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Children and COVID-19 Research Library

UNICEF Innocenti's curated library of COVID-19 + Children research

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1 - 15 of 273
The impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on myopia progression in children: a systematic review

AUTHOR(S)
Adrienne R. Cyril Kurupp; Anjumol Raju; Gaurav Luthra (et al.)

Published: August 2022   Journal: Cureus

Myopia is the most common refractive error among children. The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has affected children's health in many ways. Policy changes due to the COVID-19 pandemic, such as home quarantine and online schooling, have been proposed as causes for the increased risk of myopia progression. During strict home quarantine, children spend less time outdoors and more time using electronic devices which are important risk factors associated with myopia. This systematic review aims to assess the relationship between myopia progression and these risk factors in children. It did the literature search from PubMed, Google Scholar, and ScienceDirect. A total of 10 research papers were selected for final review using the Preferred Reporting Item for Systematic Review and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines. The research articles used had a quality of more than 70%. The quality of these articles was determined using the Joanna Briggs Institute (JBI) tool.

Designing a tool to address the depression of children during online education

AUTHOR(S)
Asma Alwadei; Reem Alnanih

Published: August 2022   Journal: Procedia Computer Science

Advances in communication and information technology have changed the way humans interact. During the COVID-19 pandemic, the technology for communication has caused depression and anxiety, including among children and teens. Depression among children and teens may go unrecognized and untreated, as parents and teachers may have difficulty recognizing the symptoms. COVID-19 has changed traditional learning methods, forcing children to stay home and connect through online education. Although some children may function reasonably well in less-structured environments, many children with significant depression suffer a noticeable change in social activities, loss of interest in an online school, poor online academic performance, or changes in appearance. Home quarantine has affected children's mental health, and it has become challenging for school counselors to predict depression in many children participating in online education. This study aims to design and develop a tool for predicting depression among children aged 7 to 9 years old by recording students' online classes and sending a note to the child's academic file. The idea of needing this tool arose as an output for applying the design thinking approach to the online education website during COVID-19. This inspired the authors to combine the lecture recordings and the prediction of depression into one tool. Image processing techniques are applied to generate the results predicted by the model on the collected videos. The overall accuracy for classifying depressed and not depressed videos is 89%.

E-leadership of the school principals in implementing online learning during COVID-19 pandemic at public senior high schools

AUTHOR(S)
Ristapawa Indra; Mahyudin Ritonga; Martin Kustati

Published: August 2022   Journal: Frontiers in Education
This research aimed to discover the implementation of e-leadership for school principals during the COVID-19 pandemic and its effect on school performance through changes in teacher behavior. Quantitative research was used where it involved 8 public high schools with 150 respondents.
Using digital storytelling to improve pupils' speaking skills in the age of COVID 19

AUTHOR(S)
Viknesh Nair; Melor Md Yunus

Published: July 2022   Journal: Sustainability
Speaking in English is one of the most important skills that students must learn in school, and it is a pertinent tool for communicating in the real world. However, pupils in rural schools often faced difficulty in conversing in the English language, as they did not have adequate opportunities or an engaging environment to practice the language, especially during the COVID-19 pandemic. It was observed though School-Based Assessment (SBA) that pupils had limited levels of fluency, accuracy, and pronunciation. Hence, this quasi-experimental study aims to investigate the use of Toontastic 3D, a digital storytelling app, to improve pupils’ speaking skills. In this study, a pre- and post-test and a questionnaire were used as methods for data collection.
Perception, burden and satisfaction of parents of children attending online classes during COVID-19 lockdown: a cross-sectional survey

AUTHOR(S)
Aarti Rathaliya; S. Malarkodi; Rupinder Deol (et al.)

Published: June 2022   Journal: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care

Coronavirus has spread havoc globally, resulting in the closure of all sectors including education. Therefore, to continue a child’s learning, the government started online classes from home by involving parents. This new learning method might be hectic and challenging for parents; therefore, this study aimed to assess the perception, burden, and satisfaction of parents of children attending online classes. A cross-sectional online survey was conducted in three schools of Rishikesh, Uttarakhand. A total of 220 parents of children attending online classes and studying between first and fifth standard responded voluntarily. Google Form was used to assess perception, burden, and satisfaction regarding online classes and analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics.

