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Bindi Borg; Karleen Gribble; Karan Courtney-Haag (et al.)
Blake Martin; Peter E. DeWitt; Seth Russell (et al.)
Understanding of SARS-CoV-2 infection in US children has been limited by the lack of large, multicenter studies with granular data. This study aims to examine the characteristics, changes over time, outcomes, and severity risk factors of children with SARS-CoV-2 within the National COVID Cohort Collaborative (N3C). It is a prospective cohort study of encounters with end dates before September 24, 2021, was conducted at 56 N3C facilities throughout the US. Participants included children younger than 19 years at initial SARS-CoV-2 testing.
Farnaz Naqvi; Seemab Naqvi; Masum Billah (et al.)
This study sought to understand knowledge, attitudes and practices (KAP) regarding COVID-19 in pregnant women in seven low and middle-income countries (LMIC). Population-based prospective, observational study SETTINGS: Study sites in DRC, Kenya, Zambia, Bangladesh, India (two sites), Pakistan, and Guatemala. Pregnant women in the Global Network's Maternal and Neonatal Health Registry (MNHR). A KAP questionnaire was administered in face-to-face interviews with pregnant women from September 2020 through October 2021 in the MNHR.
Zahra Pashaei; SeyedAhmad SeyedAlinaghi; Kowsar Qaderi (et al.)
Mohammed Yesuf; Mehd Abdu
As of February 2021 COVID-19 report in 57 African countries, there were 3,761,512 confirmed cases and 98,088 deaths. Ethiopia reported the highest number of cases in East Africa with a total of 147,092 cases and 2,194 deaths. Over 1.5 billion students from 195 countries across the world separated from school as a consequence of the closure of schools related to the pandemic. This study aimed to determine the level of knowledge, attitude, prevention practices, and determinant factors regarding COVID-19 among preparatory school students in southwest Ethiopia. An institution-based cross-sectional study design was used for 422 samples. Each respondent was selected using simple random sampling. Data were collected using a self-administered questionnaire. The collected data were entered and analyzed using Statistical Package for social science software version 25.0. Multivariable binary logistic regression was used to identify factors that were significantly associated with the practice of COVID-19 prevention.
Francesca Bassi; Mattia Doria
Sonja A. Rasmussen; Denise J. Jamieson
Chloe A. Teasdale; Luisa N. Borrell; Yanhan Shen (et al.)
Testing remains critical for identifying pediatric cases of COVID-19 and as a public health intervention to contain infections. This study surveyed US parents to measure the proportion of children tested for COVID-19 since the start of the pandemic, preferred testing venues for children, and acceptability of school-based COVID-19 testing. It conducted an online survey of 2074 US parents of children aged ≤12 years in March 2021. It applied survey weights to generate national estimates, and it used Rao-Scott adjusted Pearson χ2 tests to compare incidence by selected sociodemographic characteristics. It used Poisson regression models with robust SEs to estimate adjusted risk ratios (aRRs) of pediatric testing.
Maria Manuel Azevedo; Elisa Saraiva; Fátima Baltazar
Alexander S. Yakovlev; Ilmira K. Belyaletdinova; Lyudmila N. Mazankova (et al.)
The aim of this study was to estimate the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the circulation of non-SARS-CoV-2 respiratory viruses and clinical characteristics of COVID-19 in hospitalized children. 226 and 864 children admitted to Children's City Clinical Hospital with acute respiratory infection in September-November of 2018 and 2020 in Moscow were tested for respiratory viruses using multiplex PCR and Mycoplasma pneumoniae/Chlamydia pneumoniae using ELISA.
Stephanie L. Clendennen; Kathleen R. Case; Aslesha Sumbe (et al.)
Studies show smoking and vaping
behaviors increase risk of contracting and worse symptoms of COVID-19.
This study examines whether past 30-day youth and young adult users of
marijuana, e-cigarettes, and cigarettes self-reported changes in their
use of these substances due to the COVID-19 pandemic; and
cross-sectional associations between perceived stress, nicotine or
marijuana dependence, and COVID-19–related changes in use. Participants
were 709 past 30-day self-reported substance users from the Texas
Adolescent Tobacco and Marketing Surveillance study (TATAMS; mean age =
19; 58% female; 38% Hispanic, 35% white). Multiple logistic regression
models assessed cross-sectional associations between perceived stress
and dependence and increased, decreased, or sustained past 30-day use of
marijuana, e-cigarettes, and cigarettes due to COVID-19 (e.g., “Has
your marijuana use changed due to the COVID-19 outbreak?”). Covariates
included age, race/ethnicity, socio-economic status (SES), dependence
(exposure: stress), and stress (exposure: dependence).
Russell Viner; Claire Waddington; Oliver Mytton (et al.)
Jun Yi Sim; Ping-Sheng Wu; Ching-Feng Cheng (et al.)
Characteristics of children with severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2) in Taiwanese households is nascent. This study sought to characterize SARS-CoV-2 infection, and estimate the relative risk of infection among children within households during school closures in Taipei and New Taipei City. It reviewed consecutive children below 18 years presenting to our emergency department from May 18, 2021 to July 12, 2021 who underwent real-time reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction (rRT-PCR) for SARS-CoV-2 from respiratory swabs. Demographics, symptoms, and contacts were captured from medical records. Household contact was defined as an individual with confirmed COVID-19 living in the same residence as the child.
Raffaella Nenna; Hana Zeric; Laura Petrarca (et al.)
In the era of data-driven decision-making, unacceptable haziness, and inconsistency surrounds the yearlong scientific and public debate on the school closure policy in the coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) pandemic mitigation efforts. The present literature review stems out of the need for a clear scaffold collecting in one place all current evidence, as well as helping to organize incoming future evidence, concerning both the role of schools in driving the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) community spread and the cost-effectiveness of school closure in containing such spread. References for this review were initially identified through searches of PubMed, Scopus, and Cochrane Library for articles published from March 2020 to March 2021 by the use of key terms “Schools,” “COVID-19,” “pandemic,” “clusters,” “outbreak,” and “seroprevalence,” selecting all articles from 2020 to 2021 with full-text availability. A further search was undertaken by screening citations of articles found in the original search and through Google Scholar and ResearchGate.
Carol Bibiana Colonia; Rosanna Camerano-Ruiz; Andrés Felipe Mora-Salamanca (et al.)
UNICEF Innocenti's Children and COVID-19 Library is a database collecting research from around the world on COVID-19 and its impacts on children and adolescents.
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