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Over recent decades, South Asia has made remarkable progress in
improving the health of mothers and children. But the year 2020 brought a
great shock to South Asia, as it did to the whole world. The COVID-19
pandemic has had major and multiple impacts – both direct and indirect.
One of the critical indirect impacts has been severe disruptions to the
delivery and use of routine services, including essential health and
nutrition services. The region saw significant drops in the use of both
preventive and curative services. Direct and Indirect Effects of COVID-19 Pandemic and Response in South Asia uses
a series of exercises based on actual observed changes in services and
intervention coverage to model impacts on mortality, hospitalizations,
and ICU admissions due to COVID-19. It also models the impact of
nationwide stay-at-home orders to curb the spread of COVID-19 on
maternal and child mortality, educational attainment of children, and
the region’s economy. The study focuses on South Asia’s six most
populous countries: Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Nepal, India, Pakistan and
Sri Lanka and makes the case for interventions and strategies to
minimise these indirect consequences.
The European Union (EU) is committed to promoting and protecting the rights of children. In the era of Covid-19 pandemic, it is undertaking two major pieces of work to contribute to making this commitment a reality: a strategy on the rights of the child 2021-2024 and a child guarantee to ensure every child in Europe at risk of poverty has access to essential services. To find out what children are experiencing and what they say needs to change, the EU approached five child rights organizations – Child Fund Alliance, Eurochild, Save the Children, UNICEF and World Vision – to consult with children on their lives, aspirations and concerns for the future. This report presents the findings of that consultation with over 10,000 children aged 11–17 across Europe and beyond.
Angela Daly; Alyson Hillis; Shubhendra Man Shrestha (et al.)
Johanna Hepp; Sara E. Schmitz; Jana Urbild
Compared to the previous generation, the incidence of child marriage worldwide has declined. However, strides forward have suffered from substantial limitations. At the global level, child marriage is still too widespread, and progress too slow, to meet the SDG target in 2030. At the regional level, some areas have achieved remarkable progress, while others are lagging behind. Worryingly, in the majority of cases, progress over the past decade (2010-2020) has not matched advancements achieved in the decade prior (2000-2010). At the country level, inclusive progress hasn’t always materialized: in a number of countries, gaps are widening not only between wealth groups, but also on the basis of residence. In a nutshell, progress has been unevenly distributed not only across time, but also across geographies, with stark divides both among and within countries. COVID-19 is expected to have a damaging impact on child protection, including according to Save the Children’s own projections. Urgent efforts are needed to guarantee girls’ rights and prevent devastating setbacks. In the longer term, more research is needed to understand what drives child marriage, so as to tackle it more effectively in different regions.
Debapriya Bhattacharya; Sarah Sabin Khan; Towfiqul Islam Khan
Faith Gordon; Hannah Klose; Michelle Lyttle Storrod
Serious concerns for the safety and well-being of children and young people are multiplying due to the COVID-19 pandemic. The United Nations Committee on the Rights of the Child has called for children’s urgent release from prison. Evidence demonstrates that incarceration can aggravate existing health conditions and result in new health issues, such as depression, suicidal thoughts and post-traumatic stress disorder. This paper draws on findings from a larger study involving 25 qualitative interviews with policy makers, practitioners and researchers working in youth justice and utilises Victoria in South East Australia as a case study.
Karmen Toros; Keidy Tart; Asgeir Falch‑Eriksen
Christina M. Rodriguez; Shawna J. Lee; Kaitlin P. Ward (et al.)
Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC) and the
United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) have predicted that the social
and economic effects of the ongoing pandemic will have a significant
impact on the well-being of families with children and adolescents in
Latin America and the Caribbean. Even before the COVID-19 crisis,
children and adolescents were already a highly vulnerable population
group, suffering a higher incidence of poverty than other age groups and
affected by numerous inequalities in various dimensions. Not only does
the current emergency threaten families with the loss of their
livelihoods and a drop in their incomes, children and adolescents also
face significant barriers in securing access to health care —including
vaccination schemes— and to education. Thus, they are also at a higher
risk of falling behind or dropping out of school, as well as at risk
from food insecurity and threats of violence or physical punishment. It
is therefore urgent to invest in children and to ensure their
development in a context characterized by adversities old and new.
UNICEF Innocenti's Children and COVID-19 Library is a database collecting research from around the world on COVID-19 and its impacts on children and adolescents.
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COVID-19 & Children: Rapid Research Response