Factors characterizing the e-learning cxperience of high school students

AUTHOR(S)
Hoang To Thu Dung; Ngo Thi Thanh Truc

Published: June 2022   Journal: AsiaCALL Online Journal
With the rapid spread of the COVID-19 pandemic and the fact that most students of all grades in Vietnam were not fully vaccinated in 2021, the students had to study online for the first semester of the school year. Therefore, the students at all levels in general and the high school students particularly had a full experience of online learning. As a consequence, the research aims to investigate the experience of the high school students in e-learning in the case of Nguyen Trai High School in Ninh Thuan Province. The data was collected via online questionnaires toward the end of the first semester of the 2021-2022 academic year to find out the e-learning experience of the students at Nguyen Trai High School in Ninh Thuan Province. 174 participants responded the online questionnaires to be involved in the study.
Distance learning in Cameroon: case study of private nursery school children's experiences and challenges amidst COVID-19 lockdown

AUTHOR(S)
Emela Achu Fenmachi; Rachel Ogene Awah Edah

Published: June 2022   Journal: New Zealand Journal of Educational Studies
This article analyses data from a study that explored distance learning teaching and nursery school children's experiences in response to the COVID-19 pandemic in Douala, Cameroon. Following the spread of COVID-19 to Africa, the Cameroon Government placed emphasis on the impact of the pandemic on the socio-economic sector and actions to support this sector. There has been no reported research on the effects of the pandemic on the early childhood education sector and how children have experienced it. This article discusses distance learning techniques employed by teachers from a private nursery school and the views and feelings of young children whose teacher encouraged them to draw and tell stories about their experiences. Engaging in such conversations empowered and encouraged children to verbalise their COVID-19 Lockdown experiences. These conversations can help the teacher rethink and seek new ways to understand and guide children through challenging situations. In addition, the insights gained from the study can be helpful for policymakers concerned with maximising the capacity for schools and families to ensure continuous learning for all children in the event of a crisis.
Parent's involvment in modular distance learning and the academic performance of grade 6 learners in a public school

AUTHOR(S)
Gerald T. Malabarbas; Nonie D. Saragena; Rhea Nadyn M. Francisco (et al.)

Published: June 2022   Journal: International Journal of Applied Research in Social Sciences
Face-to-face classes were temporarily suspended and shifted to modular print learning modality due to the COVID-19 pandemic. The study aimed to determine if there significant difference and relationship between parents’ involvement in modular distance learning and the academic performance of the Grade 6 learners in a public elementary school.
Self-efficacy and parents' perspectives of elementary school students in online learning during Covid-19

AUTHOR(S)
Yani Fitriyani; Aan Yuliyanto; Eli Hermawati (et al.)

Published: May 2022   Journal: Jurnal Basicedu
This study intends to investigate the self-efficacy and perspectives of primary school parents in an online learning during COVID-19. The survey method was applied in this study with a random sampling technique for parents in West Java. Participants included in this study were 95 parents of elementary school students. The instruments applied were open and closed questionnaires.
Overview of learning activities in vocational high schools during the covid-19 pandemic

AUTHOR(S)
Fivtyka Odiana; Roemintoyo Roemintoyo; Triana Rejekiningsih

Published: May 2022   Journal: World Journal on Educational Technology
The emergence of the Covid-19 outbreak caused the educational aspect to need adjustments in carrying out learning. Vocational schools are the objects most affected by the COVID-19 outbreak, as a result the learning process that should be based on practice must be temporarily suspended and replaced with tasks. Therefore, this study aimed to describe learning activities in Vocational High Schools during the COVID-19 pandemic, such as lesson plan, students’ practicum implementation and how technology are used to support learning activities. This type of research is qualitative, with the research subject being a vocational school teacher.
The impact of online-schooling during COVID-19 on device-measured 24-hour movement behaviours among high school students: a compositional data analysis

AUTHOR(S)
Petra Starbek; Kaja Kastelic; Nejc Šarabon (et al.)

