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Children and COVID-19 Research Library

UNICEF Innocenti's curated library of COVID-19 + Children research

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1 - 15 of 201
Preschool education optimization based on mobile edge computing under COVID-19

Hongzhi Wei; Yuqian Yang; Zhijian Liu

Published: January 2022   Journal: Expert Systems
The COVID-19 pandemic has brought profound changes in people's live and work. It has also accelerated the development of education from traditional model to online model, which is particularly important in preschool education. Preschoolers communicate with teachers through online video, so how to provide high quality and low latency online teaching has become a new challenge. In cloud computing, users offload computing tasks to the cloud to meet the high computing demands of their devices, but cloud-based solutions have led to huge bandwidth usage and unpredictable latency. In order to solve this problem, mobile edge computing (MEC) deploys the server at the edge of the network to provide the service with close range and low latency. In task scheduling, edge computing (EC) devices have rational thinking, and they are unwilling to collaborate with MEC server to perform tasks due to their selfishness. Therefore, it is necessary to design an effective incentive mechanism to encourage the collaboration of EC devices.
Effects of regulatory focus on online learning engagement of high school students: the mediating role of self-efficacy and academic emotions

Wenbo Deng; Weina Lei; Xipei Guo (et al.)

Published: December 2021   Journal: Journal of Computer Assited Learning

Since the outbreak of COVID-19, online courses have been extensively used from K-12 to higher education. Online learning engagement, an important factor in online learning success, is currently at a low level in high school. Meanwhile, the research on the factors that influence high school students' online learning engagement is still limited. Based on the theories of regulatory focus and value control, this study developed a multi-mediation model to investigate whether self-efficacy and academic emotions can mediate the relationship between regulatory focus and online learning engagement.

Sociality, resilience and agency: how did young Australians experience online learning during Covid-19?

Loshini Naidoo; Jacqueline D’warte; Susanne Gannon (et al.)

Published: December 2021   Journal: The Australian Educational Researcher
In 2020 when schooling was abruptly reconfigured by the pandemic, young people were required to demonstrate new capabilities to manage their learning and their wellbeing. This paper reports on the feelings, thoughts and experiences of eight Year 9 and 10 students in NSW and Victoria about the initial period of online learning in Australian schools that resulted from the Covid-19 pandemic. Beyond dominant narratives of vulnerability and losses in learning, our participants offered counternarratives that stressed their capacities to rise and meet the times. This study trace three central themes on how they: found moments of agency that increased their confidence, reconfigured resilience as a socially responsible set of practices, deployed sociality as a resource for the benefit of themselves and others. The pandemic opened up conversations with young people about where and how learning takes place and how schools might adapt and respond to young people’s growing sense of urgency about the future of schooling.
Covid-19 and school closure: examining the impact on private mid-range and low-fee private basic schools in Ghana

Lordina Juvenile Ehwi; Richmond Juvenile Ehwi

Published: December 2021   Journal: Prospects
The Covid-19 lockdown implemented globally to prevent the spread of the virus has led to the closure of schools. However, insight into the impact of the lockdown on private schools and the responses it has elicited is limited, especially across the African continent. This article examines the impact of the lockdown on private basic schools in Ghana and how they responded to the closure. Following “organizational ambidexterity” and qualitative interviews with nine proprietors of private schools in Ghana, the study found that the schools’ closure had a negative impact on private basic schools in five crucial ways: disruption to teaching and learning, difficulty in retrieving unpaid teaching fees, inability to pay staff salaries and statutory payments, underutilization of existing assets, and the cost of storing unused stock. The article offers suggestions to the government to support private schools that are broadening educational access at thin profit margins.
Digital learning for every child: closing the gaps for an inclusive an prosperous future

Matt Brossard; Marta Carnelli; Stephane Chaudron (et al.)

