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Children and COVID-19 Research Library

UNDER DEVELOPMENT UNICEF Innocenti's curated library of COVID-19 + Children research

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16 - 30 of 263
Fear and anxiety in girls aged 7 to 11 years old and related factors during the coronavirus pandemic

Parvin Mangolian Shahrbabaki; Mahlagha Dehghan; Mahbubeh Maazallahi

Published: May 2021   Journal: Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry
Children are one of the most vulnerable groups in crises. The psychological consequences of COVID-19 in children must be considered. This study aimed to assess the fear and anxiety of COVID-19 in primary school girls. It is a descriptive correlational study to investigate schoolgirls’ fear and anxiety of covid-19 in southeastern Iran. Data were collected using the fear of coronavirus questionnaire and the Corona Disease Anxiety Scale. The mean score of fear and anxiety of corona disease was 11.49 ± 6.59 and 17.67 ± 10.87, respectively. The bivariate analysis showed a significant association between fear and anxiety of corona disease, a single child (p = .025 and p = .006), and a mother’s level of education (p = .01). In other words, girls who were single child had a significantly higher level of fear and anxiety than other girls and the girls whose mothers had diploma had a higher level of fear and anxiety than girls whose mothers had Ph.D. Since fear and anxiety can be affected by factors such as culture, education level, and birth rate, it is recommended that this study be performed in other communities as well.
Mental health and wellbeing implications of the COVID-19 quarantine for disabled and disadvantaged children and young people: evidence from a cross-cultural study in Zambia and Sierra Leone

Darren Sharpe; Mohsen Rajabi; Clement Chileshe (et al.)

Published: May 2021   Journal: BMC Psychology
The mental health impact of the COVID-19 pandemic and quarantining on children and young people (CYP) living in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) has yet to be fully comprehended. CYP in LMICs are at utmost risk, given the COVID-19-related restrictions and social distancing measures, resulting in reduced access to school-based services for nutritional and mental health needs. This study examined mental health of CYP during the frst COVID-19 lockdown in Zambia and Sierra Leone
The psychological impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on adults and children in the United Arab Emirates: a nationwide cross-sectional study

Basema Saddik; Amal Hussein; Ammar Albanna (et al.)

Published: May 2021   Journal: BMC Psychiatry
The psychosocial impact of previous infectious disease outbreaks in adults has been well documented, however, there is limited information on the mental health impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on adults and children in the United Arab Emirate (UAE) community. The aim of this study was to explore anxiety levels among adults and children in the UAE and to identify potential risk and protective factors for well-being during the COVID-19 pandemic.
Interviewing children: the impact of the COVID-19 quarantine on children's perceived psychological distress and changes in routine

G. Segre; R. Campi; F. Scarpellini (et al.)

Published: May 2021   Journal: BMC Pediatrics
The COVID-19 outbreak has resulted in governments implementing disease containment measures such as school closures, social distancing, and home quarantine. To date, only a few studies have drawn attention to the psychological impact of lockdown on Italian children’s mental health. The present study aimed to investigate the psychological distress (anxiety and mood symptoms) and perceived changes in routine among Italian primary and middle school students during the COVID-19 quarantine.
Youth with type 1 diabetes experienced a higher level of anxiety during the COVID-19 pandemic compared to healthy control: a cross-sectional study

Caroline Wade; Leah Akinseye; Tachele Anderson (et al.)

Published: May 2021   Journal: Journal of the Endocrine Society
Diabetes is highly associated with depression and anxiety. With the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, the prevalence of mental health issues in the general population appears to be increasing rapidly. Thus this article evaluated psychological heath in pediatric type 1 diabetes (T1D) patients and caregivers during the lockdown phase of the COVID-19 pandemic. Its objective was to compare the levels of depression and anxiety in youth with T1D and their caregivers to those of healthy controls.
Cite this research | Open access | Vol.: 5 | Issue: 1 | No. of pages: 123–130 | Language: English | Topics: Health | Tags: child mental health, COVID-19 response, diabetes, lockdown, mental stress, psychological distress
Facilitators for coping with the COVID-19 pandemic: online qualitative interviews comparing youth with and without disabilities