Published: May 2022   Journal: Children
The COVID-19 measures have unfavourably affected the movement behaviours of youth. The aim of this study was to explore the impact of online-schooling during COVID-19 on device-measured sleep (SL), sedentary behaviour (SB), light physical activity (LPA), and moderate–vigorous physical activity (MVPA) among high school students. A total of 51 students (26 female) from Slovenia wore an activity monitor activPAL4 during the weekdays of onsite-schooling and during the weekdays of online-schooling. Data on movement behaviours were analysed using compositional data analysis. During the onsite-schooling (and online-schooling), students spent on average 432 min/day (469 min/day) in SL, 731 (755) in SB, 253 (202) in LPA, and 25 (15) in MVPA.
Effectiveness of techno-pedagogical skills of secondary school teachers on online teaching during Covid-19 pandemic

AUTHOR(S)
Chiranjit Setua

Published: May 2022   Journal: MIER Journal of Educational Studies Trends & Practices
This study investigates the effectiveness of techno-pedagogical skills of secondary school teachers in their online teaching. A sample consists of 42 CBSE and ICSE secondary school teachers. The research adopts a descriptive survey design for collecting data using the “Techno-Pedagogical Skill Assessment Scale” developed by Sibichen (2011). Structured interviews also formed a part of data collection. The results reveal a moderately positive correlation between techno-pedagogical skills and effective online teaching. There is a significant difference between the high level and low level of techno-pedagogical skills of secondary school teachers with their effective online teaching. The positive impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the techno-pedagogical skill of secondary school teachers is reported in the study.
Swedish pupils' perspectives on emergency remote teaching during COVID-19: a qualitative study.

AUTHOR(S)
Noam Ringer; Susanne Kreitz-Sandberg

Published: May 2022   Journal: International Journal of Educational Research Open
Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, schools in many countries were forced to stop face-to-face teaching and switch to emergency remote teaching (ERT). The aim of this study, based on semi-structured interviews with upper secondary-school pupils in Stockholm, was to explore how Swedish pupils perceive their ERT and to understand their preconditions for learning. We found variations among pupils with regard to how they perceived their new morning routine, the increased flexibility in structuring their day, the flexibility to choose their workplace at home, and the decreased control by their teachers. While some perceived the increased flexibility as challenging, others appraised it as a possibility to be more independent. With regard to their classmates, all participants perceived difficulties learning from each other in ERT. Identified difficulties involved comparing one's performance to that of classmates, having deep discussions, encouraging each other, and organizing themselves in a group.
Enhancing digital skills of early childhood teachers through online science, technology, engineering, art, math training programs in Estonia

AUTHOR(S)
Janika Leoste; Zsolt Lavicza; Kristof Fenyvesi (et al.)

Published: May 2022   Journal: Frontiers in Education
Teacher professional development programs, including mid- and long-term Science, Technology, Engineering, Art, Math (STEAM) courses, have recently moved from in person learning at university premises to an online environment. Whether it is a temporary change in learning methods caused by the COVID-19 restrictions or whether it will become a new normal is currently under discussion in many teacher training institutions around the world. The aim of this study was to design and implement time- and money-saving synchronous online teacher training format for conducting co-design courses for early childhood teachers in the theme of STEAM integrated learning activities. Based on Tallinn University’s curriculum of in-person training courses on the same topic, with the volume of 40 contact hours, we delivered the content in two different formats: in 11-months (as it used to be in pre-COVID period) and in 4-months, adapted to participants’ needs.
Global trends in the research on early childhood education during the COVID-19 pandemic: a bibliometric analysis

AUTHOR(S)
Jiahong Su; Davy Tsz Kit Ng; Weipeng Yang (et al.)

Published: May 2022   Journal: Education Sciences
During the COVID-19 pandemic, schools and preschools worldwide have been suspended, causing many challenges for students, parents, and teachers. Through home-schooling, preschool children struggle to accept new (online) learning modes. Teachers need to acquire digital skills quickly to deliver online teaching, while parents need to take on the role of a tutor at home to facilitate their children’s learning. This study aims to gauge the global trends in the research on early childhood education (ECE) during the COVID-19 pandemic, particularly considering the need for a swift response to the impact of the pandemic. It employed the bibliometric approach to studying ECE studies during the pandemic by identifying the countries of most-cited publications, most-cited categories of studies, and research methodologies used in the eligible studies (N = 507).
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UNICEF Innocenti's Children and COVID-19 Library is a database collecting research from around the world on COVID-19 and its impacts on children and adolescents.

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COVID-19 & Children: Rapid Research Response

UNICEF Innocenti is mobilizing a rapid research response in line with UNICEF’s global response to the COVID-19 crisis. The initiatives we’ve begun will provide the broad range of evidence needed to inform our work to scale up rapid assessment, develop urgent mitigating strategies in programming and advocacy, and preparation of interventions to respond to the medium and longer-term consequences of the COVID-19 crisis. The research projects cover a rapid review of evidence, education analysis, and social and economic policies.