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Children and COVID-19 Research Library

UNICEF Innocenti's curated library of COVID-19 + Children research

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16 - 30 of 85
Influence of the educational environment and parenting patterns on children's growth and development in the new normal era after Covid 19 in the playgroup of Babadan District, Ponorogo Regency, Indonesia.

AUTHOR(S)
Jauhan Budiwan; Abdah Munfaridatus Sholihah

Published: June 2022   Journal: International Journal of Educational Studies in Social Sciences
The covid-19 outbreak has changed the educational structure and psychology of child development, the role of teachers, parents and the environment is needed for good development. In the new normal era after covid 19, what is the paradigm model in children's education. This article aims to determine the influence of the educational environment and parenting patterns on children's growth and development in the new normal era after covid 19 in the Babadan sub-district playgroup, Ponorogo district. This research is a field study where to measure the influence of the environment and parents on children's growth and development in the new normal era after covid 19 in the Babadan Subdistrict Playgroup, Ponorogo Regency by using the bivariate correlation test in three schools, namely the Al-Islam playgroup, the Permata Hati playgroup and the Aisiyah playgroup.
COVID-19 induced environments, health-related quality of life outcomes and problematic behaviors: evidence from children with syndromic autism spectrum disorders.

AUTHOR(S)
Corneliu Bolbocean; Kayla B. Rhidenour; Maria McCormack (et al.)

Published: June 2022   Journal: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
Between July 2020 and January 2021, 230 principal caregivers completed a questionnaire to measure proxy-assessed health-related quality of life outcomes (HRQoL), behavioral outcomes in children with syndromic autism spectrum disorders and COVID-19 induced changes to lifestyle and environments. HRQoL and behavioral outcomes reported earlier during the pandemic were generally worse compared to those reported later. COVID-19 induced reduction to a caregiver’s mental health appointments, and hours spent watching TV were associated with decreases in HRQoL and increased the likelihood of problematic behaviors. Increasing time outdoors and time away from digital devices were positively associated with HRQoL and behaviors and might protect children from COVID-19 induced restrictions.
Child's play: examining the association between time spent playing and child mental health

AUTHOR(S)
Helen F. Dodd; Rachel J. Nesbit; Lily FitzGibbon

Published: May 2022   Journal: Child Psychiatry & Human Development
It is theorised that adventurous play offers learning opportunities that help to prevent mental health problems in children. In this study, data from two samples is used to examine associations between the time that children aged 5–11 years spent playing adventurously and their mental health. For comparison, time spent playing unadventurously and time spent playing outdoors are also examined. Study 1 includes a sample of 417 parents, Study 2 includes data from a nationally representative sample of 1919 parents. Small, significant associations between adventurous play and internalising problems, as well as positive affect during the first UK-wide Covid-19 lockdown, were found; children who spend more time playing adventurously had fewer internalising problems and more positive affect during the Covid-19 lockdown. Study 2 showed that these associations were stronger for children from lower income families than for children from higher income families.
Effectiveness of remotely delivered parenting programs on caregiver-child interaction and child development: a systematic review

AUTHOR(S)
Katherine Solís-Cordero; Luciane Simões Duarte; Elizabeth Fujimori

Published: May 2022   Journal: Journal of Child and Family Studies
Remotely delivered parenting interventions are suitable to promote child well-being and development, in a context of social isolation, as our society faced due to COVID-19. The objective of this systematic review was to assess the effectiveness of remotely delivered parenting interventions for typically developing children on caregiver-child interaction and child development.  A systematic search to find studies from the inception of the database to September 2021 was carried out on six electronic databases: MEDLINE, CINAHL, Embase, Scopus, Web of Science Core Collection and Regional Portal Information and Knowledge for Health (BVS), and gray literature.
Implementation of the toddler growth stimulation program during the Covid 19 pandemic period, Manggahang Village, Bandung Regency in 2020

