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Children and COVID-19 Research Library

UNICEF Innocenti's curated library of COVID-19 + Children research

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31 - 45 of 321
Bear in a window: Australian children's perspectives on lockdown and experiences of the COVID-19 pandemic

Barbara F. Kelly; Chloé Diskin-Holdaway

Published: November 2022   Journal: Children & Society
This paper examines the reflections of a cohort of Australian children who lived through the 2020–21 COVID-19 pandemic and experienced being in ‘lockdown’; a state of largely being confined to the home for long periods daily. It reports how children reflect on their experiences and illustrates how reflections draw on similar topics focused on localised child concerns regarding health, education, family, digital engagement, mealtimes and food. Further, it argues for the importance of including children's own voices of lived experience in reports regarding life during the pandemic since these perspectives may differ from those reported by adults on children's behalf.
Father–toddler bonding during the COVID-19 lockdown: qualitative insights from 17 families in Britain

Paula Sheppard; Mikaela Brough

Published: November 2022   Journal: Social Sciences
The UK lockdowns brought about many domestic changes. One was that many families with young children found themselves in the largely unique situation where fathers who normally worked away and saw little of their children during the day were now at home full-time. This was coupled with the fact that grandparents were now unavailable as lockdown rules prohibited visits and travel and many elderly were especially vulnerable. This study aimed to explore how this novel family situation was regarded by parents of young children and how they thought it would affect their children’s social development. Thematic analysis of interviews with 24 mothers and fathers of toddlers revealed that most parents did not think that the lockdown negatively impacted their child’s development, although they worried about it nonetheless. Having fathers at home was overwhelmingly seen as a positive for both the dad’s attachment to the toddler and the toddler’s attachment to their dad. The narrative around grandparents was more divided; there was an almost even split between parents thinking grandparental absence had a negative impact on the grandparent–child relationship and those who thought it made no difference. This study provides qualitative insight into an unusual domestic situation suggesting that parents felt father-child bonds were strengthened by the lockdown, although it remains to be seen if father-child relationships are improved long-term.
Rural children's well-being in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic: perspectives from children in the Midwestern United States

Lisa A. Newland; Daniel J. Mourlam; Gabrielle A. Strouse

Published: November 2022   Journal: International Journal on Child Maltreatment: Research, Policy and Practice
Children in rural areas are more likely to experience a variety of risk factors that increase their vulnerability to physical and mental health disparities. Bronfenbrenner’s ecological model (1986) was used as a framework for understanding rural children’s perceptions and well-being within multiple interactive contexts during the COVID-19 pandemic. This phenomenological study was designed to explore rural children’s perceptions of their well-being and the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on their contexts and well-being. This sub-study of the Children’s Understandings of Well-Being project followed the standard qualitative interview protocol with additional prompts related to the pandemic.
Social, academic, and health status impact of long COVID on children and young people: an observational, descriptive, and longitudinal cohort study

Alba Gonzalez-Aumatell; Maria Victoria Bovo; Clara Carreras-Abad (et al.)

Published: November 2022   Journal: Children

There is a lack of evidence of the health impacts due to long COVID among children and young people (CYP). The objective of this study is to determine the main clinical characteristics of long COVID in CYP and to investigate the academic, social, and health status impacts of long COVID in this population. An observational, descriptive, and longitudinal study on CYP who presented COVID-19 symptoms for more than twelve weeks after SARS-CoV-2 infection was performed between December 2020 and May 2021. Fifty CYP were included, with a median age of 14.1 years, 33 (66%) were female, and 17 (34%) had a relative diagnosed with long COVID. Since the initial infection and up to the first visit, CYP had persisting symptoms for a median of 4.1 months, and for 18 (36%) CYP these symptoms persisted for more than 6 months. Fatigue (100%), neurocognitive disorders (74%), muscular weakness (74%), and headache (72%) were the most reported symptoms. A total of 9 (18%) CYP could not attend school, 17 (34%) had a reduced schedule, 33 (66%) showed a decreased school performance, and 68% had stopped extracurricular activities. This preliminary study shows the impact that long COVID has on the health, academic, and social life of CYP.

