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Children and COVID-19 Research Library

UNICEF Innocenti's curated library of COVID-19 + Children research

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1381 - 1395 of 1396
Management of COVID-19 positive pediatric patients undergoing minimally invasive surgical procedures: systematic review and recommendations of the board of European society of pediatric endoscopic surgeons

AUTHOR(S)
Alessio Pini Prato; Andrea Conforti; Markus Almstrom (et al.)

Published: May 2020   Journal: Frontiers in Pediatrics
Hospital response to the COVID-19 outbreak has involved the cancellation of elective, deferrable surgeries throughout Europe in order to ensure capacity for emergent surgery and a selection of elective but non-deferrable surgeries. The purpose of this document is to propose technical strategies to assist the pediatric surgeons to minimize the potential aerosolization of viral particles in COVID-19 patients undergoing urgent or emergent surgical treatment using laparoscopic approaches, based on the currently available literature. 
Cite this research | Open access | No. of pages: 6 | Language: English | Topics: Health | Tags: child diseases, child health, COVID-19
Clinical characteristics of children with COVID-19

AUTHOR(S)
Carmen Lok Tung Ho; Peter Oligbu; Olakunle Ojubolamo (et al.)

Published: May 2020   Journal: AIMS Public Health
The clinical profile of children with COVID-19 is unknown due to the few number of cases reported. Currently, available data suggest they may have a milder form of illness. Methods: A review of the literature published from June 2019 to March 2020 was undertaken to evaluate the clinical presentation, management and outcomes of COVID-19 in in children.
Cite this research | Open access | Vol.: 7 | Issue: 2 | No. of pages: 258-273 | Language: English | Topics: Health | Tags: child diseases, child health, COVID-19
Rapid systematic review of neonatal COVID-19 including a case of presumed vertical transmission

AUTHOR(S)
Morris Gordon; Taher Kagalwala; Karim Rezk (et al.)

Published: May 2020   Journal: BMJ Paediatrics Open
This article aims to carry out a systematic review of the available studies on COVID-19 (coronavirus disease 2019) in neonates seen globally since the onset of the COVID-19 global pandemic in 2020. The paper also describes a premature baby with reverse transcription (RT)-PCRpositive COVID-19 seen at the Blackpool Teaching Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, UK.
Cite this research | Open access | No. of pages: 7 | Language: English | Topics: Health | Tags: child diseases, child health, COVID-19, early childhood
Clinical characteristics and diagnostic challenges of pediatric COVID-19: a systematic review and meta-analysis

AUTHOR(S)
Tu-Hsuan Chang; Jhong-Lin Wu; Luan-Yin Chang

Published: May 2020   Journal: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association

Current studies on pediatric coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) are rare. The clinical characteristics and spectrum are still unknown. Facing this unknown and emerging pathogen, we aimed to collect current evidence about COVID-19 in children. This systematic review in PubMed and Embase aims to find relevant case series. Because some reports were published in Chinese journals, the journals and publications of the Chinese Medical Association related to COVID-19 were completely reviewed. A random effects model was used to pool clinical data in the meta-analysis.

Cite this research | Open access | Vol.: 119 | Issue: 5 | No. of pages: 982-989 | Language: English | Topics: Health | Tags: child diseases, child health, COVID-19
Impact assessment of COVID-19 outbreak on wellbeing of children and families in Albania
Institution: World Vision Albania
Published: May 2020
This impact assessment aims to highlight the urgent, medium and long-term needs of families and children in Albania as a result of the Covid-19 pandemic in Albania. The assessment methodology has an exploratory approach that involved the collection of socio and economic data related to Albanian families during the lockdown period.
Handwashing data to inform the COVID-19 response
Institution: *UNICEF
Published: May 2020 UNICEF Publication
Washing hands frequently and properly with soap and water is critical to preventing diseases. Yet the latest global estimates find that 3 billion people lacked soap and water at home, 900 million children lacked soap and water at their school, and 40% of health care facilities were not equipped to practice hand hygiene at points of care. Adequate water, sanitation and hygiene services for households, schools and healthcare facilities are essential to prevent the spread of infectious diseases including COVID-19. The low levels of coverage of these basic services in many parts of the world reflect substantial inequalities between and within countries and contribute to the vulnerability of these populations to the pandemic.
A wake-up call: COVID-19 and its impact on children's health and wellbeing.

