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Children and COVID-19 Research Library

UNDER DEVELOPMENT UNICEF Innocenti's curated library of COVID-19 + Children research

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UNICEF Innocenti Publication
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271 - 285 of 340
COVID-19 in children and the role of school settings in COVID-19 transmission
Institution: European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control
Published: August 2020
The aim of this document is to provide an overview of the epidemiology and disease characteristics of COVID-19 in children (0-18 years) in EU/EEA countries and the United Kingdom (UK), and an assessment of the role of childcare (preschools; ages 0-<5 years) and educational (primary and secondary schools; ages 5-18 years) settings in COVID-19 transmission.
Pulse survey on continuity of essential health services during the COVID-19 pandemic: interim report, 27 August 2020
Institution: WHO
Published: August 2020
This survey aimes to gain initial insight from country key informants into the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on essential health services across the life course. The survey results in this interim report can improve our understanding of the extent of disruptions across all services, the reasons for disruptions, and the mitigation strategies countries are using to maintain service delivery.
Cite this research | No. of pages: 21 | Language: English | Topics: Health | Tags: child health, health services, COVID-19, impact | Publisher: WHO
Infection control practices in children during COVID-19 pandemic: differences from adults

AUTHOR(S)
Ilker Devrim; Nuri Bayram

Published: August 2020   Journal: The American Journal of Infection Control
Limited studies have been published on practices and management of Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) in children. Despite the fact that COVID-19 rarely caused any severe disease in children, the asymptomatic children might be playing an important role for spreading COVID-19 in healthcare facilities. This review aimed at sharing our experience of how to handle patients with COVID-19 in a pediatric referral and tertiary care hospital to prevent the possible transmissions to the healthcare workers (HCWs).
Cite this research | Open access | Vol.: 48 | Issue: 8 | No. of pages: 933-939 | Language: English | Topics: Health | Tags: child care services, child health, disease control, disease transmission, infectious disease, COVID-19
Children's emergency presentations during the COVID-19 pandemic

AUTHOR(S)
Damian Roland; Rachel Harwood; Nick Bishop (et al.)

Published: August 2020   Journal: The Lancet Child & Adolescent Health

The COVID-19 pandemic has resulted in large-scale changes to the National Health Service (NHS) systems in the UK to accommodate a predicted surge in acutely unwell adults presenting to emergency and critical care departments. This article describes a rapid, multicentre surveillance project with three main aims: (1) to identify the number of children with delayed presentations to hospital in large emergency departments; (2) to find out what proportion of these delays was due to hesitance of parents in attending versus the proportion that was due to advice from primary care staff or NHS 111 referrals; and (3) to find out whether these delays might have resulted in harm to children (using admission to hospital as a proxy).

Cite this research | Open access | Vol.: 4 | Issue: 8 | No. of pages: e32-e33 | Language: English | Topics: Health | Tags: child health, emergency aid, health care facilities, health services, hospitalization | Countries: United Kingdom
Physiological advantages of children against COVID-19

AUTHOR(S)
Sinan Yavuz; Selman Kesici; Benan Bayrakci

Published: August 2020   Journal: Acta Paediatrica
This short article discusses the potential theories that could explain why children have a lower incidence and milder clinical manifestations than adults.
The
author discussed the potential theories that could explain why chil-
dren have a lower incidence and milder clinical manifestations than
adults.
The
author discussed the potential theories that could explain why chil-
dren have a lower incidence and milder clinical manifestations than
adults.
Not just little adults: preparing a children's emergency department for COVID-19

AUTHOR(S)
Jonathan Adamson; Chris Bird; Kate Edgworth (et al.)

Published: August 2020   Journal: Emergency Medicine Journal

This paper tries to put up guidelines in preparing a stand-alone children’s emergency department. It takes into account triage, personal protective equipment, clinical guidelines, information sharing and personnel training.

Cite this research | Open access | Vol.: 37 | Issue: 8 | No. of pages: 460-462 | Language: English | Topics: Health | Tags: child health, health care facilities, health personnel | Countries: United Kingdom
The Impact of COVID-19 on Health Behavior, Stress, Financial and Food Security among Middle to High Income Canadian Families with Young Children

AUTHOR(S)
Nicholas Carroll; Adam Sadowski; Amar Laila (et al.)

Published: August 2020   Journal: Nutrients
The purpose of this study was to identify how health behaviors, level of stress, financial and food security have been impacted by the pandemic among Canadian families with young children.
Child healthcare and immunizations in Sub-Saharan Africa during the COVID-19 pandemic

AUTHOR(S)
Danilo Buonsenso; Bianca Cinicola; Memenatu Ngaima Kallon (et al.)

Published: August 2020   Journal: Frontiers in Pediatrics
Since COVID-19 in the pediatric population is infrequently severe, the indirect costs of the pandemic, related to the measures implemented to deal with the spread of the virus, can be worse than the infection itself. To assess this issue, this study evaluates the number of children vaccinated or evaluated for the most common diseases in a poor village in Sierra Leone, showing a worrisome drop in vaccinations performed and children evaluated for acute diseases. Preliminary findings highlight that support is needed to guarantee basic services to children during the COVID-19 pandemic, particularly in poor settings where preventive measures can be lifesaving in the long term.
Cite this research | Open access | No. of pages: 4 | Language: English | Topics: Health | Tags: child health, health policy, health services, vaccination | Countries: Sierra Leone
After COVID-19, a future for the world's children?

AUTHOR(S)
Helen Clark; Awa Marie Coll-Seck; Anshu Banerjee (et al.)