AUTHOR(S)
ria angelina marbun

Published: May 2022   Journal: Healthy-Mu Journal
Growth and development at the age of toddlers can be a determinant of the success of a child's growth and development at a later stage. Research conducted by Soccoro, et al in the Philippines proved that there was an increase in psychosocial development by 6-11% in children aged 0-4 years who were stimulated for 2 years. Efforts to increase the prevention of growth and development deviations in children under five need to be checked regularly, namely in children less than 24 months it is done every 3 months according to schedule and children aged 24-72 months it is done every 6 months. This activity can be carried out several times in 1 month. The research objectives are study was to identify the schedule and implementation of the early detection program for child development during the COVID-19 pandemic in Bandung Regency. This type of research is descriptive non-analytic research with cross sectional quantitative method.
Cite this research | Open access | Vol.: 5 | Issue: 2 | No. of pages: 5 | Language: English | Topics: Health, Mental Health | Tags: child development, child health, child mental health, COVID-19 response, lockdown, social distance | Countries: Indonesia
COVID-19 pandemic-related restrictions: factors that may affect perinatal maternal mental health and implications for infant development

AUTHOR(S)
Theano Kokkinaki; Eleftheria Hatzidaki

Published: May 2022   Journal: Frontiers in Pediatrics
This review aims to discuss the factors that may affect maternal mental health and infant development in COVID-19 pandemic condition. Toward this direction, the two objectives of this review are the following: (a) to discuss possible factors that may have affected negatively perinatal mental health through the pandemic-related restrictions; and (b) to present the implications of adversely affected maternal emotional wellbeing on infant development.
Impediments to child education, health and development during the COVID-19 pandemic in India

AUTHOR(S)
Akshay Raut; Nguyen Tien Huy (et al.)

Published: May 2022   Journal: The Lancet Regional Health – Southeast Asia
As India nears normalcy after facing three waves of the COVID-19 pandemic, clearer evidence has emerged about the profound negative impact of the pandemic upon the well-being of children in the country. Although the interventions by the Union and the state governments have helped in minimising the disruptions to the overall child health and development, certain challenges still continue to prevail and need to be addressed. The Anganwadi Services Scheme, one of the largest and unique programmes globally for early childhood care and development, was greatly impacted due to the lockdown imposed by the government, which resulted in closure of Anganwadi centres across the country. This has affected the early childhood care and non-formal pre-school education services provided at such centres; which catered to around 24 million children between the ages of 3 to 6 years in 2020 before the lockdown. Furthermore, these centres also provided training to parents and caretakers about early stimulation activities for psychosocial development of children from birth up to 3 years of age which has also been affected due to the lockdown. Such disruptions in early childhood stimulation and pre-school education can have long-term negative consequences on the physical and mental health of children. The authorities need to urgently undertake steps to assess the situation and introduce comprehensive remedial services to catch-up with the losses in early childhood education at all levels; ensure prompt coordination with the local workforce to increase parent and community engagement and ensure restoration of these services at the earliest.
24-hour movement behaviours and COVID-19 among children in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia: a repeat cross-sectional study

AUTHOR(S)
Yazeed A. Alanazi; Anne-Maree Parrish; Anthony D. Okely (et al.)

Published: May 2022   Journal: Sports Medicine and Health Science

This study investigated how children's 24-hour (24-h) movement behaviours were affected by SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Previous research examined 24-h movement behaviours in Saudi Arabia seven months after the World Health Organization (WHO) declared COVID-19 a global pandemic. This repeat cross-sectional study examined changes in 24-h movement behaviours 12 months after the WHO declaration. The Time 2 survey repeated five months (1 March – 15 May 2021) after Time 1 survey (1 October – 11 November 2020). The survey was distributed to parents of children aged 6–12 years across Saudi Arabia via an online survey. Children were classified as meeting 24-h movement guidelines if they reported uninterrupted sleep for 9–11 h per night,  2 h of recreational sedentary screen time (RST) per day and  60 min of moderate-to vigorous-intensity physical activity (MVPA) per day. A total of 1 045 parents from all regions of Saudi Arabia responded (42.4%). Only 1.8% of children met all components of the guidelines, compared to 3.4% in Time 1. In the present study, girls spent more days per week in MVPA  60 min duration than boys (3.0 vs 2.6; p ¼ 0.025), while boys had spent more days per week engaged in activities that strengthened muscle and bone than  girls (3.0 vs 2.8; p ¼ 0.019). Healthy levels of physical activity (PA), sedentary behaviour (SB) and sleep further declined in Saudi children five months after the Time 1 survey. These challenges require urgent intervention to ensure children's movement behaviours improve as Saudi Arabia moves out of the COVID-19 pandemic.