AUTHOR(S)
Henrietta H. Fore

Institution: The Lancet
Published: May 2020   Journal: The Lancet Global Health
As cases of COVID-19 surge worldwide and threaten to overwhelm life-saving health services, the survival of mothers and children is at great risk. Henrietta Fore, Executive Director of UNICEF, highlights the risks for maternal and child health in low- and middle-income countries if essential health services are disrupted as a result of COVID-19.
Response to children’s physical and mental needs during the COVID-19 outbreak

AUTHOR(S)
Xiao-Bo Zhang; Yong-Hao Gui; Xiu Xu (et al.)

Published: May 2020   Journal: World Journal of Pediatrics
School closure and stay-at-home, as a part of non-pharmaceutical interventions (NPI), have been implemented in China since February as an effective way to mitigate the spread of the virus during the COVID-19 outbreak. As concerns rose over the potential impacts of such NPI measures on children’s health, such as longer exposure to digital screens, irregular sleep pattern, weight gain, and loss of cardiorespiratory fitness [1], the Chinese Government, experts on public health, educators on school health, and teachers have been making joint and massive efforts to provide distance learning with well-organized online courses to help.
Protecting children in low-income and middle-income countries from COVID-19

AUTHOR(S)
Salahuddin Ahmed; Tisungane Mvalo; Samuel Akech (et al.)

Published: May 2020   Journal: BMJ
A saving grace of the COVID-19 pandemic in high-income and upper middle-income countries has been the relative sparing of children. As the disease spreads across low-income and middle-income countries (LMICs), long-standing system vulnerabilities may tragically manifest, and we worry that children will be increasingly impacted, both directly and indirectly. Drawing on our shared child pneumonia experience globally, we highlight these potential impacts on children in LMICs and propose actions for a collective response.
Pediatric COVID-19: Systematic review of the literature

AUTHOR(S)
Patel Neha

Published: May 2020   Journal: American Journal of Otolaryngology
A systematic review of the literature was performed to gain insight into pediatric COVID-19 epidemiology. Specifically, Pubmed and Google Scholar databases were searched to identify any relevant article with a focus on Pediatric Covid 19, Pediatric Covid-19, Pediatric SARS-COV-2, and Pediatric Coronavirus 19. Results show that, in contrast to adults, most infected children appear to have a milder course and have better outcomes overall. Additional care may be needed for children with comorbidities and younger children. This review also suggests that unilateral CT chest imaging findings were seen in 36.4% pediatric COVID-19 patients. This is particularly concerning as the work-up of pediatric patients with cough may warrant a bronchoscopy to evaluate for airway foreign bodies. Extra precautions need to be taken with personal protective equipment for these cases, as aerosolizing procedures may be a method of viral transmission.
The impact of unplanned school closure on children’s social contact: rapid evidence review

AUTHOR(S)
Samantha K. Brooks; Louise E. Smith; Rebecca K. Webster (et al.)

Published: April 2020   Journal: Eurosurveillance
Gaining control of an infectious disease outbreak can require making difficult decisions, particularly when infections are human-to-human transmissible. Children are often in close physical proximity at school, have less-than-perfect hygiene behaviours and have low prior immunity to many infections. For this reason, school closures are often proposed as one way of delaying the spread of infection. Given these considerations surrounding school closures, this study aimed to summarise existing literature on children’s activities and contacts made outside the home during unplanned school closures in this rapid evidence review. To expand, it examined: (i) what is currently known about the impact of unplanned school closure on children’s interaction with others outside the home, (ii) who provides childcare during a closure, (iii) what factors are associated with children interacting with others outside the home during a closure, and (iv) what affected parents think about closures.
Cite this research | Vol.: 25 | Issue: 12 | No. of pages: 10 | Language: English | Topics: Education, Health | Tags: child education, child health, COVID-19 response, disease transmission, lockdown, school attendance
COVID-19 aftershocks: secondary impacts threaten more children's lives than disease itself
Institution: World Vision
Published: April 2020