Challenges faced by childcare directors during COVID-19: leading during a global pandemic

Tracey K. Hoffman; Gerard H. Poll

Published: November 2022   Journal: Early Childhood Education Journal
Childcare centers have faced many stressors both during and prior to the COVID-19 pandemic. Building on stress and coping theories, this study explores how the pandemic affected childcare center practices and how center directors responded. Childcare directors were surveyed to explore their perspectives about the pandemic’s effects on teachers and staff, children and families, and the daily routines at their centers. The ramifications of masking, quarantines, and social distancing were also discussed. In addition, directors were asked how they envisioned the future for their centers, and their plans to move forward after the pandemic.
Everyday life of children in out-of-home care during the first year of the COVID-19 pandemic

Pia K. Eriksson; Siiri Utriainen

Published: November 2022   Journal: European Journal of Social Work
This article scrutinises the impacts of COVID-19 on the everyday life of children in out-of-home care in Finland during the first year of the pandemic. A content analysis was conducted on survey data of municipal social workers’ evaluations on the effect of the pandemic on 773 children in foster and residential care.
Tobacco presence on the children's playgrounds during COVID-19 pandemic

Lucky Herawati; Nur Hidayat Latif; Sigid Sudaryanto (et al.)

Published: November 2022   Journal: International Journal of Health Sciences

The  goals  of the  smoke-free  area  policy  isto  protect children’s  playground  visitors  from  the  bad  effects  of  smoking behavior, either directly or indirectly. However, until now information has not been obtained on the level of exposure to cigarette smoke and the  factors  that  influence  it  in  the  children's  play  area  in  Sleman Regency   after   9   years   of   the   policy.   Descriptive   research   was conducted   in   April   2021   in   21   observation   areas   to   meet   the information needs. There were 4 variables and 13 indicators that were measured,  using  the  method  of  direct  observation  in  the  field  and interviews  with  park  managers.  The  data  obtained  were  analyzed descriptively   and   Spearman   rank   correlation   analysis   with   a significant  level  of  0.05  and  discussed  using  the  Precede-Proceed Model.

Insights from impacts of the digital divide on children in five majority world countries during the COVID-19 pandemic

Effie Lai-Chong Law; Panos Vostanis; Michelle J. O’Reilly

Published: November 2022   Journal: Behaviour & Information Technology
The digital divide is especially pertinent in Majority World Countries (MWCs), and this was exacerbated greatly by the pandemic. Tackling the digital divide underpins the work of Human–Computer Interaction for Development (HCI4D) and remains an important global endeavour. This project aimed to understand how children and young people (CYP) in MWC coped during the pandemic and how technology played a role. Voices of CYP were complemented by those of their parents and professionals with whom CYP interacted regularly. This empirical study involved 73 CYP and 76 adults from Brazil, Kenya, Pakistan, South Africa, and Turkey. Qualitative data from diaries, drawings and focus groups were analysed thematically. Four major themes were identified – ‘access’, ‘usage’, ‘risk’, and ‘future.
Neurological complications of COVID-19 in children and its effect on the quality of life

Soha Jameel Ashoor; Luay Abdullah Alqurashi; Mariam Ali Hussain (et al.)

Published: November 2022   Journal: International Journal of Community Medicine and Public Health
Coronavirus disease 2019, a pandemic that recently enveloped the world is a highly transmissible respiratory disease leading to 2,409,011 deaths in 2021. The most prevalent clinical symptoms in coronavirus disease 2019 patients are fever, cough, shortness of breath, and other respiratory issues. Coronavirus disease 2019 exhibits various neurological manifestations and complications which are quite rare in children. The purpose of this research is to review the available information about neurological complications of Coronavirus disease 2019 in children. Coronavirus disease 2019 is linked to neurological complications in children, including headaches, encephalopathy, and certain other neurological disorders. Involvement of the nervous system in coronavirus infection is either immediate, during the progression of the disease, after recovery, or as part of multisystem inflammatory syndrome in children. The clinical manifestations of coronavirus disease in new-borns and infants with neurological complications vary and can affect the whole neuraxis, affecting the central nervous system, peripheral nervous system, or both. In addition, children with multisystem inflammatory syndrome and coronavirus had severe neurological complications such as encephalitis, epilepsy, coma, dementia, dysgeusia or ageusia, aseptic meningitis, stroke, dysarthria, dysphagia, cerebellar ataxia, axial hypotonia, and drowsiness. Seizures in children are normally reported when they are suffering from fever due to viral infection. Neurological complications in children are rare and limited literature is available in this regard. More comprehensive, clinical follow-up studies can significantly contribute to understanding the relationship among coronavirus disease effects and neurological complications among children.
Cite this research | Open access | Vol.: 9 | Issue: 12 | No. of pages: 5 | Language: English | Topics: Health | Tags: child health, child well-being, COVID-19, infectious disease, respiratory diseases
School well-being relationships with achievement motivation in primary school: a study of positive psychology in pandemic