Institution: WHO, *UNICEF, The Lancet
Published: August 2020   Journal: The Lancet
This report shows how children are less affected clinically by COVID-19 than adults. Nonetheless, children are impacted by the pandemic’s indirect effects, not least from separation or loss in their own families. Projections suggest that over a million preventable child deaths might occur due to decreased access to food and disruption of essential health services. Children risk missing out on growth monitoring, preventive care, and timely management of acute disease and injuries.
Transmission of SARS-CoV-2 in Australian educational settings: a prospective cohort study

AUTHOR(S)
Kristine Macartney; Helen E. Quinn; Alexis J. Pillsbury (et al.)

Published: August 2020   Journal: The Lancet Child & Adolescent Health
School closures have occurred globally during the COVID-19 pandemic. However, empiric data on transmission of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) among children and in educational settings are scarce. In Australia, most schools have remained open during the first epidemic wave, albeit with reduced student physical attendance at the epidemic peak. This study examines SARS-CoV-2 transmission among children and staff in schools and early childhood education and care (ECEC) settings in the Australian state of New South Wales (NSW).
Cite this research | Open access | Vol.: 4 | Issue: 11 | No. of pages: 807-816 | Language: English | Topics: Health, Education | Tags: child education, child health, school attendance, infectious disease, COVID-19 response | Countries: Australia
Sars-cov-2 infection in children in Southern Italy: a descriptive case series

AUTHOR(S)
Daniela Loconsole; Desirèe Caselli; Francesca Centrone (et al.)

Published: August 2020   Journal: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
This study analyzed the frequency of SARS-CoV-2 infection among all children aged <18 years in the Apulia region of Southern Italy and the characteristics of the infected children. Clinical and demographic data were collected through the national platform for COVID-19 surveillance.
Cite this research | Open access | Vol.: 17 | Issue: 17 | Language: English | Topics: Health | Tags: child health, respiratory diseases, COVID-19 | Countries: Italy
Yogic eye exercises followed by the ergonomic advice on eye fatigue in children attending online classes in COVID-19

AUTHOR(S)
Mujahid K. Sheikh; Rutuja Malavde; Sachin Daigavane

Published: August 2020   Journal: International Journal of Current Research and Review
Computer use by children especially school-aged children is growing rapidly. In these decades, due to the rising use of IT, they are using computers or laptops not only for education purpose but also, for playing online games for a prolonged period. Therefore, extensive viewing of the computer screen can lead to eye discomfort, fatigue, blurred vision and headaches, dry eyes and other symptoms of eyestrain. A significant reduction was seen in eye fatigue with self- relaxing yogic eye exercises followed by the ergonomic advice in school-aged children attending online classes in COVID-19.
Cite this research | Open access | Vol.: 12 | Issue: 17 | No. of pages: 132-136 | Language: English | Topics: Health | Tags: child health, e-learning, online learning
Benefits and risks of visitor restrictions for hospitalized children during the COVID pandemic

AUTHOR(S)
Alice K. Virani; Henry T. Puls; Rebecca Mitsos (et al.)

Published: August 2020   Journal: Pediatrics

To control the spread of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2, the virus responsible for coronavirus disease 2019, many hospitals have strict visitor restriction policies. These policies often prohibit both parents from visiting at the same time or having grandparents or other family members visit at all. We discuss cases in which such policies created ethical dilemmas and possibly called for compassionate exceptions from the general rules.

Cite this research | Open access | Vol.: 146 | No. of pages: 6 | Language: English | Topics: Health | Tags: child health, COVID-19 response, hospitalization
Seasonal influenza activity in young children before the COVID-19 outbreak in Wuhan, China

AUTHOR(S)
Z. Xia; L. Yang; N. Li (et al.)

Published: August 2020   Journal: Transboundary and Emerging Diseases
The activity of influenza A at the end of 2019 was higher than previous two years in children younger than 6 years old in Wuhan, China. The 2019–2020 winter peak of seasonal influenza preceded the COVID-19 outbreak, with a higher and earlier peak than those of the 2017–2018 and 2018–2019 seasons. This study compares these results with those of two previous studies to further discuss the possible interference between influenza and COVID-19 in young children.
Cite this research | Open access | No. of pages: 3 | Language: English | Topics: Health | Tags: child health, infectious disease, multi-country
Exploring children's social and emotional representations of the COVID-19 pandemic

AUTHOR(S)
Nahia Idoiaga; Naiara Berasategi; Amaia Eiguren (et al.)

Published: August 2020   Journal: Frontiers in Psychology
Given the vulnerable situation of children, the aim of this research is to understand how they represent and emotionally cope with the COVID-19 crisis. A free association exercise elicited by the word “coronavirus” was completed by 228 children (age range: 3–12 years) from the North of Spain.
Cite this research | Open access | No. of pages: 9 | Language: English | Topics: Health, Mental Health | Tags: child health, child mental health, COVID-19 response | Countries: Spain
271 - 285 of 340

UNICEF Innocenti's Children and COVID-19 Library is a database collecting research from around the world on COVID-19 and its impacts on children and adolescents.

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COVID-19 & Children: Rapid Research Response

UNICEF Innocenti is mobilizing a rapid research response in line with UNICEF’s global response to the COVID-19 crisis. The initiatives we’ve begun will provide the broad range of evidence needed to inform our work to scale up rapid assessment, develop urgent mitigating strategies in programming and advocacy, and preparation of interventions to respond to the medium and longer-term consequences of the COVID-19 crisis. The research projects cover a rapid review of evidence, education analysis, and social and economic policies.