to analyse mental health status and help-seeking behaviour of adolescents during the pandemic.
Sleep and screen time among adolescents during COVID-19

AUTHOR(S)
Kelly Janssens

Published: September 2020
The purpose of this study was to understand how both sleeping habits and smartphone use changed among adolescents between January 2020 to July 2020.
COVID-19 suicide among adolescents and youths during the lockdown: an exploratory study based on media reports

AUTHOR(S)
Dilshad Manzar; Abdulrahman Albougami; Norina Usman (et al.)

Published: September 2020
The incidences of COVID-19 related suicide among adolescents and youths have been reported across the world. This cumulative study focuses on nature, patterns, and causative factors that lead to the present situation.
The impact of COVID-19 lockdown on social network sites use, body image disturbances and self-esteem among adolescents and young women

AUTHOR(S)
Helena Vall-Roqué; Ana Andrés; Carmina Saldaña

Published: September 2020
This study aimed to determine the impact of COVID-19 lockdown on social network sites (SNS) use and to explore whether SNS use is associated with body image disturbances and low self-esteem. The results suggest that lockdown has had an impact on SNS use, and this might be linked to increased drive for thinness and eating disorder risk among adolescents and young women.
Cite this research | Open access | No. of pages: 16 | Language: English | Topics: Health, Mental Health | Tags: adolescent health, adolescent psychology, mental stress | Countries: Spain
The COVID-19 pandemic and rapid implementation of adolescent and young adult telemedicine: challenges and opportunities for innovation

AUTHOR(S)
Angela Barney; Sara Buckelew; Veronika Mesheriakova (et al.)

Published: August 2020   Journal: Journal of Adolescent Health
This study describes the rapid implementation of telemedicine within an adolescent and young adult (AYA) medicine clinic in response to the Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. While there are no practice guidelines specific to AYA telemedicine, observations made during this implementation can highlight challenges encountered and suggest solutions to some of these challenges.
Cite this research | Open access | Vol.: 67 | Issue: 2 | No. of pages: 164-171 | Language: English | Topics: Health | Tags: adolescent health, adolescent psychology, health care, teleworking | Countries: United States
Why we need longitudinal mental health research with children and youth during (and after) the COVID-19 pandemic

AUTHOR(S)
Mark Wade; Heather Prime; Dillon T. Browne

Published: August 2020   Journal: Psychiatry Research
In recent weeks, dozens of studies have been designed to examine the mental health consequences of the COVID-19 pandemic. Absent from the literature is the expressed need for research that is both longitudinal and developmental. To date, studies with children and youth have been almost exclusively cross-sectional While immensely informative, these studies cannot speak to the long-term effects of the pandemic, nor the complex set of stressors that instigate these difficulties or the mechanisms through which those stressors operate. This article presents five common effects that occur in developmental psychopathology that emphasize the need for longitudinal mental health research with children and youth.
The effects of social deprivation on adolescent development and mental health

AUTHOR(S)
Amy Orben; Livia Tomova; Sarah-Jayne Blakemore

Published: August 2020   Journal: The Lancet Child & Adolescent Health
Adolescence (the stage between 10 and 24 years) is a period of life characterised by heightened sensitivity to social stimuli and the increased need for peer interaction. The physical distancing measures mandated globally to contain the spread of COVID-19 are radically reducing adolescents' opportunities to engage in face-to-face social contact outside their household. This study describes, from an interdisciplinary viewpoint, how social deprivation in adolescence might have far-reaching consequences. Human studies have shown the importance of peer acceptance and peer influence in adolescence. Animal research has shown that social deprivation and isolation have unique effects on brain and behaviour in adolescence compared with other stages of life. However, the decrease in adolescent face-to-face contact might be less detrimental due to widespread access to digital forms of social interaction through technologies such as social media. The findings reviewed highlight how physical distancing might have a disproportionate effect on an age group for whom peer interaction is a vital aspect of development.
Do suicide rates in children and adolescents change during school closure in Japan? The acute effect of the first wave of COVID-19 pandemic on child and adolescent mental health

AUTHOR(S)
Aya Isumi; Satomi Doi; Yui Yamaoka

Published: August 2020   Journal: Child Abuse & Neglect
This study investigates the acute effect of the first wave of the COVID-19 pandemic on suicide among children and adolescents during school closure in Japan.
46 - 60 of 69

UNICEF Innocenti's Children and COVID-19 Library is a database collecting research from around the world on COVID-19 and its impacts on children and adolescents.

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COVID-19 & Children: Rapid Research Response

UNICEF Innocenti is mobilizing a rapid research response in line with UNICEF’s global response to the COVID-19 crisis. The initiatives we’ve begun will provide the broad range of evidence needed to inform our work to scale up rapid assessment, develop urgent mitigating strategies in programming and advocacy, and preparation of interventions to respond to the medium and longer-term consequences of the COVID-19 crisis. The research projects cover a rapid review of evidence, education analysis, and social and economic policies.