Sally Lindsay; Hiba Ahmed; Demitra Apostolopoulos

Published: May 2021   Journal: Disability and Health Journal

The Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19) pandemic has greatly impacted people’s mental health. Youth with disabilities are at particular risk for the psychological implications of the pandemic. Although much attention has been given to pandemic-related mental health challenges that youth have encountered, little is known about the facilitators for coping with the stresses of the pandemic and how this varies for youth with and without disabilities. The purpose of this study was to understand facilitators for helping youth and young adults with and without disabilities to cope and maintain mental health during the COVID-19 pandemic.

Social distancing and anxiety among female caregivers of children ages zero-to-five during coronavirus disease (COVID-19) lockdown in the United States

Philip Baiden; Catherine A. LaBrenz; Erin Findley

Published: May 2021
Past studies have linked measures of social isolation to mental health among caregivers of children. As people across the world adjust to social distancing measures, there is a need to understand consequences of social distancing measures on mental health. Thus, the objective of this study is to examine the association between adherence to social distancing measures and feeling worried/anxious among female caregivers of children ages zero-to-five.
Protecting children with ADHD against loneliness: familial and individual factors predicting perceived child's loneliness

Roni Laslo-Roth; Sivan George-Levi; Eyal Rosenstreich

Published: May 2021   Journal: Personality and Individual Differences
The present study examined the association between attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and the experience of loneliness among school-age children in the context of COVID-19 social restrictions, and was specifically aimed to identify risk and protective factors that might help reduce loneliness. This study hypothesized that parents of children with ADHD (compared to without) would perceive their children as experiencing higher levels of loneliness, and that perceived executive functions deficits, parents' social involvement, parental hope, and family cohesion would mediate this relationship. 280 parents of children (166 with ADHD, 114 without) completed questionnaires concerning their child.
Have the sleep habits in children of health workers been more affected during the COVID-19 pandemic?

Ibrahim Hakan Bucak; Habip Almis; Songül Okay Tasar (et al.)

Published: May 2021   Journal: Sleep Medicine

Changes have occurred in children’s sleep habits during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. The purpose of this study was to compare the sleep patterns during the COVID-19 pandemic of school age children of health worker parents (Group 1) and non-health worker parents (Group 2). One hundred twenty-two participants were included in Group 1 and 250 in Group 2. The families’ sociodemographic characteristics (education levels and occupations of mothers and fathers, parental shift-working status, monthly family income, number of children in the family, and place of residence), general information for the children taking part (diagnosis of COVID-19 or COVID-19 related isolation, distance education, participation in sporting activities, time spent watching TV, time devoted to reading, time spent on telephones/tablets/computers, and time spent on indoor activities), and the responses given to the Children’s Sleep Habits Questionnaire (CSQH)-abbreviated form were all examined.

Therapist experiences and attitudes about implementing internet-delivered parent-child interaction therapy during COVID-19

Miya L. Barnett; Marika Sigal; Yessica Green Rosas (et al.)

Published: May 2021   Journal: Cognitive and Behavioral Practice
It has been widely recognized that access to mental health treatment is imperative to address current and long-term stressors for children and parents during COVID-19. Internet-delivered Parent-Child Interaction Therapy (iPCIT, previously referred to as I-PCIT) is a strong model for remote service delivery during social distancing restrictions due to its empirical base.
Playing and digital reality: treating kids and adolescents in a pandemic

Leora Trub

Published: April 2021   Journal: Psychoanalytic Perspectives
The COVID-19 pandemic forced therapists and patients to physically separate and conduct sessions from afar. This created particular challenges for child and adolescent work, which tends to center around movement and embodiment. As therapists navigated the constraints of their new reality, early skepticism quickly gave way to creative, on-the-spot solutions. Born out of necessity, therapist’s flexibility and accommodations brought about changes to the analytic frame that were unprecedented in scope. Common themes include the therapist’s loss of control over the structure of psychotherapy, a renegotiation of therapist and patient roles, placing the parent at the center of treatment, findings new ways to play, and virtual treatment as a new mechanism for modulating closeness and intimacy in the therapeutic dyad. Rooted in clinical vignettes of clinicians from the early weeks of the pandemic, this paper will illustrate these themes and consider their implications for the future of psychotherapy with children and adolescents.
Age-related effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on mental health of children and adolescents

Stefanie J. Schmidt; Lara P. Barblan; Irina Lory (et al.)