Fidrayani Chiquita; Nabila Putrizaen; Asep Ediana Latip

Published: November 2022   Journal: JIIP Jurnal Ilmiah Ilmu Pendidikan

This  study  aims  to  determine  the  existence  of  a  positive  and  significant  relationship between  school  well-being  and  achievement  motivation  of  fifth  grade. Primary school students. This  type  of  research  is  correlational  quantitative  with  Likert  scale  data collection   techniques,   thats   the school well-being scale of 19   items and the achievement  motivation  scale  of  22  items.  The  population  in  this  study were  2427 students  of  fifth  grade  public  elementary  school.  The  research  sample  used  simple random  sampling  with  a  total of  336  students.

Young children's lives in East London through the pandemic: relationships, activities and social worlds

Claire Cameron; Hanan Hauari; Katie Hollingworth (et al.)

Published: October 2022   Journal: Children & Society
Children's lives in the Covid-19 pandemic were subject to unparalleled restrictions on and disruption to their daily lives. This paper explores the day-to-day relational, social participation and activities of young children in one East London borough in early 2021, as told through qualitative interviews with their parents. This study adopts a social-ecological model of children's development, a child rights focused understanding of well-being, underpinned by an agentic view of both parents and children.
Somatic, emotional and behavioral symptomatology in children during COVID-19 pandemic: the role of children's and parents' alexithymia

Alessia Renzi; Giulia Conte; Renata Tambelli

Published: October 2022   Journal: Healthcare
The COVID-19 pandemic has deeply affected the psychophysical wellbeing of children worldwide. Alexithymia, a personality trait involving difficulties in identifying and expressing feelings represents a vulnerability factor for stress-related disorders. Under pandemic stress exposure, we aimed to investigate the role of parents’ and children’s alexithymia in the psychophysical symptomatology shown by children and to evaluate possible differences according to age, gender and history of COVID-19 infections.
Rebuilding human capital amidst the pandemic - A global analysis of the impacts of COVID-19 on school-aged children and youth
Institution: World Food Programme
Published: October 2022
This joint study by the Research, Assessment and Monitoring (RAM) Division and the School–Based Programme (SBP) Service aimed to understand how the COVID-19 pandemic has impacted school–aged children and youth through a global web survey conducted across seven countries Cambodia, Colombia, Ghana, Haiti, Iraq, Kenya and Zimbabwe from May to July 2021.
Impact of COVID-19 inequalities on children: an intersectional analysis

Gabriel Lemkow–Tovías; Louis Lemkow; Lucinda Cash-Gibson (et al.)

Published: October 2022   Journal: Sociology of Health & Illness
Societal concerns about the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic have largely focussed on the social groups most directly affected, such as the elderly and health workers. However, less focus has been placed on understanding the effects on other collectives, such as children. While children’s physical health appears to be less affected than the adult population, their mental health, learning and wellbeing is likely to have been significantly negatively affected during the pandemic due to the varying policy restrictions, such as withdrawal from face to face schooling, limited peer-to-peer interactions and mobility and increased exposure to the digital world amongst other things. Children from vulnerable social backgrounds, and especially girls, will be most negatively affected by the impact of COVID-19, given their different intersecting realities and the power structures already negatively affecting them.
The impact of COVID-19 pandemic on family well-being: a literature review

Maria Gayatri; Mardiana Dwi Puspitasari

Published: October 2022   Journal: The Family Journal
COVID-19 has changed family life, including employment status, financial security, the mental health of individual family members, children's education, family well-being, and family resilience. The aim of this study is to analyze the previous studies in relation to family well-being during the COVID-19 pandemic. A literature review was conducted on PubMed, Medline, Web of Science, and Scopus for studies using a cross-sectional or quasi-experimental design published from their inception to October 15, 2020, using the keywords “COVID-19,” “pandemic,” “coronavirus,” “family,” “welfare,” “well-being,” and “resilience.” A manual search on Google Scholar was used to find relevant articles based on the eligibility criteria in this study. The presented conceptual framework is based on the family stress model to link the inherent pandemic hardships and the family well-being.
31 - 45 of 321

UNICEF Innocenti's Children and COVID-19 Library is a database collecting research from around the world on COVID-19 and its impacts on children and adolescents.


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