Rapid retooling and adaptation of EIE data processes and programming: Pashe Achhi Model in early childhood education in emergencies in the Rohingya camps of Bangladesh

In March 2020, after the coronavirus cases in Bangladesh were confirmed, both Humanitarian Play Labs (HPL) and mainstream Play Labs temporarily stopped their face-to-face operations according to the government mandate. The pandemic endangered people’s physical health and highly impacted their socio-economic and mental health conditions. Hence, BRAC explored alternative approaches and designed a telecommunication model, Pashe Achhi, to support all the direct beneficiaries during the pandemic. The objective of the intervention was to be connected with the beneficiaries and promote children’s wellbeing and development through play-based learning, positive parenting, and self-care practices of caregivers. Since caregivers are the core agent for children’s learning and development during the pandemic, the model provides psychosocial support and learning support to them. To facilitate the calls, the model trained facilitators on ECD, learning through play, playfulness, and mental health. Pashe Achhi is a telecommunication model consisting of tele-counseling and tele-learning components. After receiving the training, the Play Leaders started to call the families every week to conduct a 20 minutes phone session (10 minutes with the mother and 10 minutes with the child) based on the scripts delivered. In the first 10 minutes, Play Leaders give mothers and caregivers basic psychosocial support, tips on engaging with children and discuss health and hygiene issues.

TV, computer, tablet and smartphone use and autism spectrum disorder risk in early childhood: a nationally-representative study

AUTHOR(S)
Maria Melchior; Katharine Barry; David Cohen (et al.)

Published: April 2022   Journal: BMC Public Health

Screen media use in early childhood has largely increased in recent years, even more so during the COVID-19 epidemic, and there is much discussion regarding its influence on neurodevelopment, including Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). This study examined the relationship between use of TV, computer, tablet and smartphone at age 2 years and risk of ASD assessed in telephone-based questionnaires among 12,950 children participating in the nationally representative ELFE (‘Etude Longitudinale Française sur les Enfants’) birth cohort study in France.

Parental stress of children with autism spectrum disorder during the Coronavirus pandemic (COVID-19): experience from Serbia.

AUTHOR(S)
Aleksandra Djuric-Zdravkovic; Mirjana Japundza-Milisavljevic; Dijana Perovic (et al.)

Published: April 2022   Journal: Fortschritte der Neurologie · Psychiatrie
Taking care of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), as of children with other developmental disorders, is associated with greater parental stress. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence and impact of integrative and co-morbid ASD-related symptoms on parental stress levels during the COVID-19 pandemic at four time points. Testing was performed during significant changes related to the state of the COVID-19 pandemic in Serbia.
Effects of COVID-19 on child neurodevelopment: an integrative review

AUTHOR(S)
Lucas Teixeira de Castro; Leticia Fernandes Teixeira; Giselda Tavares de Araújo (et al.)

Published: April 2022   Journal: Research, Society and Development
The effects of COVID-19 on children are still poorly understood. Considering the progressive increase in pediatric cases, we sought to gather evidence of the disease in children, to better understand its evolution, possible complications, and favor clinical practice. This is a review, whose search was carried out in the National Library of Medicine, Latin American & Caribbean Health Sciences Literature (LILACS), Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System Online, Virtual Health Library (BVS), PAHO and Cochrane Library. Eight articles were included, and the most common symptoms described were: cold-like symptoms, dry cough, respiratory difficulty, mild throat infection, loss of muscle strength, tonic and reflex changes in the lower limbs. However, there is still no clarity about the disease in children, requiring further research.
The association between screen time and attention in children: a systematic review

AUTHOR(S)
Renata Maria Silva Santos; Camila Guimarães Mendes; Débora Marques (et al.)