Published: April 2021

Children and adolescents are affected in various ways by the lockdown measures due to the COVID-19 pandemic. Therefore, it is crucial to better understand the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on mental health in this age-group. The objective was to investigate and compare the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on mental health in three age groups (1–6 years, 7–10 years, 11–19 years) and to examine the associations with psychological factors.

Effect of COVID-19 on health-related quality of life in adolescents and children: a systematic review

Hadi Nobari; Mohamad Fashi; Arezoo Eskandari (et al.)

Published: April 2021   Journal: International Journal of Environmental Research Public Health
The aim of the present systematic review was to assess and provide an up-to-date analysis of the impact of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic on the health-related quality of life (HRQoL) of children and adolescents. Thus, an electronic search of the literature, in two well-known databases (PubMed and Web of Science), was performed until February 2021 (without date restriction). PRISMA guideline methodology was employed and data regarding the HRQoL were extracted from eligible studies.
Internet-related behaviors and psychological distress among schoolchildren during the COVID-19 school hiatus

Chao-Ying Chen; I-Hua Chen; Amir H. Pakpour (et al.)

Published: April 2021   Journal: Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking
This study assessed the mediating roles of problematic gaming, problematic social media use, and problematic smartphone use in the associations between psychological distress and screen time use among primary school children during the school hiatus due to the outbreak of the novel coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). Students (n = 2,026; mean [standard deviation] age = 10.71 years [1.07]; 1,011 [49.9 percent] girls) in Sichuan, China completed a cross-sectional online survey, and this study was approved by the ethics committee of the Hong Kong Polytechnic University (IRB ref: HSEARS20190718001). The Internet Gaming Disorder Scale-Short Form, Bergen Social Media Addiction Scale, and Smartphone Application-Based Addiction Scale were used to assess problematic gaming, social media use, and smartphone use.
Global health disparities in vulnerable populations of psychiatric patients during the COVID-19 pandemic

Ailyn Diaz; Ritika Baweja; Jessica K Bonatakis (et al.)

Published: April 2021   Journal: World Journal of Psychiatry
The coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic affects psychiatric patients disproportionately compared to the general population. In this narrative review, we examine the impact of the pandemic on significant global health disparities affecting vulnerable populations of psychiatric patients: People of diverse ethnic background and color, children with disabilities, sexual and gender minorities, pregnant women, mature adults, and those patients living in urban and rural communities. The identified disparities cause worsened mental health outcomes placing psychiatric patients at higher risk for depression, anxiety and posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms. Those psychiatric patients who are ethnic minorities display barriers to care, including collective trauma and structural racism. Sexual and gender minorities with mental illness face discrimination and limited access to treatment. Pregnant women with psychiatric diagnoses show higher exposure to domestic violence. Children with disabilities face a higher risk of worsening behavior.
16 - 30 of 263

UNICEF Innocenti's Children and COVID-19 Library is a database collecting research from around the world on COVID-19 and its impacts on children and adolescents.


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COVID-19 & Children: Rapid Research Response

UNICEF Innocenti is mobilizing a rapid research response in line with UNICEF’s global response to the COVID-19 crisis. The initiatives we’ve begun will provide the broad range of evidence needed to inform our work to scale up rapid assessment, develop urgent mitigating strategies in programming and advocacy, and preparation of interventions to respond to the medium and longer-term consequences of the COVID-19 crisis. The research projects cover a rapid review of evidence, education analysis, and social and economic policies.