As many as 30 million children are at risk of disease and death because of the secondary impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic. World Vision’s Aftershocks report considers what would happen if the devastating secondary impacts of the 2015-2016 Ebola outbreak on children were replicated in the 24 most fragile countries covered by the UN’s COVID-19 humanitarian appeal. Secondary impacts will threaten many more children’s lives than COVID-19 itself. As many as 30 million children’s lives are in danger from secondary health impacts such as deadly diseases like malaria, a lack of immunisation, or increased malnutrition, as health systems are overwhelmed by COVID-19 patients.

Clinical characteristics of children with COVID-19: a rapid review and meta-analysis

AUTHOR(S)
Zijun Wang; Qi Zhou; Chenglin Wang (et al.)

Published: April 2020   Journal: Annals of Translational Medicine

Most guidelines on COVID-19 published so far include recommendations for patients regardless of age. Clinicians need a more accurate understanding of the clinical characteristics of children with COVID-19. This review searched studies reporting clinical characteristics in children with COVID-19 published until March 31, 2020. It screened the literature, extracted the data and evaluated the risk of bias and quality of evidence of the included studies. It combined some of the outcomes (symptoms) in a single-arm meta-analysis using a random-effects model.

Cite this research | Open access | Vol.: 8 | Issue: 10 | Language: English | Topics: Health | Tags: child diseases, child health, COVID-19
Clinical characteristics of COVID-19 infection in newborns and pediatrics: a systematic review

AUTHOR(S)
Latif Panahi; Marzieh Amiri; Somaye Pouy

Published: April 2020   Journal: Archives of Academic Emergency Medicine.
World Health Organization has declared COVID-19 a pandemic and a global health emergency. Thus, it is necessary to clearly characterize clinical manifestations and management of COVID-19 infection in children to provide accurate information for healthcare workers. Accordingly, the present study was designed to review articles published on clinical manifestations and characteristics of children and infants with COVID-19.
Cite this research | Vol.: 8 | No. of pages: 8 | Language: English | Topics: Health | Tags: child diseases, child health, COVID-19
Severe acute respiratory syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection in children and adolescents: a systematic review

AUTHOR(S)
Riccardo Castagnoli; Martina Votto; Amelia Licari

Published: April 2020   Journal: JAMA Pediatrics
This review aims to evaluate currently reported pediatric cases of SARS-CoV-2 infection. An extensive search strategy was designed to retrieve all articles published from December 1, 2019, to March 3, 2020, by combining the terms coronavirus and coronavirus infection in several electronic databases (PubMed, Cochrane Library, and CINAHL), and following the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analyses guidelines. Retrospective cross-sectional and case-control studies, case series and case reports, bulletins, and national reports about the pediatric SARS-CoV-2 infection were included. The risk of bias for eligible observational studies was assessed according to the Strengthening the Reporting of Observational Studies in Epidemiology reporting guideline.
Cite this research | Open access | No. of pages: 882-889 | Language: English | Topics: Health | Tags: child diseases, child health, COVID-19
1381 - 1395 of 1396

UNICEF Innocenti's Children and COVID-19 Library is a database collecting research from around the world on COVID-19 and its impacts on children and adolescents.

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Check our quarterly thematic digests on children and COVID-19

Each quarterly thematic digest features the latest evidence drawn from the Children and COVID-19 Research Library on a particular topic of interest.
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COVID-19 & Children: Rapid Research Response

UNICEF Innocenti is mobilizing a rapid research response in line with UNICEF’s global response to the COVID-19 crisis. The initiatives we’ve begun will provide the broad range of evidence needed to inform our work to scale up rapid assessment, develop urgent mitigating strategies in programming and advocacy, and preparation of interventions to respond to the medium and longer-term consequences of the COVID-19 crisis. The research projects cover a rapid review of evidence, education analysis, and social and economic policies.