Institution: *UNICEF
Published: December 2021
Pre-COVID-19, half of the world’s children were already unable to read a simple text by the age of 10. School closures have deepened pre-existing learning disparities, within and among countries, due to inequities in access to technology. This brief summarises research findings and provides actionable recommendations for how to equitably scale up digital learning and provide children and young people with the skills to improve their prospects and safeguard their well-being. It pinpoints solutions for education systems’ use of digital and blended learning anchored in a sound pedagogical approach and urges the G20 and other countries to overcome the barriers that limit the potential benefits of digital learning.
A critical review of teaching with virtual lab: a panacea to challenges of conducting practical experiments in science subjects beyond the COVID-19 pandemic in rural schools in South Africa

Brian Shambare; Clement Simuja

Published: December 2021   Journal: Journal of Educational Technology Systems
This paper is based on a systematic literature review of published research on the educational application of Virtual Lab. The paper focuses on the use of the mobile Virtual Lab application for learning science practicals in rural school context. This paper analyses the theoretical aspects of using VL in teaching and learning of science practical experiments. The previous studies published in national and international journals and conference proceedings on science education and technologies in education, and regarding the benefits of using VL in science education, are discussed as references for integrating VL in teaching of science practicals in the rural school context. A systematic review method was adopted in this paper to explore articles that focus on Virtual Labs and the use of Virtual labs in teaching and learning. However, the aim of this paper is to provide science teachers in rural schools and education policy makers with a better understanding of the constraints and the benefits of using VL technology in mediating learning of science practical experiments and encourage teachers to adopt the use of VL as technology for conducting science practical experiments. In addition, this paper also addresses the possible factors that may affect learners’ learning of science practical experiments using VL technology in rural school educational settings, giving educational policy makers and curriculum developers enlightenment as to the effective integration of VL technology in science education.
Weighing policymaking: a narrative review of school closures as Covid-19 pandemic-mitigation strategies

Raffaella Nenna; Hana Zeric; Laura Petrarca (et al.)

Published: December 2021   Journal: Pediatric Pulmonology

In the era of data-driven decision-making, unacceptable haziness, and inconsistency surrounds the yearlong scientific and public debate on the school closure policy in the coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) pandemic mitigation efforts. The present literature review stems out of the need for a clear scaffold collecting in one place all current evidence, as well as helping to organize incoming future evidence, concerning both the role of schools in driving the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) community spread and the cost-effectiveness of school closure in containing such spread. References for this review were initially identified through searches of PubMed, Scopus, and Cochrane Library for articles published from March 2020 to March 2021 by the use of key terms “Schools,” “COVID-19,” “pandemic,” “clusters,” “outbreak,” and “seroprevalence,” selecting all articles from 2020 to 2021 with full-text availability. A further search was undertaken by screening citations of articles found in the original search and through Google Scholar and ResearchGate.

Secondary school students’ perception of the online teaching experience during COVID-19: The impact on mental wellbeing and specific learning difficulties

Thomas Walters; Nicola J. Simkiss; Robert J. Snowden (et al.)

Published: December 2021   Journal: British Journal of Educational Psychology

Student engagement and concentration is critical for successful learning. Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, there has been a dramatic increase in the use of online learning which may affect engagement and concentration, particularly for those students with specific learning difficulties. This study is a retrospective online survey comparing pupils’ normal classroom experience to learning online during the first national lockdown in the United Kingdom (March–July 2020).

2021 Global Survey: the voices of 8,000 children. the right to education and participation post-COVID-19 explained by children from around the world. An exploration from the listening and wellbeing perspective of children and adolescents

Reinaldo Plasencia; Clarisa Giamello; Manuel Gómez (et al.)

Institution: Educo
Published: December 2021

In a context in which many countries still have closed or partially closed schools, children and adolescents are telling us that they prefer to study at school, that it is a space that allows them to learn more and better, that they value the relationships they develop with their peers and teachers, and that they find more opportunities to play there. 80% have missed going to school, and girls even more so. They want to go back, but they also want to go back to a school that offers them everything they had before and improve it. They want “greener” schools, more connected to their surroundings, but they also are very aware of the advantages of digital education, when it is of a high quality, and want to be able to combine the best of both methods. They know exactly what kind of school they want.

The state of the global education crisis: a path to recovery
Institution: *UNICEF, UNESCO
Published: December 2021

The global disruption to education caused by the COVD-19 pandemic is without parallel and the effects on learning are severe. The crisis brought education systems across the world to a halt, with school closures affecting more than 1.6 billion learners. While nearly every country in the world offered remote learning opportunities for students, the quality and reach of such initiatives varied greatly and were at best partial substitutes for in-person learning. Now, 21 months later, schools remain closed for millions of children and youth, and millions more are at risk of never returning to education. Evidence of the detrimental impacts of school closures on children’s learning offer a harrowing reality: learning losses are substantial, with the most marginalized children and youth often disproportionately affected. The State of the Global Education Crisis: A Path to Recovery charts a path out of the global education crisis and towards building more effective, equitable and resilient education systems.