Published: April 2022
Electronic media pervade modern life. Childhood is a crucial period for attentional development and the screen exposure time is increasing. This review aimed to understand the association between screen time and attention of children with typical development. A systematic review was conducted in compliance with Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyzes PRISMA being registered at Prospero under number CRD42021228721. A search was performed in January 2021 with the following keywords: “screen time,” “children,” and “attention,” combined with the operator AND, on databases PubMed, and PsycINFO. Four hundred and ninety-eight articles were identified, and 41 papers were fully read, of which 11 were included in this review.
A pediatrician’s guide to working with children on the autism spectrum in COVID-19 and beyond: retrospect and prospect

AUTHOR(S)
Thusa Sabapathy; Megan Goss; Jessie Borelli (et al.)

Published: April 2022   Journal: Advances in Pediatrics
The COVID-19 pandemic is an unprecedented event with observable consequences and devastating effects on children and families. This global occurrence highlighted and broadened gaps and disparities in the care of children with developmental disabilities, while simultaneously catalyzing innovation. Initially not seen as direct victims of the disease, children are inherently vulnerable to the impacts of COVID-19, resulting in increased stress, anxiety, isolation, and health challenges. The impact is further amplified in autistic children and children with other neurodevelopmental considerations. These children are uniquely vulnerable due to communication impairments, comorbid medical disorders, poor adaptability and reliance on therapeutic interventions. Abrupt reduction in services and access to care during the pandemic led to compromised physical and mental health and missed opportunities for intervention at critical times which may have profound consequences further down the road. There are, however, bright spots in this story, as many autistic children demonstrated resilience in their abilities to adapt to these challenges. It is important to examine the effects that the pandemic triggered, address deficiencies and recognize new opportunities to improve systems of care to prepare for unforeseen futures. This review article outlines the impacts of the first year and a half of the pandemic on autistic children and provides tools for professionals, recognizing the ever- evolving nature of the situation.
Changes in children’s physical fitness, BMI and health-related quality of life after the first 2020 COVID-19 lockdown in England: a longitudinal study

AUTHOR(S)
Laura Basterfield; Naomi L Burn; Brook Galna (et al.)

Published: March 2022   Journal: Journal of Sports Sciences
This study aimed to assess one-year changes in physical fitness, health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and body mass index (BMI), encompassing the 2020 COVID-19 UK lockdowns. Data were collected (October 2019, November 2020) from 178 8–10–year-olds in Newcastle-upon-Tyne, England, 85% from England’s most deprived quintile. Twenty-metre shuttle run test performance (20mSRT), handgrip strength (HGS), standing broad jump (SBJ), sit-and-reach, height, body mass, HRQoL (Kidscreen-27 questionnaire) and sports club participation were measured. BMI z-scores and overweight/obesity were calculated (≥85th centile). Paired t-tests and linear regression assessed change, adjusting for baseline BMI. Significant (p<0.001) changes were observed: increases in mean BMI (+1.5kg·m−2), overweight/obesity (33% to 47%), SBJ (+6.8cm) and HGS (+1.5kg); decreases in 20mSRT performance (−3 shuttles), sit-and-reach (−1.8cm).
16 - 30 of 85

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UNICEF Innocenti is mobilizing a rapid research response in line with UNICEF’s global response to the COVID-19 crisis. The initiatives we’ve begun will provide the broad range of evidence needed to inform our work to scale up rapid assessment, develop urgent mitigating strategies in programming and advocacy, and preparation of interventions to respond to the medium and longer-term consequences of the COVID-19 crisis. The research projects cover a rapid review of evidence, education analysis, and social and economic policies.