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C. Carducci; N. Rapini; A. Deodati (et al.)
The Post-traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) is a group of persistent psychological and physiological symptoms due to a traumatic, severe, event. Only few studies focused on the effects of Covid-19 on psychosocial outcomes in children with Type 1 Diabetes (T1D) and their parents. The aim of this study was to evaluate the presence PTSD in parents of children with T1D during COVID-19 pandemic lockdown. In the period between March and May 2020 we submitted the “Impact of Event Scale – Revised” (IES-R) questionnaire to the parents of 34 children with Type 1 Diabetes, asking them to express their emotions about the ongoing Covid-19 pandemic.
Christine H. Wang; Marisa E. Hilliard; Samantha A. Carreon (et al.)
Yasmine Ibrahim Elhenawy; Khadiga Yehia Eltonbary
The COVID-19 pandemic and the consequences of lockdown significantly impacted glycemic control. This study aims to evaluate the impact of the pandemic and lockdown on glycemic control among Egyptian children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes. Cross-sectional study conducted through an online questionnaire. The participants were patients with type 1 diabetes and/or their caregivers
Hooi Peng Cheng; Jeanne Sze Lyn Wong; Nalini M. Selveindran (et al.)
Malaysia implemented nationwide lockdown from 18th March till 3rd May 2020 to mitigate the spread of coronavirus disease (COVID-19). This study aimed to examine the impact of the lockdown on glycaemic control and lifestyle changes in children and adolescents with type 1 (T1DM) and 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) aged less than 18 years old. In this cross-sectional study, interviews and a standardised questionnaire comparing lifestyle changes before and during the lockdown were performed in follow-up clinic visits after the lockdown. Anthropometry measurements and glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c) values were compared 3 months prior and after the lockdown.
Valeria Calcaterra; Dario Iafusco; Vittoria Carnevale Pellino (et al.)
This research explored the physical activity (PA) level and the variation in glycaemic control in children with type 1 diabetes (T1D) before and during the lockdown. Then, it proposed an online training program supported by sport-science specialists. Parents of children with T1D (<18 years) filled out an online survey. Anthropometric characteristics, PA, play, sport and sedentary time and the medical related outcomes were recorded. An adapted online program “Covidentary” was proposed through full-training (FT) and active breaks (AB) modality.
A. Lapolla; M. G. Dalfrà; S. Burlina
The recent availability of vaccines against COVID-19 has sparked national and international debate on the feasibility of administering them to pregnant and lactating women, given that these vaccines have not been tested to assess their safety and efficacy in such women. As concerns the risks of COVID-induced disease, published data show that pregnant women who develop COVID-19 have fewer symptoms than patients who are not pregnant, but they are more likely to need hospitalization in intensive care, and neonatal morbidity. Aim of the present perspective paper is to analyze the current literature regarding the use of the vaccine against COVID-19 infection, in terms of safety and protection, in high risk pregnant women as those affected by diabetes and obesity. Analysis of literature about vaccination against COVID-19 infection in pregnancy.
Hande Turan; Didem Kaya Güneş; Gürkan Tarçın (et al.)
Metabolic control in type 1 diabetes (T1D) depends on many factors such as eating habits, exercise and lifestyle. The objective of this study was to investigate how these factors were affected during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) lockdown and impacted metabolic control in children with T1D. One hundred children with T1D were enrolled in the study. Anthropometric measurements, snack and meal frequency, carbohydrate consumption, HbA1c levels, and exercise patterns were recorded and compared before and after the lockdown. Subjects were divided into two subgroups — patients with decreased and patients with increased HbA1c levels after the lockdown — and comparisons of the same parameters were also made between these two subgroups.
Miriannette Gayoso; Whei Ying Lim; Madhuri S. Mulekar (et al.)
With the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic and state-mandated school closures in the spring of 2020, the management of type 1 diabetes in children underwent significant changes. The aim of this study was to assess the effect of stay-at-home orders on glycemic control in children. This study is a retrospective review of 238 children with type 1 and type 2 diabetes who were seen in the Pediatric Endocrinology Clinic at the University of South Alabama. Average Hemoglobin A1c (A1c) levels in the year prior to stay-at home orders (May 2019–April 2020) were compared with A1c values during the quarantine period (May 2020–July 2020) using a paired t-test. It also analyzed the change of A1c level with respect to sex, race, type of diabetes, type of insurance, and mode of insulin administration, using a 2-sample t-test.
Giuseppina Rosaria Umano; Anna Di Sessa; Stefano Guarino (et al.)
Caroline Wade; Leah Akinseye; Tachele Anderson (et al.)
Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus (T1DM) is the most common chronic endocrine disorder of childhood. It can exert a large psychosocial impact on children and their families, as the treatment is often complex requiring a multidisciplinary approach. The significance of the psychosocial impact can become more pronounced during the COVID‐19 pandemic. The primary aim of this study was to investigate whether the COVID‐19 pandemic might impact the psychosocial impact of T1DM and glycaemic control.
Janine Alessi; Giovana Berger de Oliveira; Gabriela Feiden (et al.)
Alda Troncone; Antonietta Chianese; Angela Zanfardino (et al.)
Recent research indicates that patients with type 1 diabetes (T1D) are at higher risk for disordered eating behaviors (DEBs) than their peers without diabetes. The present study aimed to explore the prevalence of DEBs in a sample of Italian children and adolescents with T1D and in matched-pair healthy controls during the COVID-19 lockdown. In a cross-sectional study, 138 children and adolescents with T1D (aged 8.01–19.11 years, 65 boys) attending a Southern Italian diabetic service and 276 age- and gender-matched healthy peers voluntarily completed an online survey about eating behaviors (ChEAT and EAT-26), anthropometric characteristics, and clinical characteristics.
Roque Cardona-Hernandez; Valentino Cherubini; Dario Iafusco (et al.)
The severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-Cov-2), responsible forthe coronavirus disease COVID-19, was first identified in Wuhan, China in December2019. Diabetes, as well as other cardiovascular comorbidities, has been recognized asa major risk factor for outcomes and mortality in adults with COVID-19, particularlyin the elderly with type 2 diabetes. Based on these conclusions, COVID-19 data onadults have been generalized to youth with diabetes. Nevertheless, experience frompediatric diabetes practices in China (Wuhan), Italy, Spain (Catalonia), and the UnitedStates (San Francisco Bay Area) consistently report only a single severe case ofCOVID-19 in a 20-year-old female youth with type 1 diabetes (T1D) that was hospi-talized for bilateral pneumonia and was subsequently discharged without complications.
UNICEF Innocenti's Children and COVID-19 Library is a database collecting research from around the world on COVID-19 and its impacts on children and adolescents.
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COVID-19 & Children: Rapid Research Response