COVID-19 and education in India: a new education crisis in the making

Jandhyala B. G. Tilak

Published: December 2021   Journal: Social Change
This article briefly reviews the devastating impact of COVID-19 on the education sector in India. Focussing on school education, it also critically examines how effective online learning, the only major way adopted during the pandemic, has been in the delivery of education and whether it is a reliable alternative method of teaching and learning in India. It also briefly outlines a few important strategies required for the recovery of loss incurred and to face emerging challenges in education in India.
Data on students’ learning experiences in mathematics during the COVID-19 school closure

Angel Mukuka; Overson Shumba; Henry M. Mulenga

Published: December 2021   Journal: Data in Brief
Like in other education systems around the world, the COVID-19 school closure in Zambia necessitated a shift from physical classroom face-to-face interactions to remote learning. However, it was not clear whether all students’ remained engaged with the learning of mathematics during that time. The data described in this paper were collected to support the findings of a descriptive survey that aimed at finding out Zambian students’ experiences with mathematics remote learning. A semi-structured questionnaire was used to collect data from 367 secondary school students in Kitwe district. It was anticipated that the collected information could provide some valuable insights into remote learning experiences among secondary school students in times of a crisis such as the COVID-19 outbreak and beyond.
Reimagine education and skills development for children and adolescents
Published: November 2021
One of the greatest opportunities for investment in Latin America and the Caribbean is to focus on the education of future changemakers – children and adolescents. Thirty per cent of the total population of the region is under the age of 18. This young generation has the potential to contribute to peace and stability and to expand economic opportunities. But unlocking these possibilities for children and adolescents, particularly in a world transformed by COVID-19, requires the engagement of the private and public sector and collaboration among all stakeholders, including children and adolescents themselves.
COVID-19 learning losses: rebuilding quality learning for all in the Middle East and North Africa

Harriet Nannyonjo; Joao Pedro Wagner De Azevedo; Maryam Akmal (et al.)

Institution: The World Bank, *UNICEF, UNESCO
Published: November 2021
Since the beginning of the pandemic, efforts have been made to monitor both school closures (and re-opening) and the measures put in place to ensure continuity of learning. These include the Survey of Ministries of Education on National Responses to COVID-19, jointly supported by UNESCO, UNICEF and the World Bank. However, to date, no systematic evidence has been available on how students’ learning is being affected by the disruptions caused by the pandemic or on the impact of education response measures initiated by governments. This report contributes to filling this evidence gap and includes a series of simulations of potential learning losses due to COVID-19 and exploration of their longer-term implications. The analysis is based on the Enabling learning for all framework, which outlines access, engagement and enabling environment as the three crucial enablers for learning, while the simulation assumptions are informed by the evidence on school closures and governments’ education-related responses, collected through the joint survey.
Unlocking learning: the implementation and effectiveness of digital learning for Syrian refugees in Lebanon

Thomas Dreesen; Akito Kamei; Despina Karamperidou (et al.)

Institution: *UNICEF
Published: November 2021

Digital learning has the potential to offer interactive and personalized learning for children, in and out of school, including the most marginalized. However, depending on programme design, delivery, and use, digital learning can also exacerbate learning inequalities. This report presents tangible findings on the implementation and use of digital learning to improve outcomes for marginalized children in Lebanon. This report focuses on the UNICEF-Akelius Foundation Partnership and its implementation of a digital course used on tablets and mobile phones for language learning of Syrian refugees in Lebanon. The report provides findings across three areas: First, the report investigates the digital course’s use in a blended learning environment where it was used on tablets by students as part of traditional face-to-face classroom instruction with teachers. Second, the analysis examines the transition to remote learning where the course was used on devices owned by the household, supported by teachers remotely. Third, the report estimates the effectiveness of the use of the digital course during this period of remote learning from August–November 2020 showing positive results for language and art competencies.

1 - 15 of 201

UNICEF Innocenti's Children and COVID-19 Library is a database collecting research from around the world on COVID-19 and its impacts on children and adolescents.


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COVID-19 & Children: Rapid Research Response

UNICEF Innocenti is mobilizing a rapid research response in line with UNICEF’s global response to the COVID-19 crisis. The initiatives we’ve begun will provide the broad range of evidence needed to inform our work to scale up rapid assessment, develop urgent mitigating strategies in programming and advocacy, and preparation of interventions to respond to the medium and longer-term consequences of the COVID-19 crisis. The research projects cover a rapid review of evidence, education analysis, and social and economic policies.